Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


R. Geetha Balakrishna

Jain University (IN)

Recent publications
1.  Bhavya M.B., Manippady S.R., Saxena M., Ramyaprabhu B., John N.S., Balakrishna G., Samal A.K., Gold Nanorods as an Efficient Substrate for the Detection and Degradation of Pesticides, LANGMUIR, ISSN: 0743-7463, DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c00809, Vol.36, No.26, pp.7332-7344, 2020

The rapid, ultralow detection, degradation, and complete removal of pesticides demand the design of potential substrates. Herein, we discussed gold nanorods (Au NRs) as the potential substrate for the naked eye detection and degradation of two common and broad-spectrum pesticides, chlorpyrifos (CPF) and malathion (MLT), up to 0.15 ppt concentration within 2 min. Under certain environmental conditions, both the pesticides degraded and adsorbed on the surface of Au NRs. The degraded moieties of CPF and MLT on the surface of Au NRs formed side-to-side and end-to-end interactions, respectively, leading to a long-range assembly. This shows that no external agent is required, and only CPF and MLT analytes are quite enough for the formation of assembly of Au NRs. Assembly of Au NRs is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis, and degradation is supported by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses. Au NRs were recovered and reused for four consecutive cycles. The fast and ultralow detection of pesticides demonstrates that Au NRs are a potential substrate for the detection and degradation of pesticides.

gold nanorods, chlorpyrifos, malathion, pesticides, degradation, side to side interaction, end to end interaction

Bhavya M.B. - Jain University (IN)
Manippady S.R. - other affiliation
Saxena M. - Jain University (IN)
Ramyaprabhu B. - Jain University (IN)
John N.S. - other affiliation
Balakrishna G. - Jain University (IN)
Samal A.K. - Jain University (IN)

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