O. Urbanek


Recent publications
1.Zaszczyńska A., Sajkiewicz P., Gradys A., Kołbuk D., Urbanek O., Cellular studies on piezoelectric polyvinylidene fluoride nanofibers subjected to ultrasounds stimulations, ENGINEERING OF BIOMATERIALS / INŻYNIERIA BIOMATERIAŁÓW, ISSN: 1429-7248, Vol.XXII, No.153, pp.25-25, 2019

Conference abstracts
1.Zaszczyńska A., Sajkiewicz P., Gradys A., Kołbuk D., Urbanek O., Cellular studies of piezoelectric nanofibers with ultrasound stimulations, Aerogels Processing, Modelling and Environmental-Driven Applications, 2019-10-21/10-23, Coimbra (PT), No.P04, pp.36, 2019
2.Nakielski P., Urbanek O., Pawłowska S., Kowalewski T.A., Pierini F., Externally triggered on-demand drug release from stimuli-responsive hydrogel-based electrospun nanofibers and their composites, Electrospin 2019, 6th International Conference on Electrospinning 2019 , 2019-06-19/06-21, Shanghai (CN), pp.63-63, 2019
Abstract:

Pulsatile drug delivery systems are gaining a lot of interest because of their numerous advantages, especially when compared to conventional pharmaceutical dosage forms [1]. These materials are time- and site-specific drug delivery systems which can minimize deleterious side effects of conventional drug administration systems. Nevertheless, the delivery systems that are of particular interest are the ones with reversible on-off switching capability, because they allow the delivery of therapeutic agents at the proper time after a predetermined lag time. Among the polymers used for biomedical applications, hydrogels are a class of materials of particular significance, because they can provide spatial and temporal control over the release of various types of drugs. Stimuli-responsive hydrogels can release drugs on-demand with a fast release rate through different mechanisms. The effectiveness of this process can be maximized using nanostructured materials with a large surface-area-to-volume ratio such as electrospun nanofibers. Current challenges in the development of hydrogel electrospun fibrous nanomaterials lie in the lack of spinnability of pure hydrogel precursor solutions. Addressing this issue, we firstly designed a new core-shell nanofibrous material in which the poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-derivative hydrogel is confined within a shell of a spinnable polymer (Figure 1a). Alternatively, we developed a scaffold material in which electrospun nanofibers loaded with different bioactive molecules where surrounded by a stimuli-responsive hydrogel (Figure 1b). Morphological and chemical characterization as well as drug release studies were carried out to confirm the material’s ability to supply different doses of drugs on demand and to study the release mechanism.

Affiliations:
Nakielski P.-IPPT PAN
Urbanek O.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowska S.-IPPT PAN
Kowalewski T.A.-IPPT PAN
Pierini F.-IPPT PAN
3.Nakielski P., De Sio L., Buda R., Guglielmelli A., Pawlowska S., Urbanek O., Kowalewski T.A., Pierini F., Photo-responsive PNIPAM-Gold Nanorods Hydrogel For Biomedical Applications, NOMA2019, The 14th Mediterranean Workshop and Topical Meeting, 2019-06-02/06-08, Cetraro (IT), pp.80-80, 2019
Abstract:

Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems are gaining a lot of interest due to their numerous advantages, especially when compared to conventional pharmaceutical dosage forms. One of the examples is photo stimulation that together with nanometer size agents, having high absorption in the near-infrared region, generate heat due to the interaction with light. Stimuli-responsive hydrogels with gold nanorods (AuNRs), that are used as photothermal converters, can aid in releasing drugs on-demand with a fast release rate through different mechanisms. Here we report an easy method for preparing AuNRs encapsulated in a poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm) hydrogel that release water-soluble drugs due to photo stimulation. PNIPAm-AuNRs demonstrated remote, pulsatile drug release and ex vivo action after irradiation using a NIR laser. Morphological and chemical characterization as well as drug release studies were carried out to confirm the material’s ability to supply different doses of drugs on demand and to study the release mechanism. By combining the photothermal property of AuNRs and thermal-responsive effect of PNIPAm, the hydrogel shows fast thermal/photoresponse, high heating rate, high structural integrity and increased drug release due to phase change mechanism.

Keywords:

drug delivery systems, nanofibers

Affiliations:
Nakielski P.-IPPT PAN
De Sio L.-Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
Buda R.-Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Guglielmelli A.-University of Calabria (IT)
Pawlowska S.-IPPT PAN
Urbanek O.-IPPT PAN
Kowalewski T.A.-IPPT PAN
Pierini F.-IPPT PAN
4.Pierini F., Lanzi M., Nakielski P., Pawłowska S., Urbanek O., Kowalewski T.A., Light-matter interaction in electrospun nanofibers: novel conjugated polymer-based one-dimensional nanostructures for organic solar cell applications, NOMA2019, The 14th Mediterranean Workshop and Topical Meeting, 2019-06-02/06-08, Cetraro (IT), pp.55-55, 2019
Abstract:

Single-material organic solar cells (SMOCs) based on fullerene-grafted polythiophenes are considered promising devices for organic solar cells (OSCs). The main efforts in this field focus on the chemical tailoring of polymer molecules to reduce the side effects of charge recombination. These advances have made it possible to obtain a power conversion efficiency (PCE) close to conventional bulk heterojunction (BHJ) cells. So far, however, SMOCs still show inadequate efficiencies due to ineffective charge transport.
Here we show how SMOC efficiency can be strongly increased by optimizing the supramolecular and nanoscale structure of the active layer, while achieving the highest reported efficiency value (PCE = 5.58%) [1]. The enhanced performance may be attributed to well-packed and properly oriented polymer chains. The hierarchical structure is given by the incorporation of electrospun one-dimensional nanostructures obtained from polymer chain stretching. Our results suggest that the active material optimization obtained by the use of electrospun nanofibers plays a key role in the development of efficient SMOCs.

Affiliations:
Pierini F.-IPPT PAN
Lanzi M.-University of Bologna (IT)
Nakielski P.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowska S.-IPPT PAN
Urbanek O.-IPPT PAN
Kowalewski T.A.-IPPT PAN