Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


L. Manjakkal

Recent publications
1.  Manjakkal L., Jain A., Nandy S., Goswami S., Carvalho J., Pereira L., See C., Pillai S., Hogg R., Sustainable electrochemical energy storage devices using natural bast fibres, Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN: 1385-8947, DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.142845, Vol.465, No.142845, pp.1-16, 2023

Naturally abundant materials play a crucial role in the development of sustainable electrochemical energy storage (EES) devices including batteries and supercapacitors (SCs). This is due to limited available resources with regards to energy storage materials, and the environmental pollution produced by the toxic materials utilized in conventional EESs. In the current review, development in the field of natural bast fibres (jute, flax, hemp and kenaf) based EES devices performances is highlighted. This review emphasizes methods such as the direct use of modified fibres and activated carbon from biomass for the design of EES devices. Activated fibres were developed using both physical and chemical activation methods. Key challenges including active electrode materials preparation, capacitive retention, and the implementation of the fibre based EES devices are critically discussed. Furthermore, the recent surge in the use of wearables and portable technologies that demand further development of flexible/non-flexible EES devices are also explored. Future trends and perspectives on materials development, power management interface, recycling, biodegradability and circular economy are also addressed. It is concluded that the development of new renewable energy systems using bast fibres has many remarkable advances in device performance. For this, an innovative approach is required to develop high energy density bast fibre based sustainable EES devices which will be potentially implemented for clean energy solutions.

Biomass derived carbon, Electrochemical energy storage, Supercapacitor, Modified fibres, Natural fibres

Manjakkal L. - other affiliation
Jain A. - IPPT PAN
Nandy S. - other affiliation
Goswami S. - other affiliation
Carvalho J. - other affiliation
Pereira L. - other affiliation
See C. - other affiliation
Pillai S. - other affiliation
Hogg R. - other affiliation
2.  Peringath Anjana R., Haghighat Bayan Mohammad A., Beg M., Jain A., Pierini F., Gadegaard N., Hogg R., Manjakkal L., Chemical synthesis of polyaniline and polythiophene electrodes with excellent performance in supercapacitors, Journal of Energy Storage, ISSN: 2352-152X, DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2023.108811, Vol.73, No.Part A, pp.108811-1-9, 2023

The emergence of portable electronics in miniaturized and intelligent devices demands high-performance supercapacitors (SC) and batteries as power sources. For the fabrication of such energy storage devices, conducting polymers (CPs) have significant advantages due to their high theoretical capacitive performance and conductivity. In this work, we developed two CPs including polyaniline and polythiophene through a low-cost chemically synthesized approach and the film-by-spin coating method. The structural and morphological properties of the CPs are analyzed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), contact angle measurement, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on these CPs, novel pristine polyaniline and polythiophene-based SCs (PASC and PTSC) are developed. The prepared CPs contribute to high electrochemical performances due to their high conductive nature of the electrode and conjugated polymer materials reaction. Hence both electrochemical double-layer formation and pseudocapacitance contributed to the energy-storing performances of the device. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopic analysis (0.1 Hz to 100 kHz) demonstrates faster ionic exchange and high capacitance of the PASC electrode as compared to PTSC in H3PO4 electrolyte. The PASC devices exhibit specific capacitance of 13.22 mF·cm−2 with energy and power densities of 1.175 μW·h·cm−2 and 4.99 μW·cm−2 at a current of 50 μA. Compared to PTSC (specific capacitance 3.30 mF·cm−2) the PASC shows four times higher specific capacitance due to its improved surface, structural and electrical properties. The electrochemical performance reveals the superior SC performance for this type of CP electrode.

Conductive polymers, Spin coating, Polyaniline, Polythiophene, Supercapacitor, Electrochemical performances

Peringath Anjana R. - other affiliation
Haghighat Bayan Mohammad A. - IPPT PAN
Beg M. - other affiliation
Jain A. - IPPT PAN
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
Gadegaard N. - other affiliation
Hogg R. - other affiliation
Manjakkal L. - other affiliation

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