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Polish Academy of Sciences

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D. Piernikarski


Recent publications
1.  Ostrowski M., Błachowski B., Bocheński M., Piernikarski D., Filipek P., Janicki W., Design of nonlinear electromagnetic energy harvester equipped with mechanical amplifier and spring bumpers, BULLETIN OF THE POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES: TECHNICAL SCIENCES, ISSN: 0239-7528, DOI: 10.24425/bpasts.2020.135384, Vol.68, No.6, pp.1-11, 2020

Abstract:
The main drawback of vibration-based energy harvesting is its poor efficiency due to small amplitudes of vibration and low sensitivity at frequencies far from resonant frequency. The performance of electromagnetic energy harvester can be improved by using mechanical enhancements such as mechanical amplifiers or spring bumpers. The mechanical amplifiers increase range of movement and velocity, improving also significantly harvester efficiency for the same level of excitation. As a result of this amplitude of motion is much larger comparing to the size of the electromagnetic coil. This in turn imposes the need for modelling of electromagnetic circuit parameters as the function of the moving magnet displacement. Moreover, high velocities achieved by the moving magnet reveal nonlinear dynamics in the electromagnetic circuit of the energy harvester. Another source of nonlinearity is the collision effect between magnet and spring bumpers. It has been shown that this effect should be carefully considered during design process of the energy harvesting device. The present paper investigates the influence of the above-mentioned nonlinearities on power level generated by the energy harvester. A rigorous model of the electromagnetic circuit, derived with aid of the Hamilton's principle of the least action, has been proposed. It includes inductance of the electromagnetic coil as the function of the moving magnet position. Additionally, nonlinear behaviour of the overall electromagnetic device has been tested numerically for the case of energy harvester attached to the quarter car model moving on random road profiles. Such a source of excitation provides wide band of excitation frequencies, which occur in variety of real-life applications.

Keywords:
energy harvesting, velocity amplification, nonlinear electromagnetic circuit, spring bumper, quarter car model

Affiliations:
Ostrowski M. - IPPT PAN
Błachowski B. - IPPT PAN
Bocheński M. - Lublin University of Technology (PL)
Piernikarski D. - other affiliation
Filipek P. - Lublin University of Technology (PL)
Janicki W. - other affiliation

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