Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


Jr. Stanislav Kudela

Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)

Recent publications
1.  Ranachowski P., Szymankiewicz K., Ranachowski Z., Kudela J., Material Aspects of Historic Fine Ceramics, ARCHIVES OF METALLURGY AND MATERIALS, ISSN: 1733-3490, DOI: 10.24425/amm.2023.146193, Vol.68, No.4, pp.1283-1290, 2023

Material Aspects of Historic Fine Ceramics The paper outlines the material and technological aspects of fine (whiteware) ceramics. Particular attention has been paid to the professional nomenclature of fine aluminosilicate ceramics as used in the past and today. Attention was drawn to this mostly overlooked and poorly studied problem. The reason for the durability problems of some semi-vitreous porcelain and faience materials has been explained. The microstructures of porcelain materials – historic as well as contemporary – have been presented in comparative terms, including the technical material, with a distinction and analysis of the basic phases that build up the shard. Generally similar parameters of microstructure and phase composition were found for all tested materials.

historic faience, semi-vitreous porcelain, historic porcelain, microscopic analysis, microstructure of ceramic shard

Ranachowski P. - IPPT PAN
Szymankiewicz K. - other affiliation
Ranachowski Z. - IPPT PAN
Kudela J. - Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
2.  Śmietanka H., Ranachowski P., Ranachowski Z., Wieczorek K., Kudela Jr.S., Effects of degradation in textolite elements of damaged surge arresters, Energies, ISSN: 1996-1073, DOI: 10.3390/en15103643, Vol.15, No.10, pp.3643-1-19, 2022

The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of the currents flowing through surge arresters on the internal insulating textolite structure. The samples were removed from high-voltage arresters that were taken out of service due to malfunction or failure. Discharge (short-circuit) currents of diverse intensities and durations caused degradation effects of varying degrees of advancement in the material of the tested elements. The samples were examined using microscopic methods. The use of the microanalysis technique EDS (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) made it possible to register changes in the elemental composition of the surface layer of the textolite materials, along with the intensification of the degradation effects. It was found that the high discharge current flows were subject to melting, charring and even burning of the organic adhesive. These effects caused serious changes in the content of elements in the top layer of the textolite and were the cause of a reduction in the service life, durability and reliability of the surge arresters. It was shown that the textolite materials had insufficient resistance to the effects of the emergency operation of the arresters after moisture ingress, which was a consequence of unsealing of the housing. A solution to this problem proposed by the authors could be the use of silicone elastomer as a covering of the textolite internal structure of surge arresters.

surge arrester, TSE glass textolite, discharge (short circuit) current, EDS method

Śmietanka H. - Institute of Power Engineering (PL)
Ranachowski P. - IPPT PAN
Ranachowski Z. - IPPT PAN
Wieczorek K. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Kudela Jr.S. - Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)

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