Katarzyna Falińska, Ph.D.


Recent publications
1.Tasinkiewicz J., Falińska K., Lewin P.A., Litniewski J., Improving broadband ultrasound attenuation assessment in cancellous bone by mitigating the influence of cortical bone: Phantom and in-vitro study, Ultrasonics, ISSN: 0041-624X, DOI: 10.1016/j.ultras.2018.06.018, Vol.94, pp.382-390, 2019
Abstract:

The purpose of this work was to present a new approach that allows the influence of cortical bone on noninvasive measurement of broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) to be corrected. The method, mplemented here at 1 MHz makes use of backscattered signal and once refined and clinically confirmed, it would offer an alternative to ionizing radiation based methods, such as DEXA (Dual-nergy X-ray absorptiometry), quantitative computed tomography (QCT), radiographic absorptiometry (RA) or single X-ray absorptiometry (SXA), which are clinically approved for assessment of progress of osteoporosis. In addition, as the method employs reflected waves, it might substantially enhance the applicability of BUA - from being suitable to peripheral bones only it would extend this applicability to include such embedded bones as hip and femoral neck. The proposed approach allows the cortical layer parameters used for correction and the corrected value and parameter of the ancellous bone (BUA) to be determined simultaneously from the single (pulse-echo) bone backscattered wave; to the best of the authors’ knowledge such approach was not previously reported. The validity of the method was tested using acoustic data obtained from a custom- esigned bone-mimicking phantom and a calf femur. The relative error of the attenuation coefficient assessment was determined to be 3.9% and 4.7% for the bone phantom and calf bone specimens, respectively. When the cortical shell influence was not taken into account the corresponding errors were considerably higher 8.3% (artificial bone) and 9.2% (calf femur). As indicated above, once clinically proven, the use of this BUA measurement technique in reflection mode would augment diagnostic power of the attending physician by permitting to include bones, which are not accessible for transmission mode evaluation, e.g. hip, spine, humerus and femoral neck.

Keywords:

Broadband ultrasound attenuation, Correction of influence of cortical bone, Trabecular bone

Affiliations:
Tasinkiewicz J.-IPPT PAN
Falińska K.-IPPT PAN
Lewin P.A.-Drexel University (US)
Litniewski J.-IPPT PAN
2.Tasinkevych Y., Podhajecki J., Falińska K., Litniewski J., Simultaneous estimation of cortical bone thickness and acoustic wave velocity using a multivariable optimization approach: Bone phantom and in-vitro study, Ultrasonics, ISSN: 0041-624X, DOI: 10.1016/j.ultras.2015.10.013, Vol.65, pp.105-112, 2016
Abstract:

The paper presents a method that allows the thickness of a compact bone layer and longitudinal wave velocity in the bone to be determined simultaneously with the use of reflected waves, with particular emphasis on the case of layers when the propagation time through the layer is shorter than the time duration of the interrogating pulse.

The proposed method estimates simultaneously the thickness of the cortical bone layer and acoustic wave velocity by fitting the temporal spectrum of the simulated reflected wave to the spectrum of the reflected wave measured experimentally. For the purpose of echo-simulations the model of “soft tissue – compact bone layer – cancellous bone” was developed. Next, the cost function was defined as the least square error between the measured and simulated temporal spectra. Minimization of the cost function allowed us to determine the values of the parameters of the cortical bone layer which best fitted the measurements. To solve the optimization problem a simulated annealing algorithm was used.

The method was tested using acoustic data obtained at the frequency of 0.6 MHz and 1 MHz respectively for a custom designed bone mimicking phantom and a calf femur. For the cortical shell of the calf femur whose thickness varies from 2.1 mm to 2.4 mm and velocity of 2910 m/s, the relative errors of the thickness estimation ranged from 0.4% to 5.5%. The corresponding error of the acoustic wave velocity estimation in the layer was 3.1%. In the case of artificial bone the thickness of the cortical layer was equal to 1.05 and 1.2 mm and acoustic wave velocity was 2900 m/s. These parameters were determined with the errors ranging from 1.9% to 10.8% and from 3.9% to 4.5% respectively.

