Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences

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Thomas Boutin

Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)

Recent publications
1.  Zielinski T.G., Dauchez N., Boutin T., Leturia M., Wilkinson A., Chevillotte F., Bécot F.-X., Venegas R., Taking advantage of a 3D printing imperfection in the development of sound-absorbing materials, APPLIED ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 0003-682X, DOI: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2022.108941, Vol.197, pp.108941-1-22, 2022

Abstract:
At first glance, it seems that modern, inexpensive additive manufacturing (AM) technologies can be used to produce innovative, efficient acoustic materials with tailored pore morphology. However, on closer inspection, it becomes rather obvious that for now this is only possible for specific solutions, such as relatively thin, but narrow-band sound absorbers. This is mainly due to the relatively poor resolutions available in low-cost AM technologies and devices, which prevents the 3D-printing of pore networks with characteristic dimensions comparable to those found in conventional broadband sound-absorbing materials. Other drawbacks relate to a number of imperfections associated with AM technologies, including porosity or rather microporosity inherent in some of them. This paper shows how the limitations mentioned above can be alleviated by 3D-printing double-porosity structures, where the main pore network can be designed and optimised, while the properties of the intentionally microporous skeleton provide the desired permeability contrast, leading to additional broadband sound energy dissipation due to pressure diffusion. The beneficial effect of additively manufactured double porosity and the phenomena associated with it are rigorously demonstrated and validated in this work, both experimentally and through precise multi-scale modelling, on a comprehensive example that can serve as benchmark.

Keywords:
double porosity, additive manufacturing, sound absorption, pressure diffusion, multi-scale modelling

Affiliations:
Zielinski T.G. - IPPT PAN
Dauchez N. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Boutin T. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Leturia M. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Wilkinson A. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Chevillotte F. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
Bécot F.-X. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
Venegas R. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
2.  Zieliński T.G., Opiela K.C., Pawłowski P., Dauchez N., Boutin T., Kennedy J., Trimble D., Rice H., Van Damme B., Hannema G., Wróbel R., Kim S., Ghaffari Mosanenzadeh S., Fang N.X., Yang J., Briere de La Hosseraye B., Hornikx M.C.J., Salze E., Galland M.-A., Boonen R., Carvalho de Sousa A., Deckers E., Gaborit M., Groby J.-P., Reproducibility of sound-absorbing periodic porous materials using additive manufacturing technologies: round robin study, Additive Manufacturing, ISSN: 2214-8604, DOI: 10.1016/j.addma.2020.101564, Vol.36, pp.101564-1-24, 2020

Abstract:
The purpose of this work is to check if additive manufacturing technologies are suitable for reproducing porous samples designed for sound absorption. The work is an inter-laboratory test, in which the production of samples and their acoustic measurements are carried out independently by different laboratories, sharing only the same geometry codes describing agreed periodic cellular designs. Different additive manufacturing technologies and equipment are used to make samples. Although most of the results obtained from measurements performed on samples with the same cellular design are very close, it is shown that some discrepancies are due to shape and surface imperfections, or microporosity, induced by the manufacturing process. The proposed periodic cellular designs can be easily reproduced and are suitable for further benchmarking of additive manufacturing techniques for rapid prototyping of acoustic materials and metamaterials.

Keywords:
porous materials, designed periodicity, additive manufacturing, sound absorption

Affiliations:
Zieliński T.G. - IPPT PAN
Opiela K.C. - IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P. - IPPT PAN
Dauchez N. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Boutin T. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Kennedy J. - Trinity College (IE)
Trimble D. - Trinity College (IE)
Rice H. - Trinity College (IE)
Van Damme B. - other affiliation
Hannema G. - other affiliation
Wróbel R. - other affiliation
Kim S. - other affiliation
Ghaffari Mosanenzadeh S. - other affiliation
Fang N.X. - other affiliation
Yang J. - Clemson University (US)
Briere de La Hosseraye B. - other affiliation
Hornikx M.C.J. - other affiliation
Salze E. - other affiliation
Galland M.-A. - École Centrale de Lyon (FR)
Boonen R. - other affiliation
Carvalho de Sousa A. - other affiliation
Deckers E. - Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (BE)
Gaborit M. - other affiliation
Groby J.-P. - other affiliation

