Partner: Katarzyna Górecka

Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)

Recent publications
1.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Osowicki G., Belgijski pacjent. Polskie prace badawczo – konserwatorskie przy wielkoformatowym krzywoliniowym obrazie z XVIII w. z katedry Saint-Aubain w Namur, , Vol.21, No.80, pp.62-71, 2016
Abstract:

Paper discusses a concept and conservation methodology of the XVII. century curvilinear canvas painting "Adoration of the Magi" from the Saint-Aubain Cathedral church in Namur (Belgium). Atypical form of the painting bowed in the horizontal plane, adapted to a, wall and its enormous size (3.70 x 4.50 m) required using some innovative technologies and materials. Restoration work required access to both the face and the back of the picture. But how to overturn the painting? How to strengthen its support? How to tight. it? Such problems can be solved only by the interdisciplinary collaboration of a team of professionals. In this way decisions about the conservation were discussed in the group of experts from various disciplines. The article focuses o! n the problem of curvilinear canvas stretching, which is presented fro m different points of view. In the council participated restorers, scientist and engineers. Finally, we agreed that the basic premise of the conservation process was a detailed analysis of the canvas shape and its preservation on each step of the conservation works. The concept required construction of two curved platforms: concave and convex. The new system of the canvas overturning was also designed. An innovating method of strengthening of the canvas vertical direction during lining process by using Kevlar fibres was applied. The XVII. century stretcher frame was preserved as an example of historical construction. The new stretching system was built out of the original stretcher frame. The conservation works were finished in 2014, the painting was put in the frame and fixed on the wall. The optical analysis of its shape achieved one year after showed that its state is stable.

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Osowicki G.-other affiliation
2.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Szpor J., New materials and methods used in the conservation of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting 'Adoration of the Magi' from the Ssaint-Aubain cathedral church in Namur, European Journal of Science and Theology, ISSN: 1841-0464, Vol.11, No.2, pp.45-53, 2015
Abstract:

Paper discusses a concept and conservation methodology of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting ‘Adoration of the Magi’ from the Saint–Aubain Cathedral church in Namur (Belgium). Atypical form of the painting bowed in the horizontal plane, adapted to the apse wall and its very large size (3.70 x 4.50 m) required using some innovative technologies and materials. The basic premise of the conservation process was a detailed analysis of the canvas shape and its preservation on each step of the conservation works. The concept required construction of two curved platforms: concave and convex. The new system of the canvas overturning was also designed. An innovative method of strengthening of the canvas during lining process in vertical direction by using Kevlar fibres was applied. Required strengthening and modification of the stretching frame is also discussed.

Keywords:

curvilinear, large-size, lining, stretching, Kevlar fibres

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Szpor J.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
3.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Szpor J., Arendarski H., XVIII Century Wooden Stretchers Structure Designed for Large Canvas and an Example of the Assessment Method, ADVANCED MATERIALS RESEARCH, ISSN: 1662-8985, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.778.113, Vol.778, pp.113-118, 2013
Abstract:

Paper discusses large size canvas paintings stretching methods and deformations and damages specific for large canvas resulting from an incorrect stretching. Analysis of the preservation state of a wooden stretcher construction and its functionality was an important step in development of the program of conservation work. The case study of M. H Loders painting "Adoration of the Magi" (XVIII c.) from the cathedral Saint - Aubain in Namur (Belgium) is presented. The painting is exhibited 5,5 m above the floor and has a unique shape, as the wooden stretcher frame is adjusted to the round apse walls. Thus usual direct inspection was difficult due to poor access to the reverse side of the painting. Preliminary conclusions on the construction and preservation state of the stretcher frame were drawn on the basis of a thorough inspection of the painting surface. Actual shape of the painting and precise stretchers dimensions were measured with a laser scanner. More information concerning the stretcher frame construction was obtained from a simple micro-camera system combined with LED lighting introduced from the canvas reverse side.

Keywords:

3D Laser Scanner, Deformation, Large - Size Painting, Wooden Stretcher Frame

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Szpor J.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Arendarski H.-Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow (PL)

List of chapters in recent monographs
1.
343
Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Górecka K., Computer Vision and Graphics, ICCVG 2014, rozdział: Geometrical Models of Old Curvilinear Paintings, Springer Verlag, LNCS , pp.578-585, 2014

Conference abstracts
1.Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Górecka K., Wójcicki P., Stretching of Curvilinear Canvas of Religious Paintings, 6th European Symposium on Religious Art Restoration and Conservation, 2014-06-09/06-11, Florencja (IT), pp.149-152, 2014
Abstract:

Religious art objects preserved in the form of curved canvas paintings present a very interesting subject for the research, both from technical and conservation points of view. The work concentrates on theoretical and experimental analysis of mechanically correct stretching of curvilinear canvas to avoid folding and buckling of paintings. It is shown that treating curvilinear canvas as a ruled surface might be a very promising solution. Reverse engineering can help to discover the ruled surface shape adequate to the individual curved painting.

Keywords:

canvas, stretching, ruled surface, religious paintings

Affiliations:
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Wójcicki P.-IPPT PAN
2.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Szpor J., New Materials and Methods Used in the Conservation of the XVII Century Curvilinear Canvas Canvas Painting , 6th European Symposium on Religious Art Restoration and Conservation, 2014-06-09/06-11, Florencja (IT), pp.199-202, 2014
Abstract:

Paper discusses a concept and conservation methodology of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting “Adoration of the Magi” from the Saint – Aubain Cathedral church in Namur (Belgium). Atypical form of the painting bowed in the horizontal plane, adapted to the apse wall and its very large size (3.70 x 4.50 m) required using some innovative technologies and materials. The basic premise of the conservation process was a detailed analysis of the canvas shape and its preservation on each step of the conservation works. The concept required construction of two curved platforms: concave and convex. The new system of the canvas overturning was also designed. An innovative method of strengthening of the canvas during lining process in vertical direction by using Kevlar fibres was applied. Required strengthening and modification of the stretching frame is also discussed.

Keywords:

curvilinear, large-size canvas painting, lining, stretching, Kevlar fibres

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Szpor J.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)