dr inż. Zbigniew Trawiński 
Doktorat
2000  Badanie elastyczności i wejściowej impedancji w układzie naczyniowym człowieka na podstawie pomiarów ultradźwiękowych
 1238 
Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Nowicki A., Trawiński Z., Gambin B., Secomski W., Szubielski M.^{♦}, Parol M.^{♦}, Olszewski R., 20MHZ ultrasound for measurements offlowmediated dilation and shear rate in the radialartery, ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, ISSN: 03015629, DOI: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2018.02.011, Vol.44, No.6, pp.11871197, 2018 Streszczenie: A highfrequency scanning system consisting of a 20MHz linear array transducer combined with a 20MHz pulsed Dopplerprobe was introduced to evaluate the degree of radial artery ﬂowmediated dilation (FMD [%]) in two groups of patients after5 min of controlled forearm ischemia followed by reactive hyperemia. In group I, comprising 27 healthy volunteers, FMD (mean ± standard deviation) was 15.26 ± 4.90% (95% conﬁdence interval [CI]: 13.32%–17.20%); in group II, comprising 17 patients with chronic coronary artery disease, FMD was signiﬁcantly less at 4.53 ± 4.11% (95% CI: 2.42%–6.64%). Speciﬁcally, the ratio FMD/SR (mean ± standard deviation),wasequalto5.36×10−4±4.64×10−4 (95%CI:3.54×10−4 to7.18×10−4)ingroupIand1.38×10−4±0.89×10−4 (95% CI: 0.70 × 10−4 to 2.06 × 10−4) in group II. Statistically signiﬁcant differences between the two groups were conﬁrmed by a Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney test for both FMD and FMD/SR (p < 0.01). Areas under receiver operating characteristic curves for FMD and FMD/SR were greater than 0.9. The results conﬁrm the usefulness of the proposed measurements of radial artery FMD and SR in differentiation of normal patients from those with chronic coronary artery disease. (Email: anowicki@ippt.gov.pl) © 2018 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. All rights reserved. Słowa kluczowe: Flowmediated vasodilation, Radial artery, Shear rate, Reactive hyperemia, Endothelium, Pulsed doppler, Ultrasonography Afiliacje autorów:
 35p.  
2.  Nowicki A., Secomski W., Trawiński Z., Lewandowski M., Trots I., Szubielski M.^{♦}, Olszewski R., Estimation of radial artery reactive response using high frequency ultrasound, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 16421817, Vol.19, pp.297306, 2016 Streszczenie: Background: Słowa kluczowe: thick film transducers, atherosclerosis, flow mediated vasodilation Afiliacje autorów:
 6p.  
3.  Trawiński Z., Wójcik J., Nowicki A., Olszewski R.^{♦}, Balcerzak A., Frankowska E.^{♦}, Zegadło A.^{♦}, Rydzyński P.^{♦}, Strain examinations of the left ventricle phantom by ultrasound and multislices computed tomography imaging, Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, ISSN: 02085216, DOI: 10.1016/j.bbe.2015.03.001, Vol.35, pp.255263, 2015 Streszczenie: The main aim of this study was to verify the suitability of the hydrogel sonographic model of the left ventricle (LV) in the computed tomography (CT) environment and echocardiography and compare the radial strain calculations obtained by two different techniques: the speckle tracking ultrasonography and the multislices computed tomography (MSCT). The measurement setup consists of the LV model immersed in a cylindrical tank filled with water, hydraulic pump, the ultrasound scanner, hydraulic pump controller, pressure measurement system of water inside the LV model, and iMac workstation. The phantom was scanned using a 3.5 MHz Artida Toshiba ultrasound scanner unit at two angle positions: 0° and 25°. In this work a new method of assessment of RF speckles’ tracking. LV phantom was also examined using the CT 750 HD 64slice MSCT machine (GE Healthcare). The results showed that the radial strain (RS) was independent on the insonifying angle or the pump rate. The results showed a very good agreement, at the level of 0.9%, in the radial strain assessment between the ultrasound Mmode technique and multislice CT examination. The study indicates the usefulness of the ultrasonographic LV model in the CT technique. The presented ultrasonographic LV phantom may be used to analyze left ventricle wall strains in physiological as well as pathological conditions. CT, ultrasound Mmode techniques, and author's speckle tracking algorithm, can be used as reference methods in conducting comparative studies using ultrasound scanners of various manufacturers. Słowa kluczowe: Computed tomography, Echocardiography, Left ventricle, Speckles tracking, Strain, Ultrasound phantoms Afiliacje autorów:
 15p.  
4.  Trawiński Z., Wójcik J., Nowicki A., Balcerzak A., Olszewski R.^{♦}, Frankowska E.^{♦}, Zegadło A.^{♦}, Rydzyński P.^{♦}, Assessment of left ventricle phantom wall compressibility by ultrasound and computed tomography methods, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 16421817, Vol.17, pp.211218, 2014 Streszczenie: The present work concerns the sonographic model of the left ventricle (LV) examined in the Computed Tomography (CT) environment and compare radial strain calculations obtained by two different techniques: the speckle tracking ultrasonography and the Multislices Computed Tomography (MSCT). The Left Ventricular (LF) phantom was fabricated from 10% solution of the poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Our model of the LV was driven by the computer controlled hydraulic piston Super Pump (Vivitro Inc., Canada) with adjustable fluid volumes. The stroke volume was set at of 24ml. The fluid pressure was changed within range of 0 60 mmHg, and the pulse rate was of 60 cycles/per minute. The relationships between computer controlled left ventricular wall deformations and its visual izations of the echocardiographic and CT imaging, both in the normal and pathological conditions were examined. The difference of assessment the Radial Strain between two methods was not exceeding 1.1%. Afiliacje autorów:
 7p.  
