Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


Z.X. Li

Recent publications
1.  Chang S., Wang K., Wang B., Kopeć M., Li Z., Wang L., Liu G., Effects of rapid heating on non-equilibrium microstructure evolution and strengthening mechanisms of titanium alloy, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, ISSN: 0921-5093, DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2023.145337, No.145337, pp.1-33, 2023

In this paper, the effects of heating parameters, including temperature ranging from 900 ℃ to 1000 ℃, heating rates ranging from 2 ℃∙s-1 to 100 ℃∙s-1, and 120 s soaking on the non-equilibrium microstructure evolution of Ti-6Al-4V alloy were studied. Microstructures after heating were characterized to reveal the mechanism of non-equilibrium phase transformation. Uniaxial tensile tests at room temperature were carried out to evaluate the effects of non-equilibrium microstructure on the mechanical properties. Results show that higher heating rate and lower temperature lead to lower β phase volume fraction and finer β grains. A transition region with element gradient forms in the αp grain near the αp/β phase boundary and transfers into β phase gradually during the heating. Rapid heating could confine the movement of the transition region, and therefore reduce the α→β transition and growth of the β phase. When the Ti-6Al-4V alloy was heated to 1000 ℃ at a rate of 50 ℃/s and then quenched immediately, the tensile strength was improved by 19.5% and reached up to 1263.0 MPa with the elongation only decreasing from 13.6% to 9.6% compared with the initial material. The main strengthening mechanism is that the rapid heating in the single-phase region avoids the rapid growth of the β phase, which leads to fully fine martensite formation after water quenching.

Rapid heating,Non-equilibrium microstructure,Mechanical properties,Strengthening mechanisms

Chang S. - Harbin Institiute of Technology (CN)
Wang K. - Imperial College London (GB)
Wang B. - other affiliation
Kopeć M. - IPPT PAN
Li Z. - other affiliation
Wang L. - Imperial College London (GB)
Liu G. - Harbin Institiute of Technology (CN)
2.  Rybak D., Su Y., Li Y., Ding B., Lv X., Li Z., Yeh Y., Nakielski P., Rinoldi C., Pierini F., Dodda Jagan M., Evolution of nanostructured skin patches towards multifunctional wearable platforms for biomedical applications, NANOSCALE, ISSN: 2040-3364, DOI: 10.1039/D3NR00807J, Vol.15, No.18, pp.8044-8083, 2023

Recent advances in the field of skin patches have promoted the development of wearable and implantable bioelectronics for long-term, continuous healthcare management and targeted therapy. However, the design of electronic skin (e-skin) patches with stretchable components is still challenging and requires an in-depth understanding of the skin-attachable substrate layer, functional biomaterials and advanced self-powered electronics. In this comprehensive review, we present the evolution of skin patches from functional nanostructured materials to multi-functional and stimuli-responsive patches towards flexible substrates and emerging biomaterials for e-skin patches, including the material selection, structure design and promising applications. Stretchable sensors and self-powered e-skin patches are also discussed, ranging from electrical stimulation for clinical procedures to continuous health monitoring and integrated systems for comprehensive healthcare management. Moreover, an integrated energy harvester with bioelectronics enables the fabrication of self-powered electronic skin patches, which can effectively solve the energy supply and overcome the drawbacks induced by bulky battery-driven devices. However, to realize the full potential offered by these advancements, several challenges must be addressed for next-generation e-skin patches. Finally, future opportunities and positive outlooks are presented on the future directions of bioelectronics. It is believed that innovative material design, structure engineering, and in-depth study of fundamental principles can foster the rapid evolution of electronic skin patches, and eventually enable self-powered close-looped bioelectronic systems to benefit mankind.

Rybak D. - IPPT PAN
Su Y. - other affiliation
Li Y. - other affiliation
Ding B. - Donghua University (CN)
Lv X. - other affiliation
Li Z. - other affiliation
Yeh Y. - other affiliation
Nakielski P. - IPPT PAN
Rinoldi C. - IPPT PAN
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
Dodda Jagan M. - other affiliation
3.  Li Z.X., Mróz Z., Damage model for viscoplastic-softening behavior: cement paste and concrete, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, ISSN: 0167-8442, DOI: 10.1016/0167-8442(94)00005-0, Vol.20, No.2, pp.105-113, 1994

A viscoplastic-softening model is developed; it invokes damage accumulation depending on the viscous strain and stress rates. For deformation beyond the peak on the uniaxial stress-strain curve, the softening behavior is modelled by applying the accounting for loss in stiffness due to localized material damage by cracking. Predicted are the hardening/softening behavior of cement paste. The results for applied strain rates of 3 × 10−3, 3 × 10−2 and 3 × 10−1 s−1 agreed well with the test data. Similar success was obtained for the creep of two types of concrete under compression.

Li Z.X. - other affiliation
Mróz Z. - IPPT PAN

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