Prof. Elżbieta Kossecka, Ph.D., Dr. Habil.

Department of Intelligent Technologies (ZTI)
retiree
telephone: (+48) 22 826 12 81 ext.: 441
room: 608
e-mail: ekossec

Doctoral thesis
1969Teoria linii dyslokacji w ośrodku ciągłym 
supervisor -- Prof. Henryk Zorski, Ph.D., Dr. Habil., Eng., IPPT PAN
151 
Habilitation thesis
1974Matematyczna teoria defektów 
Professor
1994Title of professor
Supervision of doctoral theses
1.2010-11-25Walczak Tomasz  Wykorzystanie masy termicznej budynku przy sterowaniu jego systemem grzewczym638
 
2.1996Bzowska Dorota  Wpływ losowych zmian pogody na procesy wymiany ciepła w budynkach 
3.1993Starakiewicz Aleksander  Funkcjonowanie przegród kolektorowo-akumulacyjnych w polskich warunkach klimatycznych 
4.1991Kośny Jan  Teoretyczna i doświadczalna analiza efektywności przegród kolektorowo-akumulacyjnych 

Recent publications
1.Kośny J., Fallahi A., Shukla N., Kossecka E., Ahbari R., Thermal load mitigation and passive cooling in residential attics containing PCM-enhanced insulations, SOLAR ENERGY, ISSN: 0038-092X, DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2014.05.007, Vol.108, pp.164-177, 2014
Abstract:

Residential attics has the potential to be one of the most energy efficient building components by combining thermal processes of attic floor insulation, attic air space, ventilation in attics, and solar collecting roof decks. Large amounts of solar energy collected by the roofs in cooling-dominated and mixed climates generate excess cooling loads, which need to be removed from the building by the space conditioning systems. This paper investigates potential ways to improve the thermal design of the residential home attics to minimize the cooling energy consumption in the cooling-dominated and mixed climates. Dynamic thermal characteristics of thick attic floor insulations and blends of phase change materials (PCMs) with insulations are analyzed. Both approaches can provide notable reductions of thermal loads at the attic level. In addition, a significant time shift of peak-hour loads can move a major operation time for air conditioning system from the daytime peak hours to nighttime low demand hours. A reverse heat flow direction can be observed during the day in the case of really thick layers of bulk insulation or PCM-enhanced insulations, compared to the rest of the building envelope components. This effect may provide free passive cooling to the building, and can be very useful in locations of double electrical tariffs with high daytime peak-hour electric energy rates and less-expensive off-peak energy cost. In both of the above cases, an addition of PCM to the bulk insulation brings substantial performance enhancement not available for traditional insulation applications. This paper presents a short overview of dynamic material characteristics and energy performance data necessary for future dynamic applications of different configurations of the attic floor insulation and PCM-insulation blends in residential homes. A series of whole-building scale and material scale numerical simulations were performed on a single story ranch house to analyze potential energy savings and optimize location of PCM within the attic insulation.

Keywords:

Building envelopes, Attics, Thermal mass, Insulation

Affiliations:
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Fallahi A.-Paul Scherrer Institut (CH)
Shukla N.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Ahbari R.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
2.Kośny J., Kossecka E., Brzeziński A., Tleoubaev A., Yarbrough D., Dynamic thermal performance analysis of fiber insulations containing bio-based phase change materials (PCMs), ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, ISSN: 0378-7788, DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.05.021, Vol.52, pp.122-131, 2012
Abstract:

Experimental and theoretical analyses have been performed to determine dynamic thermal characteristics of fiber insulations containing microencapsulated phase change material (PCM). It was followed by a series of transient computer simulations to investigate the performance of a wood-framed wall assembly with PCM-enhanced fiber insulation in different climatic conditions. A novel lab-scale testing procedure with use of the heat flow meter apparatus (HFMA) was introduced in 2009 for the analysis of dynamic thermal characteristics of PCM-enhanced materials. Today, test data on these characteristics is necessary for whole-building simulations, energy analysis, and energy code work. The transient characteristics of PCM-enhanced products depend on the PCM content and a quality of the PCM carrier. In the past, the only existing readily-available method of thermal evaluation of PCMs utilized the differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) methodology. Unfortunately, this method required small and relatively uniform test specimens. This requirement is unrealistic in the case of many PCM-enhanced building envelope products. Small specimens are not representative of PCM-based blends, since these materials are not homogeneous. In this paper, dynamic thermal properties of materials, in which phase change processes occur, are analyzed based on a recently-upgraded dynamic experimental procedure: using the conventional HFMA. In order to theoretically analyze performance of these materials, an integral formula for the total heat flow in finite time interval, across the surface of a wall containing the phase change material, was derived. In numerical analysis of the southern-oriented wall the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data was used for the summer hot period between June 30th and July 3rd. In these simulations the following three climatic locations were used: Warsaw, Poland, Marseille, France, and Cairo, Egypt. It was found that for internal temperature of 24 °C, peak-hour heat gains were reduced by 23–37% for Marseille and 21–25% for Cairo; similar effects were observed for Warsaw.

Affiliations:
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Brzeziński A.-LaserComp (US)
Tleoubaev A.-LaserComp (US)
Yarbrough D.-R&D Services (US)
3.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Dynamic thermal performance of the frame wall with PCM-enhanced thermal insulation, ZESZYTY NAUKOWE POLITECHNIKI RZESZOWSKIEJ, SERIA: BUDOWNICTWO I INŻYNIERIA ŚRODOWISKA, ISSN: 0209-2646, Vol.57, No.4, pp.309-316, 2010
4.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Dynamiczna metoda pomiaru zawartości materiału fazowo-zmiennego w izolacji włóknistej, FIZYKA BUDOWLI W TEORII I PRAKTYCE, ISSN: 1734-4891, Vol.4, pp.109-112, 2009
5.Kossecka E., Instalacje fotowoltaiczne w hotelowym budynku energooszczędnym, Czasopismo Techniczne. Budownictwo, ISSN: 1897-628X, Vol.106, No.5, pp.121-129, 2009
6.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Hot box testing of building envelope assemblies, a simplified procedure for estimation of minimum time of the test, JOURNAL OF TESTING AND EVALUATION, ISSN: 0090-3973, Vol.36, No.3, pp.242-249, 2008
7.Kossecka E., Ocena wydajności instalacji fotowoltaicznych w Centrum Badawczym Jabłonna, ZESZYTY NAUKOWE POLITECHNIKI RZESZOWSKIEJ, SERIA: BUDOWNICTWO I INŻYNIERIA ŚRODOWISKA, ISSN: 0209-2646, Vol.252, No.47, pp.217-224, 2008
8.Kossecka E., The effect of structure and thickness on periodic thermal capacity of building components, ARCHIVES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1230-2945, Vol.LIII, No.3, pp.527-539, 2007
Abstract:

Thermal capacity of building partitions and their internal thermal structure, that is location of materials of different thermal conductivity, density and specific heat, have an influence on dynamics of the heat transfer processes, caused by external and internal thermal excitations. Dynamic thermal characteristics of building components, which determine the periodic heat transfer processes, are admittances, transmittances and periodic thermal capacities. In this paper, properties of the periodic heat capacity of interior and exterior building partitions are examined: its dependence on structure, thickness of masonry layers, surface film resistances and period of temperature variations, and also its asymptotic values for high thickness and low frequency. For wall assemblies composed of lightweight materials, and also for massive walls of very low thickness, approximate proportionality takes place. For heavy structures, the dependence becomes curvilinear, and for very thick walls tends to the constant value, attaining maximum for a comparatively low thickness which is approximately twice the periodic penetration depth. For exterior walls, dependence on the thermal mass factor, and also on thickness of the interior massive layer, has a similar character. Maximum periodic heat capacity for walls with insulation outside appears for thickness of the masonry layer of only 10 – 12 cm, which is approximately value of the periodic penetration depth.

