Justyna Maj, M.Sc., Eng.

Department of Mechanics of Materials (ZMM)
Division of Advanced Composite Materials (PZMK)
position: senior lab technician
telephone: (+48) 22 826 12 81 ext.: 438
room: 145
e-mail: jjakubow

Recent publications
1.Basista M., Jakubowska J., Węglewski W., Processing Induced Flaws in Aluminum–Alumina Interpenetrating Phase Composites, Advanced Engineering Materials, ISSN: 1438-1656, DOI: 10.1002/adem.201700484, pp.1700484-1-1700484-14, 2017
Abstract:

This review paper deals with flaws in aluminum–alumina composites and FGMs induced by their manufacturing processes. Aluminum–alumina composites have been studied for many years as potentially interesting materials for applications, for example, in the automotive sector due to their enhanced mechanical strength, wear resistance, good heat conductivity and low specific weight. The focus here is on the interpenetrating phase composites (IPCs) manufactured by infiltration of porous alumina preforms with molten aluminum alloys. The primary objective is to provide an updated overview of research findings on a variety of flaws occurring at different stages of the manufacturing processes. Some precautions on how to avoid processing induced flaws in aluminum–alumina bulk composites and FGMs are mentioned.

Affiliations:
Basista M.-IPPT PAN
Jakubowska J.-IPPT PAN
Węglewski W.-IPPT PAN

Conference abstracts
1.Jakubowska J., Węglewski W., Bochenek K., Kasiarova M., Dusza J., Basista M., Effect of microstructure and thermal residual stresses on fracture behaviour of metal-ceramic composites, AMT 2016, XXI Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science Conference - Advanced Materials and Technologies, 2016-06-05/06-08, Rawa Mazowiecka (PL), No.E07, pp.1, 2016
Abstract:

In this paper the influence of material microstructure and thermal residual stresses on the macroscopic fracture toughness, Young’s modulus and bending strength of metal-ceramic composites is studied.
The investigated materials were: (1) Cr/Al2O3 composites (MMC and cermets) with various proportions of the starting powders prepared by hot pressing, and (2) Al2O3/Al infiltrated composites with different volume fractions of the aluminium phase. The two groups of composites (particulate vs. infiltrated) were chosen to examine the effect in question because of their significantly different microstructure.
In the case of hot pressed Cr/Al2O3 composites local thermal residual stresses are generated during cooling from the sintering temperature to RT due to number of factors such as (i) differences in the coefficients of thermal expansion of the ceramic and metal phase, (ii) differences in cooling speeds in different parts of the material, and (iii) irregular shapes of pores causing stress concentrations.
The same problem of formation of thermal residual stresses occurs in the infiltrated Al2O3/Al composite with metal and ceramic phases forming spatially continuous networks throughout the structure (also called Interpenetrating Phase Composites, IPCs).
The fracture toughness and bending strength measurements were performed in a four-point bend test on SEVNB specimens. The microstructural characterization and crack growth analysis were done using scanning electron microscopy.
Our results show that the fracture toughness and other mechanical properties investigated in this study strongly depend on such microstructural features like the amount and distribution of metal and ceramic phase and the type of microstructure (particulate vs. infiltrated). On the other hand the stiffness of reinforcement and matrix, the volume fraction and the grain size of the reinforcement, difference in grain sizes between matrix and reinforcement have an effect on thermal residual stresses distribution, which in turn have an effect on the macroscopic fracture parameters and the crack growth path.

Keywords:

thermal residual stresses, mechanical properties, powder metallurgy, interpenetrating phase composites

Affiliations:
Jakubowska J.-IPPT PAN
Węglewski W.-IPPT PAN
Bochenek K.-IPPT PAN
Kasiarova M.-Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
Dusza J.-Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
Basista M.-IPPT PAN