dr Jakub Lengiewicz

Zakład Mechaniki Materiałów (ZMM)
Zespół Modelowania Materiałów (ZeMM)
stanowisko: specjalista
telefon: (+48) 22 826 12 81 wew.: 304
pokój: 134
e-mail: jleng
strona www: http://bluebox.ippt.pan.pl/~jleng

Doktorat
2009-01-22Analiza wrażliwości dla zagadnień kontaktowych z tarciem 
promotor -- prof. dr hab. inż. Stanisław Stupkiewicz, IPPT PAN
621
 
Ostatnie publikacje
1.Leyva-Mendivil M.F., Lengiewicz J., Page A., Bressloff N.W., Limbert G., Skin Microstructure is a Key Contributor to Its Friction Behaviour, TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, ISSN: 1023-8883, DOI: 10.1007/s11249-016-0794-4, Vol.65, No.12, pp.1-17, 2017

Streszczenie:

Due to its multifactorial nature, skin friction remains a multiphysics and multiscale phenomenon poorly understood despite its relevance for many biomedical and engineering applications (from superficial pressure ulcers, through shaving and cosmetics, to automotive safety and sports equipment). For example, it is unclear whether, and in which measure, the skin microscopic surface topography, internal microstructure and associated nonlinear mechanics can condition and modulate skin friction. This study addressed this question through the development of a parametric finite element contact homogenisation procedure which was used to study and quantify the effect of the skin microstructure on the macroscopic skin frictional response. An anatomically realistic two-dimensional image-based multilayer finite element model of human skin was used to simulate the sliding of rigid indenters of various sizes over the skin surface. A corresponding structurally idealised multilayer skin model was also built for comparison purposes. Microscopic friction specified at skin asperity or microrelief level was an input to the finite element computations. From the contact reaction force measured at the sliding indenter, a homogenised (or apparent) macroscopic friction was calculated. Results demonstrated that the naturally complex geometry of the skin microstructure and surface topography alone can play as significant role in modulating the deformation component of macroscopic friction and can significantly increase it. This effect is further amplified as the ground-state Young’s modulus of the stratum corneum is increased (for example, as a result of a dryer environment). In these conditions, the skin microstructure is a dominant factor in the deformation component of macroscopic friction, regardless of indenter size or specified local friction properties. When the skin is assumed to be an assembly of nominally flat layers, the resulting global coefficient of friction is reduced with respect to the local one. This seemingly counter-intuitive effect had already been demonstrated in a recent computational study found in the literature. Results also suggest that care should be taken when assigning a coefficient of friction in computer simulations, as it might not reflect the conditions of microscopic and macroscopic friction one intends to represent. The modelling methodology and simulation tools developed in this study go beyond what current analytical models of skin friction can offer: the ability to accommodate arbitrary kinematics (i.e. finite deformations), nonlinear constitutive properties and the complex geometry of the skin microstructural constituents. It was demonstrated how this approach offered a new level of mechanistic insight into plausible friction mechanisms associated with purely structural effects operating at the microscopic scale; the methodology should be viewed as complementary to physical experimental protocols characterising skin friction as it may facilitate the interpretation of observations and measurements and/or could also assist in the design of new experimental quantitative assays.

Słowa kluczowe:

Skin, Friction mechanisms, Contact mechanics, Microstructure, Finite element, Image-based modelling, Material properties

Afiliacje autorów:

Leyva-Mendivil M.F.-University of Southampton (GB)
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Page A.-University of Southampton (GB)
Bressloff N.W.-University of Southampton (GB)
Limbert G.-University of Southampton (GB)
35p.
2.Lengiewicz J., Kursa M., Hołobut P., Modular-robotic structures for scalable collective actuation, ROBOTICA, ISSN: 0263-5747, DOI: 10.1017/S026357471500082X, Vol.35, No.4, pp.787-808, 2017

Streszczenie:

We propose a new class of modular-robotic structures, intended to produce forces which scale with the number of modules. We adopt the concept of a spherical catom and extend it by a new connection type which is relatively strong but static. We examine analytically and numerically the mechanical properties of two collective-actuator designs. The simulations are based on the discrete element method (DEM), with friction and elastic deformations taken into account. One of the actuators is shown to generate forces proportional to its volume. This property seems necessary for building modular structures of useful strength and dimensions.

