Partner: Łukasz Kurpaska

National Centre for Nuclear Research (PL)

Ostatnie publikacje
1.Chrzanowska-Giżyńska J., Denis P., Woźniacka S., Kurpaska Ł., Mechanical properties and thermal stability of tungsten boride films deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering, CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, ISSN: 0272-8842, DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.07.208, Vol.44, No.16, pp.19603-19611, 2018

Streszczenie:

Tungsten and boron compounds belong to the group of superhard materials since their hardness could exceed 40 GPa. In this study, the properties of the tungsten boride WBx coatings deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering were investigated. The sputtering was performed from specially prepared targets that were composed of boron and tungsten mixed in a molar ratio of 2.5 and sintered in Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) process. WB films were deposited on silicon (100) and stainless steel 304 substrates at temperatures of 23 ÷ 770 °C. Microstructure, chemical and phase composition were investigated by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), respectively. The mechanical properties like Vickers hardness and Young's modulus were obtained by using nanoindentation test at a load of 5 ÷ 100 mN. The friction coefficient and wear resistance of αWB coatings were investigated in scratch test and reciprocal sliding wear instrumentation. Moreover, in order to investigate thermal properties, the αWB films were annealed at 1000 °C in argon/air for 1 h and at 250 °C for 2 h in air atmosphere. Results of our research confirm that αWB coatings can be considered as an alternative to superhard materials in the production of wear resistant, long-lasting tools.

Słowa kluczowe:

Hard coatings, Hard materials, Magnetron sputtering, Mechanical properties, Thermal properties, Tungsten boride

Afiliacje autorów:

Chrzanowska-Giżyńska J.-IPPT PAN
Denis P.-IPPT PAN
Woźniacka S.-IPPT PAN
Kurpaska Ł.-National Centre for Nuclear Research (PL)
40p.
2.Jóźwik I., Strojny-Nędza A., Chmielewski M., Pietrzak K., Kurpaska Ł., Nosewicz S., High resolution SEM characterization of nano-precipitates in ODS steels, MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE, ISSN: 1059-910X, DOI: 10.1002/jemt.23004, Vol.81, No.5, pp.502-508, 2018

Streszczenie:

The performance of the present-day scanning electron microscopy (SEM) extends far beyond delivering electronic images of the surface topography. Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel is on of the most promising materials for the future nuclear fusion reactor because of its good radiation resistance, and higher operation temperature up to 750°C. The microstructure of ODS should not exceed tens of nm, therefore there is a strong need in a fast and reliable technique for their characterization. In this work, the results of low-kV SEM characterization of nanoprecipitates formed in the ODS matrix are presented. Application of highly sensitive photo-diode BSE detector in SEM imaging allowed for the registration of single nm-sized precipitates in the vicinity of the ODS alloys. The composition of the precipitates has been confirmed by TEM-EDS.

Słowa kluczowe:

ODS steels, scanning electron microscopy, spark plasma sintering

Afiliacje autorów:

Jóźwik I.-Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Strojny-Nędza A.-Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Chmielewski M.-Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Pietrzak K.-other affiliation
Kurpaska Ł.-National Centre for Nuclear Research (PL)
Nosewicz S.-IPPT PAN
20p.
3.Chmielewski M., Nosewicz S., Kurpaska Ł., Romelczyk B., Evolution of material properties during the sintering process of Cr-Re-Al2O3 composites, COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1359-8368, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.04.065, Vol.98, pp.88-96, 2016

Streszczenie:

This paper constitutes an analysis of the effect of heat treatment time on the properties of Cr-Re-Al2O3 composite materials. It was found that as a result of sintering, rhenium is dissolved in chromium to create chromium-rhenium solid solution. This process is time-dependent, therefore as the time extends, the structure of material becomes homogenous, which improves its mechanical properties. Within the frame of herein presented studies, a series of technological tests have been carried out for a constant sintering temperature (1450°C) and pressure (30 MPa), with the use of a variable holding time in the maximum temperature. As a result, changes in the structure of Crsingle bondRe matrix have been determined and the resulting changes in the properties of composite. Based on those tests, optimal conditions of the sintering process have been determined from the point of view of obtaining a homogenous structure and the most beneficial properties of Cr-Re-Al2O3 composites.

Słowa kluczowe:

Metal-matrix composites (MMCs), Mechanical properties, Mechanical testing, Sintering

Afiliacje autorów:

Chmielewski M.-Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Nosewicz S.-IPPT PAN
Kurpaska Ł.-National Centre for Nuclear Research (PL)
Romelczyk B.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
45p.
4.Chrzanowska J., Kurpaska Ł., Giżyński M., Hoffman J., Szymański Z., Mościcki T., Fabrication and characterization of superhard tungsten boride layers deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering, CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, ISSN: 0272-8842, DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.04.166, Vol.42, No.10, pp.12221-12230, 2016

Streszczenie:

The most promising areas of research of new super-hard materials are transition metal borides. These materials are one of the candidates for future superhard layers that will be competitive to DLC and c-BN layers. In this paper MoB-type tungsten boride (WB) layers were examined. WB layers have been deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering on Silicon (100), 304 stainless steel (SS 304) and Inconel 601 substrates. Measured thickness of herein prepared layers was about 1 µm, and all studied samples were dense, uniform and smooth. Surface investigation was performed by using an optical profilometer, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The structure analysis was examined by using X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. Results from the XRD and TEM analysis showed that WB layers were dominated by (101) reflection and indicated a fine grain structure with a grain size of 20–40 nm. The effect of target sputtering power and ambient gas pressure was investigated. The hardness of WB layers deposited on silicon substrate was compared under the load from 1 mN to 5 mN. The hardness of WB layers deposited on SS 304 and Inconel was measured up to 50 mN. All layers of WB revealed excellent hardness exceeding 40 GPa.

Słowa kluczowe:

Borides, Nanohardness, RF magnetron sputtering, Superhard layers, Tungsten boride

Afiliacje autorów:

Chrzanowska J.-IPPT PAN
Kurpaska Ł.-National Centre for Nuclear Research (PL)
Giżyński M.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Hoffman J.-IPPT PAN
Szymański Z.-IPPT PAN
Mościcki T.-IPPT PAN
40p.

Abstrakty konferencyjne
1.Chrzanowska J., Garbiec D., Kurpaska Ł., Denis P., Hoffman J., Mościcki T., Szymański Z., The effect of substrate temperature on the properties of tungsten boride layers deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering and pulsed laser deposition, EYEC, 6th European Young Engineers Conference, 2017-04-24/04-26, Warszawa (PL), pp.240-240, 2017

Słowa kluczowe:

RF magnetron sputtering, hard materials, PLD, tungsten boride

Afiliacje autorów:

Chrzanowska J.-IPPT PAN
Garbiec D.-Metal Forming Institute, Poznan (PL)
Kurpaska Ł.-National Centre for Nuclear Research (PL)
Denis P.-IPPT PAN
Hoffman J.-IPPT PAN
Mościcki T.-IPPT PAN
Szymański Z.-IPPT PAN