Aneta Antolik, M.Sc., Eng.

Department of Experimental Mechanics (ZMD)
Division of Strain Fields (PPO)
position: specialist
telephone: (+48) 22 826 12 81 ext.: 207
room: 333
e-mail: aantolik

Recent publications
1.Dąbrowski M., Glinicki M.A., Dziedzic K., Antolik A., Validation of sequential pressure method for evaluation of the content of microvoids in air entrained concrete, CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, ISSN: 0950-0618, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.08.014, Vol.227, No.116633, pp.1-12, 2019
Abstract:

The suitability of the sequential air pressure method (SAM) to evaluate the quality of air entrainment in concrete mix to support prediction of durability of hardened concrete was studied. The experiments included both laboratory-produced mixes and on-site trials on mixes delivered for highway pavement construction. The fresh air content and the air void distribution was tested using the SAM apparatus. The air content and the air void characteristics in hardened concrete was tested using the microscopic analysis on polished sections. Standard fresh mix properties were also tested and the compressive strength and salt-scaling resistance of concrete was determined. Effects of type and proportion of admixtures, type of crushed aggregate, timing of SAM measurements and the method of mix consolidation were analyzed. The relationship between the SAM number and the air void characteristics in hardened concrete was critically evaluated. The relationship between SAM number and the content of microvoids (A300) is found for the laboratory mixes and confirmed with few field test results. The criterion of SAM number ≤ 0.4 is proposed for the target microvoids content A300 ≥ 1.5% and the enhanced salt scaling resistance of concrete.

Keywords:

Air entrainment, Air void distribution, Concrete durability, Fresh concrete, Frost-salt scaling, Microvoids content, Mix design, Sequential pressure method, Spacing factor, Test methods

Affiliations:
Dąbrowski M.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Dziedzic K.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
2.Glinicki M.A., Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Antolik A., Dziedzic K., Gibas K., Podatność wybranych kruszyw ze skał osadowych na reakcję alkalia-kruszywo / Susceptibility of selected aggregates from sedimentary rocks to alkali-aggregate reaction, Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, ISSN: 1643-1618, DOI: 10.7409/rabdim.019.001, Vol.18, pp.5-24, 2019
Abstract:

The paper presents the results of investigations into the reactivity of domestic aggregates produced from selected sedimentary rocks, carried out using the new testing methods, consistent with the RILEM and ASTM methods, implemented by GDDKiA (Polish General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways) documents. The range of the investigations covered coarse crushed aggregates produced from limestone, dolomite, sandstone and greywacke rocks, potentially suitable for making strong and durable concrete. No reactive forms of quartz were found in the mineralogical composition of the limestone aggregates and the dolomite aggregates. Micro- and cryptocrystalline quartz occurred in the particles of the greywacke aggregates and the sandstone aggregates. On the basis of the expansion of mortar and concrete specimens the aggregates produced from the sedimentary rocks were classified into the reactivity categories: R0, R1 and R2. A sodium-potassium-calcium silicate gel, whose composition (consistent with that reported in the literature) was characteristic of the alkali-silica reaction products, was found. The investigations resulted in a consistent assessment of the reactivity of the aggregates.

Keywords:

alkali-aggregate reaction, cement, concrete, dolomite aggregate, expansion, greywacke, limestone, quartz, reactive minerals, sandstone

Affiliations:
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Dziedzic K.-IPPT PAN
Gibas K.-IPPT PAN
3.Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Antolik A., Dziedzic K., Glinicki M.A., Gibas K., Weryfikacja odporności wybranych kruszyw ze skał magmowych na reakcję z alkaliami / Resistance of selected aggregates from igneous rocks to alkali-silica reaction: verification, Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, ISSN: 1643-1618, DOI: 10.7409/rabdim.019.005, Vol.18, pp.67-83, 2019
Abstract:

The paper presents investigations into the reactivity of aggregates from igneous rock, carried out in accordance with the procedures contained in the GDDKiA General Technical Specification "Concrete pavements". The aim of the investigations was evaluation of the suitability of the aggregates for road structures and pavements built using cement based concrete technology. Aggregates produced from extrusive rocks (basalt, melaphyre and porphyry) and from intrusive rocks (granite and gabbro) were analysed. The mineral composition of the aggregates was evaluated with regard to their reactive SiO2 content. Expansion tests on mortar bar and concrete prism specimens with analysed aggregates and a microscopic analysis of the alkali-aggregate reaction products were carried out. A considerable amount of reactive minerals: chalcedony, tridymite and microcrystalline quartz and volcanic glass were found in the grains of the porphyry and melaphyre aggregates. On the basis of the conducted investigations the two aggregates made of igneous rocks (melaphyre and porphyry) were classified into category R1 (moderately reactive). The basalt aggregate, the granite aggregate and the gabbro aggregate were assigned to category R0 (non-reactive).