Słowa kluczowe:

Modular robots, Self-reconfiguration, Programmable matter, Actuators, Mechanical strength

Afiliacje autorów:

Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Kursa M.-IPPT PAN
Hołobut P.-IPPT PAN
20p.
3.Leyva-Mendivil M.F., Lengiewicz J., Page A., Bressloff N.W., Limbert G., Implications of Multi-asperity Contact for Shear Stress Distribution in the Viable Epidermis – An Image-based Finite Element Study, BIOTRIBOLOGY, ISSN: 2352-5738, DOI: 10.1016/j.biotri.2017.04.001, Vol.11, pp.110-123, 2017

Streszczenie:

Understanding load transfer mechanisms from the surface of the skin to its deeper layers is crucial in gaining a fundamental insight into damage phenomena related to skin tears, blisters and superficial/deep tissue ulcers. It is unknown how shear stresses in the viable epidermis are conditioned by the skin surface topography and internal microstructure and to which extent their propagation is conditioned by the size of a contacting asperities. In this computational study, these questions were addressed by conducting a series of contact finite element analyses simulating normal indentation of an anatomically-based two-dimensional multi-layer model of the skin by rigid indenters of various sizes and sliding of these indenters over the skin surface. Indentation depths, local (i.e. microscopic) coefficients of friction and Young's modulus of the stratum corneum were also varied. For comparison purpose and for isolating effects arising purely from the skin microstructure, a geometrically-idealised equivalent multi-layer model of the skin was also considered. The multi-asperity contact induced by the skin topographic features in combination with a non-idealised geometry of the skin layers lead to levels of shear stresses much higher than those produced in the geometrically-idealised case. These effects are also modulated by other system parameters (e.g. local coefficient of friction, indenter radius). These findings have major implications for the design and analyses of finite element studies aiming at modelling the tribology of skin, particularly if the focus is on how surface shear stress leads to damage initiation which is a process known to occur across several length scales.

Słowa kluczowe:

Skin, Microstructure, Contact mechanics, Indentation, Sliding contact, Finite element, Image-based modelling, Material properties

Afiliacje autorów:

Leyva-Mendivil M.F.-University of Southampton (GB)
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Page A.-University of Southampton (GB)
Bressloff N.W.-University of Southampton (GB)
Limbert G.-University of Southampton (GB)
4.Stupkiewicz S., Lengiewicz J., Sadowski P., Kucharski S., Finite deformation effects in soft elastohydrodynamic lubrication problems, TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, ISSN: 0301-679X, DOI: 10.1016/j.triboint.2015.03.016, Vol.93, pp.511-522, 2016

Streszczenie:

Soft elastohydrodynamic lubrication regime is typical for many elastomeric and biological contacts. As one or both contacting bodies are then highly compliant, relatively low contact pressures may lead to large deformations which are neglected in the classical EHL theory. In the paper, the related finite-deformation effects are studied for two representative soft-EHL problems. To this end, a fully-coupled nonlinear formulation has been developed which combines finite-strain elasticity for the solid and the Reynolds equation for the fluid, both treated using the finite element method with full account of all elastohydrodynamic couplings. Results of friction measurements are also reported and compared to theoretical predictions for lubricated contact of a rubber ball sliding against a steel disc under high loads.

Słowa kluczowe:

Soft-EHL problem, Finite deformation, Finite element method, Monolithic scheme

Afiliacje autorów:

Stupkiewicz S.-IPPT PAN
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Sadowski P.-IPPT PAN
Kucharski S.-IPPT PAN
35p.
5.Stupkiewicz S., Lewandowski M.J., Lengiewicz J., Micromechanical analysis of friction anisotropy in rough elastic contacts, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES, ISSN: 0020-7683, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2014.07.013, Vol.51, No.23-24, pp.3931-3943, 2014

Streszczenie:

Computational contact homogenization approach is applied to study friction anisotropy resulting from asperity interaction in elastic contacts. Contact of rough surfaces with anisotropic roughness is considered with asperity contact at the micro scale being governed by the isotropic Coulomb friction model. Application of a micro-to-macro scale transition scheme yields a macroscopic friction model with orientation- and pressure-dependent macroscopic friction coefficient. The macroscopic slip rule is found to exhibit a weak non-associativity in the tangential plane, although the slip rule at the microscale is associated in the tangential plane. Counterintuitive effects are observed for compressible materials, in particular, for auxetic materials.

