Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences

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Tomasz Łodygowski



Recent publications
1.  Glema A., Łodygowski T., Perzyna P., Numerical investigation of dynamic shear bands in inelastic solids as a problem of mesomechanics, COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS, ISSN: 0178-7675, DOI: 10.1007/s00466-007-0180-z, Vol.41, No.2, pp.219-229, 2008

Abstract:
The main objective of the present paper is to discuss very efficient procedure of the numerical investigation of the propagation of shear band in inelastic solids generated by impact-loaded adiabatic processes. This procedure of investigation is based on utilization the finite element method and ABAQUS system for regularized thermo-elasto-viscoplastic constitutive model of damaged material. A general constitutive model of thermo-elasto-viscoplastic polycrystalline solids with a finite set of internal state variables is used. The set of internal state variables is restricted to only one scalar, namely equivalent inelastic deformation. The equivalent inelastic deformation can describe the dissipation effects generated by viscoplastic flow phenomena.

As a numerical example we consider dynamic shear band propagation in an asymmetrically impact-loaded prenotched thin plate. The impact loading is simulated by a velocity boundary condition, which are the results of dynamic contact problem. The separation of the projectile from the specimen, resulting from wave reflections within the projectile and the specimen, occurs in the phenomenon.

A thin shear band region of finite width which undergoes significant deformation and temperature rise has been determined. Shear band advance, shear band velocity and the development of the temperature field as a function of time have been determined. Qualitative comparison of numerical results with experimental observation data has been presented. The numerical results obtained have proven the usefulness of the thermo-elasto-viscoplastic theory in the investigation of dynamic shear band propagations.

Affiliations:
Glema A. - other affiliation
Łodygowski T. - other affiliation
Perzyna P. - IPPT PAN
2.  Glema A., Łodygowski T., Sumelka W., Perzyna P., Numerical Analysis of the Intrinsic Anisotropic Microdamage Evolution in Elasto-Viscoplastic Solids, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DAMAGE MECHANICS, ISSN: 1056-7895, DOI: 10.1177/1056789508097543, Vol.18, No.3, pp.205-231, 2008

Abstract:
The objective of the present article is to show the formulation for elastic-viscoplastic material model accounting for intrinsic anisotropic microdamage. The strain-induced anisotropy is described by the evolution of the intrinsic microdamage process — defined by the second-order microdamage tensor. The first step of the possibility of identification procedure (calibration of parameters) are also accounted and illustrated by numerical examples.

Keywords:
microdamage, anisotropy

Affiliations:
Glema A. - other affiliation
Łodygowski T. - other affiliation
Sumelka W. - Poznan University of Technology (PL)
Perzyna P. - IPPT PAN
3.  Glema A., Łodygowski T., Perzyna P., Localization of plastic deformations as a result of wave interaction, Computer Assisted Mechanics and Engineering Sciences, ISSN: 1232-308X, Vol.10, No.1, pp.81-91, 2003

Abstract:
The main objective of the paper is the investigation of the interaction and reflection of elastic-viscoplastic waves which can lead to localization phenomena in solids. The rate type constitutive structure for an elastic-viscoplastic material with thermomechanical coupling is used. An adiabatic inelastic flow process is considered. Discussion of some features of rate dependent plastic medium is presented. This medium has dissipative and dispersive properties. In the evolution problem considered in such dissipative and dispersive medium the stress and deformation due to wave reflections and interactions are not uniformly distributed, and this kind of heterogeneity can lead to strain localization in the absence of geometrical or material imperfections. Numerical examples are presented for a 2D specimens subjected to tension, with the controlled displacements imposed at one side with different velocities. The initial-boundary conditions which are considered reflect the asymmetric (single side) tension of the specimen with the opposite side fixed, which leads to non-symmetric deformation. The influence of the constitutive parameter (relaxation time of mechanical perturbances) is also studied in the examples. The attention is focused on the investigation of the interactions and reflections of waves and on the location of localization of plastic deformations.

