Publications in journals ranked by Journal Citation Reports (JCR) 
Publications in other journals ranked by Ministry of Science and Higher Education
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Affiliation to IPPT PAN

1.Jeznach O., Gajc M., Korzeb K., Kłos A., Orliński K., Stępień R., Krok-Borkowicz M., Rumian Ł., Pietryga K., Reczyńska K., Pamuła E., Pawlak D.A., New calcium-free Na2O-Al2O3-P2O5 bioactive glasses with potential applications in bone tissue engineering, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, ISSN: 0002-7820, DOI: 10.1111/jace.15216, Vol.101, No.2, pp.602-611, 2018
Jeznach O., Gajc M., Korzeb K., Kłos A., Orliński K., Stępień R., Krok-Borkowicz M., Rumian Ł., Pietryga K., Reczyńska K., Pamuła E., Pawlak D.A., New calcium-free Na2O-Al2O3-P2O5 bioactive glasses with potential applications in bone tissue engineering, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, ISSN: 0002-7820, DOI: 10.1111/jace.15216, Vol.101, No.2, pp.602-611, 2018

Abstract:
Sodium aluminophosphate glasses were evaluated for their bone repair ability. The glasses belonging to the system 45Na2O–xAl2O3-(55-x)P2O5, with x = (3, 5, 7, 10 mol%) were prepared by a melt-quenching method. We assessed the effect of Al2O3 content on the properties of Na2O–Al2O3–P2O5 (NAP) glasses, which were characterized by density measurements, DSC analyses, solubility, bioactivity in simulated body fluid and cytocompatibility with MG-63 cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first investigation of calcium-free Na2O–Al2O3–P2O5 system glasses as bioactive materials for bone tissue engineering.

Keywords:
alumina, bioactive glass, bone tissue engineering, calcium-free bioactive glass, phosphate glass, sodium aluminophosphate glass

2.Pierini F., Lanzi M., Nakielski P., Pawłowska S., Urbanek O., Zembrzycki K., Kowalewski T.A., Single-Material Organic Solar Cells Based on Electrospun Fullerene-Grafted Polythiophene Nanofibers, Macromolecules, ISSN: 0024-9297, DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00857, Vol.50, No.13, pp.4972-4981, 2017
Pierini F., Lanzi M., Nakielski P., Pawłowska S., Urbanek O., Zembrzycki K., Kowalewski T.A., Single-Material Organic Solar Cells Based on Electrospun Fullerene-Grafted Polythiophene Nanofibers, Macromolecules, ISSN: 0024-9297, DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00857, Vol.50, No.13, pp.4972-4981, 2017

Abstract:
Highly efficient single-material organic solar cells (SMOCs) based on fullerene-grafted polythiophenes were fabricated by incorporating electrospun one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures obtained from polymer chain stretching. Poly(3-alkylthiophene) chains were chemically tailored in order to reduce the side effects of charge recombination which severely affected SMOC photovoltaic performance. This enabled us to synthesize a donor–acceptor conjugated copolymer with high solubility, molecular weight, regioregularity, and fullerene content. We investigated the correlations among the active layer hierarchical structure given by the inclusion of electrospun nanofibers and the solar cell photovoltaic properties. The results indicated that SMOC efficiency can be strongly increased by optimizing the supramolecular and nanoscale structure of the active layer, while achieving the highest reported efficiency value (PCE = 5.58%). The enhanced performance may be attributed to well-packed and properly oriented polymer chains. Overall, our work demonstrates that the active material structure optimization obtained by including electrospun nanofibers plays a pivotal role in the development of efficient SMOCs and suggests an interesting perspective for the improvement of copolymer-based photovoltaic device performance using an alternative pathway.

