Partner: M.E. Gumowska


Recent publications
1.Piotrzkowska-Wróblewska H., Dobruch-Sobczak K., Klimonda Z., Karwat P., Roszkowska-Purska K., Gumowska M., Litniewski J., Monitoring breast cancer response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with ultrasound signal statistics and integrated backscatter , PLOS ONE, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0213749, Vol.14, No.3, pp.1-15, 2019
Abstract:

Background Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is used in patients with breast cancer to reduce tumor focus, metastatic risk, and patient mortality. Monitoring NAC effects is necessary to capture resistant patients and stop or change treatment. The existing methods for evaluating NAC results have some limitations. The aim of this study was to assess the tumor response at an early stage, after the first doses of the NAC, based on the variability of the backscattered ultrasound energy, and backscatter statistics. The backscatter statistics has not previously been used to monitor NAC effects. Methods The B-mode ultrasound images and raw radio frequency data from breast tumors were obtained using an ultrasound scanner before chemotherapy and 1 week after each NAC cycle. The study included twenty-four malignant breast cancers diagnosed in sixteen patients and qualified for neoadjuvant treatment before surgery. The shape parameter of the homodyned K distribution and integrated backscatter, along with the tumor size in the longest dimension, were determined based on ultrasound data and used as markers for NAC response. Cancer tumors were assigned to responding and non-responding groups, according to histopathological evaluation, which was a reference in assessing the utility of markers. Statistical analysis was performed to rate the ability of markers to predict the final NAC response based on data obtained after subsequent therapeutic doses. Results Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) between groups were obtained after 2, 3, 4, and 5 doses of NAC for quantitative ultrasound markers and after 5 doses for the assessment based on maximum tumor dimension. Statistical analysis showed that, after the second and third NAC courses the classification based on integrated backscatter marker was characterized by an AUC of 0.69 and 0.82, respectively. The introduction of the second quantitative marker describing the statistical properties of scattering increased the corresponding AUC values to 0.82 and 0.91. Conclusions Quantitative ultrasound information can characterize the tumor's pathological response better and at an earlier stage of therapy than the assessment of the reduction of its dimensions. The introduction of statistical parameters of ultrasonic backscatter to monitor the effects of chemotherapy can increase the effectiveness of monitoring and contribute to a better personalization of NAC therapy.

Affiliations:
Piotrzkowska-Wróblewska H.-IPPT PAN
Dobruch-Sobczak K.-IPPT PAN
Klimonda Z.-IPPT PAN
Karwat P.-IPPT PAN
Roszkowska-Purska K.-other affiliation
Gumowska M.-other affiliation
Litniewski J.-IPPT PAN

Conference papers
1.Dobruch-Sobczak K.S., Piotrzkowska-Wróblewska H., Klimonda Z., Gumowska M.E., Litniewski J., Ultrasound echogenicity reveals the response of breast cancer to chemotherapy, ECR 2019, EUROPEAN CONGRESS OF RADIOLOGY, 2019-02-27/03-03, Wiedeń (AT), DOI: 10.26044/ecr2019/C-1007, pp.1-15, 2019