1. |
Kondra T.^{♦}, Ray G.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Coherence Manipulation in Asymmetry and Thermodynamics,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.132.200201, Vol.132, pp.200201-1-200201-6, 2024Abstract: In the classical regime, thermodynamic state transformations are governed by the free energy. This is also called as the second law of thermodynamics. Previous works showed that, access to a catalytic system allows us to restore the second law in the quantum regime when we ignore coherence. However, in the quantum regime, coherence and free energy are two independent resources. Therefore, coherence places additional nontrivial restrictions on the state transformations that remain elusive. In order to close this gap, we isolate and study the nature of coherence, i.e., we assume access to a source of free energy. We show that allowing catalysis along with a source of free energy allows us to amplify any quantum coherence present in the quantum state arbitrarily. Additionally, any correlations between the system and the catalyst can be suppressed arbitrarily. Therefore, our results provide a key step in formulating a fully general law of quantum thermodynamics. Affiliations:
Kondra T. | - | other affiliation | Ray G. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
2. |
Chandan D.^{♦}, Tulja Varun K.^{♦}, Miller M.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Entanglement catalysis for quantum states and noisy channels,
Quantum 8, ISSN: 2521-327X, DOI: 10.22331/q-2024-03-20-1290, Vol.8, pp.1-20, 2024Abstract: Many applications of the emerging quantum technologies, such as quantum teleportation and quantum key distribution, require singlets, maximally entangled states of two quantum bits. It is thus of utmost importance to develop optimal procedures for establishing singlets between remote parties. As has been shown very recently, singlets can be obtained from other quantum states by using a quantum catalyst, an entangled quantum system which is not changed in the procedure. In this work we take this idea further, investigating properties of entanglement catalysis and its role for quantum communication. For transformations between bipartite pure states, we prove the existence of a universal catalyst, which can enable all possible transformations in this setup. We demonstrate the advantage of catalysis in asymptotic settings, going beyond the typical assumption of independent and identically distributed systems. We further develop methods to estimate the number of singlets which can be established via a noisy quantum channel when assisted by entangled catalysts. For various types of quantum channels our results lead to optimal protocols, allowing to establish the maximal number of singlets with a single use of the channel. Affiliations:
Chandan D. | - | other affiliation | Tulja Varun K. | - | other affiliation | Miller M. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
3. |
Naseri M.^{♦}, Macchiavello C.^{♦}, Bruß D.^{♦}, Horodecki P.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Quantum speed limits for change of basis,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/ad25a5, Vol.26, pp.023052-023052, 2024 | |
4. |
Ludovico L.^{♦}, Regula B.^{♦}, Streltsov A., No-go theorem for entanglement distillation using catalysis,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.109.L050401, Vol.109, pp.L050401-1-L050401-6, 2024Abstract: The use of ancillary quantum systems known as catalysts is known to be able to enhance the capabilities of entanglement transformations under local operations and classical communication. However, the limits of these advantages have not been determined and in particular it is not known if such assistance can overcome the known restrictions on asymptotic transformation rates—notably the existence of bound entangled (undistillable) states. Here we establish a general limitation on entanglement catalysis: we show that catalytic transformations can never allow for the distillation of entanglement from a bound entangled state with positive partial transpose, even if the catalyst may become correlated with the system of interest and even under permissive choices of free operations. This precludes the possibility that catalysis may make entanglement theory asymptotically reversible. Our methods are based on asymptotic bounds for the distillable entanglement and entanglement cost assisted by correlated catalysts. Affiliations:
Ludovico L. | - | other affiliation | Regula B. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
5. |
Halder S.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Banik M.^{♦}, Identifying the value of a random variable unambiguously: Quantum versus classical approaches ,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.109.052608, Vol.109, pp.052608-1-052608-11, 2024Abstract: Quantum resources may provide an advantage over their classical counterparts. Theoretically, in certain tasks, this advantage can be very high. In this work, we construct such a task based on a game, mediated by the Referee and played between Alice and Bob. The Referee sends Alice a value of a random variable. At the same time, the Referee also sends Bob some partial information regarding that value. Here partial information can be defined in the following way. Bob gets the information of a random set that must contain the value of the variable, which is sent to Alice by the Referee, along with other value(s). Alice is not allowed to know what information is sent to Bob by the Referee. Again, Bob does not know which value of the random variable is sent to Alice. Now, the game can be won if and only if Bob can unambiguously identify the value of the variable that is sent to Alice, with some nonzero probability, no matter what information Bob receives or which value is sent to Alice. However, to help Bob, Alice sends some limited amount of information to him, based on any strategy that is fixed by Alice and Bob before the game begins. We show that if Alice sends a limited amount of classical information, then the game cannot be won, while the quantum analog of the “limited amount of classical information” is sufficient for winning the game. Thus, it establishes a quantum advantage. We further analyze several variants of the game and provide certain bounds on the success probabilities. Moreover, we establish connections between the trine ensemble, mutually unbiased bases, and the encoding-decoding strategies of those variants. We also discuss the role of quantum coherence in the present context. Affiliations:
Halder S. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Banik M. | - | other affiliation |
| |
6. |
Miller M.^{♦}, Scalici M.^{♦}, Fellous-Asiani M.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Power of noisy quantum states and the advantage of resource dilution,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.109.022404, Vol.109, pp.022404-1-022404-13, 2024Abstract: Entanglement distillation allows to convert noisy quantum states into singlets, which can, in turn, be used for various quantum technological tasks, such as quantum teleportation and quantum key distribution. Entanglement dilution is the inverse process: singlets are converted into quantum states with less entanglement. While the usefulness of distillation is apparent, practical applications of entanglement dilution are less obvious. Here, we show that entanglement dilution can increase the resilience of shared quantum states to local noise. The increased resilience is observed even if diluting singlets into states with arbitrarily little entanglement. We extend our analysis to other quantum resource theories, such as quantum coherence, quantum thermodynamics, and purity. For these resource theories, we demonstrate that diluting pure quantum states into noisy ones can be advantageous for protecting the system from noise. Our results demonstrate the usefulness of quantum resource dilution, and provide a rare example for an advantage of noisy quantum states over pure states in quantum information processing. Affiliations:
Miller M. | - | other affiliation | Scalici M. | - | other affiliation | Fellous-Asiani M. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
7. |
Miller M.^{♦}, Scalici M.^{♦}, Fellous-Asiani M.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Power of noisy quantum states and the advantage of resource dilution,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, Vol.109, pp.022404-022404, 2024 | |
8. |