3.Enayati M.S., Behzad T., Sajkiewicz P.Ł., Bagheri R., Ghasemi-Mobarakeh L., Pierini F., Theoretical and experimental study of the stiffness of electrospun composites of poly(vinyl alcohol), cellulose nanofibers, and nanohydroxy apatite, CELLULOSE, ISSN: 0969-0239, DOI: 10.1007/s10570-017-1601-6, pp.1-11, 2017
Enayati M.S., Behzad T., Sajkiewicz P.Ł., Bagheri R., Ghasemi-Mobarakeh L., Pierini F., Theoretical and experimental study of the stiffness of electrospun composites of poly(vinyl alcohol), cellulose nanofibers, and nanohydroxy apatite, CELLULOSE, ISSN: 0969-0239, DOI: 10.1007/s10570-017-1601-6, pp.1-11, 2017

Abstract:
The present study aims to theoretically model and verify the mechanical behavior of electrospun fibers of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) reinforced by nanohydroxy apatite (nHAp) and cellulose nanofibers (CNF), the three composites designated as PVA/nHAp, PVA/CNF, and PVA/nHAp/CNF. Tensile tests and AFM nanoindentation studies were used to measure tensile modulus of electrospun scaffolds and single fibers respectively. Halpin–Tsai and Ouali models were applied to predict the stiffness of electrospun mats. Theoretical analysis according to the Halpin–Tsai model showed that CNF have no preferred orientation in the electrospun fibers, particularly at higher filler content. Additionally, this model provided a better prediction than Ouali model, especially at lower filler content. Theoretical models based on the geometry of an unit cell in open-cell structure such as honeycomb, tetrakaidecahedron and cube models simulate electrospun scaffolds. Among the structural models for analysis of porous scaffolds, the honeycomb model showed the best prediction, tetrakaidecahedron model—a moderate one, and cube model was the worst. In general, it was proved by both experiment and theory that the porous structure of electrospun mat caused significant modulus reduction of nanocomposites.

Keywords:
Nanocomposites, Cellulose nanofibers, Electrospinning, Modulus

4.Urbanek O., Sajkiewicz P., Pierini F., The effect of polarity in the electrospinning process on PCL/chitosan nanofibres' structure, properties and efficiency of surface modification, POLYMER, ISSN: 0032-3861, DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2017.07.064, Vol.124, pp.168-175, 2017
Urbanek O., Sajkiewicz P., Pierini F., The effect of polarity in the electrospinning process on PCL/chitosan nanofibres' structure, properties and efficiency of surface modification, POLYMER, ISSN: 0032-3861, DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2017.07.064, Vol.124, pp.168-175, 2017

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to study the effect of charge polarity applied to the spinning nozzle on the structure and properties of polycaprolactone/chitosan (PCL/CHT) blends, in particular the efficiency of further surface modification by chondroitin sulphate (CS). The observed differences in the morphology and properties of fibres formed at different polarities were interpreted in terms of molecular interactions occurring in the system. FTIR results indicate stronger PCL-chitosan interactions at negative polarity, resulting in lower PCL crystallinity and crystal size distribution determined by DSC, as well as lower wettability. The charge polarity influences PCL/CHT fibre morphology and tailors some of their properties, e.g. wettability, mechanical properties and the efficiency of surface modification. Better efficiency of CS attachment was observed at negative polarity using atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is most probably related to higher chitosan content at the fibres' surface being attracted by the negative external potential.

Keywords:
Polycaprolactone/chitosan nanofibres, Charge potential effect in electrospinning, Polycaprolactone-chitosan interactions

5.Urbanek O., Sajkiewicz P., Pierini F., Czerkies M., Kołbuk D., Structure and properties of polycaprolactone/chitosan nonwovens tailored by solvent systems, Biomedical Materials, ISSN: 1748-6041, DOI: 10.1088/1748-605X/aa5647, Vol.12, No.1, pp.015020-1-12, 2017
Urbanek O., Sajkiewicz P., Pierini F., Czerkies M., Kołbuk D., Structure and properties of polycaprolactone/chitosan nonwovens tailored by solvent systems, Biomedical Materials, ISSN: 1748-6041, DOI: 10.1088/1748-605X/aa5647, Vol.12, No.1, pp.015020-1-12, 2017