5.  Trawiński Z., Wójcik J., Nowicki A., Olszewski R.^{♦}, Dynamic Ultrasonic Model of Left Ventricle, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 16421817, Vol.16, pp.231236, 2013 Streszczenie: Two different tissue phantoms of the left ventricle to imitate a beating left ventricle were developed: first was prepared using a sponge material and second phantom was constructed using a polyvinyl alcohol material modeled into a homogeneous hollow cylinder: approximately 10 cm and 12 cm in length for the first and second phantom, respectively. Both phantoms were 5 cm in diameter, with a wall thickness of 1.0 cm. Additionally, a small part of the wall of the second phantom was processed to simulate the stiffness of myocardial infarction. The phantoms were connected at the end to an adjustable external pump. The pulse volume inside the cylinder was set between 12 to 50 ml at rates of 40, 60, 100, 120 beats/minute. The phantoms were immersed in water for ultrasound scanning with two different insonation angles (90 and 65 degrees). Strain and strain rate were measured with different combinations of angles and pulse rates. The main aim of this work was to develop the new method for validation of the human infarct wall strain calculation procedures using the speckles tracking. Słowa kluczowe: soft tissue, phantom, ultrasound Afiliacje autorów:
 7p.  
6.  Trawiński Z., Hilgertner L.^{♦}, Lewin P.A.^{♦}, Nowicki A., Ultrasonically assisted evaluation of the impact of atherosclerotic plaque on the pulse pressure wave propagation: A clinical feasibility study, Ultrasonics, ISSN: 0041624X, DOI: 10.1016/j.ultras.2011.10.010, Vol.52, pp.475481, 2012 Streszczenie: The purpose of this work was to evaluate ultrasound modality as a noninvasive tool for determination of impact of the degree of the atherosclerotic plaque located in human internal carotid arteries on the values of the parameters of the pulse wave. Specifically, the applicability of the method to such arteries as brachial, common, and internal carotid was examined. The method developed is based on analysis of two characteristic parameters: the value of the mean reflection coefficient modulus Γa of the blood pressure wave and time delay Δt between the forward (travelling) and backward (reflected) blood pressure waves. The blood pressure wave was determined from ultrasound measurements of the artery’s inner (internal) diameter, using the custom made wall tracking system (WTS) operating at 6.75 MHz. Clinical data were obtained from the carotid arteries measurements of 70 human subjects. These included the control group of 30 healthy individuals along with the patients diagnosed with the stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) ranging from 20% to 99% or with the ICA occlusion. The results indicate that with increasing level of stenosis of the ICA the value of the mean reflection coefficient measured in the common carotid artery, significantly increases from Γa = 0.45 for healthy individuals to Γa = 0.61 for patients with stenosis level of 90–99%, or ICA occlusion. Similarly, the time delay Δt decreases from 52 ms to 25 ms for the respective groups. The method described holds promise that it might be clinically useful as a noninvasive tool for localization of distal severe artery narrowing, which can assist in identifying early stages of atherosclerosis especially in regions, which are inaccessible for the ultrasound probe (e.g. carotid sinus or middle cerebral artery). Słowa kluczowe: Pulse wave, Ultrasound, Vascular impedance, Stenosis Afiliacje autorów:
 25p.  
7.  Olszewski R.^{♦}, Trawiński Z., Wójcik J., Nowicki A., Mathematical and Ultrasonographic Model of the Left Ventricle:in Vitro Studies, ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 01375075, Vol.37, No.4, pp.583595, 2012 Streszczenie: The main objective of this study is to develop an echocardiographic model of the left ventricular and numerical modeling of the speckles markers tracking in the ultrasound (ultrasonographic) imaging of the left ventricle. The work is aimed at the creation of controlled and mobile environment that enables to examine the relationships between left ventricular wall deformations and visualizations of these states in the form of echocardiographic imaging and relations between the dynamically changing distributions of tissue markers of studied structures. Słowa kluczowe: left ventricle, echocardiography, speckle modeling, ultrasound phantoms, strain, strain rate Afiliacje autorów:
 15p.  
8.  Trawiński Z., Twopoint method for arterial local pulse wave velocity measurement by means of ultrasonic RF signal processing, ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 01375075, Vol.35, No.1, pp.311, 2010 Streszczenie: The aim of this paper is to describe a noninvasive method of examination of the local pulse wave velocity. The measurements were carried out in the model of the artery immersed in a water tank. Two synchronized ultrasonic apparatus VED with the ultrasonic radio frequency echoes acquisition system were used for evaluation of the arterial elasticity. The zerocrossing method was used for determination of the diameter changes of the artery model. The transit time between the waveforms of instant artery diameter was measured at two points of the artery model, separated by the distance of 5 cm. The transit time was determined using the criteria of similarity of the first derivatives of the raising slopes of the curves describing instant vessel's diameter changes. The pulse wave velocity obtained by the proposed twopoint method was compared with the results obtained by the onepoint method based on the modified BramwellHill relation. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, local pulse wave velocity, model of artery Afiliacje autorów:
 9p.  
9.  Trawiński Z., Powałowski T., Wójcik J., Gutkiewicz P., Ultrasonic noninvasive method for relative changes measurements of IMT in common carotid artery wall, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, ISSN: 05874246, DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.114.A243, Vol.114, pp.A241A246, 2008 Streszczenie: The aim of this paper is to present the new method for relative changes measurements of intimamedia thickness in the common carotid artery wall. The numerical solver was created for calculation of the fields of ultrasonic beams and scattered fields under different boundary conditions and different angles of penetration of ultrasonic beams with respect to the position of the arterial wall. The cylindrical model of the artery was changing the radius and thickness of the wall under cyclic variation of blood pressure. The presented method was verified on a pipe made of latex. The paper describes also the initial results of examinations of the intimamedia thickness. The good agreement for the angle dependence and the perpendicular ultrasonic beam displacement from the longitudinal axis of the artery segment between the numerical calculation and experimental results was obtained for different artery diameters. Afiliacje autorów:
 
