dr Dominik Kwiatkowski

Zakład Biosystemów i Miękkiej Materii (ZBiMM)
Pracownia Modelowania w Biologii i Medycynie (PMBM)
stanowisko: adiunkt
telefon: (+48) 22 826 12 81 wew.: 161
pokój: 311
e-mail: dkwiat

Doktorat
2016-09-27Związek pomiędzy uszkodzeniami, naprawą DNA oraz zmiennością genów kodujących białka szlaku naprawy DNA przez wycinanie zasad, a ryzykiem występowania choroby Alzheimera 
promotor -- prof. dr hab. Tomasz Śliwiński, Uniwesytet Łódzki
1372 
Ostatnie publikacje
1.Czarny P., Kwiatkowski D., Toma M., Kubiak J., Sliwinska A., Talarowska M., Szemraj J., Maes M., Galecki P., Sliwinski T., Impact of single-nucleotide polymorphisms of base excision repair genes on DNA damage and efficiency of DNA repair in recurrent depression disorder, MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY, ISSN: 0893-7648, DOI: 10.1007/s12035-016-9971-6, Vol.54, No.6, pp.4150-4159, 2017

Streszczenie:

Elevated level of DNA damage was observed in patients with depression. Furthermore, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of base excision repair (BER) genes may modulate the risk of this disease. Therefore, the aim of this study was to delineate the association between DNA damage, DNA repair, the presence of polymorphic variants of BER genes, and occurrence of depression. The study was conducted on peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 43 patients diagnosed with depression and 59 controls without mental disorders. Comet assay was used to assess endogenous (oxidative) DNA damage and efficiency of DNA damage repair (DRE). TaqMan probes were employed to genotype 12 SNPs of BER genes. Endogenous DNA damage was higher in the patients than in the controls, but none of the SNPs affected its levels. DRE was significantly higher in the controls and was modulated by BER SNPs, particularly by c.977C > G-hOGG1, c.972G > C-MUTYH, c.2285T > C-PARP1, c.580C > T-XRCC1, c.1196A > G-XRCC1, c.444T > G-APEX1, c.-468T > G-APEX1, or c.*50C > T-LIG3. Our study suggests that both oxidative stress and disorders in DNA damage repair mechanisms contribute to elevated levels of DNA lesions observed in depression. Lower DRE can be partly attributed to the presence of specific SNP variants.

Słowa kluczowe:

Recurrent depression disorder, DNA damage, DNA repair, Oxidative stress, Base excision repair, Single nucleotide polymorphism

Afiliacje autorów:

Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Toma M.-University of Lodz (PL)
Kubiak J.-University of Lodz (PL)
Sliwinska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Talarowska M.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Maes M.-Deakin University (AU)
Galecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Sliwinski T.-University of Lodz (PL)
40p.
2.Sliwinska A., Sitarek P., Toma M., Czarny P., Synowiec E., Krupa R., Wigner P., Bialek K., Kwiatkowski D., Korycinska A., Majsterek I., Szemraj J., Galecki P., Sliwinski T., Decreased expression level of BER genes in Alzheimer’s disease patients is not derivative of their DNA methylation status, PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY, ISSN: 0278-5846, DOI: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.07.010, Vol.79, pp.311-316, 2017

Streszczenie:

Background: Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease can be caused by accumulation of oxidative DNA damage resulting from altered expression of genes involved in the base excision repair system (BER). Promoter methylation can affect the profile of BER genes expression. Decreased expression of BER genes was observed in the brains of AD patients.

Aim of the study: The aim of our study was to compare the expression and methylation profiles of six genes coding for proteins involved in BER, namely: hOGG1, APE1, MUTYH, NEIL1, PARP1 and XRCC1, in the peripheral blood cells of AD patients and healthy volunteers.

Methods: The study consisted of 100 persons diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease according to DSM-IV criteria, and 110 healthy volunteers. DNA and total RNA were isolated from venous blood cells. Promoter methylation profiles were obtained by High Resolution Melting (HRM) analysis of bisulfide converted DNA samples. Real-time PCR with TaqMan probes was employed for gene expression analysis.

Results: APE1, hOGG1, MUTYH, PARP1 and NEIL1 were significantly (p < 0.001) down-regulated in the lymphocytes of AD patients, as compared to healthy volunteers. Expression of XRCC1 didn't differ significantly between both groups. We did not find any differences in the methylation pattern of any of the investigated BER genes.

