Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences

Staff

Paulina Pietrzyk-Thel, MSc

Department of Theory of Continuous Media and Nanostructures (ZTOCiN)
Research Team: Nanomaterials for Applications in Electronics and Biomedicine (ZeBNZEiB)
position: Senior Lab Technician
telephone: (+48) 22 826 12 81 ext.: 209
room: 210
e-mail:
ORCID: 0009-0004-9958-1286

Recent publications
1.  Pietrzyk-Thel P., Jain A., Bochenek K., Michalska M., Basista M. A., Szabo T., Nagy P., Wolska A., Klepka M., Flexible, tough and high-performing ionogels for supercapacitor application, Journal of Materiomics, ISSN: 2352-8478, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmat.2024.01.008, pp.1-41, 2024

Abstract:
Ionogels are an attractive class of materials for smart and flexible electronics and are prepared from the combination of a polymer and ionic liquid which is entrapped in this matrix. Ionogels provide a continuous conductive phase with high thermal, mechanical, and chemical stability. However, because of the higher percentage of ionic liquids it is difficult to obtain an ionogel with high ionic conductivity and mechanical stability, which are very important from an application point of view. In this work, ionogel films with high flexibility, excellent ionic conductivity, and exceptional stability were prepared using polyvinyl alcohol as the host polymer matrix and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate as the ionic liquid using water as the solvent for energy storage application. The prepared ionogel films exhibited good mechanical stability along with sustaining strain of more than 100% at room temperature and low temperature, the ability to withstand twisting up to 360° and different bending conditions, and excellent ionic conductivity of 5.12 × 10−3 S/cm. The supercapacitor cell fabricated using the optimized ionogel film showed a capacitance of 39.9 F/g with an energy and power densities of 5.5 Wh/kg and 0.3 kW/kg, respectively confirming the suitability of ionogels for supercapacitor application.

Keywords:
Ionic liquid, Gel polymer electrolyte, Ionic conductivity, 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate, Supercapacitors

Affiliations:
Pietrzyk-Thel P. - IPPT PAN
Jain A. - IPPT PAN
Bochenek K. - IPPT PAN
Michalska M. - Łukasiewicz Research Network‒Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Basista M. A. - IPPT PAN
Szabo T. - other affiliation
Nagy P. - other affiliation
Wolska A. - other affiliation
Klepka M. - other affiliation
2.  Witecka A., Pietrzyk-Thel P., Krajewski M., Sobczak K., Wolska A., Jain A., Preparation of activated carbon/iron oxide/chitosan electrodes for symmetric supercapacitor using electrophoretic deposition: A facile, fast and sustainable approach, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, ISSN: 0925-8388, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2024.174040, Vol.985, No.174040, pp.1-15, 2024

Abstract:
In this research, electrophoretic deposition (EPD) was employed to prepare a porous composite film (ACF electrode) consisting of 90 wt% activated carbon particles, 10 wt% iron oxide nanoparticles, and a chitosan as binder in a facile, fast, and sustainable manner. This micro-mesoporous composite film, with a thickness of ∼45 µm and a surface area of ∼208.1 m2g−1, was coated on a stainless steel substrate. The SEM and TEM investigations proved the homogeneous distribution of carbon microparticles and iron oxide nanoparticles in the deposit, while the EDX, XRD, Raman spectroscopy, and XPS confirmed the chemical composition. ACF electrodes were also used in a symmetric two-electrode cell configuration with a sandwiched gel polymer electrolyte - PVdF(HFP)-PC-Mg(ClO4)2 and revealed a specific capacitance of ∼54.4 F g−1, along with satisfactory energy and power density of ∼4.7 Wh kg−1 and 1.2 kW kg−1, respectively, and excellent electrochemical stability up to ∼10,000 cycles (with merely 8.5% decay by the 5000th cycle). Obtained results confirmed the stability of the used system and its possible application in the field of energy storage and conversion.