10.  Trawiński Z., Wójcik J., Powałowski T., Gutkiewicz P., Ultrasonic NonInvasive Method for Relative Changes Measurements of IntimaMedia Thickness in Artery Walls, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, ISSN: 05874246, Vol.114, No.6A, pp.A243247, 2008  
11.  Wójcik J., Powałowski T., Trawiński Z., Numerical simulation and experimental results of ultrasonic waves scattering on a model of the artery, EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS, ISSN: 19516355, DOI: 10.1140/epjst/e2008005549, Vol.154, pp.249252, 2008 Streszczenie: The aim of this paper is to compare the results of the mathematical modeling and experimental results of the ultrasonic waves scattering in the inhomogeneous dissipative medium. The research was carried out for an artery model (a pipe made of a latex), with internal diameter of 5 mm and wall thickness of 1.25 mm. The numerical solver was created for calculation of the fields of ultrasonic beams and scattered fields under different boundary conditions, different angles and transversal displacement of ultrasonic beams with respect to the position of the arterial wall. The investigations employed the VED ultrasonic apparatus. The good agreement between the numerical calculation and experimental results was obtained. Słowa kluczowe: Model of the artery, scattering, numerical solver Afiliacje autorów:
 
12.  Trawiński Z., Wójcik J., Comparison of methods used for ultrasonic examinations of IMT in the wall of the carotid artery model, ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 01375075, Vol.33, No.4S, pp.2732, 2008 Streszczenie: The aim of this paper is to compare the results of examinations of the intimamedia thickness (IMT) in the wall of the carotid artery model by means of zerocrossing and correlation methods. The research was carried out on the elastic artery model (a pipe made of latex), with the internal diameter of 3, 5 and 8 mm and the wall thickness of 0.75, 1.25 and 2 mm. A numerical solver was created for the purpose of calculating the fields of ultrasonic beams and scattered fields under different boundary conditions, different angles and transversal displacements of ultrasonic beams in respect of the position of the arterial wall. A VED ultrasonic apparatus was used during the investigations. The frequency of the transmitted ultrasound was 6.75 MHz. The numerical solver was used for the creation of ultrasonic RF reference signals. A good conformity was obtained between changing the numerical reference of the IMT and the results of determining the IMT by both the zerocrossing method and the correlation method. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, carotid artery, intimamedia thickness, numerical model Afiliacje autorów:
 