Wu K.^{♦}, Kondra T.^{♦}, Scandolo C.^{♦}, Swapan R.^{♦}, Xiang G.^{♦}, Li C.^{♦}, Guo G.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Resource theory of imaginarity in distributed scenarios,
Communications Physics, ISSN: 2399-3650, DOI: 10.1038/s42005-024-01649-y, Vol.7, No.171, pp.1-9, 2024Abstract: The resource theory of imaginarity studies the operational value of imaginary parts in quantum states, operations, and measurements. Here we introduce and study the distillation and conversion of imaginarity in distributed scenario. This arises naturally in bipartite systems where both parties work together to generate the maximum possible imaginarity on one of the subsystems. We give exact solutions to this problem for general qubit states and pure states of arbitrary dimension. We present a scenario that demonstrates the operational advantage of imaginarity: the discrimination of quantum channels without the aid of an ancillary system. We then link this scenario to local operations and classical communications(LOCC) discrimination of bipartite states. We experimentally demonstrate the relevant assisted distillation protocol, and show the usefulness of imaginarity in the aforementioned two tasks. Affiliations:
Wu K. | - | other affiliation | Kondra T. | - | other affiliation | Scandolo C. | - | other affiliation | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Xiang G. | - | other affiliation | Li C. | - | other affiliation | Guo G. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
9. |
Chandan D.^{♦}, Ray G.^{♦}, Tulja Varun K.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Is There a Finite Complete Set of Monotones in Any Quantum Resource Theory?,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.240204, Vol.130, pp.240204-1 -240204-6, 2023Abstract: Entanglement quantification aims to assess the value of quantum states for quantum information processing tasks. A closely related problem is state convertibility, asking whether two remote parties can convert a shared quantum state into another one without exchanging quantum particles. Here, we explore this connection for quantum entanglement and for general quantum resource theories. For any quantum resource theory which contains resource-free pure states, we show that there does not exist a finite set of resource monotones which completely determines all state transformations. We discuss how these limitations can be surpassed, if discontinuous or infinite sets of monotones are considered, or by using quantum catalysis. We also discuss the structure of theories which are described by a single resource monotone and show equivalence with totally ordered resource theories. These are theories where a free transformation exists for any pair of quantum states. We show that totally ordered theories allow for free transformations between all pure states. For single-qubit systems, we provide a full characterization of state transformations for any totally ordered resource theory. Affiliations:
Chandan D. | - | other affiliation | Ray G. | - | other affiliation | Tulja Varun K. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation |
| |
10. |
Tulja Varun K.^{♦}, Chandan D.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Real quantum operations and state transformations,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/acf9c4, Vol.25, pp.1-14, 2023Abstract: Resource theory of imaginarity provides a useful framework to understand the role of complex numbers, which are essential in the formulation of quantum mechanics, in a mathematically rigorous way. In the first part of this article, we study the properties of 'real' (quantum) operations both in single-party and bipartite settings. As a consequence, we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for state transformations under real operations and show the existence of 'real entanglement' monotones. In the second part of this article, we focus on the problem of single copy state transformation via real quantum operations. When starting from pure initial states, we completely solve this problem by finding an analytical expression for the optimal fidelity of transformation, for a given probability of transformation and vice versa. Moreover, for state transformations involving arbitrary initial states and pure final states, we provide a semidefinite program to compute the optimal achievable fidelity, for a given probability of transformation. Keywords: resource theory of imaginarity, real quantum operations, stochastic approximate state conversion Affiliations:
Tulja Varun K. | - | other affiliation | Chandan D. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation |
| |
11. |
Francesco A.^{♦}, Mazelanik M.^{♦}, Lipka M.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Parniak M.^{♦}, Demkowicz-Dobrzański R.^{♦}, Quantum Asymmetry and Noisy Multimode Interferometry,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.240504, Vol.128, pp.1-6, 2022Abstract: Quantum asymmetry is a physical resource that coincides with the amount of coherence between the eigenspaces of a generator responsible for phase encoding in interferometric experiments. We highlight an apparently counterintuitive behavior that the asymmetry may increase as a result of a decrease of coherence inside a degenerate subspace. We intuitively explain and illustrate the phenomena by performing a three-mode single-photon interferometric experiment, where one arm carries the signal and two noisy reference arms have fluctuating phases. We show that the source of the observed sensitivity improvement is the reduction of correlations between these fluctuations and comment on the impact of the effect when moving from the single-photon quantum level to the classical regime. Finally, we also establish the analogy of the effect in the case of entanglement resource theory. Affiliations:
Francesco A. | - | other affiliation | Mazelanik M. | - | other affiliation | Lipka M. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Parniak M. | - | other affiliation | Demkowicz-Dobrzański R. | - | other affiliation |
| |
12. |
Tanjung K.^{♦}, Su-Yong L.^{♦}, Changsuk N.^{♦}, Jaewan K.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Liew Timothy C H.^{♦}, Paterek T.^{♦}, Correlations and energy in mediated dynamics,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/aca9ef, Vol.24, pp.1-10, 2022Abstract: The minimum time required for a quantum system to evolve to a distinguishable state is set by the
quantum speed limit, and consequently influences the change of quantum correlations and other physical properties. Here we study the time required to maximally entangle two principal systems interacting either directly or via a mediating ancillary system, under the same energy constraints. The direct interactions are proved to provide the fastest way to entangle the principal systems, but it turns out that there exist mediated dynamics that are just as fast. We show that this can only happen if the mediator is initially correlated with the principal systems. These correlations can be fully classical and can remain classical during the entangling process. The final message is that correlations save energy: one has to supply extra energy if maximal entanglement across the
principal systems is to be obtained as fast as with an initially correlated mediator Keywords: quantum speed limit,quantum entanglement,mediated dynamics,correlations and energy Affiliations:
Tanjung K. | - | other affiliation | Su-Yong L. | - | other affiliation | Changsuk N. | - | other affiliation | Jaewan K. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Liew Timothy C H. | - | other affiliation | Paterek T. | - | other affiliation |
| |
13. |
Miller M.^{♦}, Kang-Da W.^{♦}, Scalici M.^{♦}, Kołodyński J.^{♦}, Guo-Yong X.^{♦}, Chuan-Feng L.^{♦}, Guang-Can G.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Optimally preserving quantum correlations and oherence with eternally non-Markovian dynamics,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/ac6820, Vol.24, pp.1-14, 2022Abstract: We demonstrate, both analytically and experimentally, the usefulness of non-Markovianity for preserving correlations and coherence in quantum systems. For this, we consider a broad class of qubit evolutions, having a decoherence matrix separated from zero for large times. While any such Markovian evolution leads to an exponential loss of correlations, non-Markovianity can help to preserve correlations even in the limit t → ∞. In fact, under general assumptions, eternally non-Markovian evolution naturally emerges as the one that allows for optimal preservation of quantum correlations. For covariant qubit evolutions, we also show that non-Markovianity can be used to preserve quantum coherence at all times, which is an important resource for quantum
