Partner: A. Chrzanowska

Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)

Abstrakty konferencyjne
1.Dziewulska D., Gadamski R., Taraszewska A., Chrapusta S., Sulejczak D., Kowalczyk T., Chrzanowska A., Ogonowska W., Wojda R., Wąsowska L., Rafałowska J., Nanofibers mats - a new perspective for experimental studies of the nervous system, Brain Pathology, ISSN: 1015-6305, DOI: 10.1111/bpa.12184, Vol.24, No.S1, pp.57, 2014

Streszczenie:

Introduction:
Introduction of nanotechnology into medicine has provided new therapeutic options. It has been demonstrated that implantation of nanofiber mats after nervous system injury allowed to diminish scar size and infl ammatory reaction. It is also possible that, due to their ability to release active factors, nanofiber mats may replace intracerebral probes. To assess potential usefulness of nanofiber mats in releasing active substances we implanted them into the spinal cord subarachnoid space in adult Wistar rats.

Material and Method:
The experimental animals were divided into four groups: group 1 – rats with implanted nanofiber mats, group 2 – rats with implanted nanofiber mats releasing glutamate, group 3 – rats with nanofiber mats releasing glutamate and treated orally by sodium valproate, and group 4 – control animals without nanofiber mats. The animals were killed 21 days after the mats implantation. Then, histopathological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evaluation of the spinal cords was performed.

Results:
Morphological assessment revealed that implantation of nanofi ber mats caused neither spinal cord damage nor inflammation (group 1). Also nanofi ber mats releasing glutamate did not produce inflammatory reaction (group 2 and 3) although in group 2 morphological changes indicating toxic influence of glutamate were observed. These changes were less severe in group 3.

Conclusions:
(1) Nanofi ber mats are biocompatible and can be useful in long-term animal experiments. (2) Nanofi ber mats are able to release glutamate into the subarachnoid space. (3) Sodium valproate has a protective influence against glutamate toxicity.

Słowa kluczowe:

electrospinning, nanofibers, drug delivery, neurology, sodium glutamate, animal model.

Afiliacje autorów:

Dziewulska D.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Gadamski R.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Rafałowska J.-other affiliation
Taraszewska A.-other affiliation
Chrapusta S.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Sulejczak D.-other affiliation
Kowalczyk T.-IPPT PAN
Chrzanowska A.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Ogonowska W.-other affiliation
Wojda R.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Wąsowska L.-other affiliation