Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


G. Łypacewicz

Recent publications
1.  Filipczyński L., Wójcik J., Kujawska T., Łypacewicz G., Tymkiewicz R., Zienkiewicz B., Nonlinear Native Propagation Effect of Diagnostic Ultrasound Computed and Measured in Blood, ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, ISSN: 0301-5629, DOI: 10.1016/S0301-5629(00)00329-X, Vol.27, No.2, pp.251-257, 2001

Nonlinear propagation effects produced by focused pulses in blood were measured over a 20-cm range, being inspired by diagnostic applications in cardiology. The initial and maximum pressures applied during measurements in blood were equal to 0.40 MPapp and 0.76 MPapp, while the pressure estimated at the patient body surface equalled 0.70 MPapp. Measurements of the frequency characteristic and the linearity of the ultrasonic probe used in experiments were performed in water. A numerical procedure developed previously was applied in blood to calculate the pressure distribution of its first and second harmonics along the beam axis. The comparison of numerical and measured distributions in blood at a temperature of 37°C showed rather good agreement. Using numerical methods, a proportional growth of the second harmonic with the increased applied initial pressure was first observed, and finally the maximum limiting effect was found. In this way, much higher level of harmonics could be obtained. However, there arise the questions of the transmitting system construction and of the nonuniform resolution in the case of harmonic imaging when increasing the applied initial pressure.

Ultrasound, Pulses, Nonlinear propagation, Blood, Cardiology

Filipczyński L. - IPPT PAN
Wójcik J. - IPPT PAN
Kujawska T. - IPPT PAN
Łypacewicz G. - other affiliation
Tymkiewicz R. - IPPT PAN
Zienkiewicz B. - IPPT PAN
2.  Łypacewicz G., Piezoelektryczne układy nadawczo-odbiorcze dla celów ultrasonografii (Praca habilitacyjna), Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.22, pp.1-110, 1995

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