metrology. We explicitly demonstrate this effect experimentally with linear optics, by
implementing the optimal non-Markovian quantum evolution. Keywords: non-Markovianity, open systems, quantum info, qubits Affiliations:
Miller M. | - | other affiliation | Kang-Da W. | - | other affiliation | Scalici M. | - | other affiliation | Kołodyński J. | - | other affiliation | Guo-Yong X. | - | other affiliation | Chuan-Feng L. | - | other affiliation | Guang-Can G. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation |
| |
14. |
Masaya T.^{♦}, Swapan R.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Creating and destroying coherence with quantum channels,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.105.L060401, Vol.105, pp.L060401-1-L060401-5, 2022Abstract: The emerging quantum technologies rely on our ability to establish and control quantum systems in nonclassical states, exhibiting entanglement and quantum coherence. It is thus crucial to understand how entanglement and coherence can be created in the most efficient way. In this Letter we study optimal ways to create a large amount of quantum coherence via quantum channels. For this, we compare different scenarios, where the channel is acting on an incoherent state, on states which have coherence, and also on subsystems of multipartite quantum states. We show that correlations in multipartite systems do not enhance the ability of a quantum channel to create coherence. We also study the ability of quantum channels to destroy coherence, proving that a channel can destroy more coherence when acting on a subsystem of a bipartite state. Crucially, we also show that the destroyed coherence on a multipartite system can exceed the upper bound of those on the single system when the total state is entangled. Our results significantly simplify the evaluation of the coherence generating capacity of quantum channels, which we also discuss. Affiliations:
Masaya T. | - | other affiliation | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
15. |
Moein N.^{♦}, Tulja Varun K.^{♦}, Suchetana G.^{♦}, Fellous-Asiani M.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Entanglement and coherence in the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.106.062429, No.106, pp.062429-1-062429-13, 2022Abstract: Quantum algorithms can outperform their classical counterparts in various tasks, the most prominent example being Shor's algorithm for efficient prime factorization on a quantum computer. It is clear that one of the reasons for the speedup is the superposition principle of quantum mechanics, which allows a quantum processor to be in a superposition of different states at the same time. While such a superposition can lead to entanglement across different qubits of the processors, there also exist quantum algorithms that outperform classical ones using superpositions of individual qubits without entangling them. As an example, the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm allows one to determine a bit string encoded into an oracle. While the classical version of the algorithm requires multiple calls of the oracle to learn the bit string, a single query of the oracle is enough in the quantum case. In this article, we analyze in detail the quantum resources in the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm. For this, we introduce and study its probabilistic version, where the goal is to guess the bit string after a single call of the oracle. We show that in the absence of entanglement, the performance of the algorithm is directly related to the amount of quantum coherence in the initial state. We further demonstrate that a large amount of entanglement in the initial state prevents the algorithm from achieving optimal performance. We also apply our methods to quantum computation with mixed states, proving that pseudopure states achieve optimal performance for a given purity in the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm. We further investigate quantum resources in the one clean qubit model, showing that the model can exhibit speedup over any known classical algorithm even with an arbitrarily little amount of multipartite entanglement, general quantum correlations, and coherence. Affiliations:
Moein N. | - | other affiliation | Tulja Varun K. | - | other affiliation | Suchetana G. | - | other affiliation | Fellous-Asiani M. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
16. |
Kang-Da W.^{♦}, Tulja Varun K.^{♦}, Swapan R.^{♦}, Carlo Maria S.^{♦}, Guo-Yong X.^{♦}, Chuan-Feng L.^{♦}, Guang-Can G.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Operational Resource Theory of Imaginarity,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.090401, Vol.126, pp.090401-1-090401-7, 2021Abstract: Wave-particle duality is one of the basic features of quantum mechanics, giving rise to the use of complex numbers in describing states of quantum systems and their dynamics and interaction. Since the inception of quantum theory, it has been debated whether complex numbers are essential or whether an alternative consistent formulation is possible using real numbers only. Here, we attack this long-standing problem theoretically and experimentally, using the powerful tools of quantum resource theories. We show that, under reasonable assumptions, quantum states are easier to create and manipulate if they only have real elements. This gives an operational meaning to the resource theory of imaginarity. We identify and answer several important questions, which include the state-conversion problem for all qubit states and all pure states of any dimension and the approximate imaginarity distillation for all quantum states. As an application, we show that imaginarity plays a crucial role in state discrimination, that is, there exist real quantum states that can be perfectly distinguished via local operations and classical communication but that cannot be distinguished with any nonzero probability if one of the parties has no access to imaginarity. We confirm this phenomenon experimentally with linear optics, discriminating different two-photon quantum states by local projective measurements. Our results prove that complex numbers are an indispensable part of quantum mechanics. Affiliations:
Kang-Da W. | - | other affiliation | Tulja Varun K. | - | other affiliation | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Carlo Maria S. | - | other affiliation | Guo-Yong X. | - | other affiliation | Chuan-Feng L. | - | other affiliation | Guang-Can G. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
17. |
Tulja Varun K.^{♦}, Chandan D.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Catalytic Transformations of Pure Entangled States,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.150503, Vol.127, pp.1-6, 2021Abstract: Quantum entanglement of pure states is usually quantified via the entanglement entropy, the von Neumann entropy of the reduced state. Entanglement entropy is closely related to entanglement distillation, a process for converting quantum states into singlets, which can then be used for various quantum technological tasks. The relation between entanglement entropy and entanglement distillation has been known only for the asymptotic setting, and the meaning of entanglement entropy in the single-copy regime has so far remained open. Here we close this gap by considering entanglement catalysis. We prove that entanglement entropy completely characterizes state transformations in the presence of entangled catalysts. Our results imply that entanglement entropy quantifies the amount of entanglement available in a bipartite pure state to be used for quantum information processing, giving asymptotic results an operational meaning also in the single-copy setup. Affiliations:
Tulja Varun K. | - | other affiliation | Chandan D. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
18. |
