Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences

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Anna Trzebińska



Recent publications
1.  Dobruch-Sobczak K., Jędrzejowski M., Jakubowski W., Trzebińska A., Błędy i pomyłki w diagnostyce ultrasonograficznej tarczycy, Journal of Ultrasonography, ISSN: 2084-8404, DOI: 10.15557/JoU.2014.0006, Vol.14, pp.61-73, 2014

Abstract:
Ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland permits to evaluate its size, echogenicity, margins, and stroma. An abnormal ultrasound image of the thyroid, accompanied by other diagnostic investigations, facilitates therapeutic decision-making. The ultrasound image of a normal thyroid gland does not change substantially with patient’s age. Nevertheless, erroneous impressions in thyroid imaging reports are sometimes encountered. These are due to diagnostic pitfalls which cannot be prevented by either the continuing development of the imaging equipment, or the growing experience and skill of the practitioners. Our article discusses the most common mistakes encountered in US diagnostics of the thyroid, the elimination of which should improve the quality of both the ultrasound examination itself and its interpretation. We have outlined errors resulting from a faulty examination technique, the similarity of the neighboring anatomical structures, and anomalies present in the proximity of the thyroid gland. We have also pointed out the reasons for inaccurate assessment of a thyroid lesion image, such as having no access to clinical data or not taking them into account, as well as faulty qualification for a fine needle aspiration biopsy. We have presented guidelines aimed at limiting the number of misdiagnoses in thyroid diseases, and provided sonograms exemplifying diagnostic mistakes.

Keywords:
thyroid, ultrasound imaging, medical mistakes, thyroid diseases, fine needle biopsy

Affiliations:
Dobruch-Sobczak K. - other affiliation
Jędrzejowski M. - other affiliation
Jakubowski W. - other affiliation
Trzebińska A. - other affiliation
2.  Trzebińska A., Dobruch-Sobczak K., Jakubowski W., Jędrzejowski M., Standardy badań ultrasonograficznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Ultrasonograficznego – aktualizacja. Badanie ultrasonograficzne tarczycy oraz biopsja tarczycy pod kontrolą ultrasonografii, Journal of Ultrasonography, ISSN: 2084-8404, DOI: 10.15557/JoU.2014.0005, Vol.14, pp.49-60, 2014

Abstract:
Ultrasonography is a primary imaging technique in patients with suspected thyroid disease. It allows to assess the location, size and echostructures of the thyroid gland as well as detect focal lesions, along with indication of their size, echogenicity, echostructure and vascularity. Based on these features, ultrasound examination allows to predict abnormal focal lesions for biopsy and monitor the biopsy needle track. This paper presents the standards of thyroid ultrasound examination regarding ultrasound apparatus technical requirements, scanning techniques, readings, measurements, and the description of the examination. It discusses the ultrasound features of increased malignancy risk in focal lesions (nodules) found in the thyroid gland. It presents indications for fine needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid gland for the visibility of single nodules (focal lesions) and numerous lesions as well as discusses contraindications for thyroid biopsy. It describes the biopsy technique, possible complications and rules for post-biopsy monitoring of benign lesions. The paper is an update of the Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society issued in 2011. It has been prepared on the basis of current literature, taking into account the information contained in the following publications: Thyroid ultrasound examination and Recommendations of the Polish Ultrasound Society for the performance of the FNAB of the thyroid.

Keywords:
ultrasound imaging, thyroid, standards, thyroid diseases, fine needles biopsy

Affiliations:
Trzebińska A. - other affiliation
Dobruch-Sobczak K. - other affiliation
Jakubowski W. - other affiliation
Jędrzejowski M. - other affiliation

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