Partner: Lech Knap

Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

Doctoral thesis
2001Aktywne rozpraszanie energii zderzeń w ustrojach adaptacyjnych 
supervisor -- Prof. Jan Holnicki-Szulc, Ph.D., Dr. Habil., Eng., IPPT PAN
564 
Recent publications
1.Knap L., Graczykowski C., Holnicki-Szulc J., Wołejsza Z., Strategies for reduction of energy consumption during ascending and descending process of modern telescopic HAPS aerostats, BULLETIN OF THE POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES: TECHNICAL SCIENCES, ISSN: 0239-7528, DOI: 10.24425/bpasts.2020.131833, Vol.68, No.1, pp.155-168, 2020
Abstract:

In this article, the authors propose and investigate a new concept of HAPS aerostat design in a modular form, which allows for sequential increasing or decreasing of the total volume, up to the desired size. In its initial form, the aerostat has relatively small dimensions but its central cylindrical part is multi-segmented and can be easily extended. The application of controllable construction couplings enables precise control of the aerostat expansion process and significantly improves its vertical mobility. The paper describes details of telescopic aerostat construction, presents a mathematical model of its vertical motion and investigates numerically two volume control strategies aimed at maximization of operation efficiency and minimization of operation cost. The results obtained reveal the main problems that have to be addressed and the factors that play a key role in design of such telescopic aerostats and control of their vertical mobility.

Keywords:

helium airship, control of vertical mobility, reduced energy consumption, optimum ascending and descending path

Affiliations:
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Graczykowski C.-IPPT PAN
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN
Wołejsza Z.-IPPT PAN
2.Faraj R., Holnicki-Szulc J., Knap L., Seńko J., Adaptive inertial shock-absorber, SMART MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, ISSN: 0964-1726, DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/25/3/035031, Vol.25, pp.035031-1-9, 2016
Abstract:

This paper introduces and discusses a new concept of impact absorption by means of impact energy management and storage in dedicated rotating inertial discs. The effectiveness of the concept is demonstrated in a selected case-study involving spinning management, a recently developed novel impact-absorber. A specific control technique performed on this device is demonstrated to be the main source of significant improvement in the overall efficiency of impact damping process. The influence of various parameters on the performance of the shock-absorber is investigated. Design and manufacturing challenges and directions of further research are formulated.

Keywords:

adaptive impact absorption, adaptive inerter, semi-active control, shock-absorber

Affiliations:
Faraj R.-IPPT PAN
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Seńko J.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
3.Suwała G., Knap L., Holnicki-Szulc J., Prestressing for Reduction of Local Vibrations in a Rotorcraft, ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS (ROZPRAWY INŻYNIERSKIE), ISSN: 0867-888X, Vol.64, No.3, pp.367-380, 2016
Abstract:

The main objective of this paper is to investigate the possibility of local structural vibration uppression via introducing initial prestressing. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method, a two-step approach has been used. Firstly, a prestressed modal analysis has been conducted to measure the influence of the prestressing on changes of eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes. In the second step, a steady dynamic analysis has been performed to harmonic excitation to demonstrate the reduction of local amplitudes. Numerical experiments have been conducted on the model of a small rotorcraft. Our results indicate that introduction of initial prestressing may be used to affect natural structure frequancies and to lower amplitude of vibrations of the structure exposed to external extortions.

Keywords:

Prestressing, vibration suppression.

Affiliations:
Suwała G.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN

Conference papers
1.Graczykowski C., Knap L., Holnicki-Szulc J., Wołejsza Z., Development of Control Strategies for Vertical Mobility of Adaptive Telescopic High-altitude Aerostats, SMART 2019, 9th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, 2019-07-08/07-11, Paris (FR), pp.1-8, 2019
Abstract:

In this article we propose a new concept of adaptive telescopic high-altitude aerostat designed in a modular form which allows for sequential changes of volume during the flight. The proposed telescopic aerostat can be easily enlarged or contracted due to application of multi-segmented construction, controllable segments’ couplings and precise adjustment of internal pressure obtained using additional gas tank, valve and compressor. Conducted changes of aerostat volume allow to precisely control generated lift force and to obtain desired paths of ascending and descending. The paper briefly presents development of control strategies aimed at: i) reaching the subsequent altitudes in the shortest period of time, ii) reaching these altitudes at the smallest cost defined as total work done by the compressor. The obtained results show high potential of the proposed innovative concept of the aerostat.