Keywords:

heat transfer, building walls, dynamic thermal characteristics, frequency response, periodic heat capacity

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
9.Kossecka E., Walczak T., Wydajność instalacji fotowoltaicznych w warunkach klimatu Polski, FIZYKA BUDOWLI W TEORII I PRAKTYCE, ISSN: 1734-4891, Vol.II, pp.141-146, 2007
10.Kossecka E., Walczak T., Szacowanie wydajności hybrydowej instalacji solarno-wiatrowej dla domu jednorodzinnego w warunkach klimatu Polski, ZESZYTY NAUKOWE POLITECHNIKI RZESZOWSKIEJ, SERIA: BUDOWNICTWO I INŻYNIERIA ŚRODOWISKA, ISSN: 0209-2646, Vol.229, pp.277-282, 2006
11.Kossecka E., Wpływ struktury przegród budowlanych na ich periodyczną pojemność cieplną, Czasopismo Techniczne. Mechanika, ISSN: 0011-4561, Vol.103, pp.373-380, 2006
12.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Three-dimensional conduction z-transfer function coefficients determined from the response factors, ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, ISSN: 0378-7788, DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2004.06.026, Vol.37, No.4, pp.301-310, 2005
Abstract:

A method of derivation of the conduction z-transfer function coefficients from response factors, for three-dimensional wall assemblies, is described. Results of the conduction z-transfer function coefficients calculations are presented for clear walls and separated details which are listed in ASHRAE research project 1145-TRP: ‘‘Modeling Two- and Three-Dimensional Heat Transfer Through Composite Wall and Roof Assemblies in Hourly Energy Simulation Programs’’. Resistances, three-dimensional response factors and so-called structure factors, have been computed using the finite-difference computer code HEATING 7.2. The z-transfer function coefficients were then derived from a set of linear equations, constituting relationships with the response factors, which were solved using the minimum-error procedure. Test simulations show perfect compatibility of the heat flux calculated using three-dimensional response factors and three-dimensional ztransfer function coefficients, derived from the response factors.

Keywords:

Heat transfer, Thermal response, z-transfer function, Simulation, Building envelope

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
13.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Correlations between time constants and structure factors of building walls, ARCHIVES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1230-2945, Vol.I, No.1, pp.175-188, 2004
Abstract:

Two methods are proposed of the wall specimen time constant estimation, for the hot box apparatus testing. Directions of the American standard ASTM C 1363-97 are discussed. First method assumes numerical calculation of the response factors and deriving time constant from their ratios. The second one makes use of the approximate relation between the time constant and the product of resistance, capacity and the structure factor. Correlations between time constants and structure factors are examined.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
14.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Z-transfer function coefficients for simulation of three-dimensional heat transfer in building walls, ARCHIVES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1230-2945, Vol.XLIX, No.4, pp.545-558, 2003
Abstract:

A method of derivation of the conduction z-transfer function coefficients from response factors, for three-dimensional wall assemblies, is described.Results of the conduction z-transfer function coefficients calculations are presented for clear walls and separated details which are listed in ASHRAE research project 1145-TRP: “Modeling Two- and Three-Dimensional Heat Transfer Through Composite Wall and Roof Assemblies in Hourly Energy Simulation Programs”. Resistances, three-dimensional response factors and so-called structure factors, have been computed using the finite-difference computer code HEATING 7.2. The z-transfer function coefficients were then derived from a set of linear equations, constituting relationships with the response factors, which were solved using the minimum-error procedure.Test simulations show perfect compatibility of the heat flux calculated using three-dimensional response factors and three-dimensional z-transfer function coefficients, derived from the response factors.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
15.Kossecka E., Chochowski A., Czekalski D., Analysis of estimated and measured solar radiation on a tilted surface, ARCHIVES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1230-2945, Vol.49, No.4, pp.531-544, 2003
Abstract:

Results of the twelve years measurements carried on at SGGW, of solar radiation on tilted surface oriented south, with tilt angle equal to minimum zenith angle, were analysed. Monthly values of the measured radiation were compared with those predicted using solar data of the Typical Meteorological Year for Warsaw, for three different models of the sky diffuse radiation. Anisotropic models predict higher values of radiation on a tilted surface as compared with the isotropic model, however for summer months differences are only 1-2%.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Chochowski A.-other affiliation
Czekalski D.-other affiliation
16.Kossecka E., Chochowski A., Czekalski D., Comparison of measured at SGGW station and calculated solar radiation on a tilted surface, ARCHIVES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1230-2945, Vol.49, No.2, pp.241-251, 2003
Abstract:

Results of the twelve years measurements carried on at SGGW, of solar radiation on tilted surface oriented south, with tilt angle equal to minimum zenith angle, are presented. Test calculations were performed, to compare results obtained with the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management hourly data for the station Warsaw - Bielany, using the isotropic model of diffuse radiation, with the SGGW measurement results. In general, good agreement is to be observed between calculated and measured daily radiation, and sunny day hourly radiation.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Chochowski A.-other affiliation
Czekalski D.-other affiliation
17.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Influence of insulation configuration on heating and cooling loads in a continuously used building, ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, ISSN: 0378-7788, Vol.34, pp.321-331, 2002
Abstract:

This paper is focused on the energy performance of buildings containing massive exterior building envelope components. The effect of mass and insulation location on heating and cooling loads is analyzed for six characteristic wall configurations. Correlations between structural and dynamic thermal characteristics of walls are discussed. A simple one-room model of a building exposed to periodic temperature changes is analyzed to illustrate the effect of material configuration on the ability of a wall to dampen interior temperature swings. Whole-building dynamic modeling using DOE-2.1E is employed for the energy analysis of a one-story residential building with various exterior wall configurations for six different US climates. The best thermal performance is obtained when massive material layers are located at the inner side and directly exposed to the interior space. # 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords:

Building heat transfer, Structure factors, Frequency response, Thermal stability, Dynamic thermal performance

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
18.Kośny J., Kossecka E., Multi-dimensional heat transfer through complex building envelope assemblies in hourly energy simulation programs, ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, ISSN: 0378-7788, DOI: 10.1016/S0378-7788(01)00122-0, Vol.34, pp.445-454, 2002
Abstract:

In most whole building thermal modeling computer programs like DOE-2, BLAST, or ENERGY PLUS simplified, one-dimensional, parallel path, descriptions of building envelope are used. For several structural and material configurations of building envelope components containing high thermal mass and/or two- and three-dimensional thermal bridges, one-dimensional analysis may generate serious errors in building loads estimation. The method of coupling three-dimensional heat transfer modeling and dynamic hot-box tests for complex wall systems with the whole building thermal simulations is presented in this paper. This procedure can increase the accuracy of the whole building thermal modeling.
Current thermal modeling and calculation procedures tend to overestimate the actual field thermal performance of today’s popular building envelope designs, which utilize modern building technologies (sometimes highly conductive structural materials) and feature large fenestration areas and floor plans with many exterior wall corners. Some widely used computer codes were calibrated using field data obtained from light weight wood frame buildings. The same codes are used now for thermal modeling of high mass buildings with significant heat accumulation effects. Also, the effects of extensive thermal shorts on the whole building thermal performance is not accurately reflected by the commonly used one-dimensional energy simulations that are the current bases for building envelopes and systems designing.

Keywords:

Thermal modeling, Thermal bridges, Hourly energy simulation programs

Affiliations:
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Kossecka E.-other affiliation
19.Kossecka E., Correlations Between Structure Dependent and Dynamic Thermal Characteristics of Building Walls, Journal of Thermal Envelope and Building Science , ISSN: 1097-1963, Vol.22, pp.315-333, 1999
Abstract:

The effect of the internal thermal structure of building walls and roofs on their frequency responses, of period of 24 h, is examined. The notion of the thermal structure factors of a wall is introduced. Correlation between the fre quency dependent and structure dependent thermal characteristics is analyzed for the representative sets of building walls and roofs from ASHRAE Handbook 1989: Fundamentals. Most evident is the correlation between the decrement factor and the structure dependent time constant, between the admittance response amplitude and the appropriate thermal mass factor, and between the time lag and its estimated value, and also thickness of a wall.

Keywords:

heat transfer, thermal structure, structure factors, frequency re sponse

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
20.Kossecka E., Method of Averages to Determine Insulation Conductivity under Transient Conditions, Journal of Thermal Envelope and Building Science , ISSN: 1097-1963, Vol.23, pp.145-158, 1999
Abstract:

A simple method of data analysis, called the averaging technique, is presented which may be useful in long-term field measurements of temperature dependent thermal conductivity of insulating materials, is presented. Its mathematical basis is the integral statement, which follows from the heat conduction equation. For linear dependence of conductivity on temperature, on neglecting capacity terms, it yields simple algorithms to determine thermal conductivity in transient heat flow, for the weighted average temperature, when the heat flux and surface temperatures are measured simultaneously, and also when the heat flux comparator method is employed. The problem of proper control of the temperature inside the exposure test box, in order to minimize the error due to neglecting capacity terms, is discussed.

