Partner: K. Grabowska

Recent publications
1.Zajączkowska U., Kucharski S., Nowak Z., Grabowska K., Morphometric and mechanical characteristics of Equisetum hyemale stem enhance its vibration, PLANTA, ISSN: 0032-0935, DOI: 10.1007/s00425-017-2648-1, Vol.245, No.4, pp.835-848, 2017

The order of the internodes, and their geometry and mechanical characteristics influence the capability of theEquisetumstem to vibrate, potentially stimulating spore liberation at the optimum stress setting along the stem.
Equisetum hyemale L. plants represent a special example of cellular solid construction with mechanical stability achieved by a high second moment of area and relatively high resistance against local buckling. We proposed the hypothesis that the order of E. hyemale L. stem internodes, their geometry and mechanical characteristics influence the capability of the stem to vibrate, stimulating spore liberation at the minimum stress setting value along the stem. An analysis of apex vibration was done based on videos presenting the behavior of an Equisetum clump filmed in a wind tunnel and also as a result of excitation by bending the stem by 20°. We compared these data with the vibrations of stems of the same size but deprived of the three topmost internodes. Also, we created a finite element model (FEM), upon which we have based the ‘natural’ stem vibration as a copy of the real object, ‘random’ with reshuffled internodes and ‘uniform’, created as one tube with the characters averaged from all internodes. The natural internode arrangement influences the frequency and amplitude of the apex vibration, maintaining an equal stress distribution in the stem, which may influence the capability for efficient spore spreading.


Mechanical properties, Plant biomechanics, Segmented structure, Stem vibration, Stress distribution, Wind

Zajączkowska U.-other affiliation
Kucharski S.-IPPT PAN
Grabowska K.-other affiliation