Partner: William Hlavacek

Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)

Ostatnie publikacje
1.Kochańczyk M., Hlavacek W.S., Lipniacki T., SPATKIN: a simulator for rule-based modeling of biomolecular site dynamics on surfaces , BIOINFORMATICS, ISSN: 1367-4803, DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btx456, Vol.33, No.22, pp.3667-3669, 2017

Streszczenie:

Rule-based modeling is a powerful approach for studying biomolecular site dynamics. Here, we present SPATKIN, a general-purpose simulator for rule-based modeling in two spatial dimensions. The simulation algorithm is a lattice-based method that tracks Brownian motion of individual molecules and the stochastic firing of rule-defined reaction events. Because rules are used as event generators, the algorithm is network-free, meaning that it does not require to generate the complete reaction network implied by rules prior to simulation. In a simulation, each molecule (or complex of molecules) is taken to occupy a single lattice site that cannot be shared with another molecule (or complex). SPATKIN is capable of simulating a wide array of membrane-associated processes, including adsorption, desorption and crowding. Models are specified using an extension of the BioNetGen language, which allows to account for spatial features of the simulated process. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The C ++ source code for SPATKIN is distributed freely under the terms of the GNU GPLv3 license. The source code can be compiled for execution on popular platforms (Windows, Mac and Linux). An installer for 64-bit Windows and a macOS app are available. The source code and precompiled binaries are available at the SPATKIN Web site (http://pmbm.ippt.pan.pl/software/spatkin).

Afiliacje autorów:

Kochańczyk M.-IPPT PAN
Hlavacek W.S.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Lipniacki T.-IPPT PAN
45p.
2.Kochańczyk M., Kocieniewski P., Kozłowska E., Jaruszewicz-Błońska J., Sparta B., Pargett M., Albeck J.G., Hlavacek W.S., Lipniacki T., Relaxation oscillations and hierarchy of feedbacks in MAPK signaling, Scientific Reports, ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/srep38244, Vol.7, No.38244, pp.1-15, 2017

Streszczenie:

We formulated a computational model for a MAPK signaling cascade downstream of the EGF receptor to investigate how interlinked positive and negative feedback loops process EGF signals into ERK pulses of constant amplitude but dose-dependent duration and frequency. A positive feedback loop involving RAS and SOS, which leads to bistability and allows for switch-like responses to inputs, is nested within a negative feedback loop that encompasses RAS and RAF, MEK, and ERK that inhibits SOS via phosphorylation. This negative feedback, operating on a longer time scale, changes switch-like behavior into oscillations having a period of 1 hour or longer. Two auxiliary negative feedback loops, from ERK to MEK and RAF, placed downstream of the positive feedback, shape the temporal ERK activity profile but are dispensable for oscillations. Thus, the positive feedback introduces a hierarchy among negative feedback loops, such that the effect of a negative feedback depends on its position with respect to the positive feedback loop. Furthermore, a combination of the fast positive feedback involving slow-diffusing membrane components with slower negative feedbacks involving faster diffusing cytoplasmic components leads to local excitation/global inhibition dynamics, which allows the MAPK cascade to transmit paracrine EGF signals into spatially non-uniform ERK activity pulses.

Słowa kluczowe:

MAPK signaling, Oscillations, Mathematical modelling

Afiliacje autorów:

Kochańczyk M.-IPPT PAN
Kocieniewski P.-IPPT PAN
Kozłowska E.-Silesian University of Technology (PL)
Jaruszewicz-Błońska J.-IPPT PAN
Sparta B.-University of California, Berkeley (US)
Pargett M.-University of California, Berkeley (US)
Albeck J.G.-University of California, Berkeley (US)
Hlavacek W.S.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Lipniacki T.-IPPT PAN
40p.
3.Szymańska P., Martin K.R., MacKeigan J.P., Hlavacek W.S., Lipniacki T., Computational analysis of an autophagy/translation switch based on mutual inhibition of mTORC1 and ULK1, PLOS ONE, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116550, Vol.10, No.3, pp.e0116550-1-34, 2015

Streszczenie:

We constructed a mechanistic, computational model for regulation of (macro)autophagy and protein synthesis (at the level of translation). The model was formulated to study the system-level consequences of interactions among the following proteins: two key components of MTOR complex 1 (MTORC1), namely the protein kinase MTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin) and the scaffold protein RPTOR; the autophagy-initiating protein kinase ULK1; and the multimeric energy-sensing AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Inputs of the model include intrinsic AMPK kinase activity, which is taken as an adjustable surrogate parameter for cellular energy level or AMP:ATP ratio, and rapamycin dose, which controls MTORC1 activity. Outputs of the model include the phosphorylation level of the translational repressor EIF4EBP1, a substrate of MTORC1, and the phosphorylation level of AMBRA1 (activating molecule in BECN1-regulated autophagy), a substrate of ULK1 critical for autophagosome formation. The model incorporates reciprocal regulation of mTORC1 and ULK1 by AMPK, mutual inhibition of MTORC1 and ULK1, and ULK1-mediated negative feedback regulation of AMPK. Through analysis of the model, we find that these processes may be responsible, depending on conditions, for graded responses to stress inputs, for bistable switching between autophagy and protein synthesis, or relaxation oscillations, comprising alternating periods of autophagy and protein synthesis. A sensitivity analysis indicates that the prediction of oscillatory behavior is robust to changes of the parameter values of the model. The model provides testable predictions about the behavior of the AMPK-MTORC1-ULK1 network, which plays a central role in maintaining cellular energy and nutrient homeostasis.