Keywords:

temperature dependent conductivity, nonlinear heat conduction, Kirchoff’s potential, field measurements, heat comparator method, method of averages

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
21.Kossecka E., Kosny J., Equivalent wall as a dynamic model of a complex thermal structure, Journal of Thermal Insulation and Building Envelopes, ISSN: 1065-2744, Vol.20, pp.249-268, 1997
Abstract:

The idea of the thermally equivalent wall, the plane mul tilayer structure of dynamic characteristics similar to those for complex structure, in which three-dimensional heat flow occurs, is presented. The notion of structure factors is introduced and the conditions they impose on response factors are derived. Examples of complex structures are analyzed. For the same examples, thermally equivalent walls were generated. Response factors for the nominal complex structures were compared with the response factors for equivalent walls. The good accuracy in reproducing the response factors indicates that the thermally equivalent wall may be used as a sub stitute of a wall with thermal bridges in building design energy simulations

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Kosny J.-Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US)
22.Kossecka E., The effect of structure on dynamic thermal characteristics of multilayer walls, ARCHIVES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, ISSN: 1230-2945, Vol.XLII, No.3, pp.351-369, 1996
Abstract:

The effect of internal thermal structure on dynamic characteristics of multilayer walls is analyzed. Mathematical basis constitute the integral formulae for the heat flow across the surfaces of the wall. The notion of structure factors is introduced and the conditions they impose on response factors are derived, using the Laplace transform method. Simple examples of walls, representing different types of thermal resistance and capacity distribution, are analyzed to illustrate general relations between the structure factors and the response factors.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
23.Bzowska D., Chyrczakowski S., Dzieniszewski W., Jędrzejuk H., Kossecka E., Laskowski L., Mołdach J., Podstawy modelowania procesów cieplno-wilgotnościowych w budynkach, Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.15, pp.1-153, 1994
24.Bzowska D., Kossecka E., Analiza promieniowania słonecznego w Warszawie w aspekcie energetyki słonecznej, Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.4, pp.1-49, 1993
25.Bzowska D., Kossecka E., Analiza probabilistyczna dobowych danych pogodowych dla Warszawy, Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.10, pp.1-57, 1992
26.Kossecka E., Łoskot K., Prętczyński Z., Skrócony testowy sezon grzewczy (STSG), Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.12, pp.1-28, 1992
27.Kossecka E., Formulation of the brittle fracture criterion for three-dimensional problems, ARCHIVES OF MECHANICS, ISSN: 0373-2029, Vol.38, No.1-2, pp.143-150, 1986
Abstract:

The clarck propagation in three dimensions is considered. The fracture criterion takes into account the energy balance and the clarck geometry at the same time. For the preferred fracture process, the ratio of the corresponding energy release rate and the magnitude of a newly-created crack surface reaches the maximum.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
28.Kossecka E., de Wit R., Disclination dynamics, ARCHIVES OF MECHANICS, ISSN: 0373-2029, Vol.29, No.6, pp.749-767, 1977
29.Kossecka E., deWit R., Disclination kinematics, ARCHIVES OF MECHANICS, ISSN: 0373-2029, Vol.29, No.5, pp.633-651, 1977
Abstract:

A Mathematical theory of moving disclinations is developed. Kinematics is derived for a continuous distribution of disclinations and disiocations as well sa for moving discrete disclination and dislocation lines. the concept of the plastic velocity is used to give the theory a symmetrical form. The new concepts of disclination and dislocation loop currents are introduced. The relation between the disclination theory and the incompatibility theory is given.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
deWit R.-Institute for Materials Research (US)
30.Kossecka E., Mathematical theory of defects, Part II-Dynamics, ARCHIVES OF MECHANICS, ISSN: 0373-2029, Vol.27, No.1, pp.79-92, 1975
Abstract:

