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Polish Academy of Sciences

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Żaneta Górecka

Warsaw University of Technology (PL)


Recent publications
1.  Górecka Ż., Idaszek J., Kołbuk D., Choińska E., Chlanda A., Święszkowski W., The effect of diameter of fibre on formation of hydrogen bonds and mechanical properties of 3D-printed PCL, Materials Science and Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications, ISSN: 0928-4931, DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2020.111072, Vol.114, pp.111072-1-11, 2020

Abstract:
Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) technique has been widely utilized in fabrication of 3D porous scaffolds for tissue engineering (TE) applications. Surprisingly, although there are many publications devoted to the architectural features of the 3D scaffolds fabricated by the FDM, none of them give us evident information about the impact of the diameter of the fibres on material properties. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate, for the first time, the effect of the diameter of 3D-printed PCL fibres on variations in their microstructure and resulting mechanical behaviour. The fibres made of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were extruded through commonly used types of nozzles (inner diameter ranging from 0.18 mm to 1.07 mm) by means of FDM technique. Static tensile test and atomic force microscopy working in force spectroscopy mode revealed strong decrease in the Young's modulus and yield strength with increasing fibre diameter in the investigated range. To explain this phenomenon, we conducted differential scanning calorimetry, wide-angle X-ray-scattering, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared and polarized light microscopy imaging. The obtained results clearly showed that the most prominent effect on the obtained microstructures and mechanical properties had different cooling and shear rates during fabrication process causing changes in supramolecular interactions of PCL. The observed fibre size-dependent formation of hydrogen bonds affected the crystalline structure and its stability. Summarising, this study clearly demonstrates that the diameter of 3D-printed fibres has a strong effect on obtained microstructure and mechanical properties, therefore should be taken into consideration during design of the 3D TE scaffolds.

Keywords:
fused deposition modelling, polycaprolactone, mechanical properties, hydrogen bonds, microstructure

Affiliations:
Górecka Ż. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Idaszek J. - other affiliation
Kołbuk D. - IPPT PAN
Choińska E. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Chlanda A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Święszkowski W. - IPPT PAN
2.  Chlanda A., Oberbek P., Heljak M., Górecka Ż., Czarnecka K., Chen K.-S., Woźniak M.J., Nanohydroxyapatite adhesion to low temperature plasma modified surface of 3D-printed bone tissue engineering scaffolds - qualitative and quantitative study, SURFACE AND COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, ISSN: 0257-8972, DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2019.07.070, Vol.375, pp.637-644, 2019

Abstract:
Biodegradable 3D-printed polycaprolactone scaffolds for bone tissue engineering applications have been extensively studied as they can provide an attractive porous architecture mimicking natural bone, with tunable physical and mechanical properties enhancing positive cellular response. The main drawbacks of polycaprolactone-based scaffolds, limiting their applications in tissue engineering are: their hydrophobic nature, low bioactivity and poor mechanical properties compared to native bone tissue. To overcome these issues, the surface of scaffolds is usually modified and covered with a ceramic layer. However, a detailed description of the adhesion forces of ceramic particles to the polymer surface of the scaffolds is still lacking. Our present work is focused on obtaining PCL-based composite scaffolds to strengthen the architecture of the final product. In this manuscript, we report qualitative and quantitative evaluation of low temperature plasma modification followed by detailed studies of the adhesion forces between chemically attached ceramic layer and the surface of polycaprolactone-nanohydroxyapatite composite 3D-printed scaffolds. The results suggest modification-dependent alteration of the internal structure and morphology, as well as mechanical and physical scaffold properties recorded with atomic force microscopy. Moreover, changes in the material surface were followed by enhanced adhesion forces binding the ceramic layer to polymer-based scaffolds.

Keywords:
surface modification, low temperature plasma, atomic force microscopy, bone tissue engineering

Affiliations:
Chlanda A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Oberbek P. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Heljak M. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Górecka Ż. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Czarnecka K. - IPPT PAN
Chen K.-S. - Tatung University (TW)
Woźniak M.J. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

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