Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


E.R. Padyjak

Recent publications
1.  Monti P., Fernando H.J., Princevac M., Chan W.C., Kowalewski T.A., Padyjak E.R., Observations of Flow and Turbulence in the Nocturnal Boundary Layer over a Slope, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, ISSN: 0022-4928, DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<2513:OOFATI>2.0.CO;2, Vol.59, No.17, pp.2513-2534, 2002

Measurements were conducted on an eastern slope of the Salt Lake Basin (SLB) as a part of the Vertical Transport and Mixing Experiment (VTMX) conducted in October 2000. Of interest was the nocturnal boundary layer on a slope (in particular, katabatic flows) in the absence of significant synoptic influence. Extensive measurements of mean flow, turbulence, temperature, and solar radiation were made, from which circulation patterns on the slope and the nature of stratified turbulence in katabatic winds were inferred. The results show that near the surface (<25–50 m) the nocturnal flow is highly stratified and directed downslope, but at higher levels winds strongly vary in magnitude and direction with height and time, implying the domination of upper levels by air intrusions. These intrusions may peel off from different slopes surrounding the SLB, have different densities, and flow at their equilibrium density levels. The turbulence was generally weak and continuous, but sudden increases of turbulence levels were detected as the mean gradient Richardson number (GRN) dropped to about unity. With a short timescale GRN fluctuated on the order of a few tens of seconds while modulating with a longer (along-slope internal waves sloshing) timescale of about half an hour. The mixing efficiency (or the flux Richardson number) of the flow was found to be a strong function of GRN, similar to that found in laboratory experiments with inhomogeneous stratified shear flows. The eddy diffusivities of momentum and heat were evaluated, and they showed a systematic variation with GRN when scaled with the shear length scale and the rms vertical velocity of turbulence.

Monti P. - Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
Fernando H.J. - other affiliation
Princevac M. - other affiliation
Chan W.C. - other affiliation
Kowalewski T.A. - IPPT PAN
Padyjak E.R. - other affiliation

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