Conclusions: The methylation status of promoters is not associated with downregulation of BER genes. Our results show that downregulation of BER genes detected in peripheral blood samples could reflect the changes occurring in the brain of patients with AD, and may be a useful biomarker of this disease.

Słowa kluczowe:

Alzheimer's disease, DNA base excision repair genes, Gene expression, Promoter methylation

Afiliacje autorów:

Sliwinska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Sitarek P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Majsterek I.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Galecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Sliwinski T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Toma M.-University of Lodz (PL)
Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Synowiec E.-University of Lodz (PL)
Krupa R.-University of Lodz (PL)
Wigner P.-University of Lodz (PL)
Bialek K.-University of Lodz (PL)
Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Korycinska A.-University of Lodz (PL)
35p.
3.Kwiatkowski D., Czarny P., Toma M., Jurkowska N., Śliwinska A., Drzewoski J., Bachurska A., Szemraj J., Maes M., Berk M., Su K.P., Gałecki P., Śliwiński T., Associations between DNA Damage, DNA Base Excision Repair Gene Variability and Alzheimer's Disease Risk, DEMENTIA AND GERIATRIC COGNITIVE DISORDERS, ISSN: 1420-8008, DOI: 10.1159/000443953, Vol.41, No.3-4, pp.152-171, 2016

Streszczenie:

Background: Increased oxidative damage to DNA is one of the pathways involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Insufficient base excision repair (BER) is in part responsible for increased oxidative DNA damage. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of polymorphic variants of BER-involved genes and the peripheral markers of DNA damage and repair in patients with AD. Material and Methods: Comet assays and TaqMan probes were used to assess DNA damage, BER efficiency and polymorphic variants of 12 BER genes in blood samples from 105 AD patients and 130 controls. The DNA repair efficacy (DRE) was calculated according to a specific equation. Results: The levels of endogenous and oxidative DNA damages were higher in AD patients than controls. The polymorphic variants of XRCC1 c.580C>T XRCC1 c.1196A>G and OGG1 c.977C>G are associated with increased DNA damage in AD. Conclusion: Our results show that oxidative stress and disturbances in DRE are particularly responsible for the elevated DNA lesions in AD. The results suggest that oxidative stress and disruption in DNA repair may contribute to increased DNA damage in AD patients and risk of this disease. In addition, disturbances in DRE may be associated with polymorphisms of OGG1 and XRCC1.

Słowa kluczowe:

DNA damage, DNA base excision repair, Alzheimer's disease risk, Dementia, Oxidative stress

Afiliacje autorów:

Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Su K.P.-China Medical University Hospital (TW)
Gałecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Toma M.-University of Lodz (PL)
Jurkowska N.-University of Lodz (PL)
Śliwinska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Drzewoski J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Bachurska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Maes M.-Deakin University (AU)
Berk M.-Deakin University (AU)
30p.
4.Sliwinska A., Kwiatkowski D., Czarny P., Toma M., Wigner P., Drzewoski J., Fabianowska-Majewska K., Szemraj J., Maes M., Gałecki P., Śliwiński T., The levels of 7,8-dihydrodeoxyguanosine (8-oxoG) and 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1) - A potential diagnostic biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease, JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, ISSN: 0022-510X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2016.07.008, Vol.368, pp.155-159, 2016

Streszczenie:

Evidence indicates that oxidative stress contributes to neuronal cell death in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increased oxidative DNA damage I, as measured with 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), and reduced capacity of proteins responsible for removing of DNA damage, including 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1), were detected in brains of AD patients. In the present study we assessed peripheral blood biomarkers of oxidative DNA damage, i.e. 8-oxoG and OGG1, in AD diagnosis, by comparing their levels between the patients and the controls. Our study was performed on DNA and serum isolated from peripheral blood taken from 100 AD patients and 110 controls. For 8-oxoG ELISA was employed. The OGG1 level was determined using ELISA and Western blot technique. Levels of 8-oxoG were significantly higher in DNA of AD patients. Both ELISA and Western blot showed decreased levels of OGG1 in serum of AD patients. Our results show that oxidative DNA damage biomarkers detected in peripheral tissue could reflect the changes occurring in the brain of patients with AD. These results also suggest that peripheral blood samples may be useful to measure oxidative stress biomarkers in AD.