Keywords:

Bone quantitative ultrasound, Human cortical bone, Human cancellous bone, Ultrasound attenuation, Layered media

Affiliations:
Tasinkevych Y.-IPPT PAN
Podhajecki J.-IPPT PAN
Falińska K.-IPPT PAN
Litniewski J.-IPPT PAN
3.Tasinkevych Y., Podhajecki J., Wójcik J., Falińska K., Litniewski J., Estimation of layer thickness by the cost function optimization: phantom study, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 1642-1817, Vol.18, pp.161-166, 2015
Abstract:

The aim of this work is to present preliminary results of the layer thickness assessment method based on optimization approach. The developed method is based on a multilayer model structure. The measured acoustic signal reflected from the layer is compared with a simulated signal on the basis of a multilayer model. The cost function is defined as the difference between the reflected signal measured using pulse echo approach and the simulated signal. The thickness of the solid layer is the parameter which minimizes the cost function yielding desired solution. Minimization of the cost function is performed with the simulated annealing algorithm. The results obtained with the developed method using measurement data of a custom design model are compared with the reference value and the accuracy of the method is checked. The relative error of the thickness estimation is 1.44 %.

Keywords:

Bone quantitative ultrasound, Human cortical bone, Human cancellous bone, Ultrasound attenuation, Layered media

Affiliations:
Tasinkevych Y.-IPPT PAN
Podhajecki J.-IPPT PAN
Wójcik J.-IPPT PAN
Falińska K.-IPPT PAN
Litniewski J.-IPPT PAN
4.Falińska K., Litniewski J., Tasinkevych Y., Assesment of cortical bone thickness using cepstrum analysis. Simulation study, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 1642-1817, Vol.17, pp.47-56, 2014
Abstract:

Assessment of cortical bone thickness is important from a medical point of view because bone-layer thickness has a diagnostic value. The thinning of the cortical bone layer reduces the mechanical strength of the bone and exposes it to an increased risk of osteoporotic fractures [1]. The hip bone (proximal femur) is the most critical fracture site. The thickness of the cortical layer in the proximal femur is often too thin to be detected from ultrasonic echoes using traditional peak detection methods (for example the envelope method). In such a case the cepstrum analysis technique may be very useful. In this study the cepstrum method was applied to analyze numerically simulated echoes reflected from the layer and to determine layer thickness. In simulation, the transducer operated at 1 MHz and pulses of a 1.5 microsec. duration were assumed.

Keywords:

cortical bone, thickness, cepstrum analysis

Affiliations:
Falińska K.-IPPT PAN
Litniewski J.-IPPT PAN
Tasinkevych Y.-IPPT PAN

Conference papers
1.Litniewski J., Tasinkevych Y., Podhajecki J., Falińska K., Combined estimation of thickness and velocity of cortical shell using reflected waves: study on bone phantoms and samples, IUS 2015, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 2015-10-21/10-24, Taipei (TW), DOI: 10.1109/ULTSYM.2015.0512, pp.1-4, 2015
Abstract:

Estimation of the thickness and sound velocity of cortical bone is important per se as well as for correcting measurements of cancellous bone properties. We propose a method that allows the thickness of a compact bone layer and longitudinal wave velocity in the bone to be determined simultaneously with the use of the reflected waves, with particular emphasis on the 1mm - 3mm thick bone layers corresponding to the thickness of the cortex of the human femur. The method was tested using ultrasonic data obtained from cortical bone phantoms and a fresh calf bone specimen. The results show that the method seems to be well suited to be employed for the determination of the thickness and acoustic wave velocity of the cortical bone layer.

Keywords:

Cortical bone, trabecular bone, thickness and velocities of cortical shell, reflected waves, BUA

Affiliations:
Litniewski J.-IPPT PAN
Tasinkevych Y.-IPPT PAN
Podhajecki J.-IPPT PAN
Falińska K.-IPPT PAN