Afiliacje autorów:

Szymańska P.-University of Warsaw (PL)
Martin K.R.-Van Andel Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan (US)
MacKeigan J.P.-Van Andel Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan (US)
Hlavacek W.S.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Lipniacki T.-IPPT PAN
40p.
4.Barua D., Hlavacek W.S., Lipniacki T., A computational model for early events in B cell antigen receptor signaling: analysis of the roles of Lyn and Fyn, JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, ISSN: 0022-1767, DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1102003, Vol.189, pp.646-658, 2012

Streszczenie:

BCR signaling regulates the activities and fates of B cells. BCR signaling encompasses two feedback loops emanating from Lyn and Fyn, which are Src family protein tyrosine kinases (SFKs). Positive feedback arises from SFK-mediated trans phosphorylation of BCR and receptor-bound Lyn and Fyn, which increases the kinase activities of Lyn and Fyn. Negative feedback arises from SFK-mediated cis phosphorylation of the transmembrane adapter protein PAG1, which recruits the cytosolic protein tyrosine kinase Csk to the plasma membrane, where it acts to decrease the kinase activities of Lyn and Fyn. To study the effects of the positive and negative feedback loops on the dynamical stability of BCR signaling and the relative contributions of Lyn and Fyn to BCR signaling, we consider in this study a rule-based model for early events in BCR signaling that encompasses membrane-proximal interactions of six proteins, as follows: BCR, Lyn, Fyn, Csk, PAG1, and Syk, a cytosolic protein tyrosine kinase that is activated as a result of SFK-mediated phosphorylation of BCR. The model is consistent with known effects of Lyn and Fyn deletions. We find that BCR signaling can generate a single pulse or oscillations of Syk activation depending on the strength of Ag signal and the relative levels of Lyn and Fyn. We also show that bistability can arise in Lyn- or Csk-deficient cells.

Afiliacje autorów:

Barua D.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Hlavacek W.S.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Lipniacki T.-IPPT PAN
40p.
5.Chylek L.A., Hu B., Blinov M.L., Emonet T., Faeder J.R., Goldstein B., Gutenkunst R.N., Haugh J.M., Lipniacki T., Posner R.G., Yang J., Hlavacek W.S., Guidelines for visualizing and annotating rule-based models, MOLECULAR BIOSYSTEMS, ISSN: 1742-206X, DOI: 10.1039/c1mb05077j, Vol.7, pp.2779-2795, 2011

Streszczenie:

Rule-based modeling provides a means to represent cell signaling systems in a way that captures site-specific details of molecular interactions. For rule-based models to be more widely understood and (re)used, conventions for model visualization and annotation are needed. We have developed the concepts of an extended contact map and a model guide for illustrating and annotating rule-based models. An extended contact map represents the scope of a model by providing an illustration of each molecule, molecular component, direct physical interaction, post-translational modification, and enzyme–substrate relationship considered in a model. A map can also illustrate allosteric effects, structural relationships among molecular components, and compartmental locations of molecules. A model guide associates elements of a contact map with annotation and elements of an underlying model, which may be fully or partially specified. A guide can also serve to document the biological knowledge upon which a model is based. We provide examples of a map and guide for a published rule-based model that characterizes early events in IgE receptor (FceRI) signaling. We also provide examples of how to visualize a variety of processes that are common in cell signaling systems but not considered in the example model, such as ubiquitination. An extended contact map and an associated guide can document knowledge of a cell signaling system in a form that is visual as well as executable. As a tool for model annotation, a map and guide can communicate the content of a model clearly and with precision, even for large models.

Afiliacje autorów:

Chylek L.A.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Hu B.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Yang J.-Clemson University (US)
Hlavacek W.S.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Blinov M.L.-University of Connecticut Health Center (US)
Emonet T.-Yale University (US)
Faeder J.R.-University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (US)
Goldstein B.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)
Gutenkunst R.N.-University of Arizona (US)
Haugh J.M.-University of Warwick (GB)
Lipniacki T.-IPPT PAN
Posner R.G.-Translational Genomics Research Institute (US)
30p.
6.Lipniacki T., Hat B., Faeder J.R., Hlavacek W.S., Stochastic effects and bistability in T cell receptor signaling, JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY, ISSN: 0022-5193, DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.05.001, Vol.254, No.1, pp.110-122, 2008

Streszczenie:

The stochastic dynamics of T cell receptor (TCR) signaling are studied using a mathematical model intended to capture kinetic proofreading (sensitivity to ligand–receptor binding kinetics) and negative and positive feedback regulation mediated, respectively, by the phosphatase SHP1 and the MAP kinase ERK. The model incorporates protein–protein interactions involved in initiating TCR-mediated cellular responses and reproduces several experimental observations about the behavior of TCR signaling, including robust responses to as few as a handful of ligands (agonist peptide–MHC complexes on an antigen-presenting cell), distinct responses to ligands that bind TCR with different lifetimes, and antagonism. Analysis of the model indicates that TCR signaling dynamics are marked by significant stochastic fluctuations and bistability, which is caused by the competition between the positive and negative feedbacks. Stochastic fluctuations are such that single-cell trajectories differ qualitatively from the trajectory predicted in the deterministic approximation of the dynamics. Because of bistability, the average of single-cell trajectories differs markedly from the deterministic trajectory. Bistability combined with stochastic fluctuations allows for switch-like responses to signals, which may aid T cells in making committed cell-fate decisions.

Słowa kluczowe:

T cell activation, Mathematical model, Kinetic proofreading, Hysteresis, Ordinary differential equations, Stochastic simulations

Afiliacje autorów:

Lipniacki T.-IPPT PAN
Hat B.-IPPT PAN
Faeder J.R.-University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (US)
Hlavacek W.S.-Los Alamos National Laboratory (US)