13.  Trawiński Z., New method for measure regional pulse wave velocity by means of RF ultrasonic signals, MOLECULAR AND QUANTUM ACOUSTICS. ANNUAL JOURNAL, ISSN: 02085151, Vol.29, pp.163169, 2008 Streszczenie: The aim of this paper is to describe a noninvasive method of examination of the local pulse wave velocity. The measurements were carried out in the elastic silicon model of the artery immersed in water tank. Two synchronized ultrasonic apparatus VED with the ultrasonic radio frequency echoes acquisition for evaluation of the arterial elasticity, developed by the author, were used. The zerocrossing method was used for evaluating the pulse wave by measurements of the diameter changes of the model of the artery. The transit time between the waveforms of instant artery diameter at two measurement points, 5cm along the model of the artery was measured. The transit time was determined using the criteria of similarity of the first derivatives of the raising slopes of curves describing the instant vessel’s diameter changes in two measurement points of the model of the artery. The pulse wave velocity obtained by proposed twopoint method was referred to the onepoint method based of the modified BramwellHill relation. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, local pulse wave velocity, model of artery Afiliacje autorów:
 
14.  Trawiński Z., Ultrasonic method for relative changes of intimamedia thickness measurements in common carotid artery, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 16421817, Vol.11, pp.411418, 2008 Streszczenie: This paper presents results of examinations of the intimamedia thickness (IMT) in human common carotid arteries. Ultrasonic examinations were carried out on healthy volunteers with the use of the apparatus Vascular Echo Doppler (VED), designed in IFTRPAS to measure the elasticity of arteries. Application of the PDA14 PCcard (Signatec) allowed for the acquisition of ultrasonic RF signal from the output of the apparatus VED and for further analysis of dynamic changes of the IMT during a heart cycle. Changing of the IMT in time as a difference between the instantaneous position of the two tracking slopes of RF echoes was obtained. For this purpose the zerocrossing method, for tracking phase changes of two characteristic rising slopes of the RF ultrasonic echo, was used. Afiliacje autorów:
 
15.  Wójcik J., Trawiński Z., Powałowski T., Comparison of experimental results and numerical calculations of ultrasonic waves scattering on a model of the artery, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 16421817, Vol.11, pp.449458, 2008 Streszczenie: The aim of this paper is to compare the results of the mathematical modeling and experimental results of the ultrasonic waves scattering in the inhomogeneous dissipative medium. The research was carried out for an artery model (a pipe made of a latex), with internal diameter of 3, 5 and 8 mm and wall thickness of 0.75, 1.25 and 2 mm. The numerical solver was created for calculation of the fields of ultrasonic beams and scattered fields under different boundary conditions, different angles and transversal displacement of ultrasonic beams with respect to the position of the arterial wall. The investigations employed the VED ultrasonic apparatus. The frequency of the transmitted ultrasound was 6.75 MHz. The good agreement between the numerical calculation and experimental results was obtained. The numerical solver is used for verified proposed methods for determining of the IMT in the artery walls. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, scatering, artery model, numerical calculations, eksperimental results, Comparison Afiliacje autorów:
 
16.  Powałowski T., Trawiński Z., Gutkiewicz P., Ultrasonic examinations of IMT changes in common carotid artery wall, ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 01375075, Vol.32, No.4, pp.135141, 2007 Streszczenie: The paper describes the initial results of examinations of the intimamedia thickness (IMT) in the common carotid artery wall. The examinations of the IMT enable the assessment of elastic properties of the arterial wall. Ultrasonic examinations were carried out on healthy volunteers with the use the apparatus Vascular Echo Doppler (VED), designed by the authors to measure the elasticity of arteries. Application of the PDA14 PCcard (Signatec) allowed for the acquisition of ultrasonic RF signal from the output of the apparatus VED and further analysis of dynamic changes of the IMT during a heart cycle. Changing of the IMT in time as a difference between the instantaneous position of the two tracking slopes of RF echoes was obtained. For this purpose, the zerocrossing method for tracking the phase changes of the two rising slopes of the RF ultrasonic echo was used. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, common carotid artery, elasticity, intimamedia thickness Afiliacje autorów:
 
