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Polish Academy of Sciences

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Elisabetta Salatelli

University of Bologna (IT)


Recent publications
1.  Nakielski P., Pawłowska S., Rinoldi C., Ziai Y., De Sio L., Urbanek O., Zembrzycki K., Pruchniewski M., Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Calogero A., Kowalewski T.A., Yarin A.L., Pierini F., Multifunctional platform based on electrospun nanofibers and plasmonic hydrogel: a smart nanostructured pillow for near-Infrared light-driven biomedical applications, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN: 1944-8244, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c13266, Vol.12, No.49, pp.54328-54342, 2020

Abstract:
Multifunctional nanomaterials with the ability torespond to near-infrared (NIR) light stimulation are vital for thedevelopment of highly efficient biomedical nanoplatforms with apolytherapeutic approach. Inspired by the mesoglea structure ofjellyfish bells, a biomimetic multifunctional nanostructured pillowwith fast photothermal responsiveness for NIR light-controlled on-demand drug delivery is developed. We fabricate a nanoplatformwith several hierarchical levels designed to generate a series ofcontrolled, rapid, and reversible cascade-like structural changesupon NIR light irradiation. The mechanical contraction of thenanostructured platform, resulting from the increase of temper-ature to 42°C due to plasmonic hydrogel−light interaction, causesa rapid expulsion of water from the inner structure, passing through an electrospun membrane anchored onto the hydrogel core. Themutual effects of the rise in temperature and waterflow stimulate the release of molecules from the nanofibers. To expand thepotential applications of the biomimetic platform, the photothermal responsiveness to reach the typical temperature level forperforming photothermal therapy (PTT) is designed. The on-demand drug model penetration into pig tissue demonstrates theefficiency of the nanostructured platform in the rapid and controlled release of molecules, while the high biocompatibility confirmsthe pillow potential for biomedical applications based on the NIR light-driven multitherapy strategy.

Keywords:
bioinspired materials, NIR-light responsive nanomaterials, multifunctional platforms, electrospun nanofibers, plasmonic hydrogel, photothermal-based polytherapy, on-demand drug delivery

Affiliations:
Nakielski P. - IPPT PAN
Pawłowska S. - IPPT PAN
Rinoldi C. - IPPT PAN
Ziai Y. - IPPT PAN
De Sio L. - Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
Urbanek O. - IPPT PAN
Zembrzycki K. - IPPT PAN
Pruchniewski M. - other affiliation
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Calogero A. - Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
Kowalewski T.A. - IPPT PAN
Yarin A.L. - Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IL)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
2.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Marinelli M., Pierini F., Effect of photocrosslinking of D‐A thiophene copolymers on the performance of single‐material solar cells, Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, ISSN: 1022-1352, DOI: 10.1002/macp.201900433, Vol.221, No.2, pp.1900433-1-12, 2020

Abstract:
Side‐chain C60‐fullerene functionalized alkylthiophene copolymers with different regioregularity and fullerene content are successfully synthesized using a simple and straightforward post‐polymerization functionalization procedure based on a Grignard coupling reaction. The products are employed as single materials in photoactive layers of organic photovoltaic solar cells. The use of double‐cable polymers allows an enhanced control on the nanomorphology of the active blend, reducing the phase‐segregation phenomena as well as the macroscale separation between the electron acceptor and donor components. With the insertion of a thin layer of gold nanoparticles between buffer and active layer of the cells, a conversion efficiency of 5.68% is obtained. Moreover, an increased stability over time is achieved when the copolymers are photocrosslinked immediately after the annealing procedure, leading to acceptable efficiencies even after 80 h of accelerated ageing, a key feature for widespread applicability of the prepared devices.

