Publications in journals ranked by Journal Citation Reports (JCR) 
Publications in other journals ranked by Ministry of Science and Higher Education
Conference publications indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection
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Affiliation to IPPT PAN

1.Opiela K.C., Zieliński T.G., Microstructural design, manufacturing and dual-scale modelling of an adaptable porous composite sound absorber, COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1359-8368, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.107833, Vol.187, pp.107833-1-13, 2020
Opiela K.C., Zieliński T.G., Microstructural design, manufacturing and dual-scale modelling of an adaptable porous composite sound absorber, COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1359-8368, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.107833, Vol.187, pp.107833-1-13, 2020

Abstract:
This work investigates a porous composite with modifiable micro-geometry so that its ability to absorb noise can be accommodated to different frequency ranges. The polymeric skeleton of the composite has a specific periodic structure with two types of pores (larger and smaller ones) and two types of channels (wide and narrow ones), and each of the large pores contains a small steel ball. Depending on the situation, the balls block different channels that connect the pores, and therefore alter the visco-inertial phenomena between the saturating air and solid skeleton which take place at the micro-scale level and are responsible for the dissipation of the energy of acoustic waves penetrating the porous composite. All this is studied numerically using advanced dual-scale modelling, and the results are verified by the corresponding experimental tests of 3D-printed samples. Particular attention is paid to the prototyping and additive manufacturing of such adaptive porous composites.

Keywords:
porous composite, adaptive sound absorber, microstructure-based modelling, additive manufacturing

2.Błachowski B., Świercz A., Ostrowski M., Tauzowski P., Olaszek P., Jankowski Ł., Convex relaxation for efficient sensor layout optimization in large‐scale structures subjected to moving loads, Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, ISSN: 1093-9687, DOI: 10.1111/mice.12553, pp.1-16, 2020
Błachowski B., Świercz A., Ostrowski M., Tauzowski P., Olaszek P., Jankowski Ł., Convex relaxation for efficient sensor layout optimization in large‐scale structures subjected to moving loads, Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, ISSN: 1093-9687, DOI: 10.1111/mice.12553, pp.1-16, 2020

Abstract:
This paper proposes a computationally effective framework for load‐dependent optimal sensor placement in large‐scale civil engineering structures subjected to moving loads. Two common problems are addressed: selection of modes to be monitored and computational effectiveness. Typical sensor placement methods assume that the set of modes to be monitored is known. In practice, determination of such modes of interest is not straightforward. A practical approach is proposed that facilitates the selection of modes in a quasi‐automatic way based on the structural response at the candidate sensor locations to typical operational loads. The criterion used to assess sensor placement is based on Kammer's Effective Independence (EFI). However, in contrast to typical implementations of EFI, which treat the problem as a computationally demanding discrete problem and use greedy optimization, an approach based on convex relaxation is proposed. A notion of sensor density is applied, which converts the original combinatorial problem into a computationally tractable continuous optimization problem. The proposed framework is tested in application to a real tied‐arch railway bridge located in central Poland.

Keywords:
optimal sensor placement, effective independence method, Fisher information matrix

3.Jankowski Ł., Quality over quantity: the case of a model journal, Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, ISSN: 1093-9687, DOI: 10.1111/mice.12560, pp.1-1, 2020
4.Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Jankowski Ł., Scalable distributed optimal control of vibrating modular structures, STRUCTURAL CONTROL AND HEALTH MONITORING, ISSN: 1545-2255, DOI: 10.1002/stc.2502, Vol.27, No.4, pp.e2502-1-21, 2020
Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Jankowski Ł., Scalable distributed optimal control of vibrating modular structures, STRUCTURAL CONTROL AND HEALTH MONITORING, ISSN: 1545-2255, DOI: 10.1002/stc.2502, Vol.27, No.4, pp.e2502-1-21, 2020

