Partner: Norberto Roveri

University of Bologna (IT)

Recent publications
1.Pierini F., Lanzi M., Lesci I.G., Roveri N., Comparison between Inorganic Geomimetic Chrysotile and Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes in the Preparation of One-dimensional Conducting Polymer Nanocomposites, Fibers and Polymers, ISSN: 1229-9197, DOI: 10.1007/s12221-015-0426-x, Vol.16, No.2, pp.426-433, 2015
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to examine the role of the nanofillers spatial arrangement in the electrical properties of hybrid organic-inorganic fibers. In this paper, we have presented experimental results for preparation of fibers with a nanometric diameter based on a polyaniline/poly(ethylene oxide) doped blend and geomimetic chrysotile nanotubes. The nanostructured material was prepared using electrospinning techniques. Electrospun fibers made by pristine polymers and by the same blend loaded with carbon nanotubes were used as reference materials to compare the structural, and electrical properties of the novel organic-inorganic material. Generally, electrical properties were improved by the addition of materials that have high conductivity. Electrospun fibers filled with a traditional insulator like chrysotile have shown higher electrical conductivity than the pristine materials. In order to fully understand how structural variations impact upon the electrical conductivity the materials were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Raman spectroscopy (RS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and four-point probe method. The results suggest that the occurred electrical conductivity gain could be attributed to parallel orientation of the chrysotile nanotubes and higher crystallinity induced by the one-dimensional nanostructured filler materials. The obtained results bring us one step closer to using intrinsically conducting polymers (ICPs) in the creation of functionalized polymeric nanocomposites for nanotechnology.

Keywords:

Nanocomposites, Conductive polymer, Electrospinning, Chrysotile, Carbon nanotubes

Affiliations:
Pierini F.-IPPT PAN
Lanzi M.-University of Bologna (IT)
Lesci I.G.-University of Bologna (IT)
Roveri N.-University of Bologna (IT)
2.Lesci I.G., Balducci G., Pierini F., Soavi F., Roveri N., Surface features and thermal stability of mesoporous Fe doped geoinspired synthetic chrysotile nanotubes, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, ISSN: 1387-1811, DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2014.06.002, Vol.197, pp.8-16, 2014
Abstract:

Synthetic mesoporous Fe doped geoinspired nanotubes have been utilized to evaluate the modification of the surface composition, morphology charge distribution and thermal stability as functions of the Fe doping extent and Fe prevalent substitution into the octahedral or tetrahedral sites. FTIR-ATR spectroscopy analysis has allowed to highlight the chrysotile structure modification by the Fe substitution to Mg or Si and to underline clearly the crucial role of the Fe doping in the octahedral sheet in modifying chrysotile structure and morphology. XPS analysis, ζ-potentials and porosity characterization have allowed to define the propriety of the chrysotile surface structure when iron replaces Mg in octahedral or Si in tetrahedral sites. DTA analysis has allowed to relate the effect of Fe doping on the chemical–physical characteristics of both synthetic and mineral chrysotile. We have observed that the simultaneous decrease in dehydroxylation and recrystallization temperature occurs when the Fe increases on surface and this is due to the increased substitution of Fe in octahedron. The results highlight the relevance to estimate the health hazard of the natural asbestos fibres by valuating the role of Fe surface throughout the use of geoinspired chrysotile synthesised under controlled stoichiometry and structure utilizing it as a selected reference standard.

Keywords:

Asbestos, Mesoporous synthetic chrysotile, Geoinspired inorganic nanotubes, Fe doped chrysotile, Surface functionalities

Affiliations:
Lesci I.G.-University of Bologna (IT)
Balducci G.-University of Bologna (IT)
Pierini F.-other affiliation
Soavi F.-University of Bologna (IT)
Roveri N.-University of Bologna (IT)
3.Pierini F., Foresti E., Fracasso G., Lesci I.G., Roveri N., Potential Technological Applications of Synthetic Geomimetic Nanotubes, ISRAEL JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, ISSN: 0021-2148, DOI: 10.1002/ijch.201000062, Vol.50, pp.484-499, 2010
Abstract:

Geomimetic chrysotile nanotubes have a high potentiality in nanotechnological applications. These synthetic inorganic nanotubes can be used to prepare quantum wires with interesting electrical and optical properties. In fact, they behave as host systems, exhibiting a constant inner diameter inferior to 7 nm, a low tendency to aggregate and large inter-channel separation, preventing the interaction between individual guest filled nanomaterial acting as an unisosotropic confining structure. The chemical-physical properties of undoped and differently Fe doped geoinspired chrysotile synthetic nanotubes have been reviewed confirming that these characteristic features make synthetic chrysotile nanotubes excellent candidates to prepare innovative inorganic nanowires. Furthermore, the possibility to synthesize undoped geomimetic chrysotile nanotubes with high reproducibility and crystallinity avoids cytotoxicity, making them safe for human health.

Keywords:

chrysotile, geomimetic nanostructures, inorganic nanotubes, nanotechnology, nanowires

Affiliations:
Pierini F.-other affiliation
Foresti E.-other affiliation
Fracasso G.-other affiliation
Lesci I.G.-University of Bologna (IT)
Roveri N.-University of Bologna (IT)