Marek Skłodowski, Ph.D., Eng.


Doctoral thesis
1980Zmodyfikowana metoda holograficznego pomiaru sumy naprężeń głównych w modelach elastooptycznych 
supervisor -- Andrzej Drescher, Ph.D., Dr. Habil., Eng., IPPT PAN
349 
Recent publications
1.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Osowicki G., Belgijski pacjent. Polskie prace badawczo – konserwatorskie przy wielkoformatowym krzywoliniowym obrazie z XVIII w. z katedry Saint-Aubain w Namur, , Vol.21, No.80, pp.62-71, 2016
Abstract:

Paper discusses a concept and conservation methodology of the XVII. century curvilinear canvas painting "Adoration of the Magi" from the Saint-Aubain Cathedral church in Namur (Belgium). Atypical form of the painting bowed in the horizontal plane, adapted to a, wall and its enormous size (3.70 x 4.50 m) required using some innovative technologies and materials. Restoration work required access to both the face and the back of the picture. But how to overturn the painting? How to strengthen its support? How to tight. it? Such problems can be solved only by the interdisciplinary collaboration of a team of professionals. In this way decisions about the conservation were discussed in the group of experts from various disciplines. The article focuses o! n the problem of curvilinear canvas stretching, which is presented fro m different points of view. In the council participated restorers, scientist and engineers. Finally, we agreed that the basic premise of the conservation process was a detailed analysis of the canvas shape and its preservation on each step of the conservation works. The concept required construction of two curved platforms: concave and convex. The new system of the canvas overturning was also designed. An innovating method of strengthening of the canvas vertical direction during lining process by using Kevlar fibres was applied. The XVII. century stretcher frame was preserved as an example of historical construction. The new stretching system was built out of the original stretcher frame. The conservation works were finished in 2014, the painting was put in the frame and fixed on the wall. The optical analysis of its shape achieved one year after showed that its state is stable.

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Osowicki G.-other affiliation
2.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Szpor J., New materials and methods used in the conservation of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting 'Adoration of the Magi' from the Ssaint-Aubain cathedral church in Namur, European Journal of Science and Theology, ISSN: 1841-0464, Vol.11, No.2, pp.45-53, 2015
Abstract:

Paper discusses a concept and conservation methodology of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting ‘Adoration of the Magi’ from the Saint–Aubain Cathedral church in Namur (Belgium). Atypical form of the painting bowed in the horizontal plane, adapted to the apse wall and its very large size (3.70 x 4.50 m) required using some innovative technologies and materials. The basic premise of the conservation process was a detailed analysis of the canvas shape and its preservation on each step of the conservation works. The concept required construction of two curved platforms: concave and convex. The new system of the canvas overturning was also designed. An innovative method of strengthening of the canvas during lining process in vertical direction by using Kevlar fibres was applied. Required strengthening and modification of the stretching frame is also discussed.

Keywords:

curvilinear, large-size, lining, stretching, Kevlar fibres

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Szpor J.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
3.Skłodowski R., Drdácký M., Skłodowski M., Identifying subsurface detachment defects by acoustic tracing, NDT AND E INTERNATIONAL, ISSN: 0963-8695, DOI: 10.1016/j.ndteint.2013.02.002, Vol.56, pp.56-64, 2013
Abstract:

This paper presents a newly developed acoustic tracing method for a non-invasive survey of detachment defects of rendered masonry. The method analyses acoustic signals generated by tapping the surface in densely located points, which are registered together with the geometrical coordinates by means of a video camera. FFT analysis enabled a comparison to be made between the audible wall response and formalized parameters of the sound samples, i.e. the excitation band and the dominant frequency of the spectrum. It was concluded that the audible spectrum for non-detached parts includes several narrow band components, whilst the detached areas respond in a wider frequency band.

Keywords:

Acoustic excitation, Plaster detachment defects, Frequency response, Inspection systems, Signal processing

Affiliations:
Skłodowski R.-other affiliation
Drdácký M.-Institute of Physics of Materials, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (CZ)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
4.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Szpor J., Arendarski H., XVIII Century Wooden Stretchers Structure Designed for Large Canvas and an Example of the Assessment Method, ADVANCED MATERIALS RESEARCH, ISSN: 1662-8985, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.778.113, Vol.778, pp.113-118, 2013
Abstract:

Paper discusses large size canvas paintings stretching methods and deformations and damages specific for large canvas resulting from an incorrect stretching. Analysis of the preservation state of a wooden stretcher construction and its functionality was an important step in development of the program of conservation work. The case study of M. H Loders painting "Adoration of the Magi" (XVIII c.) from the cathedral Saint - Aubain in Namur (Belgium) is presented. The painting is exhibited 5,5 m above the floor and has a unique shape, as the wooden stretcher frame is adjusted to the round apse walls. Thus usual direct inspection was difficult due to poor access to the reverse side of the painting. Preliminary conclusions on the construction and preservation state of the stretcher frame were drawn on the basis of a thorough inspection of the painting surface. Actual shape of the painting and precise stretchers dimensions were measured with a laser scanner. More information concerning the stretcher frame construction was obtained from a simple micro-camera system combined with LED lighting introduced from the canvas reverse side.