The basic formulations of the dynamic theory of defects in the infinite, homogeneous, linearly - elastic coninuum are discussed. The relations between the theory of surface defects in the displacement description and the theory of the medium with defects represented by the incompatible deformation and velocity fields are demonstrated. The dynamic incompatibility problem is examined.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
31.Kossecka E., Mathematical theory of defects, Part I-Statics, ARCHIVES OF MECHANICS, ISSN: 0373-2029, Vol.26, No.6, pp.995-1010, 1974
Abstract:

The basic formulation of the theory of defects in the infinite, lineaarly elastic coninuum are discussed. The point of departure is the displacement desciption and the theory of surface defects, witch are represented by the elastic potentials of a double layer. The corresponding to it total distortion filed splits up into its regular part, called elastics and singular part, called plastic or initial. The elastic stress filed satisfies equilibrium equation σik3k=0, witch is the point of departure for the theory of initial deformations. Next we discuss the theory of dislocations, formulated with the help of elastic distortion filrd and the theory of disclinations formulated with the help of elastic bend-twis tensor. The transition to the general incompatibility problem is demonstrated together with the solution for an arbitrary anisotropy of the medium.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
32.Kossecka E., Matematyczna teoria defektów (Praca habilitacyjna), Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.34, pp.1-57, 1974

List of recent monographs
1.
111
Kossecka E., Gawin D., inni, Program komputerowy WUFI i jego zastosowanie w analizach cieplno-wilgotnościowych przegród budowlanych, Wyd. Politechniki Łódzkiej, Łódź, Gawin D., Kossecka E. (Red.), pp.1-160, 2007
List of chapters in recent monographs
1.
12
Kośny J., Kossecka E., Yarbrough D., Thermal Conductivity 30 / Thermal Expansion 80 Joint Conferences, rozdział: Use of a Heat Flow Meter to Determine Active PCM Content in an Insulation, DEStech Publications, Inc., Daniela S. Gaal, Peter S. Gaal (Eds.), pp.642-650, 2010
2.
189
Kossecka E., Renewable energy: innovative technologies and new ideas, rozdział: Performance analysis of the PV system and wind turbine in the Research Centre Jabłonna, Warsaw University of Technology (Warsaw), Chwieduk D., Domański R., Jaworski M. (Eds.), pp.233-240, 2008
3.
223
Walczak T., Kossecka E., Fizyka budowli w teorii i praktyce, rozdział: Hybrydowa instalacja solarno - wiatrowa dla energooszczędnego domu jednorodzinnego, Politechnika Łódzka (Łódź), Kubik J. (Ed.), I, pp.338-345, 2005

Conference papers
1.Urban B., Engelmann P., Kossecka E., Kosny J., Arranging Insulation for Better Thermal Resistance in Concrete and Masonry Wall Systems, 9th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics – NBS 2011, 2011-05-29/06-02, Tampere (FI), No.3, pp.1-9, 2011
Abstract:

This paper investigates how the spatial arrangement of thermal insulation influences the overall thermal resistance of concrete and masonry wall systems. Multi-dimensional finite difference modeling was used for this purpose. Concrete masonry units (CMUs) are commercially produced in various geometries and with different weight concretes. Although insulation inserts can increase a CMUs thermal performance, thermal bridging through the solid webbing of the CMUs can greatly reduce the effectiveness of the integrated insulation. Different commercially available CMU geometries and concrete weights were investigated using finite difference modeling to show the impact on overall CMU R-value and to determine the thermal efficiency of the insulation inserts.

Keywords:

thermal insulation, building envelope, masonry, concrete, thermal performance

Affiliations:
Urban B.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Engelmann P.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Kosny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
2.Kossecka E., Kośny J., Thermal balance of a wall with PCM-enhanced thermal insulation, CESBP 2010, 1st Central European Symposium on Building Physics, 2010-09-13/09-15, Kraków (PL), pp.265-271, 2010
Abstract:

PCM–insulation mixtures functionas light weight thermal mass components.It is expected that these types of dynamic insulation systems will contribute to the objective of reducing energy use in buildings. In this paper, dynamic thermal properties of a material in which phase change occurs are analyzed, using the temperature-dependent specific heat model. Integral formula for the total heat flow in finite time interval, across the surface of a slab of the phase change material was derived. Simulations have been performed to analyze heat transfer through a light-weight wall assembly with PCM-enhanced insulation, in different external climate thermal conditions. Results of simulations indicate that for cyclic processes, the effect of PCM in an insulation layer results in time shifting of the heat flux maxima and not in reduction of the total heat flow. The heat gains maxima, resulting in high cooling loads, are shifted in time by about two hours and reduced upto 22% for not very high external sol-air temperatures.