17.  Powałowski T., Wójcik J., Trawiński Z., Modelling of examinations of artery wall thickness changes, ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 01375075, Vol.32, pp.851858, 2007 Streszczenie: The developed solver of acoustic field was used for simulation of the artery wall thickness examination. It is capable of describing spatial and timedependent distribution of an ultrasonic beam, that is emitted by a piezoelectric ring transducer and then backscattered on cylindrical surfaces of the walls in artery models. The electrical signal received corresponds closely with the actual RF signal that is obtained during measurements at the output of the ultrasonicVED apparatus. The theoretical model of the artery for creating the ultrasonic reflected echoes was used. The internal radius of the artery model was 3mm for the diastolic pressure and 3.3mm for the systolic pressure. The intima media thicknes (IMT) of the artery wall was changed from 0.48mm to 0.44mm respectively. The echoestracking solver based on the zerocrossing and correlation methods was used for detecting changes of the IMT. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, common carotid artery, elasticity, intimamedia thickness, numerical solver Afiliacje autorów:
 
18.  Wójcik J., Powałowski T., Trawiński Z., Numerical analyze and experimental results of ultrasonic waves scattering on a model of the artery, MOLECULAR AND QUANTUM ACOUSTICS. ANNUAL JOURNAL, ISSN: 02085151, Vol.28, pp.279283, 2007  
19.  Powałowski T., Wójcik J., Trawiński Z., Numerical solver of acoustic field in simulation of artery wall thickness examinations, HYDROACOUSTICS, ISSN: 16421817, Vol.10, pp.123168, 2007 Streszczenie: The aim of the study was the elaboration of a mathematical model to describe the process of acoustic wave propagation, generated by an ultrasonic probe in a inhomogenous loosing medium. Numerical calculations make it possible to define waveforms for electric signals that are generated when ultrasonic waves, being reflected and backscattered by an artery model, are then received by the ultrasonic probe. It is the signal that pretty well corresponds with the actual RF signal that is obtained during measurements at the output of anultrasonic apparatus. The developed solver of acoustic field was used for simulation of the artery wall tickness examination. The theoretical model of the atrery for the creating the simulated ultrasonic reflected echoes was used. The internal radiusof the artery model was 3mm for the diastolic pressure and and 3.3mm for the systolic pressure. The intimamedia thicknes (IMT) of the artery wall was changed from o.48 to 0.44 respectively. The solver based on zerocrossing method was used for detecting changes of the IMT. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, mathematical model, scatering, inhomogenous loosing medium, numerical simulations, intimamedia changes Afiliacje autorów:
 
20.  Trawiński Z., Powałowski T., Modeling and ultrasonic examination of common carotid artery thickness changes, ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 01375075, Vol.31, pp.2934, 2006 Streszczenie: The paper describes the initial results of numeric analysis of planestrain of a model of the human common carotid artery. The results of computer modeling were compared with the experimental data obtained by means of ultrasonic measurements of the changes in the thickness of the common carotid artery wall. The ultrasonic examination was carried out on a 34 years old healthy male using the VED apparatus designed by the authors to measure the elasticity of arteries. The numeric analysis was made by means of the finite element method (FEM) using the MARC K7 programming of the Analysis Research Corporation based on the operating system UNIX. As a model of the common carotid artery the authors used a hollow cylinder made of the isotropic, homogeneous, almost incompressible material (Poisson’s constant ν=0.4999) having the Young’s module E=159.2 kPa and the combined thickness of the internal and middle layer IMT = 0.52 mm. The modeling of planestrain concerned the effect of the change in the internal radius and the change in the cylinder wall thickness as a result of the static change of pressure inside the cylinder within the values of 0–45 mmHg. The study obtained satisfactory results in the computer simulation of the changes in the artery walls thickness. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, elasticity of the common carotid artery wall, wall thickness Afiliacje autorów:
 
21.  Wójcik J., Powałowski T., Tymkiewicz R., Lamers A.^{♦}, Trawiński Z., Scattering of ultrasonic wave on a model of the artery, ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS, ISSN: 01375075, Vol.31, pp.471479, 2006 Streszczenie: The study was aimed at elaboration of a mathematical model to describe the process of acoustic wave propagation in an inhomogeneous and absorbing medium, whereas the wave is generated by an ultrasonic probe. The modelling proces covered the phenomenon of ultrasonic wave backscattering on an elastic pipe with dimensions similar to the artery section. Later on the numerical codes were determined in order to calculate the fields of ultrasonic waves, as well as backscattered fields for various boundary conditions. Numerical calculations make it possible to definethe waveforms for electric signals that are produced when ultrasonic waves, being reflected and backsvattered by an artery model, are then received by the ultrasonic probe. It is the signalwhich pretty well corresponds with the actual RF signal that is obtained during measurements at the output of anultrasonic apparatus. Słowa kluczowe: ultrasound, backscattering, artery, numerical model Afiliacje autorów:

