Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


G. Mathis

Recent publications
1.  Buda N., Kosiak W., Wełnicki M., Skoczylas A., Olszewski R., Piotrkowski J., Skoczyński Sz., Radzikowska E., Jassem E., Grabczak E.M., Kwaśniewicz P., Mathis G., Toma T.P., Recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine, Diagnostics, ISSN: 2075-4418, DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics10080597, Vol.10, No.8, pp.597-1-25, 2020

Agrowing amount of evidence prompts us to update the first version of recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM) that was published in 2018. The recommendations were established in everal stages, consisting of: literature review, assessment of literature data quality (with the application of QUADAS, QUADAS-2 and GRADE criteria) and expert evaluation carried out consistently with the modified Delphi method (three rounds of on-line discussions, followed by a secret ballot by the panel of experts after each completed discussion). Publications to be analyzed were selected from the following databases: Pubmed, Medline, OVID, and Embase. New reports published as of October 2019 were added to the existing POLLUS-IM database used for the original publication of 2018. Altogether, 528 publications were systematically reviewed, including 253 new reports published between September 2017 and October 2019. The new recommendations concern the following conditions and issues: pneumonia, heart failure, monitoring dialyzed patients' hydration status, assessment of pleural effusion, pulmonary embolism and diaphragm function assessment. POLLUS-IM 2020 recommendations were established primarily for clinicians who utilize lung ultrasound in their everyday clinical work.

lung ultrasound, chest ultrasound, internal medicine, recommendations

Buda N. - Medical University of Gdansk (PL)
Kosiak W. - Medical University of Gdansk (PL)
Wełnicki M. - Medical University of Warsaw (PL)
Skoczylas A. - National Institute of Geriatrics, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation (PL)
Olszewski R. - IPPT PAN
Piotrkowski J. - Oncology Centre in Olsztyn (PL)
Skoczyński Sz. - Medical University of Silesia (PL)
Radzikowska E. - Medical University of Gdansk (PL)
Jassem E. - Medical University of Gdansk (PL)
Grabczak E.M. - Medical University of Warsaw (PL)
Kwaśniewicz P. - other affiliation
Mathis G. - other affiliation
Toma T.P. - other affiliation

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