Partner: Anna Krzton-Maziopa

Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

Recent publications
1.Niemczyk-Soczyńska B., Gradys A., Kołbuk D., Krzton-Maziopa A., Sajkiewicz P., Crosslinking Kinetics of Methylcellulose Aqueous Solution and Its Potential as a Scaffold for Tissue Engineering, Polymers, ISSN: 2073-4360, DOI: 10.3390/polym11111772, Vol.11, No.1772, pp.1-17, 2019
Abstract:

Thermosensitive, physically crosslinked injectable hydrogels are in the area of interests of various scientific fields. One of the representatives of this materials group is an aqueous solution of methylcellulose. At ambient conditions, methylcellulose (MC) is a sol while on heating up to 37 °C, MC undergoes physical crosslinking and transforms into a gel. Injectability at room temperature, and crosslinkability during subsequent heating to physiological temperature raises hopes, especially for tissue engineering applications. This research work aimed at studying crosslinking kinetics, thermal, viscoelastic, and biological properties of MC aqueous solution in a broad range of MC concentrations. It was evidenced by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) that crosslinking of MC is a reversible two-stage process, manifested by the appearance of two endothermic effects, related to the destruction of water cages around methoxy groups, followed by crosslinking via the formation of hydrophobic interactions between methoxy groups in the polymeric chains. The DSC results also allowed the determination of MC crosslinking kinetics. Complementary measurements of MC crosslinking kinetics performed by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) provided information on the final storage modulus, which was important from the perspective of tissue engineering applications. Cytotoxicity tests were performed using mouse fibroblasts and showed that MC at low concentration did not cause cytotoxicity. All these efforts allowed to assess MC hydrogel relevance for tissue engineering applications.

Keywords:

methylcellulose, thermosensitive hydrogel, crosslinking kinetics, DSC, DMA, cellular tests

Affiliations:
Niemczyk-Soczyńska B.-IPPT PAN
Gradys A.-IPPT PAN
Kołbuk D.-IPPT PAN
Krzton-Maziopa A.-Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Sajkiewicz P.-IPPT PAN