dr Piotr Szopa


Ostatnie publikacje
1.Szopa P., Dyzma M., Kaźmierczak B., Membrane associated complexes in calcium dynamics modelling, PHYSICAL BIOLOGY, ISSN: 1478-3967, DOI: 10.1088/1478-3975/10/3/035004, Vol.10, pp.035004-1-13, 2013

Streszczenie:

Mitochondria not only govern energy production, but are also involved in crucial cellular signalling processes. They are one of the most important organelles determining the Ca2+ regulatory pathway in the cell. Several mathematical models explaining these mechanisms were constructed, but only few of them describe interplay between calcium concentrations in endoplasmic reticulum (ER), cytoplasm and mitochondria. Experiments measuring calcium concentrations in mitochondria and ER suggested the existence of cytosolic microdomains with locally elevated calcium concentration in the nearest vicinity of the outer mitochondrial membrane. These intermediate physical connections between ER and mitochondria are called MAM (mitochondria-associated ER membrane) complexes. We propose a model with a direct calcium flow from ER to mitochondria, which may be justified by the existence of MAMs, and perform detailed numerical analysis of the effect of this flow on the type and shape of calcium oscillations. The model is partially based on the Marhl et al model. We have numerically found that the stable oscillations exist for a considerable set of parameter values. However, for some parameter sets the oscillations disappear and the trajectories of the model tend to a steady state with very high calcium level in mitochondria. This can be interpreted as an early step in an apoptotic pathway.

Afiliacje autorów:

Szopa P.-other affiliation
Dyzma M.-IPPT PAN
Kaźmierczak B.-IPPT PAN
25p.
2.Dyzma M., Szopa P., Kaźmierczak B., Membrane associated complexes: new approach to calcium dynamics modeling, MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF NATURAL PHENOMENA, ISSN: 0973-5348, DOI: 10.1051/mmnp/20127608, Vol.7, pp.32-50, 2012

Streszczenie:

Mitochondria are one of the most important organelles determining Ca2+ regulatory pathway in the cell. Recent experiments suggested the existence of cytosolic microdomains with locally elevated calcium concentration (CMDs) in the nearest vicinity of the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). These intermediate physical connections between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochodria are called MAM (mitochondria-associated ER membrane) complexes.
The aim of this paper is to take into account the direct calcium flow from ER to mitochondria implied by the existence of MAMs and perform detailed numerical analysis of the influence of this flow on the type and shape of calcium oscillations. Depending on the permeability of MAMs interface and ER channels, different patterns of oscillations appear (simple, bursting and chaotic). For some parameters the oscillatory pattern disappear and the system tends to a steady state with extremely high calcium level in mitochondria, which can be interpreted as a crucial point at the beginning of an apoptotic pathway.

Słowa kluczowe:

Ca2+ signaling, mitochodrial Ca2+ transport, MAMs, three pool model, bistability, apoptosis,

Afiliacje autorów:

Dyzma M.-IPPT PAN
Szopa P.-IPPT PAN
Kaźmierczak B.-IPPT PAN
20p.
3.Szopa P., Lipniacki T., Kaźmierczak B., Exact solutions to a spatially extended model of kinase-receptor interaction, PHYSICAL BIOLOGY, ISSN: 1478-3967, DOI: 10.1088/1478-3975/8/5/055005, Vol.8, No.5, pp.055005-1-17, 2011

Streszczenie:

B and Mast cells are activated by the aggregation of the immune receptors. Motivated by this phenomena we consider a simple spatially extended model of mutual interaction of kinases and membrane receptors. It is assumed that kinase activates membrane receptors and in turn the kinase molecules bound to the active receptors are activated by transphosphorylation. Such a type of interaction implies positive feedback and may lead to bistability. In this study we apply the Steklov eigenproblem theory to analyze the linearized model and find exact solutions in the case of non-uniformly distributed membrane receptors. This approach allows us to determine the critical value of receptor dephosphorylation rate at which cell activation (by arbitrary small perturbation of the inactive state) is possible. We found that cell sensitivity grows with decreasing kinase diffusion and increasing anisotropy of the receptor distribution. Moreover, these two effects are cooperating. We showed that the cell activity can be abruptly triggered by the formation of the receptor aggregate. Since the considered activation mechanism is not based on receptor crosslinking by polyvalent antigens, the proposed model can also explain B cell activation due to receptor aggregation following binding of monovalent antigens presented on the antigen presenting cell.

Afiliacje autorów:

Szopa P.-IPPT PAN
Lipniacki T.-IPPT PAN
Kaźmierczak B.-IPPT PAN
30p.
4.Szopa P., Piotrowska M.J., Growth of heterotrophe and autotrophe populations in an isolated terrestrial environment, APPLICATIONES MATHEMATICAE, ISSN: 1233-7234, Vol.38, pp.67-84, 20118p.

Prace konferencyjne
1.Dyzma M.M., Szopa P., Kaźmierczak B., Membrane associated complexes: new approach to calcium dynamics modeling, 16th National Conference on Applications of Mathematics in Biology and Medicine, 2010-09-14/09-18, Krynica (PL), pp.35-41, 2010