Affiliations:
Witecka A. - IPPT PAN
Pietrzyk-Thel P. - IPPT PAN
Krajewski M. - IPPT PAN
Sobczak K. - other affiliation
Wolska A. - other affiliation
Jain A. - IPPT PAN
3.  Osial M., Ha G., Vu V., Nguyen P., Nieciecka D., Pietrzyk‑Thel P., Urbanek O., Olusegun S., Wilczewski S., Giersig M., Do H., Dinh T., One-pot synthesis of magnetic hydroxyapatite (SPION/HAp) for 5-fluorouracil delivery and magnetic hyperthermia, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, ISSN: 1388-0764, DOI: 10.1007/s11051-023-05916-x, Vol.26, No.7, pp.1-23, 2024

Abstract:
This work presents the synthesis and characterization of a composite made of superparamagnetic iron oxide and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (SPION/HAp) with a well-developed surface for loading anticancer drugs and for use in magnetic hyperthermia and local chemotherapy. The proposed material was obtained by an easy one-pot co-precipitation method with a controlled ratio of SPION to HAp. The morphology was studied by SEM and TEM, indicating rod-like structures for high HAp content in the composite and granule-like structures with increasing SPION. Its crystallinity, elemental composition, and functional groups were determined by X-ray diffraction, EDS, and FT-IR, respectively. The nanocomposite was then stabilized with citrates (CA), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and folic acid (FA) as agents to improve intracellular absorption, while turbidimetric studies confirmed that only citrates effectively stabilized the magnetic carriers to form a colloidal suspension. Subsequently, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was loaded into the magnetic carriers and tested in vitro using the L-929 cell line. The studies showed no cytotoxicity of the citrate-stabilized suspension against fibroblasts and some cytotoxicity after 5-FU release. In addition to in vitro studies, the composite was also tested on biomimetic membranes made of DOPC, DOPE, cholesterol, and DOPS lipids using Langmuir trough. The results show that the resulting suspension interacts with biomimetic membranes, while magnetic hyperthermia studies confirm effective heat generation to achieve therapeutic 42–46 °C and improve drug release from magnetic carriers.

Keywords:
SPION, Hydroxyapatite, Magnetic hyperthermia, Drug delivery, 5-fluorouracil, Biomimetic membranes, Nanostructures, Cancer treatment

Affiliations:
Osial M. - IPPT PAN
Ha G. - other affiliation
Vu V. - other affiliation
Nguyen P. - other affiliation
Nieciecka D. - other affiliation
Pietrzyk‑Thel P. - IPPT PAN
Urbanek O. - IPPT PAN
Olusegun S. - other affiliation
Wilczewski S. - other affiliation
Giersig M. - IPPT PAN
Do H. - other affiliation
Dinh T. - other affiliation
4.  Michalska M., Pietrzyk-Thel P., Sobczak K., Janssen M., Jain A., Carbon framework modification; an interesting strategy to improve the energy storage and dye adsorption, Energy Advances, ISSN: 2753-1457, DOI: 10.1039/d4ya00159a, pp.1-13, 2024

Abstract:
Porous carbons find various applications, including as adsorbents for clean water production and as electrode materials in energy storage devices such as supercapacitors. While supercapacitors reach higher power densities than batteries, they are less widely used, as their energy density is lower. We present a low-temperature wet ultrasonochemical synthesis technique to modify the surface of activated carbon with 1 wt% Cu nanoparticles. We analyzed the modified carbon using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy and confirmed the composite formation by N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms at 77 K. For comparison, we did the same tests on pristine carbon. We used the modified carbon as an electrode material in a homebuilt supercapacitor filled with gel polymer electrolyte and as an absorbent of Malachite green dye. In both applications, the modified carbon performed substantially better than its pristine counterpart. The modified-carbon supercapacitor exhibited a single electrode-specific capacitance of approximately 68.9 F g1. It also demonstrated an energy density of 9.8 W h kg1 and a power density of 1.4 kW kg1. These values represent improvements over the pristine-carbon supercapacitor, with increases of 25.7 F g1 in capacitance, 3.8 W h kg1 in energy density, and 0.5 kW kg1 in power density. After 10 000 charging–discharging cycles, the capacitance of the modified-carbon supercapacitor decreased by approximately 10%, indicating good durability of the material. We found that the modified carbon’s absorbance capacity for Malachite dye is more than that of the pristine carbon; the adsorption capacity value was B153.16 mg g1 for modified carbon with pseudo-second kinetic order, in accordance with the Redlich–Peterson adsorption model.