Prace konferencyjne
1.  Nowicki A., Gambin B., Trawiński Z., Secomski W., Szubielski M.^{♦}, Tymkiewicz R., Olszewski R., Radial Artery Reactive Response And Shear Rate Measurements Using 20 MHz System, IUS 2018, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 20181022/1025, KOBE (JP), pp.14, 2018 Streszczenie: The article attempts to select an ultrasound system to assess of endothelium dysfunctiondependent flow mediated dilation (FMD) and shear rate (SR) in radial artery after several minutes of hyperaemia. Methods: We compare the effective axial resolution and Doppler sensitivity of the standard US working below 12 MHz and high frequency (close to 20 MHz) scanning systems measuring the vessel diameter and blood flow measurements in radial arteries. FMD and FMD and SR were measured in Control group of 14 healthy volunteers, and in 13 with stable coronary artery diseases (CAD). Results: In a laboratory experiment of imaging two closely spaced food plastic foils, over three times better axial resolution was demonstrated for the 20 MHz ultrasound system in which the resolution was close to 0.1 mm. Also the sensitivity of the external single 20 MHz pulse Doppler transducer proved to be over 20 dB better (in terms of signaltonoise ratio) than the pulse Doppler incorporated into the L145 linear array. FMD in Control group was in the range of 8÷16% with mean±sd equal to 12.13 ± 2.34%; in CAD group FMD was in the range of 0.1÷7 % with mean±sd equal to 3.01±2.18% which was significantly less. FMD/SR was equal to 3.08 ± 1.34 × 10–4 in Control group and 1.01 ± 0.76 × 10–4 in CAD group with ranges equal to 1.66 ÷ 7.8× 10–4 and 0.4 ÷ 2.4× 10–4, respectively. Conclusions: Increasing scanning and Doppler mode frequency to 20 MHz improved the precision of FMD and SR measurements. Statistically significant differences between the two groups were confirmed by statistical tests for FMD and FMD/SR with pvalues < 0.05. The results obtained suggest the usefulness of the proposed ultrasonic system for measurements of FMD and SR in the radial artery to differentiate normal subjects from those with CAD. Słowa kluczowe: radial artery; shear rate; reactive hyperaemia; endothelium, pulsed Doppler Afiliacje autorów:
 
2.  Nowicki A., Trawiński Z., Gambin B., Secomski W., Szubielski M.^{♦}, Parol M.^{♦}, Olszewski R., Measurements of Flow Mediated Dilation and Shear Rate in the Radial Artery Using 20 MHz Ultrasonic System in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease., XXI Międzynarodowy Kongres Polskiego Towarzystwa Kardiologicznego, 20170921/0923, Katowice (PL), pp.1, 2017 Streszczenie: A novel highfrequency scanning system, with a 20MHz linear array transducer combined with 20MHz pulsed Doppler, was introduced to evaluate the degree of radial artery flowmediated dilation (FMD) and shear rate (SR)normalized FMD (FMD/SR) after 5 min of reactive hyperaemia. In group I, comprising 27 healthy volunteers, FMD was 15 ± 4.8%, and in group II, comprising 17 patients with coronary artery disease, FMD was significantly smaller, being equal to 4.6 ± 4%. FMD/SR was equal to 5.365 ± 4.835·104 in group I and 1.3 ± 0.89·104 in group II. Statistically significant differences between the two groups were confirmed by WilcoxonMannWhitney test for FMD and FMD/SR (pvalues < 0.01). AUCs of ROC curves for FMD and FMD/SR were greater than 0.9. The results confirm the usefulness of the proposed measurements of radial artery FMD and SR in differentiation of normal subjects from those with atherosclerotic lesions. Słowa kluczowe: flow mediated vasodilation, radial artery, shear rate, reactive hyporaemia, endothelium, pulsed Doppler, ultrasonography. Afiliacje autorów:
 
