Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


Latifa Ait Mahiout

Recent publications
1.  Mahiout Latifa A., Bessonov N., Kaźmierczak B., Sadaka G., Volpert V., Infection spreading in cell culture as a reaction-diffusion wave, ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis, ISSN: 0764-583X, DOI: 10.1051/m2an/2022019, Vol.56, No.3, pp.791-814, 2022

Infection spreading in cell culture occurs due to virus replication in infected cells and its random motion in the extracellular space. Multiplicity of infection experiments in cell cultures are conventionally used for the characterization of viral infection by the number of viral plaques and the rate of their growth. We describe this process with a delay reaction-diffusion system of equations for the concentrations of uninfected cells, infected cells, virus, and interferon. Time delay corresponds to the duration of viral replication inside infected cells. We show that infection propagates in cell culture as a reaction-diffusion wave, we determine the wave speed and prove its existence. Next, we carry out numerical simulations and identify three stages of infection progression: infection decay during time delay due to virus replication, explosive growth of viral load when infected cells begin to reproduce it, and finally, wave-like infection progression in cell culture characterized by a constant or slowly
growing total viral load. The modelling results are in agreement with the experimental data for the coronavirus infection in a culture of epithelial cells and for some other experiments. The presence of interferon produced by infected cells decreases the viral load but does not change the speed of infection progression in cell culture. In the 2D modelling, the total viral load grows faster than in the 1D case due to the increase of plaque perimeter.

Viral infection,cell culture,reaction-diffusion equations,time delay

Mahiout Latifa A. - other affiliation
Bessonov N. - other affiliation
Kaźmierczak B. - IPPT PAN
Sadaka G. - other affiliation
Volpert V. - other affiliation

Category A Plus


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