Affiliations:
Michalska M. - Łukasiewicz Research Network‒Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Pietrzyk-Thel P. - IPPT PAN
Sobczak K. - other affiliation
Janssen M. - other affiliation
Jain A. - IPPT PAN
5.  Pietrzyk-Thel P., Osial M., Pręgowska A., Abramowicz M., Nguyen Thu P., Urbańska W., Giersig M., SPIONs doped with cobalt from the Li-ion battery acid leaching waste as a photocatalyst for tetracycline degradation - synthesis, characterization, DFT studies, and antibiotic treatment, Desalination and Water Treatment, ISSN: 1944-3994, DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2023.29795, Vol.305, pp.155-173, 2023

Keywords:
Spent lithium-ion batteries, LiBs, Acid leaching, SPION, Magnetic nanomaterials, Metals recovery, Superparamagnetic, Waste management, Functional materials

Affiliations:
Pietrzyk-Thel P. - IPPT PAN
Osial M. - IPPT PAN
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Abramowicz M. - University of Warsaw (PL)
Nguyen Thu P. - other affiliation
Urbańska W. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Giersig M. - IPPT PAN
6.  Krajewski M., Pietrzyk P., Osial M., Liou S., Kubacki J., Iron–Iron Oxide Core–Shell Nanochains as High-Performance Adsorbents of Crystal Violet and Congo Red Dyes from Aqueous Solutions, LANGMUIR, ISSN: 0743-7463, DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.3c00967, Vol.39, No.23, pp.8367-8377, 2023

Abstract:
The main aim of this work was to use the iron–iron oxide nanochains (Fe NCs) as adsorbents of the carcinogenic cationic crystal violet (CV) and anionic Congo red (CR) dyes from water. The investigated adsorbent was prepared by a magnetic-field-induced reduction reaction, and it revealed a typical core–shell structure. It was composed of an iron core covered by a thin Fe3O4 shell (<4 nm). The adsorption measurements conducted with UV–vis spectroscopy revealed that 15 mg of Fe NCs constituted an efficient dose to be used in the CV and CR treatment. The highest effectiveness of CV and CR removal was found for a contact time of 90 min at pH 7 and 150 min at pH 8, respectively. Kinetic studies indicated that the adsorption followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The adsorption process followed the Temkin model for both dyes taking into account the highest value of the R2 coefficient, whereas in the case of CR, the Redlich–Peterson model could be also considered. The maximal adsorption capacity estimated from the Langmuir isotherms for the CV and CR was 778.47 and 348.46 mg g–1, respectively. Based on the Freundlich model, both dyes adsorbed on the Fe NCs through chemisorption, but Coulombic interactions between the dye and adsorbent cannot be excluded in the case of the CV dye. The obtained results proved that the investigated Fe NCs had an excellent adsorption ability for both dye molecules within five cycles of adsorption/desorption, and therefore, they can be considered as a promising material for water purification and environmental applications.

Affiliations:
Krajewski M. - IPPT PAN
Pietrzyk P. - IPPT PAN
Osial M. - IPPT PAN
Liou S. - University of Maryland (US)
Kubacki J. - Silesian University of Technology (PL)
7.  Pietrzyk P., Borowska E., Hejduk P., Camargo Cury B., Warczak M., Nguyen Thu P., Pregowska A., Gniadek M., Szczytko J., Wilczewski S., Osial M., Green composites based on volcanic red algae Cyanidiales, cellulose, and coffee waste biomass modified with magnetic nanoparticles for the removal of methylene blue, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, ISSN: 1614-7499, DOI: 10.1007/s11356-023-26425-3, pp.1-15, 2023
8.  Pietrzyk P., Phuong N.T., Olusegun S.J., Nam N.H., Thanh D.T.M., Giersig M., Krysiński P., Osial M., Titan Yellow and Congo Red Removal with Superparamagnetic Iron-Oxide-Based Nanoparticles Doped with Zinc, MAGNETOCHEMISTRY, ISSN: 2312-7481, DOI: 10.3390/magnetochemistry8080091, Vol.8, No.91, pp.1-24, 2022

