Partner: Scott Christley

University of Chicago (US)

Ostatnie publikacje
1.Newman S.A., Christley S., Glimm T., Hentschel H.G., Kaźmierczak B., Zhang Y.T., Zhu J., Alber M., Multiscale models for vertebrate limb development, CURRENT TOPICS IN DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, ISSN: 0070-2153, Vol.81, pp.311-340, 2008


Dynamical systems in which geometrically extended model cells produce and interact with diffusible (morphogen) and nondiffusible (extracellular matrix) chemical fields have proved very useful as models for developmental processes. The embryonic vertebrate limb is an apt system for such mathematical and computational modeling since it has been the subject of hundreds of experimental studies, and its normal and variant morphologies and spatiotemporal organization of expressed genes are well known. Because of its stereotypical proximodistally generated increase in the number of parallel skeletal elements, the limb lends itself to being modeled by Turing-type systems which are capable of producing periodic, or quasiperiodic, arrangements of spot- and stripe-like elements. This chapter describes several such models, including, (i) a system of partial differential equations in which changing cell density enters into the dynamics explicitly, (ii) a model for morphogen dynamics alone, derived from the latter system in the “morphostatic limit” where cell movement relaxes on a much slower time-scale than cell differentiation, (iii) a discrete stochastic model for the simplified pattern formation that occurs when limb cells are placed in planar culture, and (iv) several hybrid models in which continuum morphogen systems interact with cells represented as energy-minimizing mesoscopic entities. Progress in devising computational methods for handling 3D, multiscale, multimodel simulations of organogenesis is discussed, as well as for simulating reaction–diffusion dynamics in domains of irregular shape.

Afiliacje autorów:

Newman S.A.-New York Medical College (US)
Christley S.-University of Chicago (US)
Glimm T.-Western Washington University (US)
Hentschel H.G.-Emory University (US)
Kaźmierczak B.-IPPT PAN
Zhang Y.T.-University of Notre Dame (US)
Zhu J.-University of Notre Dame (US)
Alber M.-University of Notre Dame (US)