Keywords:

3D Laser Scanner, Deformation, Large - Size Painting, Wooden Stretcher Frame

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Szpor J.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Arendarski H.-Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow (PL)
5.Skłodowski M., Accounting for Lode Angle in the Failure Criterion of Rocks, ARCHIWUM GÓRNICTWA / ARCHIVES OF MINING SCIENCES, ISSN: 0860-7001, Vol.56, No.4, pp.585-600, 2011
6.Skłodowski M., Pinińska J., Łukaszewski P., Bobrowska A., Application of Rayleigh wave to diagnostics of degradation of historic construction materials, DIAGNOSTYKA, ISSN: 1641-6414, Vol.3, No.59, pp.19-24, 2011
7.Skłodowski M., Minor Destructive Testing of XVIII Century Brick Wall Using Compact Diagnostic Test CoDiT, ADVANCED MATERIALS RESEARCH, ISSN: 1662-8985, Vol.133-134, pp.223-228, 2010
8.Skłodowski M., Współczesny monitoring obiektów budowlanych, PRZEGLĄD BUDOWLANY, ISSN: 0033-2038, Vol.3, pp.37-46, 2009
9.Bednarek Z., Skłodowski M., Testing of soft self-supporting water tank used for fire protection of civil structures, ZESZYTY NAUKOWE SZKOŁY GŁÓWNEJ SŁUŻBY POŻARNICZEJ, ISSN: 0239-5223, Vol.36, pp.5-16, 2008
10.Skłodowski M., Podstawy mechaniki pękania skał i prognozowania tąpań, Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.46, pp.1-88, 1988
11.Skłodowski M., Dylatacja jako przyczyna nieliniowych zmian naprężeń poziomych w filarach skalnych, Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.23, pp.1-23, 1986
12.Skłodowski M., Wytrzymałość gipsu w złożonych stanach naprężenia, Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.26, pp.1-5, 1983
13.Skłodowski M., Studium nad metodą rejestracji izopach w warstwach wyciętych z zamrożonych modeli EO, Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.70, pp.1-8, 1977

List of chapters in recent monographs
1.
398
Skłodowski M., System Wartościowania Dziedzictwa: Stan badań i problemy, rozdział: Przykłady Analizy Wielokryterialnej w Ocenie Wartości i Ochronie Dziedzictwa Kultury, Politechnika Lubelska. Polski Komitet Narodowy ICOMOS, pp.209-240, 2015
2.
343
Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Górecka K., Computer Vision and Graphics, ICCVG 2014, rozdział: Geometrical Models of Old Curvilinear Paintings, Springer Verlag, LNCS , pp.578-585, 2014
3.
344
Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Monitorowanie obciążeń i stanu technicznego konstrukcji mostowych, rozdział: System monitorowania konstrukcji stadionu, IPPT Reports on Fundamental Technological Research, pp.197-207, 2014
4.
364
Graczykowski C., Knor G., Kołakowski P., Mikułowski G., Orłowska A., Pawłowski P., Skłodowski M., Świercz A., Wiszowaty R., Zieliński T.G., Monitorowanie obciążeń i stanu technicznego konstrukcji mostowych, rozdział: Wybrane zagadnienia monitorowania, IPPT Reports on Fundamental Technological Research, pp.189-236, 2014
5.
277
Skłodowski M., Akerboom J., Archaeologica Hereditas. Zapobiegawcza konserwacja środowiska, rozdział: Monumentenwacht – efekty praktycznego wdrożenia zasad konserwacji zapobiegawczej, Fundacja Archeologiczna, 1, pp.91-97, 2012

Conference papers
1.Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Smartphone aided structural monitoring and measurements, SAHC 2106, Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions, 2016-09-13/09-15, Leuven (BE), pp.140-144, 2016
Abstract:

Environmental and mechanical quantities need to be measured and registered in order to provide engineers and researchers with data required for diagnostics of heritage structures' condition. Analysis of the needs of diagnostic measurements and monitoring of historic structures shows that a large number of structures should be supervised. However hardware costs and resources needed to implement existing technologies constitute a barrier for a wide usage of modern sensors. The presented research shows that everyday usage of smartphones can be extended into a technology suitable for technical diagnostic purposes. Smartphone has many intrinsic sensors factory installed so it is already a sensing device. By calibrating the sensors the smartphone can be upgraded from being a sensing device to become the real measuring equipment. This emerging technology called Smartphone Aided Structural Monitoring and Measurements (SASMM) is not limited to the examples presented in this paper.