Abstract:
In this work, we present magnetic nanoparticles based on iron oxide doped with zinc syn-
thesized using the wet co-precipitation method for environmental application. The morphology of the
samples was revealed by SEM and TEM, which showed particles of granular shape and size of about
15 nm. The specific surface areas of the materials using the BET method were within the range of 85.7 to 101.5 m2 g−1 depending on the zinc content in the superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPI-ONs). Magnetometry was performed to determine the magnetic properties of the particles, indicating superparamagnetism. Synthesized magnetic nanoparticles with different amounts of zinc dopant were used as an adsorbent to remove model pollutant Titan yellow (TY) from the aqueous solutions. Adsorption was determined by investigating the effects of sorbent amount, dye concentration, and contact time. The synthesized material removed Titan yellow quickly and efficiently within the phys-ical adsorption. The adsorption isotherms were consistent with the models proposed by Langmuir and Redlich-Peterson. The monolayer adsorption capacities were 30 and 43 mg g−1 for Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@10%Zn, respectively, for the removal of TY. However, that of Congo red is 59 mg g−1 by Fe3O4@10%Zn. The proposed nanoparticles offer fast and cost-effective water purification, and they can be separated from solution using magnets.

Keywords:
perparamagnetic particles, pollution treatment, Titan yellow, Congo red, adsorption isotherm, iron oxide

Affiliations:
Pietrzyk P. - other affiliation
Phuong N.T. - other affiliation
Olusegun S.J. - other affiliation
Nam N.H. - other affiliation
Thanh D.T.M. - other affiliation
Giersig M. - IPPT PAN
Krysiński P. - other affiliation
Osial M. - IPPT PAN

List of chapters in recent monographs
1. 
Pietrzyk P., Pręgowska A., Urbańska W., Osial M., INNOWACYJNA ZIELONA GOSPODARKA, rozdział: Oczyszczanie wody ze związków organicznych, szczególnie hormonów, za pomocą nanostruktur, Główny Instytut Górnictwa, 4, pp.39-53, 2022
2. 
Pręgowska A., Pietrzyk P., Urbańska W., Osial M., INNOWACYJNA ZIELONA GOSPODARKA, rozdział: Sorbenty na bazie biomasy i nanocząstek magnetycznych do wyłapywania zanieczyszczeń z wody, Główny Instytut Górnictwa, 4, pp.68-82, 2022

Conference papers
1.  Osial M., Pietrzyk P., Urbańska P., Tetracycline pollution treatment - current trends in water remediation, 2nd International Conference Strategies toward Green Deal Implementation – Water, Raw Materials & Energy, 2021-12-08/12-10, Kraków (PL), DOI: 10.24425/stratgreendeal2nd, pp.125-143, 2022

Conference abstracts
1.  Jain A., Michalska M., Pietrzyk-Thel P., Development of surface modified carbon material electrode for EDLC application, E-MRS 2023, The Fall Meeting of the European Materials Research Society, 2023-09-18/09-21, Warszawa (PL), pp.1-1, 2023

Keywords:
Supercapacitors, Activated Carbon, Polymer gel electrolyte, Surface modification

Affiliations:
Jain A. - IPPT PAN
Michalska M. - Łukasiewicz Research Network‒Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Pietrzyk-Thel P. - IPPT PAN
2.  Krajewski M., Pietrzyk P., Osial M., Liou S.C., Świątkowski A., Pawluk K., Iron-iron oxide core-shell nanochains and their possible environmental applications, THERMEC 2023, International Conference on PROCESSING & MANUFACTURING OF ADVANCED MATERIALS Processing, Fabrication, Properties, Applications, 2023-07-02/07-07, Wiedeń (AT), No.718, pp.364-365, 2023
3.  Pietrzyk P., Nanostructures as sorbents for water purification, 2nd Zero Waste Technologies Seminar, 2023-05-31/05-31, Bydgoszcz (PL), pp.1-2, 2023
4.  Pietrzyk P., Pręgowska A., Osial M., Current trends of removal dyes from water by magnetic nanomaterials, IC Green Deal 2022, 3rd International Conference - Strategies toward Green Deal Implementation - Water, Raw Materials & Energy, 2022-12-05/12-07, Kraków (zdalnie) (PL), pp.1-1, 2022

Keywords:
water pollution, dyes, wastewater treatment, magnetic nanoparticles

Affiliations:
Pietrzyk P. - IPPT PAN
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Osial M. - IPPT PAN

Patents
Filing No./Date
Filing Publication
Autors
Title
Protection Area, Applicant Name
Patent Number
Date of Grant
pdf
443177
2022-12-19
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Osial M., Pietrzyk P., Giersig M., Pręgowska A., Wilczewski S.
Sposób wytwarzania cieczy magnetoreologicznej i wytworzona nim ciecz magnetoreologiczna
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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