Affiliations:
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
3.Kośny J., Yarbrough D., Miller W., Shrestha S., Kossecka E., Lee E., Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Building Envelopes Containing Blown Fiberglass Insulation Thermally Enhanced with Phase Change Material (PCM), CESBP 2010, 1st Central European Symposium on Building Physics, 2010-09-13/09-15, Kraków (PL), pp.272-278, 2010
Abstract:

Different types of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) have been tested as dynamic components in buildings for at least 4 decades. Most of historical studies have found that PCMs enhance building energy performance. The PCMs store energy and alter the temperature gradient through the insulated cavity because they remain at a nearly constant temperature during the melting and solidifying stages. The use of organic PCMs to enhance the performance of thermal insulation in the building envelope was studied at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory during 2000 – 2009. PCMs reduce heat flow across an insulated region by absorbing and desorbing heat (charging and discharging) in response to ambient temperature cycles. The amount of heat that can be stored in PCMs is directly related to the heat of fusion of the material, which is between 116 J/g to 163 J/g (or 50 to 70 Btu/lb) for the most - popular micro encapsulated paraffinic PCMs, or fatty acid materials used in this research. This paper presents experimental and numerical results from the long-term thermal performance study focused on blown fiber glass insulation modified with a novel spray-applied micro encapsulated PCM. Experimental results are reported for both laboratory - scale and full - size building elements tested in the field. Test work was followed by detailed whole building Energy Plus simulations in order to generate energy performance data for different US climates.

Affiliations:
Kośny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Yarbrough D.-R&D Services (US)
Miller W.-Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US)
Shrestha S.-Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US)
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN
Lee E.-Oklahoma State University (US)

Conference abstracts
1.Kosny J., Curcija Ch., Fontanini A., Kossecka E., A New Approach for Analysis of Complex Building Envelopes in Whole Building Energy Simulations, Buildings XIII - Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelope of Whole Buildings Conference, 2016-09-04/09-08, Clearwater Beach, FL (US), pp.1-26, 2016
Abstract:

The ability for reduction of whole-building energy consumption depends, in large scales, from correct predictions of building thermal loads with the building’s envelope characteristics being one of the most important factors. Since most of today’s building envelopes are complex three-dimensional networks of structural, insulation, and finish materials, the potential for correct predictions of their thermal performance depends on availability of acceptable, scientifically valid, consensus procedures for accurately implementing a building’s envelope thermal characteristics into whole-building energy simulation programs.
This paper is discusses a joint LBNL and Fraunhofer CSE project, focused on the upgrade of the already existing THERM program and its integration with EnergyPlus, a whole-building energy simulation tool. It is expected that these two programs, combined together, will eliminate typical analytical limitations of most of existing whole building energy tools, capable to simulate only simplified one-dimensional envelopes. The main research challenge is the design of an easy to implement upgrade of the THERM numerical tool to allow analysis of complex building envelope structures. The new version of THERM needs to be able to modify thermal characteristics of the complex three-dimensional (3-D) wall assemblies, in a way to enable their use in whole building energy simulation programs. It will be achieved through an application of the unique theoretical procedure, which will allow a generation of the simplified one-dimensional (1-D) wall geometry and material characteristics to fully and accuratly capture the dynamic effects of thermal bridges.
At this stage of the project, the research team focuses on development of theoretical bases for necessary changes in the THERM framework. This paper explains the theoretical methodology which is used and presents some results from the series of steady-state and dynamic heat transfer simulations performed on building envelopes architectural components, to illustrate the accuracy limitations associated with thermal calculation methods recommended by building energy codes worldwide.

Affiliations:
Kosny J.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Curcija Ch.-Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LBNL (US)
Fontanini A.-Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE (US)
Kossecka E.-IPPT PAN