Słowa kluczowe:

Contact, Friction, Anisotropy, Roughness, Micromechanics

Afiliacje autorów:

Stupkiewicz S.-IPPT PAN
Lewandowski M.J.-IPPT PAN
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
35p.
6.Lengiewicz J., Wichrowski M., Stupkiewicz S., Mixed formulation and finite element treatment of the mass-conserving cavitation model, TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, ISSN: 0301-679X, DOI: 10.1016/j.triboint.2013.12.012, Vol.72, pp.143-155, 2014

Streszczenie:

A mixed formulation of the mass-conserving cavitation model is developed. The cavitation problem is formulated in terms of the hydrodynamic pressure and a complementary variable representing the void fraction in the cavitation zone. Weak form of the mass-balance equation is consistently derived, and it exhibits subtle differences with respect to the available formulations. Finite element treatment preserves the two-field formulation, and a semi-smooth Newton method is applied to solve the resulting discretized equations. A monolithic Newton-based scheme is also applied to solve the fully coupled elastohydrodynamic lubrication problem in the soft-EHL regime. Numerical examples illustrate the performance of the computational scheme.

Słowa kluczowe:

Lubrication, Cavitation, Reynolds equation, Soft-EHL problem

Afiliacje autorów:

Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Wichrowski M.-other affiliation
Stupkiewicz S.-IPPT PAN
35p.
7.Lengiewicz J., Stupkiewicz S., Efficient model of evolution of wear in quasi-steady-state sliding contacts, WEAR, ISSN: 0043-1648, DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2013.03.051, Vol.303, pp.611-621, 2013

Streszczenie:

A computationally efficient model of evolution of contact and wear is developed for a general periodic pin-on-flat problem with the focus on the pin-on-disc configuration and Archard wear model. The evolving contact state is assumed to be fully controlled by the wear process except during a short initial transient period controlled by both wear and elasticity. The contact pressure distribution is thus obtained by considering only the local wear model and the geometry of the conforming contact, without referring to the underlying elasticity problem. Evolution of the contact state is then obtained by time integration of the resulting rate-problem, and two computational schemes are developed for that purpose employing either the forward- or the backward-Euler method. The model is successfully verified against a three-dimensional finite element model. A dimensionless wear-mode index specifying the relative magnitude of wear coefficients of the contact pair is introduced, and model predictions are presented as a function of this parameter.

Słowa kluczowe:

Contact mechanics, Wear, Simulation, Quasi-steady-state process, Rigid-wear model, Pin-on-disc

Afiliacje autorów:

Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Stupkiewicz S.-IPPT PAN
35p.
8.Lengiewicz J., Stupkiewicz S., Continuum framework for finite element modelling of finite wear, COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING, ISSN: 0045-7825, DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2010.12.020, Vol.205-208, pp.178-188, 2012

Streszczenie:

A finite deformation contact problem with friction and wear is studied in which the shape changes due to wear are finite. Accordingly, in addition to the initial configuration and the current configuration, an intermediate time-dependent configuration is introduced that corresponds to the undeformed body of the shape changed due to wear. Two time scales are also introduced in order to distinguish the fast time of the actual deformation (contact) problem from the slow time of the wear process (shape evolution problem). Separation of these time scales allows us to partially decouple the deformation problem and the shape evolution problem. Shape parameterization is introduced and the corresponding shape update scheme is formulated as a minimization problem. In particular, a second-order scheme is developed which exploits shape sensitivities of the deformation problem. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the performance and accuracy of the proposed numerical schemes.

Słowa kluczowe:

Frictional contact, Wear, Sensitivity analysis

Afiliacje autorów:

Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Stupkiewicz S.-IPPT PAN
40p.
9.Lengiewicz J., Korelc J., Stupkiewicz S., Automation of finite element formulations for large deformation contact problems, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING, ISSN: 0029-5981, DOI: 10.1002/nme.3009, Vol.85, pp.1252-1279, 2011

Streszczenie:

The aim of this paper is to present a general method for automation of finite element formulations of large deformation contact problems. A new automatic-differentiation-based notation is introduced that represents a bridge between the classical mathematical notation of contact mechanics and the actual computer implementation of contact finite elements. Automation of derivation of the required formulas (e.g. element residual and tangent matrix) combined with automatic code generation makes the finite element implementation possible at a moderate effort. Accordingly, several 3D contact formulations have been implemented in this work, including penalty and augmented Lagrangian treatments of contact constraints, and several contact smoothing techniques. A typical benchmark problem could thus be executed in an objective way leading to a comprehensive study of the efficiency and the accuracy of various formulations of 3D contact finite elements.

