Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences

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M.M. Wilczek

Poznan University of Medical Sciences (PL)

Recent publications
1.  Wilczek M.M., Olszewski R., Krupienicz A., Cardiovascular disease and trans fatty acids: legal act necessary, POLSKI MERKURIUSZ LEKARSKI, ISSN: 1426-9686, Vol.44, No.260, pp.71-74, 2018

Abstract:
Hydrogenated oils containing trans fatty acids (TFA) are used to produce margarine and various processed foods. TFA affect serum lipid levels, fatty acids metabolism, and endothelial function. High TFA intake is linked to increased all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Denmark was first to introduce law that limited TFA content in food; this action led to lower CVD mortality. Seven European countries have followed this practice until now, in a few others the food industry voluntarily reduced TFA use. The issue remains unaddressed in Poland. Legal TFA limit should be established, as it is the optimal solution considering both CVD prevention and the associated cost savings in public healthcare.

Keywords:
Poland, cardiovascular disease, nutrition policy, trans fatty acids

Affiliations:
Wilczek M.M. - Poznan University of Medical Sciences (PL)
Olszewski R. - IPPT PAN
Krupienicz A. - Medical University of Warsaw (PL)
2.  Wilczek M.M., Olszewski R., Krupienicz A., Trans -Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease: Urgent Need for Legislation, CARDIOLOGY, ISSN: 0008-6312, DOI: 10.1159/000479956, Vol.138, No.4, pp.254-258, 2017

Abstract:
Hydrogenated oils containing trans -fatty acids (TFA) are used to produce margarine and various processed foods. TFA affect serum lipid levels, fatty acid metabolism, and endothelial function. High TFA intake is linked to increased allcause mortality, coronary heart disease mortality, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Denmark was the first country to introduce a law that limited TFA content in food; this action led to lower CVD mortality. So far 7 European countries have followed this practice, in a few others the food industry voluntarily reduced TFA use. The issue remains mostly unaddressed in the rest of the world. Legal TFA limits should be commonly established as they are the optimal solution considering both CVD prevention and the associated cost savings in public healthcare.

Keywords:
Trans -fatty acids, Cardiovascular disease, Nutrition policy

Affiliations:
Wilczek M.M. - Poznan University of Medical Sciences (PL)
Olszewski R. - IPPT PAN
Krupienicz A. - Medical University of Warsaw (PL)

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