Conference papers
1.  Zieliński T.G., Dauchez N., Boutin T., Chevillotte F., Bécot F.-X., Venegas R., 3D printed axisymmetric sound absorber with double porosity, ISMA2022 / USD2022, International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering / International Conference on Uncertainty in Structural Dynamics, 2022-09-12/09-14, Leuven (BE), pp.462-476, 2022

Abstract:
This paper shows that specific additive manufacturing (AM) technology can be used to produce double-porosity acoustic materials where main pore networks are designed and a useful type of microporosity is obtained as a side effect of the 3D printing process. Here, the designed main pore network is in the form of annular pores set around the axis of the cylindrical absorber. In this way, the axial symmetry of the problem is ensured if only plane wave propagation under normal incidence is considered, which allows for modelling with purely analytical expressions. Moreover, the outermost annular pore is bounded by the wall of the impedance tube used to measure the sound absorption of the material, so that experimental tests can be easily performed. Two different AM technologies and raw materials were used to fabricate axisymmetric absorbers of the same design, in one case obtaining a material with double porosity, which was confirmed by the results of multi-scale calculations validated with acoustic measurements.

Affiliations:
Zieliński T.G. - IPPT PAN
Dauchez N. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Boutin T. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Chevillotte F. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
Bécot F.-X. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
Venegas R. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
2.  Zieliński T.G., Dauchez N., Boutin T., Leturia M., Wilkinson A., Chevillotte F., Bécot F.-X., Venegas R., 3D printed sound-absorbing materials with double porosity, INTER-NOISE 2022, 51st International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, 2022-08-21/08-24, Glasgow (GB), pp.773-1-10, 2022

Abstract:
The paper shows that acoustic materials with double porosity can be 3D printed with the appropriate design of the main pore network and the contrasted microporous skeleton. The microporous structure is obtained through the use of appropriate additive manufacturing (AM) technology, raw material, and process parameters. The essential properties of the microporous material obtained in this way are investigated experimentally. Two AM technologies are used to 3D print acoustic samples with the same periodic network of main pores: one provides a microporous skeleton leading to double porosity, while the other provides a single-porosity material. The sound absorption for each acoustic material is determined both experimentally using impedance tube measurements and numerically using a multiscale model. The model combines finite element calculations (on periodic representative elementary volumes) with scaling functions and analytical expressions resulting from homogenization. The obtained double-porosity material is shown to exhibit a strong permeability contrast resulting in a pressure diffusion effect, which fundamentally changes the nature of the sound absorption compared to its single-porosity counterpart with an impermeable skeleton. This work opens up interesting perspectives for the use of popular, low-cost AM technologies to produce efficient sound absorbing materials.

Affiliations:
Zieliński T.G. - IPPT PAN
Dauchez N. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Boutin T. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Leturia M. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Wilkinson A. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Chevillotte F. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
Bécot F.-X. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
Venegas R. - MATELYS – Research Lab (FR)
3.  Zieliński T.G., Opiela K.C., Pawłowski P., Dauchez N., Boutin T., Kennedy J., Trimble D., Rice H., Differences in sound absorption of samples with periodic porosity produced using various Additive Manufacturing Technologies, ICA 2019, 23rd International Congress on Acoustics integrating 4th EAA Euroregio 2019, 2019-09-09/09-13, Aachen (DE), DOI: 10.18154/RWTH-CONV-239456, pp.4505-4512, 2019

Abstract:
With a rapid development of modern Additive Manufacturing Technologies it seems inevitable that they will sooner or later serve for production of specific porous and meta-porous acoustic treatments. Moreover, these new technologies are already being used to manufacture original micro-geometric designs of sound absorbing media in order to test microstructure-based effects, models and hypothesis. In the view of these statements, this work reports differences in acoustic absorption measured for porous specimens which were produced from the same CAD-geometry model using several additive manufacturing technologies and 3D-printers. A specific periodic unit cell of open porosity was designed for the purpose. The samples were measured acoustically in the impedance tube and also subjected to a thorough microscopic survey in order to check their quality and look for the discrepancy reasons.

Keywords:
Sound absorption, Additive Manufacturing Technologies

Affiliations:
Zieliński T.G. - IPPT PAN
Opiela K.C. - IPPT PAN
Pawłowski P. - IPPT PAN
Dauchez N. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Boutin T. - Sorbonne University Alliance (FR)
Kennedy J. - Trinity College (IE)
Trimble D. - Trinity College (IE)
Rice H. - Trinity College (IE)

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