Słowa kluczowe:

Alzheimer's disease, Oxidative stress, Oxidative DNA damage, 7 8-dihydrodeoxyguanosine (8-oxoG), DNA base excision repair, 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1)

Afiliacje autorów:

Sliwinska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Toma M.-University of Lodz (PL)
Wigner P.-University of Lodz (PL)
Drzewoski J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Fabianowska-Majewska K.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Maes M.-Deakin University (AU)
Gałecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
25p.
5.Kwiatkowski D., Czarny P., Toma M., Korycinska A., Sowinska K., Gałecki P., Bachurska A., Bielecka-Kowalska A., Szemraj J., Maes M., Śliwiński T., Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of hOGG1, NEIL1, APEX1, FEN1, LIG1 and LIG3 genes and Alzheimer’s disease risk, NEUROPSYCHOBIOLOGY, ISSN: 0302-282X, DOI: 10.1159/000444643, Vol.73, No.2, pp.98-107, 2016

Streszczenie:

Background: One of the factors that contribute to Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the DNA damage caused by oxidative stress and inflammation that occurs in nerve cells. It has been suggested that the risk of AD may be associated with an age dependent reduction of the DNA repair efficiency. Base excision repair (BER) is, among other things, a main repair system of oxidative DNA damage. One of the reasons for the reduced efficiency of this system may be single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of the genes encoding its proteins. Methods: DNA for genotyping was obtained from the peripheral blood of 281 patients and 150 controls. In the present study, we evaluated the impact of 8 polymorphisms of 6 BER genes on the AD risk. We analyzed the following SNP: c.-468T>G and c.444T>G of APEX1, c.*50C>T and c.*83A>C of LIG3, c.977C>G of OGG1, c.*283C>G of NEIL1, c.-441G>A of FEN1, and c.-7C>T of LIG1. Results: We showed that the LIG1 c.-7C>T A/A and LIG3 c.*83A>C A/C variants increased, while the APEX1 c.444T>G G/T, LIG1 c.-7C>T G/, LIG3 c.*83A>C C/C variants reduced, the AD risk. We also evaluated the relation between gene-gene interactions and the AD risk. We showed that combinations of certain BER gene variants such as c.977C>Gxc.*50C>T CC/CT, c./111T>Gxc.*50C>T GG/CT, c.-468T>Gxc.*50C>T GG/CT, c.-441G>Ac.*50C>Txc.*50C>T GG/CT, c.*83A>Cx c.*50C>T CT/AC, and c.-7C>Txc.*50C>T CT/GG can substantially positively modulate the risk of AD. Conclusions: In conclusion, we revealed that polymorphisms of BER genes may have a significant effect on the AD risk, and the presence of polymorphic variants may be an important marker for AD.

Słowa kluczowe:

Alzheimer's disease, Base excision repair, Polymorphisms

Afiliacje autorów:

Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Toma M.-University of Lodz (PL)
Korycinska A.-University of Lodz (PL)
Sowinska K.-University of Lodz (PL)
Gałecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Bachurska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Bielecka-Kowalska A.-Non-Public Medical Center “Akoria” (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Maes M.-Deakin University (AU)
25p.
6.Czarny P., Kwiatkowski D., Toma M., Gałecki P., Orzechowska A., Bobińska K., Bielecka-Kowalska A., Szemraj J., Berk M., Anderson G., Śliwiński T., Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of genes involved in repair of oxidative DNA damage and the risk of recurrent depressive disorder, Medical Science Monitor, ISSN: 1643-3750, DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898091, Vol.22, pp.4455-4474, 2016

Streszczenie:

Background: Depressive disorder, including recurrent type (rDD), is accompanied by increased oxidative stress and activation of inflammatory pathways, which may induce DNA damage. This thesis is supported by the presence of increased levels of DNA damage in depressed patients. Such DNA damage is repaired by the base excision repair (BER) pathway. BER efficiency may be influenced by polymorphisms in BER-related genes. Therefore, we genotyped nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in six genes encoding BER proteins.