Kang-Da W.^{♦}, Tulja Varun K.^{♦}, Swapan R.^{♦}, Carlo Maria S.^{♦}, Guo-Yong X.^{♦}, Chuan-Feng L.^{♦}, Guang-Can G.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Resource theory of imaginarity: Quantification and state conversion,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.103.032401, Vol.103, pp.32401-1-32401-13, 2021Abstract: Complex numbers are widely used in both classical and quantum physics and are indispensable components for describing quantum systems and their dynamical behavior. Recently, the resource theory of imaginarity has been introduced, allowing for a systematic study of complex numbers in quantum mechanics and quantum information theory. In this work we develop theoretical methods for the resource theory of imaginarity, motivated by recent progress within theories of entanglement and coherence. We investigate imaginarity quantification, focusing on the geometric imaginarity and the robustness of imaginarity, and apply these tools to the state conversion problem in imaginarity theory. Moreover, we analyze the complexity of real and general operations in optical experiments, focusing on the number of unfixed wave plates for their implementation. We also discuss the role of imaginarity for local state discrimination, proving that any pair of real orthogonal pure states can be discriminated via local real operations and classical communication. Our study reveals the significance of complex numbers in quantum physics and proves that imaginarity is a resource in optical experiments. Affiliations:
Kang-Da W. | - | other affiliation | Tulja Varun K. | - | other affiliation | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Carlo Maria S. | - | other affiliation | Guo-Yong X. | - | other affiliation | Chuan-Feng L. | - | other affiliation | Guang-Can G. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
19. |
Kang-Da W.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Regula B.^{♦}, Guo-Yong X.^{♦}, Chuan-Feng L.^{♦}, Guang-Can G.^{♦}, Experimental Progress on Quantum Coherence: Detection, Quantification, and Manipulation,
Advanced Quantum Technologies, ISSN: 2511-9044, DOI: 10.1002/qute.202100040, Vol.4, pp.2100040-1-2100040-16, 2021Abstract: Quantum coherence is a fundamental property of quantum systems, separating quantum from classical physics. Recently, there has been significant interest in the characterization of quantum coherence as a resource, investigating how coherence can be extracted and used for quantum technological applications. In this work, the progress of this research is reviewed, focusing in particular on recent experimental efforts. After a brief review of the underlying theory, the main platforms for realizing the experiments are discussed: linear optics, nuclear magnetic resonance, and
superconducting systems. Experimental detection and quantification of coherence, experimental state conversion and coherence distillation, and experiments investigating the dynamics of quantum coherence are then considered. Experiments exploring the connections between coherence and uncertainty relations, path information, and coherence of operations and measurements are also reviewed. Experimental efforts on multipartite and multilevel coherence are also discussed. Affiliations:
Kang-Da W. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Regula B. | - | other affiliation | Guo-Yong X. | - | other affiliation | Chuan-Feng L. | - | other affiliation | Guang-Can G. | - | other affiliation |
| |
20. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Meignant C.^{♦}, Eisert J.^{♦}, Rates of Multipartite Entanglement Transformations,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.080502, Vol.125, pp.080502-1 -080502-6, 2020Abstract: The theory of the asymptotic manipulation of pure bipartite quantum systems can be considered
completely understood: the rates at which bipartite entangled states can be asymptotically transformed into each other are fully determined by a single number each, the respective entanglement entropy. In the multipartite setting, similar questions of the optimally achievable rates of transforming one pure state into another are notoriously open. This seems particularly unfortunate in the light of the revived interest in such questions due to the perspective of experimentally realizing multipartite quantum networks. In this Letter, we report substantial progress by deriving simple upper and lower bounds on the rates that can be achieved in asymptotic multipartite entanglement transformations. These bounds are based on ideas of entanglement
combing and state merging. We identify cases where the bounds coincide and hence provide the exact rates.As an example, we bound rates at which resource states for the cryptographic scheme of quantum secret
sharing can be distilled from arbitrary pure tripartite quantum states. This result provides further scope for quantum internet applications, supplying tools to study the implementation of multipartite protocols over quantum networks. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Meignant C. | - | other affiliation | Eisert J. | - | other affiliation |
| |
21. |
Streltsov A., Quantum state merging with bound entanglement,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/ab70d7, Vol.22, pp.1-11, 2020Abstract: Quantum state merging is one of the most important protocols in quantum information theory. In
this task two parties aim to merge their parts of a pure tripartite state by making use of additional
singlets while preserving correlations with a third party. We study a variation of this scenario where
the shared state is not necessarily pure, and the merging parties have free access to local operations, classical communication, and positive partial transpose (PPT) entangled states. We provide general conditions for a state to admit perfect merging, and present a family of fully separable states whichcannot be perfectly merged if the merging parties have no access to additional singlets. We also show that free PPT entangled states do not give any advantage for merging of pure states, and the conditional entropy plays the same role as in standard quantum state merging quantifying the rate of additional singlets needed to perfectly merge the state. Keywords: quantum entanglement, quantum communication, quantum state merging Affiliations:
| |
22. |
Kang-Da W.^{♦}, Thomas T.^{♦}, Guo-Yong X.^{♦}, Chuan-Feng L.^{♦}, Guang-Can G.^{♦}, Plenio M.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Quantum coherence and state conversion: theory and experiment,
NPJ Quantum Information, ISSN: 2056-6387, DOI: 10.1038/s41534-020-0250-z, Vol.6, No.22, pp.1-9, 2020Abstract: The resource theory of coherence studies the operational value of superpositions in quantum technologies. A key question in this theory concerns the efficiency of manipulation and interconversion of the resource. Here, we solve this question completely for qubit states by determining the optimal probabilities for mixed-state conversions via stochastic incoherent operations. Extending the discussion to distributed scenarios, we introduce and address the task of assisted incoherent state conversion, where the process is enhanced by making use of correlations with a second party. Building on these results, we demonstrate experimentally that the optimal state-conversion probabilities can be achieved in a linear optics setup. This paves the way towards real world applications of coherence transformations in current quantum technologies. Affiliations:
Kang-Da W. | - | other affiliation | Thomas T. | - | other affiliation | Guo-Yong X. | - | other affiliation | Chuan-Feng L. | - | other affiliation | Guang-Can G. | - | other affiliation | Plenio M. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
23. |
Yuan Y.^{♦}, Zhibo H.^{♦}, Jun-Feng T.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Guo-Yong X.^{♦}, Chuan-Feng L.^{♦}, Guang-Can G.^{♦}, Direct estimation of quantum coherence by collective measurements,
NPJ Quantum Information, ISSN: 2056-6387, DOI: 10.1038/s41534-020-0280-6, Vol.6, pp.1-5, 2020Abstract: The recently established resource theory of quantum coherence allows for a quantitative understanding of the superposition principle, with applications reaching from quantum computing to quantum biology. While different quantifiers of coherence have
been proposed in the literature, their efficient estimation in today’s experiments remains a challenge. Here, we introduce a collective measurement scheme for estimating the amount of coherence in quantum states, which requires entangled measurements on two copies of the state. As we show by numerical simulations, our scheme outperforms other estimation methods based on tomography or adaptive measurements, leading to a higher precision in a large parameter range for estimating established coherence quantifiers of qubit and qutrit states. We show that our method is accessible with today’s technology by implementing it experimentally with photons, finding a good agreement between experiment and theory. Affiliations:
Yuan Y. | - | other affiliation | Zhibo H. | - | other affiliation | Jun-Feng T. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Guo-Yong X. | - | other affiliation | Chuan-Feng L. | - | other affiliation | Guang-Can G. | - | other affiliation |
| |
24. |
Kołodyński J.^{♦}, Swapan R.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Entanglement negativity as a universal non-Markovianity witness,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.101.020303, Vol.101, pp.020303-1 -020303-5, 2020Abstract: In order to engineer an open quantum system and its evolution, it is essential to identify and control the memory effects. These are formally attributed to the non-Markovianity of dynamics that manifests itself by the evolution being indivisible in time, a property which can be witnessed by a nonmonotonic behavior of contractive functions or correlation measures. We show that by monitoring directly the entanglement behavior of a system in a tripartite setting it is possible to witness all invertible non-Markovian dynamics, as well as all (also noninvertible) qubit evolutions. This is achieved by using negativity, a computable measure of
entanglement, which in the usual bipartite setting is not a universal non-Markovianity witness. We emphasize further the importance of multipartite states by showing that non-Markovianity cannot be faithfully witnessed by any contractive function of single qubits. We support our statements by an explicit example of eternally non-Markovian qubit dynamics, for which negativity can witness non-Markovianity at arbitrary timescales. Affiliations:
Kołodyński J. | - | other affiliation | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
25. |
Lu-Feng Q.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Jun G.^{♦}, Swapan R.^{♦}, Ruo-Jing R.^{♦}, Zhi-Qiang J.^{♦}, Cheng-Qiu H.^{♦}, Xiao-Yun X.^{♦}, Ci-Yu W.^{♦}, Hao T.^{♦}, Ai-Lin Y.^{♦}, Zhi-Hao M.^{♦}, Lewenstein M.^{♦}, Xian-Min J.^{♦}, Entanglement activation from quantum coherence and superposition,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.98.052351, Vol.98, pp.052351-1-052351-10, 2018Abstract: Quantum entanglement and coherence are two fundamental features of nature, arising from the superposition principle of quantum mechanics. While considered as puzzling phenomena in the early days of quantum theory, it is only very recently that entanglement and coherence have been recognized as resources for the emerging
quantum technologies, including quantum Metrology, quantum communication, and quantum computing. In this work we study the limitations for the interconversion between coherence and entanglement. We prove a fundamental no-go theorem, stating that a general resource theory of superposition does not allow for
entanglement activation. By constructing a quantum controlled- NOT gate as a free operation, we experimentally show that such activation is possible within the more constrained framework of quantum coherence. By using recent results from coherence theory, we further show that the trace norm entanglement is not a strong entanglement monotone. Affiliations:
Lu-Feng Q. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Jun G. | - | other affiliation | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Ruo-Jing R. | - | other affiliation | Zhi-Qiang J. | - | other affiliation | Cheng-Qiu H. | - | other affiliation | Xiao-Yun X. | - | other affiliation | Ci-Yu W. | - | other affiliation | Hao T. | - | other affiliation | Ai-Lin Y. | - | other affiliation | Zhi-Hao M. | - | other affiliation | Lewenstein M. | - | other affiliation | Xian-Min J. | - | other affiliation |
| |
26. |
Regula B.^{♦}, Ludovico L.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Nonasymptotic assisted distillation of quantum coherence,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.98.052329, Vol.98, pp.052329-1-052329-8, 2018Abstract: We characterize the operational task of environment-assisted distillation of quantum coherence under different sets of free operations when only a finite supply of copies of a given state is available. We first evaluate the one-shot assisted distillable coherence exactly, and introduce a semidefinite programming bound on it in terms of a smooth entropic quantity. We prove the bound to be tight for all systems in dimensions 2 and 3, which allows us to obtain computable expressions for the one-shot rate of distillation, establish an analytical expression for the best achievable fidelity of assisted distillation for any finite number of copies, and fully solve the problem of asymptotic zero-error assisted distillation for qubit and qutrit systems. Our characterization shows that all
relevant sets of free operations in the resource theory of coherence have exactly the same power in the task of one-shot assisted coherence distillation, and furthermore resolves a conjecture regarding the additivity of coherence of assistance in dimension 3 Affiliations:
Regula B. | - | other affiliation | Ludovico L. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
27. |
Regula B.^{♦}, Marco P.^{♦}, Marco C.^{♦}, Bromley T.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Gerardo A.^{♦}, Converting multilevel nonclassicality into genuine multipartite entanglement,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/aaae9d, Vol.20, pp.033012-1-033012-13, 2018Abstract: Characterizing genuine quantum resources and determining operational rules for their manipulation are crucial steps to appraise possibilities and limitations of quantum technologies. Two such key resources are nonclassicality, manifested as quantum superposition between reference states of a single system, and entanglement, capturing quantum correlations among two or more subsystems. Here we present a general formalism for the conversion of nonclassicality into multipartite entanglement, showing that a faithful reversible transformation between the two resources is always possible within a precise resource-theoretic framework. Specializing to quantum coherence between the levels of a quantum system as an instance of nonclassicality, we introduce explicit protocols for such a mapping. We further show that the conversion relates multilevel coherence and multipartite entanglement not only qualitatively, but also quantitatively, restricting the amount of entanglement
achievable in the process and in particular yielding an equality between the two resources when quantified by fidelity-based geometric measures. Keywords: resource theories, quantum entanglement, nonclassicality, quantum coherence Affiliations:
Regula B. | - | other affiliation | Marco P. | - | other affiliation | Marco C. | - | other affiliation | Bromley T. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Gerardo A. | - | other affiliation |
| |
28. |
Streltsov A., Hermann K.^{♦}, Sabine W.^{♦}, Manuel G.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Maximal coherence and the resource theory of purity,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/aac484, Vol.20, pp.1-14, 2018Abstract: The resource theory of quantum coherence studies the off-diagonal elements of a density matrix in a
distinguished basis, whereas the resource theory of purity studies all deviations from the maximally
mixed state. We establish a direct connection between the two resource theories, by identifying purity as the maximal coherence which is achievable by unitary operations. The states that saturate this
maximum identify a universal family of maximally coherent mixed states. These states are optimal
resources under maximally incoherent operations, and thus independent of the way coherence is quantified. For all distance-based coherence quantifiers the maximal coherence can be evaluated exactly, and is shown to coincide with the corresponding distance-based purity quantifier. We further show that purity bounds the maximal amount of entanglement and discord that can be generated by unitary operations, thus demonstrating that purity is the most elementary resource for quantum information processing. Keywords: quantum coherence, quantum entanglement, esource theories Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Hermann K. | - | other affiliation | Sabine W. | - | other affiliation | Manuel G. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |
29. |
Streltsov A., Swapan R.^{♦}, Boes P.^{♦}, Jens E.^{♦}, Structure of the Resource Theory of Quantum Coherence,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.140402, Vol.119, pp.1-6, 2017Abstract: Quantum coherence is an essential feature of quantum mechanics which is responsible for the departure