Abstract:
A scalable optimal control method for structural vibration mitigation is studied. The method relies on a structure's partitioning that leads to a set of dynamically interconnected subsystems. Each subsystem is operated with an individual subcontroller that collects the local state information and collaborates with the neighboring subcontrollers to estimate a short time prediction of the interconnecting forces defining the subsystem's boundary conditions. Using the extended model that represents the subsystem's dynamics together with the evolution of its boundary conditions, each subcontroller computes the control decision based on the solution to a finite‐time horizon optimal control problem. In order to cope with the changes in the boundary conditions, the optimal solution is computed repetitively according to the receding horizon scheme. The method is validated numerically for a cantilever structure equipped with actively controlled electromagnetic actuators and subjected to a variety of initial condition scenarios. The performance of the designed controller is tested by comparisons to the centralized and isolated decentralized controllers. The introduced system partitioning and distributed controller allow performing parallel computing which makes the method fully scalable and applicable to large‐scale structures. The computational complexity of the designed distributed control is studied for different settings in the modeling of the subsystem's boundary conditions.

Keywords:
active control, distributed control, modular structure, scalable optimization, stabilization

5.Konowrocki R., Chojnacki A., Analysis of rail vehicles' operational reliability in the aspect of safety against derailment based on various methods of determining the assessment criterion, EKSPLOATACJA I NIEZAWODNOŚĆ - MAINTENANCE AND RELIABILITY, ISSN: 1507-2711, DOI: 10.17531/ein.2020.1.9, Vol.22, No.1, pp.73-85, 2020
Konowrocki R., Chojnacki A., Analysis of rail vehicles' operational reliability in the aspect of safety against derailment based on various methods of determining the assessment criterion, EKSPLOATACJA I NIEZAWODNOŚĆ - MAINTENANCE AND RELIABILITY, ISSN: 1507-2711, DOI: 10.17531/ein.2020.1.9, Vol.22, No.1, pp.73-85, 2020

Abstract:
The article features the results of computer and experimental research on operational issues in the aspect of safety in relation to a freight wagon derailment on a railway track. It presents the knowledge regarding the methods of assessing the operational safety of rail vehicles on railroad tracks for the purpose of comparative analysis. The theoretical analyses were performed based on several methods that assess the safety of their derailments, qualifying for operational reliability, comparing them with the results obtained from experimental research. For the purpose of the research, a computer model of rail vehicle- railway track was created. It took into consideration dynamic parameters of elements used in the real track and rail vehicle. The results obtained from theoretical analyses were validated with experimental tests carried out on real objects (freight vehicle - test track, freight wagon - test rig). As part of the research, new test track geometry for testing rail vehicles was proposed. The results obtained in this way allowed estimating the conditions threatening the operation of a freight vehicle while running on the test rail infrastructure with different assessment criteria and to compare them.

Keywords:
operational safety, rail vehicle dynamics, derailment, experimental tests, numerical investigations

6.Zhang Q., Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Bridge damage identification using vehicle bump based on additional virtual masses, SENSORS, ISSN: 1424-8220, DOI: 10.3390/s20020394, Vol.20, No.2, pp.394-1-23, 2020
Zhang Q., Hou J., Jankowski Ł., Bridge damage identification using vehicle bump based on additional virtual masses, SENSORS, ISSN: 1424-8220, DOI: 10.3390/s20020394, Vol.20, No.2, pp.394-1-23, 2020

Abstract:
Structural damage identification plays an important role in providing effective evidence for the health monitoring of bridges in service. Due to the limitations of measurement points and lack of valid structural response data, the accurate identification of structural damage, especially for large-scale structures, remains difficult. Based on additional virtual mass, this paper presents a damage identification method for bridges using a vehicle bump as the excitation. First, general equations of virtual modifications, including virtual mass, stiffness, and damping, are derived. A theoretical method for damage identification, which is based on additional virtual mass, is formulated. The vehicle bump is analyzed, and the bump-induced excitation is estimated via a detailed analysis in four periods: separation, free-fall, contact, and coupled vibrations. The precise estimation of bump-induced excitation is then applied to a bridge. This allows the additional virtual mass method to be used, which requires knowledge of the excitations and acceleration responses in order to construct the frequency responses of a virtual structure with an additional virtual mass. Via this method, a virtual mass with substantially more weight than a typical vehicle is added to the bridge, which provides a sufficient amount of modal information for accurate damage identification while avoiding the bridge overloading problem. A numerical example of a two-span continuous beam is used to verify the proposed method, where the damage can be identified even with 15% Gaussian random noise pollution using a 1-degree of freedom (DOF) car model and 4-DOF model.