Material/Methods: Using TaqMan, we selected and genotyped the following SNPs: c.-441G>A (rs174538) of FEN1, c.2285T>C (rs1136410) of PARP1, c.580C>T (rs1799782) and c.1196A>G (rs25487) of XRCC1, c.*83A>C (rs4796030) and c.*50C>T (rs1052536) of LIG3, c.-7C>T (rs20579) of LIG1, and c.-468T>G (rs1760944) and c.444T>G (rs1130409) of APEX1 in 599 samples (288 rDD patients and 311 controls).

Results: We found a strong correlation between rDD and both SNPs of LIG3, their haplotypes, as well as a weaker association with the c.-468T>G of APEXI which diminished after Nyholt correction. Polymorphisms of LIG3 were also associated with early onset versus late onset depression, whereas the c.-468T>G polymorphism showed the opposite association.

Conclusions: The SNPs of genes involved in the repair of oxidative DNA damage may modulate rDD risk. Since this is an exploratory study, the results should to be treated with caution and further work needs to be done to elucidate the exact involvement of DNA damage and repair mechanisms in the development of this disease.

Słowa kluczowe:

Depression, DNA Repair, Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Afiliacje autorów:

Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Toma M.-University of Lodz (PL)
Gałecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Orzechowska A.-other affiliation
Bobińska K.-other affiliation
Bielecka-Kowalska A.-Non-Public Medical Center “Akoria” (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Berk M.-Deakin University (AU)
Anderson G.-other affiliation
15p.
7.Czarny P., Kwiatkowski D., Gałecki P., Talarowska M., Orzechowska A., Bobińska K., Bielecka-Kowalska A., Szemraj J., Maes M., Su K.P., Śliwiński T., Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of MUTYH, hOGG1 and NEIL1 genes, and depression, JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, ISSN: 0165-0327, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.05.044, Vol.184, pp.90-96, 2015

Streszczenie:

Background: An elevated levels oxidative modified DNA bases and a decreased efficiency of oxidative DNA damage repair were found in patients with depression disorders, including recurrent type (rDD). The glycosylases are involved in base excision repair (BER), which eliminates oxidative DNA damage. Therefore, we genotyped the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes encoding three glycosylases: hOGG1, MUTYH and NEILL

Methods: We selected three polymorphisms: c.977C > G - hOGG1 (rs1052133), c.972G > C - MUTYH (rs3219489) and c.*589G > C - NEIL1 (rs4462560). A total of 555 DNA samples (257 cases and 298 controls) were genotyped using TaqMan probes.

Results: The C/C genotype and allele C of the c.*589G > C decreased the risk of rDD occurrence, while the G/G genotype and allele G of the same SNP increased the risk. This polymorphism had a stronger association with early-onset depression (patients with first episode <35 years of age) than with late onset depression (first episode >= 35 years of age). We did not find any significant differences in distribution of alleles and genotypes of other SNPs; however, the G/G genotype of the c.972G > C increased the risk of late onset rDD. We also found that combined genotype C/C-C/C of c.977C > G and c.*589G > C significantly reduced the risk of rDD.

Limitations: Limited sample size and ethnic homogeneity of the studied population.

Conclusion: This is the first study to show that SNPs of genes involved in DNA repair, particularly in BER pathway, may modulate the risk of rDD. These results further support the hypothesis on the involvement of DNA repair mechanisms in pathogenesis of depression.

Słowa kluczowe:

Depression, Glycosylases, BER, DNA repair, DNA damage

Afiliacje autorów:

Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Gałecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Talarowska M.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Orzechowska A.-other affiliation
Bobińska K.-other affiliation
Bielecka-Kowalska A.-Non-Public Medical Center “Akoria” (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Maes M.-Deakin University (AU)
Su K.P.-China Medical University Hospital (TW)
35p.
8.Kwiatkowski D., Czarny P., Gałecki P., Bachurska A., Talarowska M., Orzechowska A., Bobińska K., Bielecka-Kowalska A., Pietras T., Szemraj J., Maes M., Śliwiński T., Variants of Base Excision Repair Genes MUTYH, PARP1 and XRCC1 in Alzheimer's Disease Risk, NEUROPSYCHOBIOLOGY, ISSN: 0302-282X, DOI: 10.1159/000381985, Vol.71, No.3, pp.176-186, 2015

Streszczenie:

Background: Many clinical studies have shown that oxidative stress pathways and the efficiency of the oxidative DNA damage base excision repair (BER) system are associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reduced BER efficiency may result from polymorphisms of BER-related genes. In the present study, we examine whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of BER genes are associated with increased risk of AD. Methods: SNP genotyping was carried out on DNA isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from 120 patients with AD and 110 healthy volunteers. Samples were genotyped for the presence of BER-related SNPs, i.e.XRCC1-rs1799782, rs25487; MUTYH-rs3219489, and PARP1-rs1136410. Results: We found a positive association between AD risk and the presence of G/A genotype variant of the XRCC1 rs25487 polymorphism [odds ratio (OR) = 3.762,95% Cl: 1.793-7.8911. The presence of the A/A genotype of this polymorphism reduced the risk of AD (OR = 0.485,95% Cl: 0.271-0.870). In cases of the PARP1 gene rs1136410 polymorphism, we observed that the T/C variant increases (OR =4.159, 95% Cl: 1.978-8.745) while the T/T variant reduces risk (OR = 0.240,95% Cl: 0.114-0.556) of AD. Conclusions: We conclude that BER gene polymorphisms may play an important role in the etiology of AD. Diagnosing the presence or absence of particular genetic variants may be an important marker of AD. Further research on a larger population is needed. There is also a need to examine polymorphisms of other BER in the context of AD risk.

Słowa kluczowe:

Alzheimer's disease, Base excision repair, Polymorphisms

Afiliacje autorów:

Kwiatkowski D.-IPPT PAN
Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Maes M.-Deakin University (AU)
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Gałecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Bachurska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Talarowska M.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Orzechowska A.-other affiliation
Bobińska K.-other affiliation
Bielecka-Kowalska A.-Non-Public Medical Center “Akoria” (PL)
Pietras T.-University of Lodz (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
25p.
9.Czarny P., Kwiatkowski D., Kacperska D., Kawczyńska D., Talarowska M., Orzechowska A., Bielecka-Kowalska A., Szemraj J., Gałecki P., Śliwiński T., Elevated Level of DNA Damage and Impaired Repair of Oxidative DNA Damage in Patients with Recurrent Depressive Disorder, Medical Science Monitor, ISSN: 1643-3750, DOI: 10.12659/MSM.892317, Vol.21, pp.412-418, 2015

Streszczenie:

Background: Depressive disorder (DD), including recurrent DD (rDD), is a severe psychological disease, which affects a large percentage of the world population. Although pathogenesis of the disease is not known, a growing body of evidence shows that inflammation together with oxidative stress may contribute to development of DD. Since reactive oxygen species produced during stress may damage DNA, we wanted to evaluate the extent of DNA damage and efficiency of DNA repair in patients with depression.

Material/Methods: We measured and compared the extent of endogenous DNA damage - single- and double-strand breaks, alkali-labile sites, and oxidative damage of the pyrimidines and purines - in peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from rDD patients (n=40) and healthy controls (n=46) using comet assay. We also measured DNA damage evoked by hydrogen peroxide and monitored changes in DNA damage during repair incubation.

Results: We found an increased number DNA breaks, alkali-labile sites, and oxidative modification of DNA bases in the patients compared to the controls. Exposure to hydrogen peroxide evoked the same increased damage in both groups. Examination of the repair kinetics of both groups revealed that the lesions were more efficiently repaired in the controls than in the patients.

Conclusions: For the first time we showed that patients with depression, compared with non-depresses individuals, had more DNA breaks, alkali-labile sites, and oxidative DNA damage, and that those lesions may be accumulated by impairments of the DNA repair systems. More studies must be conducted to elucidate the role of DNA damage and repair in depression.

Słowa kluczowe:

Depression, DNA Damage, DNA Repair, Oxidative Stress, Reactive Oxygen Species

Afiliacje autorów:

Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Kacperska D.-University of Lodz (PL)
Kawczyńska D.-University of Lodz (PL)
Talarowska M.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Orzechowska A.-other affiliation
Bielecka-Kowalska A.-Non-Public Medical Center “Akoria” (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Gałecki P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
15p.
10.Śliwińska A., Kwiatkowski D., Czarny P., Milczarek J., Toma M., Korycinska A., Szemraj J., Śliwiński T., Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of ZnO and Al2O3 nanoparticles, TOXICOLOGY MECHANISMS AND METHODS, ISSN: 1537-6516, DOI: 10.3109/15376516.2015.1006509, Vol.25, No.3, pp.176-183, 2015

Streszczenie:

Objectives: Metal oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs and Al2O3-NPs) are used in many fields, including consumer products and biomedical applications. As a result, exposure to these NPs is highly frequent, however, no conclusive information on their potential cytotoxicity and genotoxicity mechanisms are available. For this reason, we studied cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of ZnO-NPs and Al2O3-NPs on human peripheral blood lymphocytes.