between the classical and quantum world. The recently established resource theory of quantum coherence
studies possible quantum technological applications of quantum coherence, and limitations that arise if one
is lacking the ability to establish superpositions. An important open problem in this context is a simple
characterization for incoherent operations, constituted by all possible transformations allowed within the
resource theory of coherence. In this Letter, we contribute to such a characterization by proving several upper bounds on the maximum number of incoherent Kraus operators in a general incoherent operation. For a single qubit, we show that the number of incoherent Kraus operators is not more than 5, and it remains an open question if this number can be reduced to 4. The presented results are also relevant for quantum thermodynamics, as we demonstrate by introducing the class of Gibbs-preserving strictly incoherent operations, and solving the corresponding mixed-state conversion problem for a single qubit. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Boes P. | - | other affiliation | Jens E. | - | other affiliation |
| |
30. |
de Vicente Julio I.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Genuine quantum coherence,
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL, ISSN: 1751-8113, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8121/50/4/045301, Vol.50, pp.1-34, 2017Abstract: Any quantum resource theory is based on free states and free operations, i.e. states and operations which can be created and performed at no cost. In the resource theory of coherence free states are diagonal in some fixed basis, and free operations are those which cannot create coherence for some particular experimental realization. Recently, some problems of this approach have been discussed, and new sets of operations have been proposed to resolve these problems. We propose here the framework of genuine quantum coherence. This approach is based on a simple principle: we demand that a genuinely incoherent operation preserves all incoherent states. This framework captures coherence under additional constrains such as energy preservation and all genuinely incoherent operations are incoherent regardless of their particular experimental realization. We also introduce the full class of operations with this property, which we call fully incoherent. We analyze in detail the mathematical structure of these classes and also study possible state transformations. We show that deterministic manipulation is severely limited, even in the asymptotic settings. In particular, this framework does not have a unique golden unit, i.e. there is no single state from which all other states can be created deterministically with the free operations. This suggests that any reasonably powerful resource theory of coherence must contain free operations which can potentially create coherence in some experimental
realization. Affiliations:
de Vicente Julio I. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN |
| |
31. |
Streltsov A., Swapan R.^{♦}, Manabendra Nath B.^{♦}, Lewenstein M.^{♦}, Towards Resource Theory of Coherence in Distributed Scenarios,
PHYSICAL REVIEW X, ISSN: 2160-3308, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.7.011024, Vol.7, pp.011024-1-011024-13, 2017Abstract: The search for a simple description of fundamental physical processes is an important part of quantum
theory. One example for such an abstraction can be found in the distance lab paradigm: if two separated
parties are connected via a classical channel, it is notoriously difficult to characterize all possible operations these parties can perform. This class of operations is widely known as local operations and classical communication. Surprisingly, the situation becomes comparably simple if the more general class of
separable operations is considered, a finding that has been extensively used in quantum information theory
for many years. Here, we propose a related approach for the resource theory of quantum coherence, where
two distant parties can perform only measurements that do not create coherence and can communicate their outcomes via a classical channel. We call this class local incoherent operations and classical communication. While the characterization of this class is also difficult in general, we show that the larger
class of separable incoherent operations has a simple mathematical form, yet still preserves the main
features of local incoherent operations and classical communication. We demonstrate the relevance of our
approach by applying it to three different tasks: assisted coherence distillation, quantum teleportation, and single-shot quantum state merging. We expect that the results we obtain in this work also transfer to other concepts of coherence that are discussed in recent literature. The approach we present here opens new ways to study the resource theory of coherence in distributed scenarios. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Manabendra Nath B. | - | other affiliation | Lewenstein M. | - | other affiliation |
| |
32. |
Streltsov A., Gerardo A.^{♦}, Plenio M.^{♦}, Colloquium: Quantum coherence as a resource,
Reviews of Modern Physics, ISSN: 0034-6861, DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.89.041003, Vol.89, pp.041003-1 -041003-34, 2017Abstract: The coherent superposition of states, in combination with the quantization of observables, represents one of the most fundamental features that mark the departure of quantum mechanics from the classical realm. Quantum coherence in many-body systems embodies the essence of entanglement and is an essential ingredient for a plethora of physical phenomena in quantum optics, quantum information, solid state physics, and nanoscale thermodynamics. In recent years, research on the presence and functional role of quantum coherence in biological systems has also attracted considerable interest. Despite the fundamental importance of quantum coherence, the development of a rigorous theory of quantum coherence as a physical resource has been initiated only recently. This Colloquium discusses and reviews the development of this rapidly growing research field that encompasses the characterization, quantification, manipulation, dynamical evolution, and operational application of quantum coherence. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Gerardo A. | - | other affiliation | Plenio M. | - | other affiliation |
| |
33. |
Chitambar E.^{♦}, Streltsov A., Swapan R.^{♦}, Bera M.^{♦}, Gerardo A.^{♦}, Lewenstein M.^{♦}, Assisted Distillation of Quantum Coherence,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.070402, Vol.116, pp.070402-1-070402-5, 2016Abstract: We introduce and study the task of assisted coherence distillation. This task arises naturally in bipartite systems where both parties work together to generate the maximal possible coherence on one of the subsystems. Only incoherent operations are allowed on the target system, while general local quantum operations are permitted on the other; this is an operational paradigm that we call local quantum-incoherent operations and classical communication. We show that the asymptotic rate of assisted coherence distillation for pure states is equal to the coherence of assistance, an analog of the entanglement of assistance, whose properties we characterize. Our findings imply a novel interpretation of the von Neumann entropy: it quantifies the maximum amount of extra quantum coherence a system can gain when receiving assistance from a collaborative party. Our results are generalized to coherence localization in a multipartite setting and possible applications are discussed Affiliations:
Chitambar E. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Bera M. | - | other affiliation | Gerardo A. | - | other affiliation | Lewenstein M. | - | other affiliation |
| |
34. |