Słowa kluczowe:

automatic differentiation, symbolic methods, automation, frictional contact, contact smoothing, augmented Lagrangian method

Afiliacje autorów:

Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Korelc J.-University of Ljubljana (SI)
Stupkiewicz S.-IPPT PAN
40p.
10.Lengiewicz J., Turek K., Lewkowicz J., Models and measures to evaluate the effectiveness of funds utilization for scientific research and development of advanced technologies, Matematyka Stosowana, Vol.12, No.53, pp.111-125, 2011

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this report was to construct some alternative methods to estimate the effectiveness of investments in scientific research and development of advanced technologies, especially their long-term effects. Study Group decided to focus on the sub-problem of finding the relation between the spending on science and the quality of science itself. As a result, we have developed two independent methodologies. The most promising one is based on the theory of time-delay systems, which allows capturing effects of the time-lag between the use of funds and the results related to scientific work. Moreover, the methodology gives an opportunity to see kthe optimal spending scenario that would fulfill some prescribed constraints (e.g. it would minimize costs and at the same time remain above a desired level of quality of science). The second methodology is premised on Stochastic Frontier Analysis and it can be applied to determine the form of relation between the amount of financing and the results of scientific work. It offers considerable advantages for analyses of several forms of relation at once (production functions) and for a suitable choice of the best one. Both methods are promising, however, additional work is necessary to apply them successfully to some real-life problems

Afiliacje autorów:

Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Turek K.-other affiliation
Lewkowicz J.-other affiliation
11.Stupkiewicz S., Lengiewicz J., Korelc J., Sensitivity analysis for frictional contact problems in the augmented Lagrangian formulation, COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING, ISSN: 0045-7825, DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2010.03.021, Vol.199, No.33 - 36, pp.2165-2176, 2010

Streszczenie:

Direct differentiation method of sensitivity analysis is developed for frictional contact problems. As a result of the augmented Lagrangian treatment of contact constraints, the direct problem is solved simultaneously for the displacements and Lagrange multipliers using the Newton method. The main purpose of the paper is to show that this formulation of the augmented Lagrangian method is particularly suitable for sensitivity analysis because the direct differentiation method leads to a non-iterative exact sensitivity problem to be solved at each time increment. The approach is applied to a general class of three-dimensional frictional contact problems, and numerical examples are provided involving large deformations, multibody contact interactions, and contact smoothing techniques.

Słowa kluczowe:

Sensitivity analysis, Direct differentiation method, Frictional contact, Augmented Lagrangian method

Afiliacje autorów:

Stupkiewicz S.-IPPT PAN
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Korelc J.-University of Ljubljana (SI)
32p.

Lista rozdziałów w ostatnich monografiach
1.
131
Korelc J., Lengiewicz J., Stupkiewicz S., Analysis and simulation of contact problems, Lecture notes in applied and computational mechanics, rozdział: A study of symbolic description, numerical efficiency and accuracy of 2D and 3D contact formulations, Springer, Wriggers P., Nackenhorst U. (Eds.), 27, pp.111-118, 2006
2.
132
Lengiewicz J., Stupkiewicz S., Korelc J., Rodic T., Analysis and simulation of contact problems, Lecture notes in applied and computational mechanics, rozdział: DDM-based sensitivity analysis and optimization for smooth contact formulations, Springer, Wriggers P., Nackenhorst U. (Eds.), 27, pp.79-86, 2006

Prace konferencyjne
1.Hołobut P., Chodkiewicz P., Macios A., Lengiewicz J., Internal localization algorithm based on relative positions for cubic-lattice modular-robotic ensembles, IROS, IROS 2016 - IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2016-10-09/10-14, Daejeon Convention Center (DCC), Daejeon, South Korea (KP), DOI: 10.1109/IROS.2016.7759473, pp.3056-3062, 2016

Streszczenie:

Module localization is an important aspect of the operation of self-reconfigurable robots. The knowledge of spatial positions of modules, or at least of the overall shape which the modules form, is the usual prerequisite for reconfiguration planning. We present a general, decentralized algorithm for determining the positions of modules placed on a cubic grid from local sensor information. The connection topology of the robot is arbitrary. We assume that a module can sense the presence of its immediate neighbors on the grid and determine their positions in its own local coordinate system, but cannot sense the orientations of the coordinate systems of its neighbors. Since orientation cannot be directly communicated between modules, the modules can only exchange information about the relative positions of their neighbors. The algorithm aggregates this information over the entire network of modules and narrows down the set of valid positions for each module as far as possible. If there exists a unique locally-consistent assignment of coordinates to all modules then it is found.