3.  Nowicki A., Secomski W., Trawiński Z., Olszewski R.^{♦}, Estimation of Radial Artery Reactive Response using 20 MHz Ultrasound., 10th EAA International Symposium on Hydroacoustics, 20160517/0516, Jastrzębia Góra (PL), No.Archives of Acoustics, v. 41, No. 2., pp.356357, 2016 Streszczenie: Preceding atherosclerosis is endothelial dysfunction. There is therefore interest in the application of noninvasive clinical tools to assess endothelial function. There are commercially available ultrasound scanners to estimate Brachial Artery Reactive Response BARR by measuring the flowmediated vasodilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery using 10–12 MHz linear array probes; however the precision in estimating of artery dilation does not exceeds 0.2 mm, far beyond the required one. We have introduced a high frequency scanning schemes; 25–35 MHz encoded (Golay) wobbling type imaging with out Doppler (uScan developed in our lab, thick film wide bandwidth transducer, 50 microns axial resolution). In the second approach we have used 20 MHz linear scanning with 20 MHz pulsed Doppler attached to the linear array. Instead of brachial artery we have examined the radial artery where Radial Artery Reactive Response RARR was measured. The radial artery FMD were normalized using AUC of shear rate at the radial artery wall. The precision of the radial artery diameter measurements is over two times better using 20 MHz US instead of 7.5 MHz used for brachial artery FMD. The measured initial internal radial artery diameter was in range of 1.59–2.35 mm, the maximum diameter 2.01–2.60 mm was observed 40 to 55 seconds after releasing the cuff. In a limited number (14) of examined young, healthy patients the FMDSR were in the range from 7.8 Słowa kluczowe: thick film transducers, atherosclerosis, flow mediated vasodilation. Afiliacje autorów:
 
4.  Nowicki A., Secomski W., Trawiński Z., Lewandowski M., Olszewski R.^{♦}, Estimation of Flow Mediated Vasodilation of the Radial Artery, IUS 2015, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 20151021/1024, Taipei (TW), DOI: 10.1109/ULTSYM.2015.0392, pp.14, 2015 Streszczenie: Preceding atherosclerosis is endothelial dysfunction. There is therefore interest in the application of noninvasive clinical tools to assess endothelial function. There are commercially available ultrasound scanners to measure flowmediated vasodilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery using 1012 MHz linear array probes, however the attainable precision in estimating the changes in artery dilation does not exceeds 0.2 mm, far beyond the required one. We have introduced a high frequency scanning schemes 2535MHz encoded (Golay) wobbling type imaging without Doppler (uScan developed in our lab, thick film wide bandwidth transducer, 50 microns axial resolution) and 20 MHz ultrasound (Ultrasonix) with 20 MHz pulsed Doppler attached to the linear array. The FMD results were normalized using AUC of shear rate at the radial artery wall. Słowa kluczowe: thickfilm transducers, flowmediated vasolidation, radial artery, shear rate Afiliacje autorów:
 15p.  
5.  Trawiński Z., Wójcik J., Nowicki A., Balcerzak A., Olszewski R.^{♦}, Frankowska E.^{♦}, Zegadło A.^{♦}, Rydzyński P.^{♦}, Evaluation of Left Ventricle Phantom by Ultrasound and Multislices Computer Tomography Imaging, FA2014, 7th FORUM ACUSTICUM 2014, 20140907/0912, Kraków (PL), No.R24_4, pp.15, 2014 Streszczenie: The main goal of this study was to verify the suitability of sonographic model of the left ventricle (LV) in Computed Tomography (CT) environment and compare radial strain calculations obtained by two different techniques: speckle tracking ultrasonography and Multislices Computed Tomography (MSCT). The Left Ventricular (LF) phantom was fabricate from 10% solution of the poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Our model of the LV was driven by the computercontrolled hydraulic piston SuperPump (Vivitro Inc., Canada) with adjustable fluid volumes. During cycle of the pump, the Stroke Volume (SV) of water was pumped into the LV phantom and returned to the pump, resulting in changing the inner and outer diameters of the phantom. The stroke volume was set at of 24ml. The fluid pressure was changed within range of 060 mmHg, and the pulse rate was equal 60 cycles/per minute. The relationships between computer controlled left ventricular wall deformations and its visualizations of the echocardiographic and CT imaging, both in the normal and pathological conditions were examined. The difference of assessment the Radial Strain between two methods was not exceeding 1.1%. Afiliacje autorów:
 