Abstract:
Electrospinning of chitosan blends is a reasonable idea to prepare fibre mats for biomedical applications. Synthetic and natural components provide, for example, appropriate mechanical strength and biocompatibility, respectively. However, solvent characteristics and the polyelectrolyte nature of chitosan influence the spinnability of these blends. In order to compare the effect of solvent on polycaprolactone/chitosan fibres, two types of the most commonly used solvent systems were chosen, namely 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP) and acetic acid (AA)/formic acid (FA). Results obtained by various experimental methods clearly indicated the effect of the solvent system on the structure and properties of electrospun polycaprolactone/chitosan fibres. Viscosity measurements confirmed different polymer–solvent interactions. Various molecular interactions resulting in different macromolecular conformations of chitosan influenced its spinnability and properties. HFIP enabled fibres to be obtained whose average diameter was less than 250 nm while maintaining the brittle and hydrophilic character of the nonwoven, typical for the chitosan component. Spectroscopy studies revealed the formation of chitosan salts in the case of the AA/FA solvent system. Chitosan salts visibly influenced the structure and properties of the prepared fibre mats. The use of AA/FA caused a reduction of Young's modulus and wettability of the proposed blends. It was confirmed that wettability, mechanical properties and the antibacterial effect of polycaprolactone/chitosan fibres may be tailored by selecting an appropriate solvent system. The MTT cell proliferation assay revealed an increase of cytotoxicity to mouse fibroblasts in the case of 25% w/w of chitosan in electrospun nonwovens.

Keywords:
chitosan, electrospinning, PCL/chitosan fibres, solvent system, chitosan salts

6.Mayerberger E.A., Urbanek O., McDaniel R.M., Street R.M., Barsoum M.W., Schauer C.L., Preparation and characterization of polymer-Ti3C2Tx(MXene) composite nanofibers produced via electrospinning, JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, ISSN: 0021-8995, DOI: 10.1002/app.45295, Vol.134, No.37, pp.45295-1-7, 2017
Mayerberger E.A., Urbanek O., McDaniel R.M., Street R.M., Barsoum M.W., Schauer C.L., Preparation and characterization of polymer-Ti3C2Tx(MXene) composite nanofibers produced via electrospinning, JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, ISSN: 0021-8995, DOI: 10.1002/app.45295, Vol.134, No.37, pp.45295-1-7, 2017

Abstract:
MXene, a recently-discovered family of two-dimensional (2 D) transition metal carbides and/or nitrides, have attracted much interest because of their unique electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties. In this study, poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), polyethylene oxide (PEO), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), and alginate/PEO were electrospun with delaminated Ti3C2 (MXene) flakes. The effect of small additions of delaminated Ti3C2 (1% w/w) on the structure and properties of the nanofibers were investigated and compared with those of the neat polymer nanofibers using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Ti3C2 had an effect on the solution properties of the polymer and a greater effect on the average fiber diameter. The Ti3C2Tx/PEO solution exhibited the largest change in viscosity and conductivity with an 11% and 73.6% increase over the base polymer, respectively. X-ray diffractograms demonstrated a high degree of crystallization for Ti3C2/PEO and a slight decrease in crystallinity for Ti3C2/PVA.

Keywords:
composite nanofibers, electrospinning, MXene

7.Chwojnowski A., Kruk A., Wojciechowski C., Łukowska E., Dulnik J., Sajkiewicz P., The dependence of the membrane structure on the non-woven forming the macropores in the 3D scaffolds preparation, Desalination and Water Treatment, ISSN: 1944-3994, DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2017.11394, Vol.64, pp.324-331, 2017
Chwojnowski A., Kruk A., Wojciechowski C., Łukowska E., Dulnik J., Sajkiewicz P., The dependence of the membrane structure on the non-woven forming the macropores in the 3D scaffolds preparation, Desalination and Water Treatment, ISSN: 1944-3994, DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2017.11394, Vol.64, pp.324-331, 2017

Abstract:
Three types of membrane structures with wide pores were compared in this study. One of the membranes was obtained from polyethersulfone using cellulose fibers as the macropore precursors. Two of the fibers were obtained from poly(L-lactide). As the macropore precursors olyvinylpyrrolidone (1.2 MDa) and pork gelatin non-woven were used, the influence of non-woven fibers on the structure of membranes was shown. Necessity of specific membrane structure application was explained. The hoice of polymers and co-polymers with a range of biodegradation times can determine the scaffold type suitable for the age of a patient.

