Tomasz Chmielewski


Recent publications
1.Pokrywczyńska M., Jundziłł A., Adamowicz J., Kowalczyk T., Warda K., Rasmus M., Buchholz Ł., Krzyżanowska S., Nakielski P., Chmielewski T., Bodnar M., Marszałek A., Dębski R., Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M., Mikułowski G., Nowacki M., Kowalewski T.A., Drewa T., Is the Poly (L- Lactide- Co– Caprolactone) Nanofibrous Membrane Suitable for Urinary Bladder Regeneration?, PLOS ONE, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105295, Vol.9, No.8, pp.105295-1-12, 2014
Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to compare: a new five-layered poly (L–lactide–co–caprolactone) (PLC) membrane and small intestinal submucosa (SIS) as a control in rat urinary bladder wall regeneration. The five-layered poly (L–lactide–co–caprolactone) membrane was prepared by an electrospinning process. Adipose tissue was harvested from five 8-week old male Wistar rats. Adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) were seeded in a density of 3×106 cells/cm2 onto PLC membrane and SIS scaffolds, and cultured for 5-7 days in the stem cell culture medium. Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five equal groups. Augmentation cystoplasty was performed in a previously created dome defect. Groups: (I) PLC+ 3×106ADSCs; (II) SIS+ 3×106ADSCs; (III) PLC; (IV) SIS; (V) control. Cystography was performed after three months. The reconstructed urinary bladders were evaluated in H&E and Masson's trichrome staining. Regeneration of all components of the normal urinary bladder wall was observed in bladders augmented with cell-seeded SIS matrices. The urinary bladders augmented with SIS matrices without cells showed fibrosis and graft contraction. Bladder augmentation with the PLC membrane led to numerous undesirable events including: bladder wall perforation, fistula or diverticula formation, and incorporation of the reconstructed wall into the bladder lumen. The new five-layered poly (L–lactide–co–caprolactone) membrane possesses poorer potential for regenerating the urinary bladder wall compared with SIS scaffold.

Keywords:

urinary bladder regeneration, electrospinning

Affiliations:
Pokrywczyńska M.-other affiliation
Jundziłł A.-other affiliation
Bodnar M.-Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Marszałek A.-Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Dębski R.-Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Mikułowski G.-IPPT PAN
Nowacki M.-other affiliation
Kowalewski T.A.-IPPT PAN
Drewa T.-Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Adamowicz J.-Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Kowalczyk T.-IPPT PAN
Warda K.-other affiliation
Rasmus M.-Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Buchholz Ł.-Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Krzyżanowska S.-other affiliation
Nakielski P.-IPPT PAN
Chmielewski T.-other affiliation
2.Andrychowski J., Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M., Sulejczak D., Kowalczyk T., Chmielewski T., Czernicki Z., Kowalewski T.A., Nanofiber nets in prevention of cicatrisation in spinal procedures. Experimental study, FOLIA NEUROPATHOLOGICA, ISSN: 1641-4640, DOI: 10.5114/fn.2013.35958, Vol.51, No.2, pp.147-157, 2013
Abstract:

Excessive cicatrisation or epidural fibrosis in the operative field is an inappropriate event occasionally occurring after neurosurgical procedures (i.e., spine procedures and craniotomies). This excessive process may disturb the postopera­tive course and render reoperations more difficult and risky. The literature describes this phenomenon as accompanying up to 20% of neurosurgical procedures. The scar tissue that forms postoperatively adheres to the dura mater, penetrates into the spinal canal and can cause narrowing symptoms, neurological deficits and pain. The incidence and spread of this excessive scar or epidural fibrosis can be prevented through the modification of the surgical technique by incorporating endoscopic or microscopic access to minimize the operative field and the use of isolating substances (autogenous or heterogeneous) administered intraoperatively.