Materials and methods: We obtained our goals by using MTT assay, Annexin V-FITC flow cytometry, and alkaline, neural and pH 12.1 versions of comet assay.

Results: Exposure of lymphocytes to both NPs for 24 h slightly decreased viability of lymphocytes at >= 0.5 mM. For the first time, we revealed using the comet assays that both ZnO-NPs and Al2O3-NPs caused a concentration-dependent increase of DNA single-strand breaks, but not alkali-labile sites. Treatment with DNA glycosylases showed that the NPs induced oxidative DNA damage. DNA damage caused by both nanoparticles at 0.05 mM was removed within 120 min, however lymphocytes did not repair DNA damage induced by 0.5 mM NPs. Studied nanoparticles did not induce apoptosis in lymphocytes.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that ZnO-NPs and Al2O3-NPs at concentration up to 0.5 mM did not exhibit cytotoxic effect but may exert genotoxic effect on lymphocytes, at least partially by the generation of oxidative DNA damage and strand breaks.

Słowa kluczowe:

DNA repair, oxidative DNA damage, single and double strand breaks

Afiliacje autorów:

Śliwińska A.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Czarny P.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Milczarek J.-University of Lodz (PL)
Toma M.-University of Lodz (PL)
Korycinska A.-University of Lodz (PL)
Szemraj J.-Medical University of Lodz (PL)
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
15p.
11.Kwiatkowski D., Śliwiński T., Naprawa DNA przez wycinanie zasad azotowych w chorobie Alzheimera, POSTĘPY HIGIENY I MEDYCYNY DOŚWIADCZALNEJ, ISSN: 0032-5449, DOI: 10.5604/17322693.1114036, Vol.68, pp.976-986, 2014

Streszczenie:

Choroba Alzheimera (AD - Alzheimer Disease), jest najczęstszą chorobą neurodegeneracyjną u ludzi powyżej 65 roku życia. Szacunkowe dane podają, że na AD w Polsce choruje prawie 200 tys. osób, natomiast na świecie na ten typ schorzenia cierpi około 30 mln ludzi. Progno¬zy wskazują, że w krajach rozwiniętych liczba osób dotkniętych chorobami otępiennymi, w tym AD do 2025 r. wzrośnie od kilkudziesięciu do kilkuset procent w porównaniu do 1980 r. Patogeneza AD nadal nie została do końca wyjaśniona, a wyniki badań przeprowadzonych do tej pory sugerują jej wieloczynnikowość, w której istotną rolę odgrywają wiek oraz czyn-niki genetyczne i środowiskowe. Istnieją przesłanki wskazujące związek między oksydantami wprowadzającymi uszkodzenia do materiału genetycznego oraz zmniejszeniem aktywności enzymów odpowiedzialnych za ich naprawę, a zmianami neurodegeneracyjnymi. W pracy omówiono doniesienia literaturowe obejmujące związek między poziomem aktywności głów¬nego systemu usuwającego uszkodzenia oksydacyjne DNA, czyli systemu naprawy DNA przez wycinanie zasad azotowych (BER - Base Excision Repair) a występowaniem AD. Podkreśla się także istotną rolę zmienności w genach kodujących białka BER, w modulowaniu aktywności tego systemu naprawy DNA. Wskazuje to na możliwość poznania mechanizmu powstawania AD opartego o system BER, co w przyszłości może się przyczynić do określenia molekularnych markerów tego schorzenia.

Słowa kluczowe:

choroba Alzheimera, oksydacyjne uszkodzenia DNA, naprawa DNA przez wycinanie zasad azotowych, polimorfizm genetyczny

Afiliacje autorów:

Kwiatkowski D.-other affiliation
Śliwiński T.-University of Lodz (PL)
15p.