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Polish Academy of Sciences

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M. Jaroszewski

Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)


Recent publications
1.  Ranachowski P., Ranachowski Z., Wieczorek K., Jaroszewski M., Kúdela Jr S., Study of modified aluminous porcelain subjected to mechanoacoustic tests, ARCHIVES OF METALLURGY AND MATERIALS, ISSN: 1733-3490, DOI: 10.24425/amm.2018.125110, Vol.63, No.4, pp.1821-1826, 2018

Abstract:
The paper presents the microscopic and mechanoacoustic study of degradation processes of the porcelain material C 130 type. This kind of material is used in the production of the most durable and reliable electrotechnical elements. Raw material composition of the studied porcelain was modified. This had an impact on the inner properties, cohesion and – in consequence – on operational properties of the material. Using mechanical-acoustic and microscopic methods of testing of small-size samples that were subjected to compression, it was possible to distinguish successive stages of degradation of the porcelain structure. These stages were generally typical of the porcelain materials. In the authors’ opinion, they are connected to the ageing process happening over many years of work under operating conditions. Optimization of composition and technological properties – important during technological processes – resulted in a slight decrease in inner cohesion of the porcelain. When compared to the reference material – typical domestic C 130 material, mechanical strength was somewhat lower. Carried out investigations proved that resistance of the investigated material to the ageing degradation process – during long term operation – also decreased. The improvement of technological parameters and the reduction in the number of defective elements occurred simultaneously with some decrease in the operational parameters of the material. To restore their initial high level, further work is needed to optimize the raw material composition of the porcelain.

Keywords:
electrical porcelain materials, ageing processes, acoustic emission (AE), optical microscopy

Affiliations:
Ranachowski P. - IPPT PAN
Ranachowski Z. - IPPT PAN
Wieczorek K. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Jaroszewski M. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Kúdela Jr S. - Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
2.  Wieczorek K., Jaroszewski M., Ranachowski P., Ranachowski Z., Examination of the properties of samples from glass-epoxy core rods for composite insulators subjected to dc high voltage, ARCHIVES OF METALLURGY AND MATERIALS, ISSN: 1733-3490, DOI: 10.24425/123802, Vol.63, No.3, pp.1281-1286, 2018

Abstract:
This article presents the results of an examination performed on a set of samples of glass-epoxy core rods used in composite insulators with silicone rubber housings. The goal of the examination was to test the aging resistance of the core material when exposed to Direct Current (DC) high voltage. Long term exposure of a glass-epoxy core rod to DC high voltage may lead to the gradual degradation of its mechanical properties due to the ion migrations. Electrolysis of the core material (glass fiber) may cause electrical breakdown of the insulators and consequently lead to a major failure. After being aged for 6000 hours under DC high voltage, the samples were subjected to microscopic analysis. Their chemical composition was also examined using Raman spectroscopy and their dielectric losses and conductance in the broad range of frequencies were tested using dielectric spectroscopy.

Keywords:
DC high voltage, composite insulator, glass-epoxy core, dielectric spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy

Affiliations:
Wieczorek K. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Jaroszewski M. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Ranachowski P. - IPPT PAN
Ranachowski Z. - IPPT PAN
3.  Ranachowski P., Ranachowski Z., Jaroszewski M., Wieczorek K., Kúdela Jr S., Mechanoacoustic Research Method of Degradation Processes in Electroceramics Materials, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DIELECTRICS AND ELECTRICAL INSULATION, ISSN: 1070-9878, DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2015.005568, Vol.23, No.3, pp.1251-1259, 2016

Abstract:
The paper presents the concept of mechanoacoustic testing of degradation processes of ceramic materials, which is applied to diagnose high voltage insulators in operation. The method depends on the application of slowly increasing compressive loading acting on the sample, with simultaneous recording of acoustic emission (AE) descriptors. The process of loading is continued to the destruction or stopped at different stresses, and the samples are subjected to microscopic examination. Microscopic analysis of the samples enables determining the effects of stress action. The results were compared with the images of similar materials obtained from the insulators after different periods of operation. On this basis, there were distinguished consecutive stages of ageing of electrotechnical porcelain materials and corresponding effects of their structure degradation. Using slowly increasing quasi-static compressive loading in a relatively short-term mechanoacoustic test makes it possible to get results similar to those of long lasting degradation effects in operated electroinsulating objects. Using this method there is possible to describe the factors which affect short and long-term mechanical strength of the tested materials. There is also possible assessment of the validity and application of the theories explaining the strength of porcelains. There was presented research of the influence of the mullite phase on the short- and long-term mechanical strength of electrotechnical porcelain of different types.

Keywords:
Degradation, Stress, Insulators, Porcelain, Aging, Microscopy

Affiliations:
Ranachowski P. - IPPT PAN
Ranachowski Z. - IPPT PAN
Jaroszewski M. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Wieczorek K. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Kúdela Jr S. - Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
4.  Ranachowski P., Rejmund F., Ranachowski Z., Jaroszewski M., Pospieszna J., Wieczorek K., Acoustic investigations of long-rod insulators and their material properties, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DIELECTRICS AND ELECTRICAL INSULATION, ISSN: 1070-9878, Vol.17, No.1, pp.81-88, 2010

Abstract:
The paper presents a nondestructive ultrasonic method of investigating long-rod insulators used on overhead power lines and in substations. A correlation between the degree of degradation of porcelain C 120 and the ultrasonic wave propagation and attenuation parameters was established. The ultrasonic method was used to analyze the quality of groups of line and post insulators after many years of service. Also a new mechanoacoustic method of investigating the stages in the degradation of insulator porcelain was applied. As a result of the investigations carried out on samples of porcelain C 130 the successive stages in the degradation of ceramic insulators during their service life were determined.

Keywords:
Ceramic insulators, insulator testing, acoustic measurements, ultrasonic applications, acoustic emission

Affiliations:
Ranachowski P. - IPPT PAN
Rejmund F. - IPPT PAN
Ranachowski Z. - IPPT PAN
Jaroszewski M. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Pospieszna J. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Wieczorek K. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
5.  Ranachowski P., Rejmund F., Jaroszewski M., Wieczorek K., Study of structural degradation of ceramic material of insulators in long term operation, ARCHIVES OF METALLURGY AND MATERIALS, ISSN: 1733-3490, Vol.54, No.1, pp.205-216, 2009
6.  Ranachowski P., Rejmund F., Jaroszewski M., Ocena degradacji tworzyw ceramicznych izolatorów liniowych WN po wieloletniej eksploatacji na podstawie badań ultradźwiękowych i strukturalnych, PRZEGLĄD ELEKTROTECHNICZNY, ISSN: 0033-2097, Vol.4, pp.216-219, 2006
7.  Jaroszewski M., Ranachowski P., Rejmund F., Fleszyński J., Ultradźwiękowa diagnostyka ceramicznych izolatorów liniowych po wieloletniej eksploatacji, PRZEGLĄD ELEKTROTECHNICZNY, ISSN: 0033-2097, Vol.3, pp.211-214, 2005

List of chapters in recent monographs
1. 
Jaroszewski M., Ziaja J., Ranachowski P., Singh C., Engineering Magnetic, Dielectric and Microwave Properties of Ceramics and Alloys, rozdział: The Development of Capacitor Materials Technology, Materials Research Forum LLC, Millersville, PA 17551, USA, pp.75-88, 2019

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