Keywords:
conjugated polymers, fullerenes, functionalization of polymers, metathesis

Affiliations:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Marinelli M. - other affiliation
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
3.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Giorgini L., Marinelli M., Pierini F., Effect of the incorporation of an Ag nanoparticle interlayer on the photovoltaic performance of green bulk heterojunction water-soluble polythiophene solar cells, POLYMER, ISSN: 0032-3861, DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2018.07.012, Vol.149, pp.273-285, 2018

Abstract:
Two water-soluble regioregular poly(3-alkylthiophene)s, incorporating aminic groups at the end of the side chains, have been synthesized using a post-polymerization functionalization procedure on a ω-bromine substituted polyalkylthiophene. The high solubility of the obtained polymers in water allowed for the preparation of “green” bulk heterojunction solar cells which reached a power conversion efficiency of 4.85% when PC61BM was used as electron-acceptor material. Improved optical absorption and photocurrent have been obtained by interposing a layer of Ag nanoparticles between the buffer and the photoactive layer, leading to a final power conversion efficiency of 5.51%.

Keywords:
Water-soluble polythiophene, Bulk heterojunction solar cell, Organic photovoltaic

Affiliations:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Giorgini L. - University of Bologna (IT)
Marinelli M. - other affiliation
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
4.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Giorgini L., Mucci A., Pierini F., Di-Nicola F.P., Water-soluble polythiophenes as efficient charge-transport layers for the improvement of photovoltaic performance in bulk heterojunction polymeric solar cells, EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL, ISSN: 0014-3057, DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.032, Vol.97, pp.378-388, 2017

Abstract:
Water-soluble regioregular poly{3-[(6-sodium sulfonate)hexyl]thiophene} (PT6S) and poly{3-[(6-trimethylammoniumbromide)hexyl]thiophene} (PT6N) have been synthesized and employed both as photoactive layers for the assembling of “green” bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells and as charge-collection layers in a cell with “classic” architecture. While the photovoltaic performances obtained with the two aforementioned polymers were lower than the reference cell, their latter use allowed to notably increase the inherent J-V properties, leading to a considerable enhancement in the overall photovoltaic output. The power conversion efficiency of the optimized multilayer BHJ solar cell reached 4.78%, revealing a higher efficiency than the reference cell (3.63%).

Keywords:
Water-soluble polymer, Polythiophene derivative, Bulk heterojunction, Organic photovoltaic, Interfacial layer

Affiliations:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Giorgini L. - University of Bologna (IT)
Mucci A. - University of Modena (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
Di-Nicola F.P. - University of Bologna (IT)
5.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Di-Nicola F.P., Zuppiroli L., Pierini F., A new photocrosslinkable oligothiophene for organic solar cells with enhanced stability, MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, ISSN: 0254-0584, DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2016.10.034, Vol.186, pp.98-107, 2017

Abstract:
A novel thiophenic tetramer containing a cinnamate group in the side chain with a functionalization degree of 50% is reported. The tetramer was obtained by means of a simple and straightforward procedure involving the functionalization of a p-methoxyphenoxy substituted thiophenic precursor, which led to a soluble product with a good yield. The oligomer was fully characterized from a structural and chemical point of view and employed for the fabrication of small molecule organic solar cells exploiting the bulk heterojunction (BHJ) architecture. The presence of an UV-light sensitive group in the tetramer allowed the photocrosslinking of tetramer/PCBM blends, giving high values of photocurrent and conversion efficiency for the exposed samples. Moreover, the UV-treated devices showed improved stability, even upon heating for three days at 130 °C, thus confirming that photocrosslinking can strongly reduce phase segregation under severe operational conditions.

Keywords:
electronic materials, polymers, fullerenes, nanostructures, electrical characterization, semiconductors

Affiliations:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Di-Nicola F.P. - University of Bologna (IT)
Zuppiroli L. - University of Bologna (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN

Conference abstracts
1.  Pierini F., Nakielski P., Pawłowska S., Rinoldi C., Ziai Y., Urbanek-Świderska O., De Sio L., Calogero A., Lanzi M., Zembrzycki K., Pruchniewski M., Salatelli E., Kowalewski T.A., Yarin A., Nature-inspired smart drug delivery platforms based on electrospun nanofibers and plasmonic hydrogels for near-infrared light-controlled polytherapy, Polymer Connect, Polymer Science and Composite Materials Conference, 2020-02-26/02-28, LISBON (PT), pp.7, 2020

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