Keywords:
structural health monitoring, damage identification, vehicle bump, additional virtual mass, bridge

7.Olaszek P., Wyczałek I., Sala D., Kokot M., Świercz A., Monitoring of the static and dynamic displacements of railway bridges with the use of inertial sensors, SENSORS, ISSN: 1424-8220, DOI: 10.3390/s20102767, Vol.20, No.10, pp.2767-1-24, 2020
Olaszek P., Wyczałek I., Sala D., Kokot M., Świercz A., Monitoring of the static and dynamic displacements of railway bridges with the use of inertial sensors, SENSORS, ISSN: 1424-8220, DOI: 10.3390/s20102767, Vol.20, No.10, pp.2767-1-24, 2020

Abstract:
In the case of the monitoring of bridges, the determination of vertical displacements is one of the most important issues. A new measuring system has been developed and implemented for assessment of railway bridges based on measurements of the structural response to passing trains. The system uses inertial sensors: Inclinometers and accelerometers that do not need any referential points. The system records signals related to the passage of a train over a monitored bridge. The signals from inclinometers before the train's entry are used to determine the static movement. Integrated signals from inclinometers and accelerometers are used to determine dynamic displacements when the train goes through the bridge. Signals from inclinometers are used to determine the so-called "quasi-static" component of the displacement and signal from the accelerometer to determine the dynamic component. Field tests have been carried out on a viaduct along a high-speed railway line. Periodic comparative measurements are carried out using a Total Station to verify static measurements and using inductive sensors to verify dynamic measurements. Tests of the system carried out so far have proven its usefulness for monitoring bridges in a high-speed railway (up to 200 km/h) with high accuracy while determining dynamic displacements.

Keywords:
bridge monitoring, dynamic and static displacements, inertial sensors, total station, indirect measurement

8.Blachowski B., Tauzowski P., Lógó J., Yield limited optimal topology design of elastoplastic structures, STRUCTURAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY OPTIMIZATION, ISSN: 1615-147X, DOI: 10.1007/s00158-019-02447-9, pp.1-24, 2020
Blachowski B., Tauzowski P., Lógó J., Yield limited optimal topology design of elastoplastic structures, STRUCTURAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY OPTIMIZATION, ISSN: 1615-147X, DOI: 10.1007/s00158-019-02447-9, pp.1-24, 2020

Abstract:
This study is devoted to a novel method for topology optimization of elastoplastic structures subjected to stress constraints. It should be noted that in spite of the classical solutions of the different type of elastoplastic topology problems are more than 70 years old, the integration of the Prandtl-Reuss constitutive equations into the topology optimization process is not very often investigated in the last three decades. In the presented methodology where the classical variational principles of plasticity and the functor-oriented programming technique are applied in topology design, the aim is to find a minimum weight structure which is able to carry a given load, fulfills the allowable stress limit, and is made of a linearly elastic, perfectly plastic material. The optimal structure is found in an iterative way using only a stress intensity distribution and a return mapping algorithm. The method determines representative stresses at every Gaussian point, averages them inside every finite element using the von Mises yield criterion, and removes material proportionally to the stress intensities in individual finite elements. The procedure is repeated until the limit load capacity is exceeded under a given loading. The effectiveness of the methodology is illustrated with three numerical examples. Additionally, different topologies are presented for a purely elastic and an elastoplastic material, respectively. It is also demonstrated that the proposed method is able to find the optimal elastoplastic topology for a problem with a computational mesh of the order of tens of thousands of finite elements.