Keywords:

aggregate, alkali reactivity, alkali silica gel, cristobalite, igneous rocks, microcrystalline quartz, reactive minerals

Affiliations:
Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Dziedzic K.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Gibas K.-IPPT PAN
4.Glinicki M.A., Antolik A., Gawlicki M., Evaluation of compatibility of neutron-shielding boron aggregates with Portland cement in mortar, CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, ISSN: 0950-0618, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.12.228, Vol.164, pp.731-738, 2018
Abstract:

Enhanced neutron radiation shielding capacity of protective structures can be achieved using cement-based composites with boron-containing aggregates. Experimental tests were performed to evaluate the effect of boron aggregates (colemanite, ulexite, borax, boron carbide) and nanosilica on the setting time and hydration heat of cement in mortars using isothermal calorimetry. Boron leaching test from mineral aggregates were performed in water and saturated Ca(OH)2 solution. Cement setting retardation effects were found qualitatively correlated with boron leaching from mineral aggregates. A linear dependence of compressive strength of borated mortars and heat released after 72 h of cement hydration was found. A maximum content of boron compounds in mortar, allowing for a systematical control of setting time, was evaluated

Keywords:

Boron minerals, Cement setting, Colemanite, Early strength, Heat of hydration, Isothermal calorimetry, Leaching, Nanosilica, Neutron shielding, Retardation, Ulexite

Affiliations:
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Gawlicki M.-Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials (PL)

List of chapters in recent monographs
1.
610
Antolik A., Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Dziedzic K., Bogusz K., Denis P., Brittle Matrix Composites, rozdział: POTENTIAL OF ALKALI SILICA REACTION AS A FUNCTION OF REACTIVE FORM OF QUARTZ IN FINE AGGREGATE, IPPT PAN, 12, pp.223-230, 2019
2.
611
Dąbrowski M., Dziedzic K., Antolik A., Glinicki M.A., Brittle Matrix Composites, rozdział: INFLUENCE OF THE AIR VOIDS DISTRIBUTION IN CONCRETE ON THE RATE OF WATER ABSORPTION, IPPT PAN, 12, pp.147-158, 2019

Conference papers
1.Gibas K., Glinicki M.A., Dąbrowski M., Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Antolik A., Dziedzic K., Asr performance testing of air entrained concrete exposed to external alkalis, SMSS, International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures Novel Methods for Characterization of Materials and Structures, 2019-03-20/03-22, Rovinj (HR), No.PRO 128, pp.59-66, 2019
Abstract:

The risk of occurrence of deleterious alkali-silica reaction (ASR) in concrete should be properly minimized in major highway pavements and bridges. Real-life experiences show that even in concrete made with aggregates potentially not susceptible to ASR, it may occur under unfavourable conditions of external alkali supply at wet conditions and heavy traffic load. An experimental investigation was performed to study the susceptibility of selected Polish mineral aggregates to ASR at external alkali supply. The test method „60°C concrete test with external alkali supply” covered by draft procedure RILEM AAR-12 was implemented at IPPT PAN laboratory. Air entrained concrete specimens were exposed to cyclic temperature changes and wet-dry exposure as well as NaCl solution exposure. Several combinations of coarse crushed aggregate and fine natural aggregate were tested in concrete designed as for heavy duty highway pavement. SEM evaluation of microstructure of concrete with glacial deposit aggregate revealed visible alkali-silica gel. The effects of fine aggregate on the expansion of concrete were also revealed.

Keywords:

air entrained concrete, alkali-silica reaction, cyclic exposure, external alkali, highway pavement

Affiliations:
Gibas K.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Dąbrowski M.-IPPT PAN
Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Dziedzic K.-IPPT PAN
2.Antolik A., Glinicki M.A., Gawlicki M., Effect of boron-containing aggregates on setting and hardening of Portland cement mortars, MATBUD'2018, 8th Scientific-Technical Conference on Material Problems in Civil Engineering MATBUD'2018, 2018-06-25/06-27, Kraków, Politechnika Krakowska (PL), DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201816304003, No.163, pp.04003-1-6, 2018
Abstract:

Multicomponent cement-based composites are known as versatile structural materials for enhanced radiation shielding. The use of selected elements, like boron, cadmium, or rare earth elements, provides an increased neutron shielding capacity. Because of profusion, reasonable costs and large cross-section for neutron capture, boron containing minerals are suggested as aggregates for radiation shielding concrete. Despite many advantages, boron additives may act as cement setting retarders. Uncontrolled setting and hardening is not acceptable in radiation shielding concrete technology. In this work we present results from isothermal calorimetry measurements on cement mortars with boron-containing aggregates. Four types of boron aggregates were used in the studies: colemanite, ulexite, borax and boron carbide. Based on calorimetric curves, the beginning of setting time was determined. Additionally early mortar strength was investigated and linear relationship between the heat generated in the isothermal calorimeter and the early compressive strength has been observed. The use of isothermal calorimetry allowed us to estimate the limits for the content of boron compounds to be used cement mortar.

Affiliations:
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Gawlicki M.-Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials (PL)
3.Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Dąbrowski M., Gibas K., Antolik A., Glinicki M.A., Alkali-silica reaction and microstructure of concrete subjected to combined chemical and physical exposure conditions, MATBUD'2018, 8th Scientific-Technical Conference on Material Problems in Civil Engineering, 2018-06-25/06-27, Kraków (PL), DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201816305009, No.163, pp.05009-1-10, 2018
Abstract:

Salt solutions are used to ensure safe driving conditions during winter. NaCl deicer is the most often used brine in Polish climatic zone. The chemical effects of this type of chloride-based deicer in wetting and drying (WD) and temperature cycles on concrete need to be better understood. This research was focus to study the microstructure of air-entrained pavement concrete after combined chemical (10% of NaCl) and physical (WD and 60°C) exposure conditions. The adopted WD and temperature regime was designed to verify the hypothesis that regularly alternating wetting and drying cycles with external alkali supply from deicer salt will provoke the Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR). The aggregates varied their origin and mineralogical composition. The microscopic examination was carried out on concrete specimens using SEM with EDX. The microscopic analysis has shown that main reason for concrete deterioration during cyclic chemical and physical exposure conditions was both physical influence - WD cycles and the chemical influence – ASR (primarily, the fine aggregate which lead to form of alkali-silica gel). The expansive gel was shown to be capable of destroying the test specimens. Also differences in mineralogical composition of coarse aggregates influenced on the concrete prism expansion due to ASR.

Affiliations:
Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D.-IPPT PAN
Dąbrowski M.-IPPT PAN
Gibas K.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
4.Dąbrowski M., Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Antolik A., Glinicki M.A., Effects of cyclic wet-dry- external alkali exposure on microstructure and water permeability of air-entrained pavement concrete, 13th International Symposium on Concrete Roads, 2018-06-19/06-22, Berlin (DE), pp.1-4, 2018
Abstract:

Penetration of external alkalis from deicing salts into concrete pavement can promote deleterious alkali-silica reaction (ASR) and therefore reduce its long-term performance. In severe exposure
conditions (wet and heavy traffic load) the susceptibility of aggregates to ASR may be aggravated. To study this phenomenon on concrete specimens the combined cyclic exposure method was
developed at VDZ Düsseldorf. Such a cyclic wet-dry-external alkali exposure was used on air entrained concrete specimens to investigate its influence on the microstructure and the
permeability of concrete. Air voids characteristics, mercury intrusion porosimetry, porosity accessible to water and water absorption of concrete was tested. Concrete microstructure was
observed in scanning electron microscope to reveal the specific features. The applied cyclic wetdry-external alkali exposure induced a marked decrease of total porosity of concrete and the
appearance of ASR gel in cement matrix. An increase of the rate of water absorption of concrete was also found.

Keywords:

alkali-silica reaction, VDZ test, microstructure, permeability, water absorption

Affiliations:
Dąbrowski M.-IPPT PAN
Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
5.Dąbrowski M., Glinicki M.A., Antolik A., Dziedzic K., Zastosowanie sekwencyjnej metody ciśnieniowej do oceny jakości napowietrzenia mieszanki betonowej na budowie dróg ekspresowych, DNI BETONU, X Jubileuszowa Konferencja DNI BETONU, 2018-10-08/10-10, Wisła (PL), pp.41-50, 2018
Abstract:

Przedmiotem referatu jest przydatność zmodyfikowanej metody ciśnieniowej do wyznaczenia charakterystyki porów w napowietrzonej mieszance betonowej w warunkach polowych na miejscu budowy nawierzchni drogowej. Metoda polegająca na stopniowym zwiększaniu ciśnienia na mieszankę, w określonej sekwencji, pozwala wyznaczyć parametr zwany liczbą SAM. Zgodnie z oczekiwaniem wynalazców metody powinna być skorelowana ze wskaźnikiem rozmieszczenia porów w betonie. Przeprowadzone badania doświadczalne obejmowały rozpoznanie w warunkach laboratoryjnych powtarzalności metody oraz pomiary napowietrzenia mieszanki na dolną i górną warstwę betonu w nawierzchni odcinków dróg ekspresowych. Na próbkach stwardniałego betonu wyznaczono wskaźnik rozmieszczenia porów zgodnie z PN-EN 480-11 i przeanalizowano zgodność charakterystyki napowietrzenia betonu stwardniałego z charakterystyką napowietrzenia mieszanki na podstawie liczby SAM. Wykonanie pomiarów w warunkach budowy dwuwarstwowej nawierzchni drogi ekspresowej nie nastręczało kłopotów technicznych. Jednakże w wielu przypadkach stwierdzono niewystarczającą korelację charakterystyki porów w mieszance i w betonie stwardniałym. Przeanalizowano czynniki wpływające na zaobserwowane niezgodności.

Affiliations:
Dąbrowski M.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Dziedzic K.-IPPT PAN
6.Dąbrowski M., Glinicki M.A., Gibas K., Antolik A., Dziedzic K., Influence of Surface Retarders on Texture Profile And Durability of Upper Layer of Exposed Aggregate Concrete Pavement, ICDCS-6, Sixth International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures, 2018-07-18/07-20, Leeds (GB), No.PSE17, pp.451-456, 2018
Abstract:

Exposed aggregate concrete (EAC) pavement technology is used in Poland for construction of major highways and expressways. When properly executed, it is an efficient technique to provide desired friction for skid resistance without compromising the noise limitations. Concrete mix uniformity, proper dosing of retarding agent and optimal time to brush with a mechanical broom are supposed to have a major impact on the properties of the upper pavement layer. An experimental investigation was performed on exposed aggregate concrete specimens manufactured in the laboratory in a way to simulate the industrial production of two-layer concrete slab with exposed aggregate. The texture depth was determined using a laser profiler. The compressive strength of concrete, the water absorption rate, and permeability of chloride ions through concrete were also determined. The freeze-thaw resistance and surface scaling resistance were tested and analyzed with respect to air void characteristics. Results revealed an increase in surface scaling for EAC slabs with higher w/c ratio and slabs simulating local bleeding. The most efficient method to determine indirectly the durability of EAC slabs was the set of permeability tests comprised of measurements of chloride migration and rate of water absorption. The change of macrotexture depth with increase of w/c ratio and retarding admixture type was found.

Keywords:

highway pavement, exposed aggregate concrete, surface retarder, durability, concrete preparation parameter, water absorption, chloride migration, surface scaling, macrotexture

Affiliations:
Dąbrowski M.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN
Gibas K.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Dziedzic K.-IPPT PAN
7.Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Antolik A., Glinicki M.A., Investigation of potential for alkali-silica reaction in granitic aggregates, SLD4, 4th International Conference on Service Life Design for Infrastructures, 2018-08-27/08-30, Delft (NL), pp.131-134, 2018
Abstract:

Crushed granite aggregates due to good physical and mechanical properties are widely
accepted for production of durable concrete. This kind of aggregates are considered as not
alkali-silica reactive (ASR). However, all of them contain silica. In some of them SiO2 occurs
in a strained form or the crystals are small enough to be treated as microcrystalline, so they
can be prone to ASR.
Various granite aggregates taken from largest exploited Polish quarries were tested.
Petrographic analysis on thin sections and accelerated mortar-bar test were carried out to
assess potential of the alkali-silica reactivity.
The petrographic analysis revealed differences in mineral composition of the tested
granites. The strained quartz and microcrystalline quartz were the main potentially deleterious
mineral in analyzed granite aggregates. Also the myrmekites were particularly visible in the
granitic rocks. The results of the mortar-bar tests confirmed such predictions. The mortar
beams showed expansion more than 0.1% after 28 days of exposition in 1M NaOH and 80°C.
The bars made with RILEM cement showed fast and large elongation. In all cases the increase
in mortar beam elongation was linear. The SEM-EDS analysis confirmed the presence of the
ASR gel both, in the aggregate and in the matrix.

Affiliations:
Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D.-IPPT PAN
Antolik A.-IPPT PAN
Glinicki M.A.-IPPT PAN