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Polish Academy of Sciences

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T. Jaroszewicz

Warsaw University of Technology (PL)

Recent publications
1.  Sajkiewicz P., Heljak M.K., Gradys A., Choińska E., Rumiński S., Jaroszewicz T., Bissenik I., Święszkowski W., Degradation and related changes in supermolecular structure of poly(caprolactone) in vivo conditions, Polymer Degradation and Stability, ISSN: 0141-3910, DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2018.09.023, Vol.157, pp.70-79, 2018

Abstract:
The degradation in vivo and its effect on the supermolecular structure of poly(caprolactone) was examined. Poly(caprolactone) (PCL) samples were prepared in the form of porous scaffolds implanted into rat calvarial defects. The degradation was investigated by means of gel permeation chromatography, wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The study showed that the observed decrease of PCL crystallinity during degradation is accompanied by reduction of crystal size and/or perfection. The observed phenomenon could be explained by the presence of the high content of the low mobile fraction of investigated polymer, consisting not only almost 50% of crystal fraction but also most probably relatively high fraction of s.c. rigid amorphous fraction (RAF). Considering the type of structure characterized by the dominance of low mobile fraction, it is expected that the degradation will mainly concern these fractions, which in turn will lead to a decrease in the degree of crystallinity as well as crystal size and/or perfection.

Keywords:
PCL degradation, In-vivo conditions, Crystallinity, Rigid amorphous fraction

Affiliations:
Sajkiewicz P. - IPPT PAN
Heljak M.K. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Gradys A. - IPPT PAN
Choińska E. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Rumiński S. - Medical University of Warsaw (PL)
Jaroszewicz T. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Bissenik I. - Warsaw University of Life Sciences (PL)
Święszkowski W. - other affiliation
2.  Heljak M.K., Moczulska-Heljak M., Choińska E., Chlanda A., Kosik-Kozioł A., Jaroszewicz T., Jaroszewicz J., Święszkowski W., Micro and nanoscale characterization of poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) films subjected to the L929 cells and the cyclic mechanical load, Micron, ISSN: 0968-4328, DOI: 10.1016/j.micron.2018.09.004, Vol.115, pp.64-72, 2018

Abstract:
In this paper, the effect of the presence of L929 fibroblast cells and a cyclic load application on the kinetics of the degradation of amorphous PLGA films was examined. Complex micro and nano morphological, mechanical and physico-chemical studies were performed to assess the degradation of the tested material. For this purpose, molecular weight, glass transition temperature, specimen morphology (SEM, μCT) and topography (AFM) as well as the stiffness of the material were measured. The study showed that the presence of living cells along with a mechanical load accelerates the PLGA degradation in comparison to the degradation occurring in acellular media: PBS and DMEM. The drop in molecular weight observed was accompanied by a distinct increase in the tensile modulus and surface roughness, especially in the case of the film degradation in the presence of cells. The suspected cause of the rise in stiffness during the degradation of PLGA films is a reduction in the molecular mobility of the distinctive superficial layer resulting from severe structural changes caused by the surface degradation. In conclusion, all the micro and nanoscale properties of amorphous PLGA considered in the study are sensitive to the presence of L929 cells, as well as to a cyclic load applied during the degradation process.

Keywords:
L929, aliphatic polyester, stiffness rise

Affiliations:
Heljak M.K. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Moczulska-Heljak M. - IPPT PAN
Choińska E. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Chlanda A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Kosik-Kozioł A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Jaroszewicz T. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Jaroszewicz J. - other affiliation
Święszkowski W. - IPPT PAN

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