Keywords:
topology optimization, elastoplastic structures, minimum-weight design, stress constraints

9.Knap L., Graczykowski C., Holnicki-Szulc J., Wołejsza Z., Strategies for reduction of energy consumption during ascending and descending process of modern telescopic HAPS aerostats, BULLETIN OF THE POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES: TECHNICAL SCIENCES, ISSN: 0239-7528, DOI: 10.24425/bpasts.2020.131833, Vol.68, No.1, pp.155-168, 2020
Knap L., Graczykowski C., Holnicki-Szulc J., Wołejsza Z., Strategies for reduction of energy consumption during ascending and descending process of modern telescopic HAPS aerostats, BULLETIN OF THE POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES: TECHNICAL SCIENCES, ISSN: 0239-7528, DOI: 10.24425/bpasts.2020.131833, Vol.68, No.1, pp.155-168, 2020

Abstract:
In this article, the authors propose and investigate a new concept of HAPS aerostat design in a modular form, which allows for sequential increasing or decreasing of the total volume, up to the desired size. In its initial form, the aerostat has relatively small dimensions but its central cylindrical part is multi-segmented and can be easily extended. The application of controllable construction couplings enables precise control of the aerostat expansion process and significantly improves its vertical mobility. The paper describes details of telescopic aerostat construction, presents a mathematical model of its vertical motion and investigates numerically two volume control strategies aimed at maximization of operation efficiency and minimization of operation cost. The results obtained reveal the main problems that have to be addressed and the factors that play a key role in design of such telescopic aerostats and control of their vertical mobility.

Keywords:
helium airship, control of vertical mobility, reduced energy consumption, optimum ascending and descending path

10.Hou J., Wang H., Xu D., Jankowski Ł., Wang P., Damage identification based on adding mass for liquid-solid coupling structures, Applied Sciences, ISSN: 2076-3417, DOI: 10.3390/app10072312, Vol.10, No.7, pp.2312-1-20, 2020
Hou J., Wang H., Xu D., Jankowski Ł., Wang P., Damage identification based on adding mass for liquid-solid coupling structures, Applied Sciences, ISSN: 2076-3417, DOI: 10.3390/app10072312, Vol.10, No.7, pp.2312-1-20, 2020

Abstract:
Damage identification for liquid–solid coupling structures remains a challenging topic due to the influence of liquid and the limitation of experimental conditions. Therefore, the adding mass method for damage identification is employed in this study. Adding mass to structures is an effective method for damage identification, as it can increase not only the experimental data but also the sensitivity of experimental modes to local damage. First, the fundamental theory of the adding mass method for damage identification is introduced. After that, the method of equating the liquid to the attached mass is proposed by considering the liquid–solid coupling. Finally, the effectiveness and reliability of damage identification, based on adding mass for liquid–solid coupling structures, are verified through experiments of a submerged cantilever beam and liquid storage tank.

Keywords:
structural health monitoring, damage identification, liquid-solid coupling, adding mass, sensitivity

11.Ostrowski M., Błachowski B., Jankowski Ł., Pisarski D., Modal energy transfer by controlled structural connections, DIAGNOSTYKA, ISSN: 1641-6414, DOI: 10.29354/diag/116692, Vol.21, No.1, pp.61-70, 2020
Ostrowski M., Błachowski B., Jankowski Ł., Pisarski D., Modal energy transfer by controlled structural connections, DIAGNOSTYKA, ISSN: 1641-6414, DOI: 10.29354/diag/116692, Vol.21, No.1, pp.61-70, 2020

Abstract:
This paper describes a semi-active control strategy that allows to transfer the vibration energy from an arbitrarily induced to a selected structural mode. The intended aim of the proposed control strategy is energy harvesting from structural vibrations. Another potential application is related to structural safety. In the paper, a mathematical model is first introduced to describe the phenomenon of vibrational energy transfer, and then, based on this model, an efficient semi-active control strategy is proposed. Finally, some problems related to measurement techniques are discussed. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is demonstrated in an example of energy transfer between vibrational modes of a three-bar planar frame structure.

Keywords:
vibration energy, modal control, lockable joint, modal coupling