Keywords:

helium airship, control of vertical mobility, reduced energy consumption, optimal ascending and descending paths

Affiliations:
Graczykowski C.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN
Wołejsza Z.-IPPT PAN
2.Mikułowski G., Suwała G., Knap L., Holnicki-Szulc J., Adaptive techniques for suppresion of forced vibrations, SMART 2017, 8th Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, 2017-06-05/06-08, Madrid (ES), pp.166-175, 2017
Abstract:

Adaptive structures, equipped with so-called structural fuses (based on fast responding piezo-devices), able to connect/disconnect instantly selected structural interface, allows effective protection against resonance induction via externally forced vibrations. The presented case study demonstrates haw forced vibrations with modifiable frequencies can be smoothly received, if structural fuses are properly activated/deactivated when the external excitation approaches the structural eigen frequencies.

Keywords:

Adaptive structures, forced vibrations, avoiding resonance, structural fuses

Affiliations:
Mikułowski G.-IPPT PAN
Suwała G.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN
3.Faraj R., Graczykowski C., Holnicki-Szulc J., Knap L., Seńko J., Adaptable pneumatic shock-absorber, SMART 2017, 8th Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, 2017-06-05/06-08, Madrid (ES), pp.1-8, 2017
Abstract:

Pneumatic dampers are still an attractive subject of research in both modelling and experimental testing. Progress in the field of sensors and actuators allows to construct more and more efficient absorbers and dampers based on active or semi-active control algorithms. However, passive and semi-passive solutions are also developed because of their lower costs and simplicity. This paper presents adaptable pneumatic shock-absorber that allows to obtain optimal impact absorption and energy dissipation by a single reconfiguration performed at the beginning of the process. The absorber is composed of two cylinders including at least one narrow rectangular slot and adequate number of outflow vents precisely shaped for certain impact scenarios. During operation of the device the air is released through overlapping slots and selected vents, which provides constant value of the generated force. As a result, the shock-absorber works as a passive device but provides minimal value of the reaction force in similar manner as semi-active system equipped with fully controllable mechanical valve. The paper presents the results of numerical simulations of adaptable shock-absorber operation and attempts of demonstrator construction aimed at conducting experimental verification of the concept.

Keywords:

Adaptable, Semi-passive, Impact Absorption, Pneumatic Shock-absorber

Affiliations:
Faraj R.-IPPT PAN
Graczykowski C.-IPPT PAN
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Seńko J.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
4.Suwała G., Knap L., Holnicki-Szulc J., Prestressing for local isolation of forced vibrations, EACS2016, 6th European Conference on Structural Control, 2016-07-11/07-13, Sheffield (GB), pp.1-8, 2016
Abstract:

The problem of dynamic response stabilization is a crucial issue in many engineering applications or structures subjected to an external source of excitation or dynamic load. At present, owing predominantly to advances in measurement technology, microprocessor control and development of smart materials it is possible to solve many of these problems. Semi-active or active damping systems, which are used to improving structure response, requires additional dampers or absorbers. Contrary, in the article we present approach of suppressing local vibration via introducing initial prestressing into the chosen element or elements of the structure. In that way it is possible to change properties of the structure and its modes of vibrations. We present the results of numerical simulations of the mechanical structure subjected to external excitations. Our results show that by introducing prestressing it is possible to significantly influence on eigenfrequances and eigenmodes. Also effectiveness of vibration amplitudes reduction can be significantly larger, at least one order of magnitude larger.

Keywords:

local suppresion of forced vibrations, prestressing, sensitivity analysis and prestress optimization

Affiliations:
Suwała G.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN

Conference abstracts
1.Faraj R., Graczykowski C., Holnicki-Szulc J., Knap L., Seńko J., Adaptable pneumatic shock-absorber, SMART 2017, 8th Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, 2017-06-05/06-08, Madrid (ES), pp.1-1, 2017
Abstract:

Pneumatic dampers are still an attractive subject of research in both modelling and experimental testing. Progress in the field of sensors and actuators allows to construct more and more efficient absorbers and dampers based on active or semi-active control algorithms. However, passive and semi-passive solutions are also developed because of their lower costs and simplicity. This paper presents adaptable pneumatic shock-absorber that allows to obtain optimal impact absorption and energy dissipation by a single reconfiguration performed at the beginning of the process. The absorber is composed of two cylinders including at least one narrow rectangular slot and adequate number of outflow vents precisely shaped for certain impact scenarios. During operation of the device the air is released through overlapping slots and selected vents, which provides constant value of the generated force. As a result, the shock-absorber works as a passive device but provides minimal value of the reaction force in similar manner as semi-active system equipped with fully controllable mechanical valve. The paper presents the results of numerical simulations of adaptable shock-absorber operation and attempts of demonstrator construction aimed at conducting experimental verification of the concept.