Afiliacje autorów:

Hołobut P.-IPPT PAN
Chodkiewicz P.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Macios A.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
2.Hołobut P., Kursa M., Lengiewicz J., Efficient modular-robotic structures to increase the force-to-weight ratio of scalable collective actuators, IROS 2015, IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2015-09-28/10-02, Hamburg (DE), DOI: 10.1109/IROS.2015.7353836, pp.3302-3307, 2015

Streszczenie:

A collective actuator is a self-reconfigurable modular-robotic structure which produces useful mechanical work through simultaneous reconfiguration of its constituent units. An actuator is additionally called scalable if its force-to-weight ratio does not depend on the number of its member modules. In this work, we consider scalable collective actuators built from spherical catoms with two connection types: strong but fixed and weak but mobile. We investigate how to construct these actuators in such a way, as to maximize their force-to-weight ratio. We present a number of designs of high strength, whose force capacities significantly exceed those of similar actuators reported previously.

Afiliacje autorów:

Hołobut P.-IPPT PAN
Kursa M.-IPPT PAN
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
3.Hołobut P., Kursa M., Lengiewicz J., A class of microstructures for scalable collective actuation of Programmable Matter, IROS 2014, IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2014-09-14/09-18, Chicago (US), DOI: 10.1109/IROS.2014.6943113, pp.3919-3925, 2014

Streszczenie:

The term Programmable Matter (PM) describes the class of future meta-materials of programmable and controllable properties and behavior, e.g., able to autonomously transform into an arbitrary shape. The robotic approaches towards PM are based on the concept of cooperation of millions of micro-robots (modules), acting at a very fine length-scale and collectively imitating deformation of a macroscopically continuous material. Recent ideas about reconfiguration of a collective of modules to obtain a desired overall mechanical response are promising. However, they are limited by the strength of individual connections between modules. In the present work, we propose a way of arranging spherical modules into microstructures, in which some connections are fixed and mechanically stronger, and the rest are active (reconfigurable) but weaker. If the fixed connections are sufficiently strong, the proposed microstructures perform the function of collective actuation by exerting forces proportional to their volumes. Two variants of a linear-actuator microstructure are presented and studied in more detail. A rotary-actuator microstructure is also introduced.

Afiliacje autorów:

Hołobut P.-IPPT PAN
Kursa M.-IPPT PAN
Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN

Abstrakty konferencyjne
1.Lengiewicz J., Kursa M., Hołobut P., Two-domain contact model of volumetric actuators, CMIS 2016, Contact Mechanics International Symposium, 2016-05-11/05-13, Warszawa (PL), No.P047, pp.90-91, 2016
2.Lengiewicz J., Kursa M., Hołobut P., Two-domain model of volumetric actuators, ICTAM XXIV, 24th International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2016-08-21/08-26, Montréal (CA), pp.2632-2633, 2016
3.Lengiewicz J., Kursa M., Hołobut P., Actuation by reconfiguration—modular active structures to create Programmable Matter, PCM-CMM 2015, 3rd Polish Congress of Mechanics and 21st Computer Methods in Mechanics, 2015-09-08/09-11, Gdańsk (PL), pp.799-800, 2015

Streszczenie:

We examine, analytically and numerically, forces produced by collective actuators–possible future building blocks of Programmable Matter. The actuators are composed of tiny spherical robotic modules which can strongly attach to their neighbors, and move by rolling over one another using electric or magnetic local propulsion mechanisms. An actuator works through collective reconfiguration–a coordinated motion of its constituent modules–which results in a global deformation of the structure. The simulations are performed using specially adapted discrete element method software, and account for friction and elastic deformations of modules.

Słowa kluczowe:

programmable matter, active materials, actuators, mechanical strength, modular robots

Afiliacje autorów:

Lengiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Kursa M.-IPPT PAN
Hołobut P.-IPPT PAN
4.Lengiewicz J., Sadowski P., Stupkiewicz S., Finite element modelling of elastohydrodynamic lubrication in the finite deformation regime, SolMech 2014, 39th Solid Mechanics Conference, 2014-09-01/09-05, Zakopane (PL), pp.43-44, 2014
5.Hołobut P., Kursa M., Macios A., Lengiewicz J., Evolving microstructures for scalable actuation in programmable matter, SolMech 2014, 39th Solid Mechanics Conference, 2014-09-01/09-05, Zakopane (PL), pp.209-210, 2014
6.Sadowski P., Kucharski S., Lengiewicz J., Stupkiewicz S., Soft elastohydrodynamic lubrication problems in the finite deformation regime: experimental testing and modelling, SolMech 2014, 39th Solid Mechanics Conference, 2014-09-01/09-05, Zakopane (PL), pp.323-324, 2014