Streltsov A., Chitambar E.^{♦}, Swapan R.^{♦}, Bera M.^{♦}, Winter A.^{♦}, Lewenstein M.^{♦}, Entanglement and coherence in quantum state merging,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.240405, Vol.116, pp.1-6, 2016Abstract: Understanding the resource consumption in distributed scenarios is one of the main goals of quantum information theory. A prominent example for such a scenario is the task of quantum state merging, where two parties aim to merge their tripartite quantum state parts. In standard quantum state merging, entanglement is considered to be an expensive resource, while local quantum operations can be performed at no additional cost. However, recent developments show that some local operations could be more expensive than others: it is reasonable to distinguish between local incoherent operations and local operations which can create coherence. This idea leads us to the task of incoherent quantum state merging, where one of the parties has free access to local incoherent operations only. In this case the resources of the process are quantified by pairs of entanglement and coherence. Here, we develop tools for studying this process and apply them to several relevant scenarios. While quantum state merging can lead to a gain of entanglement, our results imply that no merging procedure can gain entanglement and coherence at the same time. We also provide a general lower bound on the entanglement-coherence sum and show that the bound is tight for all pure states. Our results also lead to an incoherent version of Schumacher compression: in this case the compression rate is equal to the von Neumann entropy of the diagonal elements of the corresponding quantum state. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Chitambar E. | - | other affiliation | Swapan R. | - | other affiliation | Bera M. | - | other affiliation | Winter A. | - | other affiliation | Lewenstein M. | - | other affiliation |
| |
35. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Remigiusz A.^{♦}, Demianowicz M.^{♦}, Lewenstein M.^{♦}, Progress towards a unified approach to entanglement distribution,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.012335, Vol.92, pp.012335-1-012335-14, 2015Abstract: Entanglement distribution is key to the success of secure communication schemes based on quantum mechanics, and there is a strong need for an ultimate architecture able to overcome the limitations of recent proposals such as those based on entanglement percolation or quantum repeaters. In this work we provide a broad theoretical background for the development of such technologies. In particular, we investigate the question of whether entanglement distribution is more efficient if some amount of entanglement—or some amount of correlations in general—is available prior to the transmission stage of the protocol. We show that in the presence of noise the answer to this question strongly depends on the type of noise and on the way the entanglement is quantified. On the one hand, subadditive entanglement measures do not show an advantage of preshared correlations if entanglement is established via combinations of single-qubit Pauli channels. On the other hand, based on the
superadditivity conjecture of distillable entanglement, we provide evidence that this phenomenon occurs for this measure. These results strongly suggest that sending one half of some pure entangled state down a noisy channel is the best strategy for any subadditive entanglement quantifier, thus paving the way to a unified approach for entanglement distribution which does not depend on the nature of noise. We also provide general bounds for entanglement distribution involving quantum discord and present a counterintuitive phenomenon of the advantage of arbitrarily little entangled states over maximally entangled ones, which may also occur for quantum channels relevant in experiments. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Remigiusz A. | - | other affiliation | Demianowicz M. | - | other affiliation | Lewenstein M. | - | other affiliation |
| |
36. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Uttam S.^{♦}, Himadri Shekhar D.^{♦}, Manabendra Nath B.^{♦}, Gerardo A.^{♦}, Measuring Quantum Coherence with Entanglement,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.020403, Vol.115, pp.020403-1-020403-6, 2015Abstract: Quantum coherence is an essential ingredient in quantum information processing and plays a central role in emergent fields such as nanoscale thermodynamics and quantum biology. However, our understanding and quantitative characterization of coherence as an operational resource are still very limited. Here we show that any degree of coherence with respect to some reference basis can be converted to entanglement via incoherent operations. This finding allows us to define a novel general class of measures of coherence
for a quantum system of arbitrary dimension, in terms of the maximum bipartite entanglement that can be generated via incoherent operations applied to the system and an incoherent ancilla. The resulting measures are proven to be valid coherence monotones satisfying all the requirements dictated by the resource theory
of quantum coherence. We demonstrate the usefulness of our approach by proving that the fidelity-based geometric measure of coherence is a full convex coherence monotone, and deriving a closed formula for it on arbitrary single-qubit states. Our work provides a clear quantitative and operational connection between coherence and entanglement, two landmark manifestations of quantum theory and both key enablers for
quantum technologies. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Uttam S. | - | other affiliation | Himadri Shekhar D. | - | other affiliation | Manabendra Nath B. | - | other affiliation | Gerardo A. | - | other affiliation |
| |
37. |
Streltsov A., Soojoon L.^{♦}, Gerardo A.^{♦}, Concentrating Tripartite Quantum Information,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.030505, Vol.115, pp.030505-1-030505-5, 2015Abstract: We introduce the concentrated information of tripartite quantum states. For three parties Alice, Bob, and
Charlie, it is defined as the maximal mutual information achievable between Alice and Charlie via local operations and classical communication performed by Charlie and Bob. We derive upper and lower bounds
to the concentrated information, and obtain a closed expression for it on several classes of states including arbitrary pure tripartite states in the asymptotic setting. We show that distillable entanglement, entanglement of assistance, and quantum discord can all be expressed in terms of the concentrated information, thus revealing its role as a unifying informational primitive. We finally investigate quantum state merging of mixed states with and without additional entanglement. The gap between classical and quantum concentrated information is proven to be an operational figure of merit for mixed state merging in the absence of additional entanglement. Contrary to the pure state merging, our analysis shows that classical communication in both directions can provide an advantage for merging of mixed states Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | IPPT PAN | Soojoon L. | - | other affiliation | Gerardo A. | - | other affiliation |
| |
38. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Hermann K.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Limits for entanglement distribution with separable states,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.032323, Vol.90, pp.032323-1-032323-5, 2014Abstract: Entanglement distribution with separable states has recently attracted considerable attention. Recent results suggest that quantum discord, a measure for quantum correlations beyond entanglement, is responsible for this counterintuitive phenomenon. In this work we study this question from a different perspective and find minimal requirements for a separable state to be useful for entanglement distribution. Surprisingly, we find that the presence of quantum discord is not sufficient to ensure entanglement distribution: There exist states with nonzero quantum discord that nevertheless cannot be used for entanglement distribution. As a result, we show that entanglement distribution is not possible with rank-2 separable states. Our work sheds light on the task of entanglement distribution with separable states and reveals a classification of quantum states with respect to their usefulness for this task. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Hermann K. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |
39. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Zurek W.^{♦}, Quantum Discord Cannot Be Shared,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.040401, Vol.111, pp.040401-1-040401-5, 2013Abstract: Bohr proposed that the outcome of a measurement becomes objective and real, and, hence, classical, when its results can be communicated by classical means. In this work we revisit Bohr’s postulate using modern tools from quantum information theory. We find a full confirmation of Bohr’s idea: if a measurement device is in a nonclassical state, the measurement results cannot be communicated perfectly by classical means. In this case some part of the information in the measurement apparatus is lost in the
