Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


Soraia Flammini

Recent publications
1.  Zangoli M., Monti F., Zanelli A., Marinelli M., Flammini S., Spallacci N., Zakrzewska A., Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Pierini F., Di Maria F., Multifunctional Photoelectroactive Materials for Optoelectronic Applications Based on Thieno[3,4-b]pyrazines and Thieno[1,2,5]thiadiazoles, Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN: 0947-6539, DOI: 10.1002/chem.202303590, pp.1-18, 2023

In this study, we introduce a novel family of symmetrical thiophene-based small molecules with a Donor–Acceptor–Donor structure. These compounds feature three different acceptor units: benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (Bz), thieno[3,4-b]pyrazine (Pz), and thieno[1,2,5]thiadiazole (Tz), coupled with electron donor units based on a carbazole-thiophene derivative. Using Density Functional Theory (DFT), we investigate how the molecular geometry and strength of the central acceptor unit impact the redox and spectroscopic properties. Notably, the incorporation of Pz and Tz moieties induces a significant redshift in the absorption and emission spectra, which extend into the near-infrared (NIR) region, simultaneously reducing their energy gaps (~1.4-1.6 eV). This shift is attributed to the increased coplanarity of the oligomeric inner core, both in the ground (S0) and excited (S1) states, due to the enhanced quinoidal character as supported by bond-length alternation (BLA) analysis. These structural changes promote better π-electron delocalization and facilitate photoinduced charge transfer processes in optoelectronic devices. Notably, we show that Pz- and Tz-containing molecules exhibit NIR electrochromic behavior and present ambivalent character in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. Finally, theoretical calculations suggest that these molecules could serve as effective two-photon absorption (2PA) probes, further expanding their potential in optoelectronic applications.

Zangoli M. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Monti F. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Zanelli A. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Marinelli M. - other affiliation
Flammini S. - other affiliation
Spallacci N. - other affiliation
Zakrzewska A. - IPPT PAN
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
Di Maria F. - CNR-ISOF (IT)

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