Affiliations:
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
2.Skłodowski M., Alvarez de Buergo M., Barluenga G., Fort R., Assessment of mechanical properties of the historical bricks of Burgos Gate in Alcala de Henares in Madrid, SAHC2014, 9th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions, 2014-10-14/10-17, Mexico City (MX), DOI: 10.13140/2.1.1840.7368, pp.1-8, 2014
3.Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Wójcicki P., Pilotażowy System Monitorowania Stanu Deformacji Konstrukcji Stadionu Piłkarskiego, XL Ogólnopolskie Sympozjum Diagnostyka Maszyn, 2013-03-04/03-08, Wisła (PL), pp.1-8, 2013
Abstract:

Znaczny rozwój inwestycji wielkogabarytowych obiektów sportowych stworzył potrzebę równoległego rozwoju metod monitorowania bezpieczeństwa stadionów mogących pomieścić dziesiątki tysięcy ludzi. Powszechną cechą eksploatacji wielkich stadionów jest ich wykorzystanie zarówno do organizacji imprez sportowych jak i masowych imprez kulturalnych np. koncertów. Specyfika takich dużych imprez sportowych i kulturalnych niesie w sobie zagrożenia dla konstrukcji na skutek nieprzewidywalnych na etapie projektowania zmian obciążeń wywołanych drganiami i montażem na elementach konstrukcji dodatkowego ciężkiego sprzętu.
Mając na uwadze powyższe uwarunkowania jako cel badań przyjęto opracowanie, wdrożenie i przetestowanie w praktyce światłowodowego systemu monitorowania deformacji konstrukcji stadionu mieszczącego się w Warszawie przy ulicy Łazienkowskiej 3, należącego do WOSiR, a obecnie użytkowanego przez Klub Piłkarski

Keywords:

monitorowanie konstrukcji, systemy FBG, monitorowanie deformacji konstrukcji stadionu

Affiliations:
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Wójcicki P.-IPPT PAN
4.Skłodowski M., Assessment of material degradation based on microcores testing, SAHC08, VI International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions, 2008-07-02/07-04, Bath (GB), pp.423-429, 2008

Conference abstracts
1.Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Górecka K., Wójcicki P., Stretching of Curvilinear Canvas of Religious Paintings, 6th European Symposium on Religious Art Restoration and Conservation, 2014-06-09/06-11, Florencja (IT), pp.149-152, 2014
Abstract:

Religious art objects preserved in the form of curved canvas paintings present a very interesting subject for the research, both from technical and conservation points of view. The work concentrates on theoretical and experimental analysis of mechanically correct stretching of curvilinear canvas to avoid folding and buckling of paintings. It is shown that treating curvilinear canvas as a ruled surface might be a very promising solution. Reverse engineering can help to discover the ruled surface shape adequate to the individual curved painting.

Keywords:

canvas, stretching, ruled surface, religious paintings

Affiliations:
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Wójcicki P.-IPPT PAN
2.Górecka K., Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Szpor J., New Materials and Methods Used in the Conservation of the XVII Century Curvilinear Canvas Canvas Painting , 6th European Symposium on Religious Art Restoration and Conservation, 2014-06-09/06-11, Florencja (IT), pp.199-202, 2014
Abstract:

Paper discusses a concept and conservation methodology of the XVIIIth century curvilinear canvas painting “Adoration of the Magi” from the Saint – Aubain Cathedral church in Namur (Belgium). Atypical form of the painting bowed in the horizontal plane, adapted to the apse wall and its very large size (3.70 x 4.50 m) required using some innovative technologies and materials. The basic premise of the conservation process was a detailed analysis of the canvas shape and its preservation on each step of the conservation works. The concept required construction of two curved platforms: concave and convex. The new system of the canvas overturning was also designed. An innovative method of strengthening of the canvas during lining process in vertical direction by using Kevlar fibres was applied. Required strengthening and modification of the stretching frame is also discussed.

Keywords:

curvilinear, large-size canvas painting, lining, stretching, Kevlar fibres

Affiliations:
Górecka K.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Szpor J.-Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (PL)
3.Skłodowski M., Pawłowski P., Posenato D., FBG System for Monitoring of Dynamic Loads Caused by Cheering During Football Competitions, SMART2013, 6th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, 2013-09-03/09-06, Turyn (IT), pp.1-2, 2013
Abstract:

Nowadays large stadium structures are designed for assumed static loads and it is difficult to calculate important influence of real stresses resulting from dynamic loads caused by moving crowds. The paper presents Structural Health Monitoring System, based on multiplexed Fiber Bragg Grating sensors. They are used to measure strains and temperature of structural elements and allow us to measure dynamic deformations to observe changes in structural behaviour of the stadium during cheering on a football competition and calculate instantaneous anthropogenic loads.

Keywords:

Structural Health Monitoring, FBG sensors, monitoring of concrete structures

Affiliations:
Skłodowski M.-IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P.-IPPT PAN
Posenato D.-SMARTEC SA (CH)
4.Skłodowski M., Dytczak M., Szmelter I., Multicriterial Valorization of a Monument Based on National Registry Data, Final EU-CHIC International Conference on Cultural Heritage Preservation, 2012-05-29/06-01, Split (HR), pp.191-192, 2012