Partner: Jinping Ou

Dalian University of Technology (CN)

Recent publications
1.Błachowski B., An Y., Spencer Jr. B.F., Ou J., Axial strain accelerations approach for damage localization in statically determinate truss structures, Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, ISSN: 1093-9687, DOI: 10.1111/mice.12258, Vol.32, No.4, pp.304-318, 2017
Abstract:

This work proposes an efficient and reliable method for damage localization in truss structures. The damage is localized on the basis of measured acceleration signals of the structure followed by simple statistical signal processing. It has three main advantages over many existing methods. Firstly, it can be directly applied to real engineering structures without the need of identifying modal parameters or solving any global optimization problem. Secondly, the proposed method has higher sensitivity to damage than some other frequently used methods and allows to localize damage as small as a few percents. Thirdly, it is a model-free method, which does not require precise finite element model development or updating. Validation of the method has been conducted on numerical examples and laboratory-scale trusses. Two types of frequently used trusses have been selected for this study, namely Howe and Bailey trusses. The presented experimental validation of the method shows its efficiency and robustness for damage localization in truss structures.

Keywords:

structural health monitoring, truss structures, damage detection

Affiliations:
Błachowski B.-IPPT PAN
An Y.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Spencer Jr. B.F.-University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (US)
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
2.An Y., Błachowski B., Zhong Y., Hołobut P., Ou J., Rank-revealing QR decomposition applied to damage localization in truss structures, STRUCTURAL CONTROL AND HEALTH MONITORING, ISSN: 1545-2255, DOI: 10.1002/stc.1849, Vol.24, No.2, pp.e1849-1-15, 2017
Abstract:

The purpose of this work is the development of an efficient and high-sensitive damage localization technique for truss structures, based on the rank-revealing QR decomposition (RRQR) of the difference-of-flexibility matrix. The method is an enhancement of the existing techniques of damage detection, which rely on the set of so-called damage locating vector (DLV). The advantages of the RRQR decomposition-based DLV (RRQR-DLV) method are its less computational effort and high sensitivity to damage. Compared with the frequently used stochastic DLV (SDLV) method, RRQR-DLV offers higher sensitivity to damage, which has been validated based on the presented numerical simulation. The effectiveness of the proposed RRQR-DLV method is also illustrated with the experimental validation based on a laboratory-scale Bailey truss bridge model. The proposed method works under ambient excitation such as traffic excitation and wind excitation; therefore, it is promising for real-time damage monitoring of truss structures.

Keywords:

damage localization, rank-revealing QR decomposition, damage sensitivity, truss structure, structural health monitoring

Affiliations:
An Y.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Błachowski B.-IPPT PAN
Zhong Y.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Hołobut P.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
3.An Y., Błachowski B., Ou J., A degree of dispersion-based damage localization method, STRUCTURAL CONTROL AND HEALTH MONITORING, ISSN: 1545-2255, DOI: 10.1002/stc.1760, Vol.23, pp.176-192, 2016
Abstract:

We present an efficient and robust damage localization method. Its applications therefore include defect location in shear buildings and beam structures. The proposed method is based on the knowledge of the difference of curvatures, computed for a structure before and after damage occurs. However, instead of using modal shapes for this purpose, as is frequently performed, the present method computes the curvature directly from acceleration signals, without identifying modal shapes of the structure. Additionally, the accelerations are subjected to averaging, which reduces measurement noise, and logarithm extraction, which renders the method independent of the amplitude of the loading impulse used for damage location. Another important feature of the method is that it does not require any calibration of numerical models, because it is solely based on measurement data. The presented method of damage location is illustrated with two examples, which involve experimental tests on laboratory-scale structures. The first example concerns defect location in a shear-building structure, and the second one in a spatially excited simply supported steel beam. Both cases confirm the effectiveness of the method, and its robustness to measurement noise.

Keywords:

degree of dispersion, transient response-based damage detection, robust damage localization, shear buildings, beam structures

Affiliations:
An Y.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Błachowski B.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
4.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Frequency-domain substructure isolation for local damage, ADVANCES IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1369-4332, DOI: 10.1260/1369-4332.18.1.137, Vol.18, pp.137-154, 2015
Abstract:

This paper proposes a frequency-domain method of substructure identification for local health monitoring using substructure isolation method (SIM). The first key step of SIM is the numerical construction of the isolated substructure, which is a virtual and independent structure that has the same physical parameters as the real substructure. Damage identification and local monitoring can be then performed using the responses of the simple isolated substructure and any of the classical methods aimed originally at global structural analysis. This paper extends the SIM to frequency domain, which allows the computational efficiency of the method to be significantly increased in comparison to time domain. The mass-spring numerical model is used to introduce the method. Two aluminum beams with the same substructure are then used in experimental verification. In both cases the method performs efficiently and accurately.