6.  Trawiński Z., Évaluation artérielle d'élasticité au moyen de traitement des signaux ultrasonores de RF, 10ème Congrès Français d'Acoustique, 20100412/0416, Lyon (FR), Vol.1, No.CD file: 000437.pdf, pp.15, 2010 Streszczenie: Les mesures ont été effectuées dans le modèle de l'artère immergée dans un réservoir d'eau. Les deux appareils ultrasonores synchronisés, appelés Vasculaire Écho Doppler (VED), développé par l'auteur, ont été employés pour l'acquisition ultrasonore d'échos de la radiofréquence (RF). L’onde pulsatile artérielle a été déterminée par la mesure ultrasonore non envahissante du diamètre interne artérielle sur la base sur la méthode de passage à zéro. La vitesse d’onde pulsatile artérielle a été déterminée par la mesure de temps de passage de l’onde d'impulsion entre deux points de mesure séparés par la distance de 5cm le long de la section du modèle de l'artère. Le temps de passage a été déterminé en utilisant les critères de la similitude de la première des dérivés des pentes augmentant des courbes décrivant les changements dans le diamètre des vaisseaux sanguins. La vitesse de vague d'impulsion obtenue par la méthode proposée de deuxpoints a été comparée aux résultats obtenus par la méthode d'unpoint basée sur la relation modifiée de BramwellHill. Afiliacje autorów:

Abstrakty konferencyjne
1.  Nowicki A., Gambin B., Trawiński Z., Secomski W., Szubielski M.^{♦}, Parol M.^{♦}, Olszewski R., Radial Artery Reactive Response And Shear Rate Measurements Using 20 MHz System, IUS 2018, IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 20181022/1025, KOBE (JP), pp.857857, 2018  
2.  Olszewski R., Szubielski M.^{♦}, Parol M.^{♦}, Gambin B., Secomski W., Trawiński Z., Nowicki A., Are radial artery flow mediation dilatation and shear rate the new imaging biomarkers in patients with stage B heart failure?, World Congress on Acute Heart Failure, 20180526/0529, Vienna (AT), DOI: 10.1002/ejhf.1197, Vol.20 (S1), pp.568, 2018  
3.  Trawinski Z., Hilgertner L.^{♦}, Examinations of the Degree of Atherosclerosis by Means of Input Vascular Impedance., OSA 2017, LXIV Open Seminar on Acoustics, 20170911/0915, Piekary Śląskie (PL), Vol.42, No.3, pp.555, 2017 Streszczenie: The input vascular impedance was determined using ultrasound continuous wave Doppler flow meter and a system for tracking arterial wall movements. The study was conducted in a control group (30 volunteers) and in four groups (10 patients in each group). Patients were grouped according to the criteria ofatherosclerotic stage, which was the degree of arterial stenosis: 20–49%, 50–69%, 70–89%, and 90–99% and occlusion, based on ultrasound or duplex tests. The results of Student’s ttest showed the statistically significance of the sparation of longitudinal resistance Ro results from the control group and sequentially four groups with a defined degree of atherosclerotic carotid artery at a 95% confidence level with significance level from p < 5.2E−3 for 20–49%  for the receiver operating curve (ROC), the area under curve (AUC) = 0.76; p < 8.6E−9 for the stenosis 5069%  for the ROC curve AUC = 0.913, p < 6.3E−9 for the stenosis 70–89% for ROC curve AUC = 0.94, to p < 8.1E−10 for stenosis above 90% and occlusion, for ROC curve AUC = 0.97. After combining data for patients with internal carotid artery stenosis from 50–89% the results of Student’s ttest showed the statistical significance of the separation of the longitudinal resistance results Ro derived from the control group and the combined group with a confidence level of 95% at significance level p < 2.8E−10, for ROC curve AUC = 0.942. Słowa kluczowe: Vascular input impedance, common carotid artery, ultrasound. Afiliacje autorów:
 
4.  Frankowska E.^{♦}, Trawiński Z., Zegadło A.^{♦}, Olszewski R.^{♦}, Nowicki A., Bogusławska R.^{♦}, Assessment of radial strain in ultrasonographic model of left ventricle using speckle tracking ultrasound technique and multislice computed tomography, ECR 2014, European Congress of Radiology, 20140306/0310, Wiedeń (AT), DOI: 10.1594/ecr2014/C0473, Vol.C0473, pp.17, 2014 Streszczenie: The aim of this study was to verify suitability of sonographic model of LV (left ventricle) in CT (computed tomography) environment and to compare in vitro radial strain calculations obtained by two different techniques: speckle tracking ultrasonography and multislice CT. Afiliacje autorów:

Patenty
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390436 20100212 BUP 17/11 20110816  Trawiński Z. Sposób pomiaru lokalnej prędkości fali tętna oraz urządzenie do realizacji tego sposobu PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN     