Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


P. Maj

Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

Recent publications
1.  Maj P., Bochenek K., Sitek R., Koralnik M., Jonak K., Wieczorek M., Pakieła Z., Mizera J., Comparison of mechanical properties and structure of Haynes 282 consolidated via two different powder metallurgy methods: laser powder bed fusion and hot pressing, ARCHIVES OF CIVIL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1644-9665, DOI: 10.1007/s43452-023-00674-y, Vol.23, No.130, pp.1-11, 2023

The development of powder metallurgy methods in recent years has caused traditional casting methods to be replaced in many industrial applications. Using such methods, it is possible to obtain parts having the required geometry after a process that saves both manufacturing costs and time. However, there are many material issues that decrease the functionality of these methods, including mechanical properties anisotropy and greater susceptibility to cracking due to chemical segregation. The main aim of the current article is to analyze these issues in depth for two powder metallurgy manufacturing processes: laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) and hot-pressing (HP) methods—selected for the experiment because they are in widespread use. Microstructure and mechanical tests were performed in the main manufacturing directions, X and Z. The results show that in both powder metallurgy methods, anisotropy was an issue, although it seems that the problem was more significant for the samples produced via LPBF SLM technique, which displayed only half the elongation in the building direction (18%) compared with the perpendicular direction (almost 38%). However, it should be noted that the fracture toughness of LPBF shows high values in the main directions, higher even than those of the HP and wrought samples. Additionally, the highest level of homogeneity even in comparison with wrought sample, was observed for the HP sintered samples with equiaxed grains with visible twin boundaries. The tensile properties, mainly strength and elongation, were the highest for HP material. Overall, from a practical standpoint, the results showed that HP sintering is the best method in terms of homogeneity based on microstructural and mechanical properties.

Haynes 282 nickel alloy, LPBF, HP, SEM , Static tensile test

Maj P. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Bochenek K. - IPPT PAN
Sitek R. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Koralnik M. - other affiliation
Jonak K. - other affiliation
Wieczorek M. - other affiliation
Pakieła Z. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Mizera J. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

Conference abstracts
1.  Nowak Z., Pęcherski R.B., Maj P., Niestabilność plastycznego płynięcia w stopie Inconel 718. Badania doświadczalne Serrated flow in Inconel 718 alloy. Experimental investigations, OMIS'2017, XII Konferencja NAukowa ODKSZTAŁCALNOŚĆ METALI I STOPÓW, 2017-11-21/11-24, Łańcut (PL), pp.47-48, 2017

Badania doświadczalne efektu Portevin - Le Chatelier w Inconelu 718 przeprowadzono na płaskich próbkach. Do pomiarów zastosowano metodę cyfrowej korelacji obrazu (DIC), która jest efektywna i praktyczna dzięki bezkontaktowym pomiarom i dużej dokładności w ustalaniu charakterystycznych cech przestrzenno-czasowych deformacji próbki. Określenie takich cech zlokalizowanych pasm ścinania jest konieczne do zaproponowania modelu konstytutywnego dla metali wykazujących ten typ plastycznej niestabilności. Opracowany model konstytutywny pozwoli na numeryczne symulacje w pełnej skali 3D fizycznych testów z użyciem programu ABAQUS. Głównym celem pracy jest przedstawienie możliwości wykorzystania pomiarów uzyskanych techniką cyfrowej korelacji obrazu do wykrywania i charakteryzowania przestrzenno-czasowych cech efektu PLC w dostępnym komercyjnie stopie Inconel 718.
An experimental investigation of the Portevin–Le Chatelier effect in the Inconel 718 alloy is undertaken in this study through flat specimen geometries. Measurements based on digital image correlation (DIC) is an effective and practical optical technique due to the advantages of easy operation, non-contact, full field optical measurement, high accuracy and high computational efficiency for investigating the PLC effect and its spatio-temporal characteristics. The localization band characteristics are required to develop the constitutive relations for metals exhibiting this type of plastic instability, based on available material tests. The constitutive model can be used in full-scale 3D numerical simulations of the physical tests using the explicit solver of the finite element code ABAQUS. The objective of this paper is to show how DIC techniques are readily able to detect and characterize spatio-temporal features of the PLC behaviour of a commercial available Inconel 718 alloy.

stop Inconel 718, efekt Portevin-Le Chatelier, cyfrowa korelacja obrazu, Inconel 718 alloy, Portevin-Le Chatelier effect, Digital Image Correlation (DIC)

Nowak Z. - IPPT PAN
Pęcherski R.B. - IPPT PAN
Maj P. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

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