Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


Anna Liguori

University of Bologna (IT)

Recent publications
1.  Liguori A., Pandini S., Rinoldi C., Zaccheroni N., Pierini F., Focarete M.L., Gualandi C., Thermoactive smart electrospun nanofibers, Macromolecular Rapid Communications, ISSN: 1022-1336, DOI: 10.1002/marc.202100694, Vol.43, No.5, pp.2100694-1-35, 2022

The recent burst of research on smart materials is a clear evidence of the growing interest of the scientific community, industry, and society in the field. The exploitation of the great potential of stimuli-responsive materials for sensing, actuation, logic, and control applications is favored and supported by new manufacturing technologies, such as electrospinning, that allows to endow smart materials with micro- and nanostructuration, thus opening up additional and unprecedented prospects. In this wide and lively scenario, this article systematically reviews the current advances in the development of thermoactive electrospun fibers and textiles, sorting them, according to their response to the thermal stimulus. Hence, several platforms including thermoresponsive systems, shape memory polymers, thermo-optically responsive systems, phase change materials, thermoelectric materials, and pyroelectric materials, are described and critically discussed. The difference in active species and outputs of the aforementioned categories is highlighted, evidencing the transversal nature of temperature stimulus. Moreover, the potential of novel thermoactive materials are pointed out, revealing how their development could take to utmost interesting achievements.

electrospinning, phase change materials, pyroelectric materials, shape memory polymers, thermoelectric materials, thermo-optically responsive materials, thermoresponsive materials

Liguori A. - University of Bologna (IT)
Pandini S. - University of Brescia (IT)
Rinoldi C. - IPPT PAN
Zaccheroni N. - University of Bologna (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
Focarete M.L. - University of Bologna (IT)
Gualandi C. - University of Bologna (IT)
2.  Rinoldi C., Zargarian S.S., Nakielski P., Li X., Liguori A., Petronella F., Presutti D., Wang Q., Costantini M., De Sio L., Gualandi C., Ding B., Pierini F., Nanotechnology-assisted RNA delivery: from nucleic acid therapeutics to COVID-19 vaccines, Small Methods, ISSN: 2366-9608, DOI: 10.1002/smtd.202100402, Vol.5, No.9, pp.2100402-1-49, 2021

In recent years, the main quest of science has been the pioneering of the groundbreaking biomedical strategies needed for achieving a personalized medicine. Ribonucleic acids (RNAs) are outstanding bioactive macromolecules identified as pivotal actors in regulating a wide range of biochemical pathways. The ability to intimately control the cell fate and tissue activities makes RNA-based drugs the most fascinating family of bioactive agents. However, achieving a widespread application of RNA therapeutics in humans is still a challenging feat, due to both the instability of naked RNA and the presence of biological barriers aimed at hindering the entrance of RNA into cells. Recently, material scientists’ enormous efforts have led to the development of various classes of nanostructured carriers customized to overcome these limitations. This work systematically reviews the current advances in developing the next generation of drugs based on nanotechnology-assisted RNA delivery. The features of the most used RNA molecules are presented, together with the development strategies and properties of nanostructured vehicles. Also provided is an in-depth overview of various therapeutic applications of the presented systems, including coronavirus disease vaccines and the newest trends in the field. Lastly, emerging challenges and future perspectives for nanotechnology-mediated RNA therapies are discussed.

Rinoldi C. - IPPT PAN
Zargarian S.S. - IPPT PAN
Nakielski P. - IPPT PAN
Li X. - Donghua University (CN)
Liguori A. - University of Bologna (IT)
Petronella F. - other affiliation
Presutti D. - Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Wang Q. - Donghua University (CN)
Costantini M. - Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
De Sio L. - Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
Gualandi C. - University of Bologna (IT)
Ding B. - Donghua University (CN)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN

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