Keywords:

Adaptable, Semi-passive, Impact Absorption, Pneumatic Shock-absorber.

Affiliations:
Faraj R.-IPPT PAN
Graczykowski C.-IPPT PAN
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Seńko J.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
2.Faraj R., Holnicki-Szulc J., Knap L., Seńko J., Mitigation of the structure response based on inertial shock-absorber, EACS2016, 6th European Conference on Structural Control, 2016-07-11/07-13, Sheffield (GB), pp.1, 2016
Abstract:

The goal of this paper is to present further development of the inertial shock-absorber called SPINMAN. Application of the device in mitigation of structures response is investigated and selected case study is discussed. The specific construction and operation of the device is introduced and explained. In reference to the impact absorption problems, the SPIN-MAN is a concept of adaptive inerter device with two phases of operation. The first of them includes energy absorption and accumulation. External energy of the load is converted to kinetic energy of rotational motion of the mass. During the second phase, accumulated energy is dissipated by inverse spinning of the second mass powered by the remaining part of the impact energy. To obtain this type of operation, special switchable actuators are used. Applicability of the device in mitigation of impact-born structure response, especially in case of space systems, is investigated. General concept of the device construction and operation is adjusted to meet the requirements for space systems. This results in a fluidless, passive-like solution but adaptable to the load conditions. Tuning of the shock-absorber may be realized by manual or easily automated mechanical adjustments. Effectiveness of the solution is based on the specific on/off type of control, which is responsible for the optimal energy flow in the system and efficient dissipation of impact energy inside the SPIN-MAN. Results of numerical simulations confirmed quick and effective operation of this device.

Keywords:

structure response mitigation, adaptive impact absorption, adaptive inerter, semi-active control, shock-absorber

Affiliations:
Faraj R.-IPPT PAN
Holnicki-Szulc J.-IPPT PAN
Knap L.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Seńko J.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

Patents
Filing No./Date
Filing Publication
Autor(s)
Title
Protection Area, Applicant Name
Patent Number
Date of Grant
pdf
434830
2020-07-28
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Knap L., Świercz A., Graczykowski C., Holnicki-Szulc J.
Rozkładalna, modułowa, cięgnowo-prętowa konstrukcja wsporcza aerostatu z elastyczną powłoką o zmiennym kształcie i objętości
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN, Adaptronica Sp. z o.o.
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434723
2020-07-20
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Knap L., Świercz A., Holnicki-Szulc J.
System stabilizacji poziomej aerostatu wypełnionego gazem lżejszym od powietrza
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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20156826.8
2020-02-12
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Knap L., Wołejsza Z., Graczykowski C., Faraj R., Holnicki-Szulc J.
Tethered helium kite gas replenishment device and gas replenishment method
EPO, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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430191
2019-06-10
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Knap L., Graczykowski C., Holnicki-Szulc J., Wołejsza Z.
Sterowiec o zmiennej objętości oraz sposób zmiany położenia sterowca w pionie
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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429902
2019-05-10
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Holnicki-Szulc J., Świercz A., Knap L.
Samo-rozkładalna, cięgnowo-prętowa struktura wsporcza
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN, Adaptronica Sp. z o.o.
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428956
2019-02-18
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Knap L., Wołejsza Z., Graczykowski C., Faraj R., Holnicki-Szulc J.
Urządzenie uzupełniające ubytki gazu w latawcu helowym na uwięzi oraz sposób uzupełniania ubytków gazu
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN, Adaptronica Sp. z o.o.
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415131
2015-12-04
BUP 12/17
2017-06-05
Holnicki-Szulc J., Knap L., Faraj R., Seńko J.
Amortyzator śrubowy
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN, Adaptronica Sp. z o.o.
229926
WUP 9/18
2018-09-28



414970
2015-11-26
BUP 12/17
2017-06-05
Holnicki-Szulc J., Knap L., Faraj R., Seńko J.
Amortyzator śrubowo-rotacyjny
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN, Adaptronica Sp. z o.o.
230102
WUP 9/18
2018-09-28



414367
2015-10-14
BUP 09/17
2017-04-24
Holnicki-Szulc J., Knap L., Seńko J., Faraj R.
Urządzenie do tłumienia udaru i sposób tłumienia udaru
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN, Adaptronica Sp. z o.o.
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