The aim of this experimental study was to morphologically assess the cicatrisation process, adhesion and to prevent excessive scar formation with the local use of membranes manufactured by an electrospinning process (nanotechnology). We also investigated whether the biodegradable nanofibrous net triggers or modifies the immunological response or the local inflammatory process.

Micro-nanofibrous membranes were produced by the electrospinning process. A biodegradable, medically certified copolymer poly(L-lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL) was used as the electrospun material.

An experimental rat model was used in this study. Experimental and control groups were formed with specified follow-up times of 4, 14 and 30 days. During the operation, a two-level laminectomy in the thoracic segment was performed. The operative field was divided into two regions. Isolating material was used on the dura mater and surface of the spinal cord in the area where the laminectomy was performed. The material was analysed with the use of light and electron microscopy.

Local cicatrisation can be modified using nanomaterials. Scar formation and epidural fibrosis can be limited and modi­fied locally. No local inflammation process was observed.

Initial observations indicate the potential for the effective use of materials obtained in the electrospinning process to prevent cicatrisation.

Keywords:

neurosurgery, cicatrisation, epidural fibrosis, copolymer, poly(L-lactide-co-caprolactone), nanofibrous net, rat model

Affiliations:
Andrychowski J.-Medical University of Warsaw (PL)
Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Sulejczak D.-other affiliation
Kowalczyk T.-IPPT PAN
Chmielewski T.-other affiliation
Czernicki Z.-Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Kowalewski T.A.-IPPT PAN
3.Chmielewski T., Brandt A., Normy ISO/TC98 i Normy EN - Podobieństwa i Różnice, ZESZYTY NAUKOWE POLITECHNIKI RZESZOWSKIEJ, SERIA: BUDOWNICTWO I INŻYNIERIA ŚRODOWISKA, ISSN: 0209-2646, Vol.58(3/11/I), No.276, pp.5-20, 2011
Abstract:

Celem artykułu jest podanie podstawowych informacji o Międzynarodowej Organizacji Normalizacyjnej - ISO; historii, strukturze i dotychczas opracowanych normach w ramach Komitetu Technicznego ISO/98, którego sekretariat prowadzi Polska od 1960 r.; przedstawienie zbioru norm europejskich EN w dziedzinie budownictwo, a następnie dokonanie wzajemnego porównania norm opracowanych przez dwie różne międzynarodowe organizacje normalizacyjne ISO/TC 98 i CEN/TC 250 w celu wykazania podobieństw i istotnych różnic.

Keywords:

normy ISO/TC 98, normy CEN/TC 250, podobieństwa, różnice

Affiliations:
Chmielewski T.-other affiliation
Brandt A.-IPPT PAN

Conference papers
1.Pietrzak K., Kaliński D., Chmielewski M., Chmielewski T., Włosiński W., Choręgiewicz K., Processing of intermetallics with Al2O3 or steel joints obtained by friction welding technique, ECerS XII, 12th Conference of the European Ceramic Society, 2011-06-19/06-23, Stockholm (SE), pp.1-4, 2011
Abstract:

The development of technologies for joining advanced materials is connected with an introduction of new materials and new applications of their bonds, to work in ever more difficult conditions. One of possibilities of obtaining this type of joints is using the friction welding technique. This paper presents the results of joining intermetallics (Fe-Al and Ni-Al type) with steel (S235JR) and ceramics (Al2O3) using friction welding technique. The focus of the investigations was selecting: appropriate rotational speed (10000-25000rpm) of joining elements, welding pressure and time (1500-4500ms) of its application and swelling time (1000-7000ms). The paper presents the results of microstructure investigations, investigations of microhardness (perpendicularly to joint surface) and mechanical properties (tensile strength).

Keywords:

friction welding, intermetallics, microstructure of joints, microhardness, tensile strength

Affiliations:
Pietrzak K.-IPPT PAN
Kaliński D.-other affiliation
Chmielewski M.-Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Chmielewski T.-other affiliation
Włosiński W.-other affiliation
Choręgiewicz K.-other affiliation