process of communication: the amount of this lost information turns out to be the quantum discord. The information loss occurs even when the apparatus is not entangled with the system of interest. The tools presented in this work allow us to generalize Bohr’s postulate: we show that for pure system-apparatus states quantum communication does not provide any advantage when measurement results are commu-nicated to more than one recipient. We further demonstrate the superiority of quantum communication to
two recipients on a mixed system-apparatus state and show that this effect is fundamentally different from quantum state cloning. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Zurek W. | - | other affiliation |
| |
40. |
Giampaolo S.^{♦}, Streltsov A.^{♦}, Roga W.^{♦}, Bruß D.^{♦}, Illuminati F.^{♦}, Quantifying nonclassicality: Global impact of local unitary evolutions,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.87.012313, Vol.87, pp.012313-1-012313-5, 2013Abstract: We show that only those composite quantum systems possessing nonvanishing quantum correlations have the property that any nontrivial local unitary evolution changes their global state. We derive the exact relation between the global state change induced by local unitary evolutions and the amount of quantum correlations. We prove that the minimal change coincides with the geometric measure of discord (defined via the Hilbert-Schmidt norm), thus providing the latter with an operational interpretation in terms of the capability of a local unitary dynamics to modify a global state. We establish that two-qubit Werner states are maximally quantum correlated, and are thus the ones that maximize this type of global quantum effect. Finally, we show that similar results hold when replacing the Hilbert-Schmidt norm with the trace norm. Affiliations:
Giampaolo S. | - | other affiliation | Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Roga W. | - | other affiliation | Bruß D. | - | other affiliation | Illuminati F. | - | other affiliation |
| |
41. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Hermann K.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Quantum Cost for Sending Entanglement,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.250501, Vol.108, pp.250501-1-250501-5, 2012Abstract: Establishing quantum entanglement between two distant parties is an essential step of many protocols in quantum information processing. One possibility for providing long-distance entanglement is to create an entangled composite state within a lab and then physically send one subsystem to a distant lab. However, is this the ‘‘cheapest’’ way? Here, we investigate the minimal ‘‘cost’’ that is necessary for establishing a certain amount of entanglement between two distant parties. We prove that this cost is
intrinsically quantum, and is specified by quantum correlations. Our results provide an optimal protocol
for entanglement distribution and show that quantum correlations are the essential resource for this task. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Hermann K. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |
42. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Gerardo A.^{♦}, Marco P.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Are General Quantum Correlations Monogamous?,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.050503, Vol.109, pp.050503-1-050503-5, 2012Abstract: Quantum entanglement and quantum nonlocality are known to exhibit monogamy; that is, they obey strong constraints on how they can be distributed among multipartite systems. Quantum correlations that comprise and go beyond entanglement are quantified by, e.g., quantum discord. It was observed recently that for some states quantum discord is not monogamous. We prove, in general, that any measure of correlations that is monogamous for all states and satisfies reasonable basic properties must vanish for all
separable states: only entanglement measures can be strictly monogamous. Monogamy of other than
entanglement measures can still be satisfied for special, restricted cases: we prove that the geometric
measure of discord satisfies the monogamy inequality on all pure states of three qubits. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Gerardo A. | - | other affiliation | Marco P. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |
43. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Hermann K.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Linking Quantum Discord to Entanglement in a Measurement,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, Vol.106, pp.160401-1 -160401-4, 2011Abstract: We show that a von Neumann measurement on a part of a composite quantum system unavoidably creates distillable entanglement between the measurement apparatus and the system if the state has nonzero quantum discord. The minimal distillable entanglement is equal to the one-way information deficit. The quantum discord is shown to be equal to the minimal partial distillable entanglement that is the part of entanglement which is lost, when we ignore the subsystem which is not measured. We then show that any entanglement measure corresponds to some measure of quantum correlations. This powerful correspondence also yields necessary properties for quantum correlations. We generalize the results to multipartite measurements on a part of the system and on the total system. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Hermann K. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |
44. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Hermann K.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Behavior of Quantum Correlations under Local Noise,
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.170502, Vol.107, pp.170502-1-170502-5, 2011Abstract: We characterize the behavior of quantum correlations under the influence of local noisy channels. Intuition suggests that such noise should be detrimental for quantumness. When considering qubit systems, we show for which channels this is indeed the case: The amount of quantum correlations can
only decrease under the action of unital channels. However, nonunital channels (e.g., such as dissipation) can create quantum correlations for some initially classical states. Furthermore, for higher-dimensional systems even unital channels may increase the amount of quantum correlations. Thus, counterintuitively, local decoherence can generate quantum correlations. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Hermann K. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |
45. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Hermann K.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Simple algorithm for computing the geometric measure of entanglement,
Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.022323, Vol.84, pp.022323-1-022323-8, 2011Abstract: We present an easy implementable algorithm for approximating the geometric measure of entanglement from above. The algorithm can be applied to any multipartite mixed state. It involves only the solution of an eigenproblem and finding a singular value decomposition; no further numerical techniques are needed. To provide examples, the algorithm was applied to the isotropic states of three qubits and the three-qubit XX model with external magnetic field. Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Hermann K. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |
46. |
Streltsov A.^{♦}, Hermann K.^{♦}, Dagmar B.^{♦}, Linking a distance measure of entanglement to its convex roof,
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/12/12/123004, Vol.12, pp.1-20, 2010Abstract: An important problem in quantum information theory is the quantification of entanglement in multipartite mixed quantum states. In this work, a connection between the geometric measure of entanglement and a distance measure of entanglement is established. We present a new expression for the geometric measure of entanglement in terms of the maximal fidelity with a separable state. A direct application of this result provides a closed expression for the Bures measure of entanglementof two qubits. We also prove that the number of elements in an optimal decomposition w.r.t. the geometric measure of entanglement is bounded from above by the Caratheodory bound, and we find necessary conditions for the structure of an optimal decomposition. Keywords: , , Affiliations:
Streltsov A. | - | other affiliation | Hermann K. | - | other affiliation | Dagmar B. | - | other affiliation |
| |