Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences

Partners

A. Kwiatkowski

Military Institute of Medicine (PL)

Recent publications
1.  Kowalewski P.K., Olszewski R., Walędziak M.S., Janik M.R., Kwiatkowski A., Paśnik K., Cigarette smoking and its impact on weight loss after bariatric surgery: A single center, retrospective study, Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, ISSN: 1550-7289, DOI: 10.1016/j.soard.2018.05.004, Vol.14, No.8, pp.1163-1166, 2018

Abstract:
Background: Smoking cessation is often associated with weight gain. This study was conducted to verify whether it affects outcomes of bariatric surgery. Objectives: To present cigarette consumption among patients after bariatric surgery in a long-term follow-up and to evaluate whether smoking cessation impacts weight loss. Setting: High-volume bariatric center, Military Hospital, Poland. Methods: We collected data of patients who underwent bariatric surgery between 2003 and 2009. The data included sex, age, weight, body mass index, and smoking habits. An online survey regarding current weight, co-morbidities, and smoking was distributed. Percentage excess weight loss was calculated with an ideal weight for body mass index of 25 kg/m2. Results: One hundred seven patients had laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding between 2003 and 2006; 47 were included in the study. The mean follow-up time was 11.2 (±1.2). Of patients, 51% (n = 24) were smokers before surgery. In the follow-up 43% (n = 20) were smokers, of whom 4 patients began smoking after surgery. Twenty-seven patients were nonsmokers, 8 of whom quit over the years (33% of previous smokers). One hundred twenty-seven underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between 2006 and 2009; 84 were included in the study. Our median follow-up was 8.0 years. Thirty-two patients never smoked; 52 were smoking before surgery, yet 24 successfully quit. In both groups there were no statistically significant differences in percentage excess weight loss between smokers and nonsmokers, or between those who quit and did not. Conclusions: In the long-term follow-up after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, 33% of smokers quit and 17% previously nonsmoking began smoking. After laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, 46% of previously smoking patients successfully quit. Smoking status was not significantly associated with weight loss.

Keywords:
Smoking, Obesity, Surgery, Sleeve, Long term

Affiliations:
Kowalewski P.K. - University of Ecology and Management (PL)
Olszewski R. - IPPT PAN
Walędziak M.S. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Janik M.R. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Kwiatkowski A. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Paśnik K. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
2.  Kowalewski P.K., Olszewski R., Walędziak M.S., Janik M.R., Kwiatkowski A., Gałązka-Świderek N., Cichoń K., Brągoszewski J., Paśnik K., Long-term outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy-a single-center, retrospective study, Obesity Surgery, ISSN: 0960-8923, DOI: 10.1007/s11695-017-2795-2, Vol.28, No.1, pp.130-134, 2018

Abstract:
Introduction Sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most popular bariatric procedures. We present our long-term results regarding weight loss, comorbidities, and gastric reflux disease. Material and Methods We identified patients who underwent LSG in our institution between 2006 and 2009. We revised the data, and the patients with outdated contact details were tracked with the national health insurance database and social media (facebook). Each of the identified patients was asked to complete an online or telephone survey covering, among others, their weight and comorbidities. On that basis, we calculated the percent total weight loss (%TWL) and percent excess weight loss (%EWL), along with changes in body mass index (ΔBMI). Satisfactory weight loss was set at >50% EWL (for BMI = 25 kg/m2). We evaluated type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and arterial hypertension (AHT) based on the pharmacological therapy. GERD presence was evaluated by the typical symptoms and/or proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Results One hundred twenty-seven patients underwent LSG between 2006 and 2009. One hundred twenty patients were qualified for this study. Follow-up data was available for 100 participants (47 female, 53 male). Median follow-up period reached 8.0 years (from 7.1 to 10.7). Median BMI upon qualification for LSG was 51.6 kg/m2. Sixteen percent of patients required revisional surgery over the years (RS group), mainly because of insufficient weight loss (14 Roux-Y gastric bypass—LRYGB; one mini gastric bypass, one gastric banding). For the LSG (LSG group n = 84), the mean %EWL was 51.1% (±22.3), median %TWL was 23.5% (IQR 17.7–33.3%), and median ΔBMI was 12.1 kg/m2 (IQR 8.2–17.2). Fifty percent (n = 42) of patients achieved the satisfactory %EWL of 50%. For RS group, the mean %EWL was 57.8%(±18.2%) and median %TWL reached 33% (IQR 27.7–37.9%). Sixty-two percent (n = 10) achieved the satisfactory weight loss. Fifty-nine percent of patients reported improvement in AHT therapy, 58% in T2DM. After LSG, 60% (n = 60) of patients reported recurring GERD symptoms and 44% were treated with proton pomp inhibitors (PPI). In 93% of these cases, GERD has developed de novo. Conclusions Isolated LSG provides fairly good effects in a long-term follow-up with mean %EWL at 51.1%. Sixteen percent of patients require additional surgery due to insufficient weight loss. More than half of the subjects observe improvement in AHT and T2DM. Over half of the patients complain of GERD symptoms, which in most of the cases is a de novo complaint.