Keywords:

structural health monitoring (SHM), damage identification, substructuring frequency domain, boundary

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
5.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Substructure isolation and damage identification using free responses, Science China Technological Sciences, ISSN: 1674-7321, DOI: 10.1007/s11431-014-5622-1, Vol.57, No.9, pp.1698-1706, 2014
Abstract:

Structural health monitoring (SHM) has become a hot and intensively researched field in civil engineering. Thereinto, damage identification play an important role in maintaining structural integrity and safety. Many effective methods have been proposed for damage identification. However, accurate global identification of large real-world structures is not easy due to their complex and often unknown boundary conditions, nonlinear components, insensitivity of global response to localized damages, etc. Furthermore, global identification often requires lots of sensors and involves large number of unknowns. This is costly, rarely feasible in practice, and usually yields severely ill-conditioned identification problems. Substructuring approach is a possible solution: substructuring methods can focus on local small substructures; they need only a few sensors placed on the substructure and yield smaller and numerically much more feasible identification problems. This paper proposed an improved substructure method using local free response for substructure damage identification. The virtual supports are constructed by Substructure Isolation Method (SIM) using the linear combination of the substructural responses. The influence of the global errors is isolated by adding the virtual supports on the main degree of freedoms (DOFs) of the substructure. Through the correlation analysis, the substructural modes are selected and used for damage identification of the substructure. A plain model of cable stayed bridge is used for the verification of the proposed method.

Keywords:

structural health monitoring (SHM), damage identification, substructure, cable stayed bridge, free response

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
6.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Structural health monitoring based on combined structural global and local frequencies, MATHEMATICAL PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1024-123X, DOI: 10.1155/2014/405784, Vol.2014, pp.405784-1-13, 2014
Abstract:

This paper presents a parameter estimation method for Structural Health Monitoring based on the combined measured structural global frequencies and structural local frequencies. First, the global test is experimented to obtain the low order modes which can reflect the global information of the structure. Secondly, the mass is added on the member of structure to increase the local dynamic characteristic and to make the member have local primary frequency, which belongs to structural local frequency and is sensitive to local parameters. Then the parameters of the structure can be optimized accurately using the combined structural global frequencies and structural local frequencies. The effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method are verified by the experiment of a space truss.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
7.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., An online substructure identification method for local structural health monitoring, SMART MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, ISSN: 0964-1726, DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/22/9/095017, Vol.22, No.9, pp.095017-1-11, 2013
Abstract:

This paper proposes a substructure isolation method, which uses time series of measured local response for online monitoring of substructures. The proposed monitoring process consists of two key steps: construction of the isolated substructure, and its identification. The isolated substructure is an independent virtual structure, which is numerically isolated from the global structure by placing virtual supports on the interface. First, the isolated substructure is constructed by a specific linear combination of time series of its measured local responses. Then, the isolated substructure is identified using its local natural frequencies extracted from the combined responses. The substructure is assumed to be linear; the outside part of the global structure can have any characteristics. The method has no requirements on the initial state of the structure, and so the process can be carried out repetitively for online monitoring. Online isolation and monitoring is illustrated in a numerical example with a frame model, and then verified in a cantilever beam experiment.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
8.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Structural damage identification by adding virtual masses, STRUCTURAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY OPTIMIZATION, ISSN: 1615-147X, DOI: 10.1007/s00158-012-0879-0, Vol.48, No.1, pp.59-72, 2013
Abstract:

This paper presents a method for damage identification by adding virtual masses to the structure in order to increase its sensitivity to local damages. The main concept is based on the Virtual Distortion Method (VDM), which is a fast structural reanalysis method that employs virtual distortions or pseudo loads to simulate structural modifications. In this paper, the structure with an added virtual mass is called the virtual structure. First, the acceleration frequency response of the virtual structure is constructed numerically by the VDM using local dynamic data measured only by a single excitation sensor and a single acceleration sensor. Second, the value of the additional mass is determined via sensitivity analysis of the constructed frequency responses of the virtual structure with respect to damage parameters; only the natural frequencies with high sensitivity are selected. This process is repeated for all the considered placements of the virtual mass. At last, the selected natural frequencies of all the virtual structures are used together for damage identification of the real structure. A finite element (FE) model of a plane frame is used to introduce and verify the proposed method. The damage can be identified precisely and effectively even under simulated 5 % Gaussian noise pollution.