Keywords:
Polysulfone membrane, Polyester membranes, Membrane structures, Biodegradable membranes, 3D scaffold

8.Kruk A., Gadomska-Gajadhur A., Ruśkowski P., Chwojnowski A., Dulnik J., Synoradzki L., Preparation of biodegradable semi-permeable membranes as 3D scaffolds for cell cultures, Desalination and Water Treatment, ISSN: 1944-3994, DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2017.11415, Vol.64, pp.317-323, 2017
Kruk A., Gadomska-Gajadhur A., Ruśkowski P., Chwojnowski A., Dulnik J., Synoradzki L., Preparation of biodegradable semi-permeable membranes as 3D scaffolds for cell cultures, Desalination and Water Treatment, ISSN: 1944-3994, DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2017.11415, Vol.64, pp.317-323, 2017

Abstract:
Results of the preparation of semi-permeable membranes made of biodegradable polymers membranes were presented. Among known polyesters, polylactide was selected for research. The membranes were obtained using wet phase inversion method. The influence of polyvinylpyrrolidone and polymeric nano-non-wovens as pores precursors on the structure of obtained membranes was analysed. It was shown, that utilisation of polymeric nano-non-wovens enabled preparation of semi-permeable membranes, which could be used as wide-pore 3D-type cellular scaffolds.

Keywords:
Biodegradable polymers membranes, Biodegradable polyesters, Porous three-dimensional scaffolds, Inversion phase method

9.Jundziłł A., Pokrywczyńska M., Adamowicz J., Kowalczyk T., Nowacki M., Bodnar M., Marszałek A., Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M., Mikułowski G., Kloskowski T., Gatherwright J., Drewa T., Vascularization Potential of Electrospun Poly(L-Lactide-co-Caprolactone) Scaffold: The Impact for Tissue Engineering, Medical Science Monitor, ISSN: 1643-3750, DOI: 10.12659/MSM.899659, Vol.23, pp.1540-1551, 2017
Jundziłł A., Pokrywczyńska M., Adamowicz J., Kowalczyk T., Nowacki M., Bodnar M., Marszałek A., Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M., Mikułowski G., Kloskowski T., Gatherwright J., Drewa T., Vascularization Potential of Electrospun Poly(L-Lactide-co-Caprolactone) Scaffold: The Impact for Tissue Engineering, Medical Science Monitor, ISSN: 1643-3750, DOI: 10.12659/MSM.899659, Vol.23, pp.1540-1551, 2017

Abstract:
BACKGROUND:
Electrospun nanofibers have widespread putative applications in the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. When compared to naturally occurring collagen matrices, electrospun nanofiber scaffolds have two distinct advantages: they do not induce a foreign body reaction and they are not at risk for biological contamination. However, the exact substrate, structure, and production methods have yet to be defined.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
In the current study, tubular-shaped poly(L-lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL) constructs produced using electrospinning technology were evaluated for their potential application in the field of tissue regeneration in two separate anatomic locations: the skin and the abdomen. The constructs were designed to have an internal diameter of 3 mm and thickness of 200 μm. Using a rodent model, 20 PLCL tubular constructs were surgically implanted in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneously. The constructs were then evaluated histologically using electron microscopy at 6 weeks post-implantation.
RESULTS:
Histological evaluation and analysis using scanning electron microscopy showed that pure scaffolds by themselves were able to induce angiogenesis after implantation in the rat model. Vascularization was observed in both tested groups; however, better results were obtained after intraperitoneal implantation. Formation of more and larger vessels that migrated inside the scaffold was observed after implantation into the peritoneum. In this group no evidence of inflammation and better integration of scaffold with host tissue were noticed. Subcutaneous implantation resulted in more fibrotic reaction, and differences in cell morphology were also observed between the two tested groups.
CONCLUSIONS:
This study provides a standardized evaluation of a PLCL conduit structure in two different anatomic locations, demonstrating the excellent ability of the structure to achieve vascularization. Functional, histological, and mechanical data clearly indicate prospective clinical utilization of PLCL in critical size defect regeneration.

Keywords:
Polymers, Regenerative medicine, Tissue Engineering, Tissue Scaffolds, Urinary Diversion