Keywords:
bariatric surgery, sleeve, long-termfollow-up, comorbidities, GERD

Affiliations:
Kowalewski P.K. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Olszewski R. - IPPT PAN
Walędziak M.S. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Janik M.R. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Kwiatkowski A. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Gałązka-Świderek N. - Regional Hospital (PL)
Cichoń K. - Regional Hospital (PL)
Brągoszewski J. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Paśnik K. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
3.  Kowalewski P.K., Olszewski R., Kwiatkowski A., Gałązka-Świderek N., Cichoń K., Paśnik K., Life with a Gastric Band. Long-Term Outcomes of Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding—a Retrospective Study, Obesity Surgery, ISSN: 0960-8923, DOI: 10.1007/s11695-016-2435-2, Vol.27, pp.1250-1253, 2016

Abstract:
Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is the third most popular bariatric procedure worldwide. Various authors present ambivalent long-term follow up results. Methods: We revised records of the patients who underwent LAGB between 2003 and 2006 along with history of additional check-ins. Patients with outdated details were tracked with the national health insurance database and social media (Facebook). An online survey was sent. The patients who did not have their band removed were included in this study. We calculated the percent total weight loss (%TWL) and percent excess weight loss (%EWL), along with changes in body mass index (ΔBMI). Satisfactory weight loss was set at >50% EWL (for BMI = 25 kg/m(2)). Since eight patients gained weight, we decided to include negative values of %TWL, %EWL, and ΔBMI. Results: One hundred seven patients underwent LAGB from 2003 to 2006. The mean follow-up time was 11.2 (±1.2) years. Eleven percent of patients were lost to follow up (n = 12). There was one perioperative death. Fifty-four of the patients (n = 57) had their band removed. Thirty-seven patients still have the band (39%) and were included in the study. The mean %EWL was 27% (-56-112%) and %TWL was 11% (-19-53%). Twelve patients achieved %EWL > 50% (32%). Thiry-two patients still suffer from obesity, with BMI over 30 kg/m(2). Eight patients (22%) gained additional weight. Patients with %EWL > 50% suffered less from gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms than those with EWL < 50% (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Out of 107 cases, only 11.2% of patients with gastric band (n = 12) achieved satisfactory %EWL. Twenty-two percent of patients regained their weight or even exceeded it. Overall results suggest that LAGB is not an effective bariatric procedure in long term observation.

Life with a Gastric Band. Long-Term Outcomes of Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding—a Retrospective Study (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309486095_Life_with_a_Gastric_Band_Long-Term_Outcomes_of_Laparoscopic_Adjustable_Gastric_Banding-a_Retrospective_Study [accessed Dec 05 2017].

Keywords:
Laparoscopy, Bariatric surgery, LAGB, Gastric band, Long term follow-up

Affiliations:
Kowalewski P.K. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Olszewski R. - other affiliation
Kwiatkowski A. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)
Gałązka-Świderek N. - Regional Hospital (PL)
Cichoń K. - Regional Hospital (PL)
Paśnik K. - Military Institute of Medicine (PL)

Category A Plus

IPPT PAN

logo ippt            Pawińskiego 5B, 02-106 Warsaw
  +48 22 826 12 81 (central)
  +48 22 826 98 15
 

Find Us

mapka
© Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences 2021