Keywords:

Structural health monitoring (SHM), Damage identification, Virtual distortion method (VDM), Virtual mass, Sensitivity analysis

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
9.Hou J., Ou J., Jankowski Ł., Structural damage identification using additional virtual supports, JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND SHOCK, ISSN: 1000-3835, Vol.32, No.10, pp.118-129, 2013
Abstract:

针对土木工程中实测模态相对较少,很难进行大型结构的损伤识别的困难,提出附加虚拟支座的损伤识别方法。该方法利用约束子结构方法在结构上附加虚拟支座来增加结构形式的方法,增加识别模态的数量,从而实现结构的准确损伤识别。约束子结构方法的基本思想是通过响应的卷积组合为零将传感器转化为虚拟支座。将附加虚拟支座后的结构定义为虚拟结构,每个虚拟支座对应一个虚拟结构,那么在结构上不同位置附加虚拟支座,则可以获得多个虚拟结构的模态;联合所有虚拟结构和对应的频率即可准确快速的识别出整体结构的损伤。最后通过三层空间框架模型验证方法的有效性。

Keywords:

结构健康监测, 损伤识别, 约束子结构方法, 灵敏度分析, 频率

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
10.Hou J., Ou J., Jankowski Ł., Model updating experiment of space truss using global and local dynamic information, JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND SHOCK, ISSN: 1000-3835, Vol.32, No.16, pp.100-105, 2013
Abstract:

由于土木工程结构的复杂性、传感器测点的有限性以及局部损伤的不敏感性等问题,大型结构的模型修正存在一定困难。针对空间桁架结构,为克服上述问题,对其进行整体和局部的动力测试试验,然后联合实测的结构整体和局部动态信息进行模型修正:首先进行空间桁架整体的动力测试试验,获得反应整体特性的低阶模态;然后为了提高局部杆件的动态特性,在杆件上附加一定质量,获得附加质量后杆件的局部主频率,并在各类杆件中选取一定数目进行动态测试;最后联合所有实测结构整体的低阶模态和杆件的局部主频率,对空间桁架结构进行模型修正。修正后的模态参数与实测模态吻合良好,验证了方法的有效性。

Keywords:

结构健康监测, 模型修正, 桁架, 频率, 振型

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
11.Hou J., Ou J., Jankowski Ł., The experiment of substructure isolation and identification using local time series, Engineering Mechanics, ISSN: 1000-4750, DOI: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2011.10.0722, Vol.30, No.4, pp.129-135, 2013
Abstract:

针对大型复杂结构的整体监测常常面临测量信息不足等困难,提出只利用局部动态响应进行子结构损伤识别的约束子结构方法。约束子结构方法是通过子结构响应的卷积组合限制子结构边界的响应为零,来实现施加虚拟支座,从而将子结构分离出整体,然后利用构造的相应子结构内部响应,进行子结构损伤识别。该文利用先分段提取结构响应的子时间序列,再延时排列Toeplitz矩阵的方式,使基于不同响应的构造约束子结构的方程具有相同表达式,统一了约束子结构方法的基本思想。通过测量悬臂梁的局部动力响应,利用局部响应的时间序列实现了子结构的快速准确地分离和识别,验证了方法的实用性和有效性。

Keywords:

结构健康监测, 损伤识别, 子结构, 时间序列, 脉冲响应

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
12.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Experimental study of the substructure isolation method for local health monitoring, STRUCTURAL CONTROL AND HEALTH MONITORING, ISSN: 1545-2255, DOI: 10.1002/stc.443, Vol.19, No.4, pp.491-510, 2012
Abstract:

This paper extends and studies experimentally the substructure isolation method. Local health monitoring is significant for large and complex structures, since it costs less and can be easily implemented compared with global analysis. In contrast to other substructuring methods, in which the substructure is separated from the global structure, but coupled to it via the interface forces, the substructure isolation method isolates the substructure into an independent structure by placing virtual fixed supports on the interface. Model updating or damage identification can be then performed locally and precisely using the constructed responses of the isolated substructure and any of the existing methods aimed originally at global identification. This paper discusses and further extends the approach to improve its performance in real applications. A new type of virtual interface support (free support) is proposed for isolation. Relaxation of the original requirements concerning the type and placement of the isolating excitations is discussed. Previously, the method relied on the linearity of the global structure; here, only the substructure is required to be linear, the global structure besides the substructure can be non-linear, yielding, changing or unknown. A damaged cantilever beam is used in the experimental study. Up to three modified global structures with the same substructure are used to test the robustness of the isolation with respect to unknown modifications and non-linearities of the outside structure. Two typical global health monitoring methods are applied at the substructural level. A comparison with the results obtained from a generic substructure separation method is offered.

Keywords:

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), substructure isolation method, substructural identification, virtual distortion method (VDM), local monitoring, virtual supports

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
13.Hou J., Ou J., Jankowski Ł., The study and experiment of substructure damage identification based on local primary frequency, Engineering Mechanics, ISSN: 1000-4750, DOI: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2010.12.0928, Vol.29, No.9, pp.99-105, 2012
Abstract:

针对大型复杂结构的整体监测常常面临测量信息不足等困难,提出只利用局部动态响应进行子结构损伤识别的局部主频率方法.子结构的局部主频率指:如果整体模态中含有以局部子结构位移为主的模态,即等价于在局部激励作用下,整体结构的振动主要体现为子结构的振动,并且主要以这阶局部模态振动为主,那么对应的该阶频率即定义为子结构的局部主频率.局部主频率主要反映子结构的局部特性,对子结构损伤的灵敏度高,所以只利用局部主频率就可以识别子结构.当子结构特征不明显时,提出通过附加质量使子结构具有局部主频率的有效方法.该文进行了大型空间桁架的局部动力测试试验,试验中通过附加质量使杆件子结构具有局部主频率,并能准确地识别出杆件损伤的位置和程度.

Keywords:

结构健康监测, 损伤识别, 子结构, 模态分析, 频率响应

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN

Conference papers
1.An Y., Błachowski B., Ou J., Numerical study on LDLT decomposition-based damage locating vector method for truss structures, PLSE 2015, Second International Conference on Performance-based and Life-cycle Structural Engineering, 2015-12-09/12-11, Brisbane (AU), pp.256-260, 2015
Abstract:

Real-time structural health monitoring is very important for truss structures especially those having large-spans. In recent years, many methods have been proposed for damage monitoring of truss structures. However, damage sensitivity of these methods is still required to be improved. In this work an efficient damage localization technique for truss structures is proposed, which is based on the LDLT decomposition of the flexibility difference matrix and the Damage Locating Vectors (DLV) method. Compared with the present Stochastic DLV (SDLV) method, the proposed method is modified in two ways. First of all, the way of calculating the damage locating vectors is modified by using LDLT decomposition instead of Singular Value Decomposition. Secondly, in order to compute the flexibility, the mass matrix which is obtained from the finite element model is used to mass-normalize mode shapes identified from ambient excitations. As a result, the proposed LDLT-DLV method has a higher sensitivity to damage for different types of truss members. The effectiveness of the proposed LDLTDLV method is validated with the numerical example of a laboratory-scale Bailey truss bridge.

Keywords:

Damage localization, damage localization, LDLT-DLV method, truss structure, structural health monitoring

Affiliations:
An Y.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Błachowski B.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
2.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Construction of Virtual Structure for Damage Identification, 6WCSCM, 6th World Conference on Structural Control and Monitoring, 2014-07-15/07-17, Barcelona (ES), pp.732-739, 2014
Abstract:

This paper presents a damage identification method using virtual structure. The main concept is based on Virtual Distortion method (VDM), which belongs to a fast structural reanalysis method and employs the virtual distortions or virtual forces to simulate the structural modifications. In this paper, the structure with virtual mass, damping or stiffness is defined as virtual structure. Firstly, the frequency response of the virtual structure is constructed by VDM method; Secondly, the natural frequencies of virtual structure with additional masses or stiffness are estimated; At last, the estimated natural frequencies of the virtual structure are used for damage optimization of the structure. A numerical beam model is used to describe and verify the proposed method.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
3.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., The substructure isolation method for local analysis at the substructural level, SMART2013, 6th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, 2013-09-03/09-06, Turyn (IT), pp.1-20, 2013
Abstract:

This paper presents the substructure isolation method, which a novel method for substructural analysis and structural health monitoring (SHM) at the local level. The motivation behind it are the facts that global SHM of large and complex structures is generally difficult and that often only small substructures are crucial and require monitoring. These facts suggest that there is a need for ways of applying global SHM approaches locally, which is impossible with typical substructuring methods. The paper offers an overview of the common substructuring approaches and describes the substructure isolation method. The method splits the task of local monitoring into two stages: (1) Isolation; the outside influences are numerically eliminated from the measured response of the substructure. (2) Local SHM; all methods aimed originally at global SHM can be used with the constructed response of the isolated substructure. Local analysis is possible in time domain as well as in frequency domain; in offline and in online time regimes. The method is illustrated in a numerical example and substantiated in an experimental study using a damaged cantilever beam; the robustness of the isolation with respect to unknown modifications of the outside structure is tested.

Keywords:

Substructuring, Structural Health Monitoring, SHM, Damage identification, Local analysis

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
4.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Large substructure identification using substructure isolation method, Conference on Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems, 2012-03-12/03-15, San Diego (US), DOI: 10.1117/12.915102, Vol.8345, pp.83453V-1-7, 2012
Abstract:

Substructure Isolation Method (SIM) is used for large substructure identification. It utilizes the responses of global structure to construct the responses of the isolated substructure, which is a virtual and independent structure with the same system parameters as the real substructure. Then, the substructure identification is carried out equivalently via the isolated substructure and flexibly by some of the existing identification methods which aim originally at the large structure. Therefore, the performance of the SIM offers the possibility that the large substructure can be identified. A numerical bridge model is used to verify the proposed method, which preforms efficiently and accurately.

Keywords:

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), Damage identification, Substructure, Interface force

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
5.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Substructure Isolation Method for online local damage identification using time series, EWSHM 2012, 6th European workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, 2012-07-03/07-06, Dresden (GE), pp.1631-1638, 2012
Abstract:

This paper proposes a Substructure Isolation Method based on time series (SIM-TM) of measured local response and intended for local online monitoring of substructures. The method consists of two key steps: (numerical) construction of the isolated substructure, and local identification. The isolated substructure is an independent virtual structure, which is separated from the global structure with virtual supports placed in their interface. In the first step, the response of the isolated substructure is constructed by linear combinations of sub-time series of the measured local responses. Then, natural frequencies of the isolated substructure are identified based on the constructed response and used for local identification. The method has no requirements on the initial state of the structure. The isolation can be carried out time section by time section using the successive fragments of the measured responses, so that the approach can be used for online monitoring. A numerical frame model is used to verify the proposed online monitoring method.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
6.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Local damage identification in frequency domain based on substructure isolation method, ANCRiSST2011, 6th International Workshop on Advanced Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology, 2011-07-25/07-26, Dalian (CN), pp.1-9, 2011
Abstract:

This paper proposed a frequency domain method of substructure identification for local health monitoring. The substructure isolation method (SIM) consists of two steps: the first is the construction of isolated substructure which is the key of the method, and the second is damage identification of substructure. The isolated substructure is a virtual and independent structure, and it have the same physical parameters of the real substructure with the additional virtual supports on boundary, which is realized by operating the measured response. This paper extends the SIM method to frequency domain, which could make the method employ more measured response and compute more efficiently. A mass-spring numerical model is used to verify the theory of the SIM method, and a cantilever beam is experimented to test the method. The method preformed efficiently and accurately in the both numerical model and experiment.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
7.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Substructural damage identification using time series of local measured response, 5WCSCM 2010, 5th World Conference on Structural Control and Monitoring, 2010-07-12/07-14, Tokyo (JP), pp.1-10, 2010
Abstract:

This paper presents a Substructure Isolation method for substructural damage identification using time series of local measured response. Isolated Substructure is a virtual and independent structure which is numerically separated from the global structure by adding virtual supports on the substructure interface. The basic concept of the isolation method is that: first time series of substructural responses are divided into several sub-series with overlap; through the linear combination of all the sub-series, when the boundary response are constrained to zeros, the corresponding inner responses are the constructed responses of the Isolated Substructure; then the substructural damage identification can be performed equivalently by the modes of the Isolated Substructure which are identified from the constructed inner responses. Numerical model of a six-span truss and an experiment of a cantilever beam are used to validate the method. Both the isolation and damage identification are preformed very well using local measured responses.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
8.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Substructure isolation and identification using FFT of measured local responses, EWSHM 2010, 5th European workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, 2010-06-29/07-02, Sorrento (IT), pp.913-918, 2010
Abstract:

A substructuring method is presented for substructure identification and local health monitoring. The concerned substructure is numerically separated from the global structure to be a so-called Isolated Substructure by adding virtual supports on the substructure interface. The isolated substructure is a small and independent structure; its virtual supports are constructed using the FFT of measured local responses of the global structure. The damage of the substructure can be then identified easily by any of the classical methods which perform well on global structures. An experiment of a cantilever beam, of which the upper part is chosen as the substructure, is used to validate the method.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
9.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Substructural damage identification using Local Primary Frequency, ISSE11, 11th International Symposium on Structural Engineering, 2010-12-18/12-20, Guangzhou (CN), pp.1-6, 2010
Abstract:

This paper presents a substructuring method on damage identification using Local Primary Frequency (LPF).When a local excitation is applied on a concerned substructure, if the caused vibration mainly consists of only one single modal which represents most of the substructural distortion, then the corresponding frequency is defined as the substructural LPF. LPF reflects more information of the substructure and hence is more sensitivity to the substructural damage. Therefore, LPF can be used for substructural model updating and identification. However, generally substructures don’t own LPF. In this case, virtual supports constructed by Substructure Isolation Method are applied on the substructural boundary, such that it can enhance the constraint on the boundary, and decrease the influence from elements outside the substructure. In this way, the substructure sensitivity is enhanced and correspondingly the LPF of the substructure can be constructed. Numerical simulation of a three-story space frame structure testifies that substructural damages are identified effectively by this method.

Keywords:

Structure Health Monitoring (SHM), Damage Identification, substructuring method, Substructure Isolation Method, Local Primary Frequency (LPF), Virtual Supports

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
10.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Substructure isolation for local structural health monitoring, ECCOMAS Thematic Conference: International Symposium on Inverse Problems in Mechanics of Structures and Materials, 2009-04-23/04-25, Łańcut (PL), pp.33-34, 2009
Abstract:

This paper describes an effective method of substructure isolation for local structural health monitoring (SHM). In practice, often only a small part of a larger structure is critical and needs monitoring [1]. However, typical SHM methods require modeling or analysis of the global structure, which can be costly, time-consuming and error-prone. The proposed approach is based on the virtual distortion method [2]; the substructure is isolated from the entire structure by placing modeled fixed supports in all nodes of their mutual boundary. Therefore, given an excitation of the substructure and a measured response, the response of the substructure treated as fixed supported can be computed. Only experimental data are used for isolation, and no numerical modeling is required. A numerical experiment of damage identification in a frame-truss will be presented during the talk to validate the methodology at 5% rms measurement error level. It is omitted here due to space constraints.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)

Conference abstracts
1.Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Ou J., Online local structural health monitoring using the substructure isolation method, SolMech 2012, 38th Solid Mechanics Conference, 2012-08-27/08-31, Warszawa (PL), pp.306-307, 2012
Abstract:

This paper proposes a Substructure Isolation Method (SIM) for online local health monitoring at the substructural level. The SIM [1] includes two key steps: isolation of the substructure, and its local identification. Isolated substructure is an independent virtual structure, which is isolated from the global structure with virtual supports placed in the interface DOFs. Its response is constructed by such a linear combination of time series of measured local responses that the desired boundary conditions are satisfied and all outside influences are removed. Given the combined response, the substructure is locally identified using any of the standard methods aimed originally at global analysis. This is unlike other substructuring methods, see e.g. [2,3], which require dedicated methods in order to deal simultaneously with structural damages and generalized interface forces.

The SIM has been originally [1] used in off-line analysis and required zero initial conditions. Here, it is used for local online monitoring by a repeated application to successively extracted measurement time series. Non-zero initial conditions are allowed; they are reflected in a free vibration component of the constructed responses of the isolated substructure.

Affiliations:
Hou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)
Jankowski Ł.-IPPT PAN
Ou J.-Dalian University of Technology (CN)

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pdf
201610141896
2016-03-10
105651537A
2016-06-08
An Y., Błachowski B., Ou J.
High-damage-sensitivity truss structure damage real-time monitoring system
CN, DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
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