Affiliations:
Glema A. - other affiliation
Łodygowski T. - other affiliation
Perzyna P. - IPPT PAN
4.  Glema A., Łodygowski T., Perzyna P., Interaction of deformation waves and localization phenomena in inelastic solids, COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING, ISSN: 0045-7825, DOI: 10.1016/S0045-7825(99)00215-7, Vol.183, No.1-2, pp.123-140, 2000

Abstract:
The main objective of this paper is the investigation of the interaction and reflection of elastic–viscoplastic waves which can lead to localization phenomena in solids. The rate type constitutive structure for an elastic–viscoplastic material with thermomechanical coupling is developed. An adiabatic inelastic flow process is considered. The Cauchy problem is investigated and the conditions for well-posedness are examined. Discussion of fundamental features of rate-dependent plastic medium is presented. This medium has dissipative and dispersive properties. Mathematical analysis of the evolution problem (the dynamical initial-boundary value problem) is presented. The dispersion property implies that in the viscoplastic medium any initial disturbance can break up into a system of group of oscillations or wavelets. On the other hand, the dissipation property causes the amplitude of a harmonic wavetrain to decay with time. In the evolution problem considered in such dissipative and dispersive medium, the stress and deformation due to wave reflections and interactions are not uniformly distributed, and this kind of heterogeneity can lead to strain localization in the absence of geometrical or material imperfections.

Since the rate-independent plastic response is obtained as the limit case, when the relaxation time Tm tends to zero, the theory of viscoplasticity offers the regularization procedure for the numerical solution of the dynamical initial-boundary value problems with localization of plastic deformation.

Numerical examples are presented for a steel bar axisymmetric specimen subjected to tension, with the controlled displacements imposed at one or two opposite sides with different velocities. Two cases of the initial-boundary conditions are considered; (A) symmetric (double side) tension of the specimen which results in symmetric pattern of deformations; (B) asymmetric (single side) tension of the specimen with the opposite side fixed, which leads to non-symmetric deformation.

For both cases of boundary conditions a set of examples is computed with different initial velocities changing between 0.5 and 20 m/s. The final states are defined by prescribed value of the total elongation of a specimen. In the numerical examples the attention is focused on the investigation of the interactions and reflections of waves and on the location of localization of plastic deformation. The distribution of plastic equivalent strain, temperature and vector plots of velocities represents the results. The computations are performed using the industrial finite element program ABAQUS (explicit method).

Affiliations:
Glema A. - other affiliation
Łodygowski T. - other affiliation
Perzyna P. - IPPT PAN
5.  Łodygowski T., Perzyna P., Numerical modelling of localized fracture of inelastic solids in dynamic loading processes, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING, ISSN: 0029-5981, DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0207(19971130)40:22<4137::AID-NME260>3.0., Vol.40, pp.4137-4158, 1997

Abstract:
The main objective of the paper is the investigation of adiabatic shear band localized fracture phenomenon in inelastic solids during dynamic loading processes. This kind of fracture can occur as a result of an adiabatic shear band localization generally attributed to a plastic instability implied by microdamage and thermal softening during dynamic plastic flow processes.

By applying ideas of synergetics it can be shown that as a result of instability hierarchies a system is self-organized into a new shear band pattern system. This leads to the conclusion that inelastic solid body considered during the dynamics process becomes a two-phase material system. Particular attention is focussed on attempt to construct a physically and experimentally justified localized fracture theory that relates the kinetics of material failure on the microstructural level to continuum mechanics. The description of the microstructural damage process is based on dynamic experiments with carefully controlled load amplitudes and duration. The microdamage process has been treated as a sequence of nucleation, growth and coalescence of microcracks. The microdamage kinetics interacts with thermal and load changes to make failure of solids a highly rate, temperature and history-dependent, non-linear process.

The theory of thermoviscoplasticity is developed within the framework of the rate-type covariance material structure with a finite set of internal state variables. The theory takes into consideration the effects of microdamage mechanism and thermomechanical coupling. The dynamic failure criterion within localized shear band region is proposed. The relaxation time is used as a regularization parameter. Rate dependency (viscosity) allows the spatial differential operator in the governing equations to retain its ellipticity, and the initial-value problem is well-posed. The viscoplastic regularization procedure assures the unconditionally stable integration algorithm by using the finite element method. Particular attention is focused on the well-posedness of the evolution problem (the initial–boundary value problem) as well as on its numerical solutions. Convergence, consistency and stability of the discretized problem are discussed. The Lax equivalence theorem is formulated and conditions under which this theorem is valid are examined.

Utilizing the finite element method and ABAQUS system for regularized elasto–viscoplastic model the numerical investigation of the three-dimensional dynamic adiabatic deformation in a particular body at nominal strain rates ranging over 103−104 s−1 is presented. A thin shear band region of finite width which undergoes significant deformation and temperature rise has been determined. Its evolution until occurrence of final fracture has been simulated. Numerical results are compared with available experimental observation data.

Keywords:
viscoplasticity, localization, regularization, micro-damage, localized fracture

Affiliations:
Łodygowski T. - other affiliation
Perzyna P. - IPPT PAN
6.  Łodygowski T., Perzyna P., Localized fracture in inelastic polycrystalline solids under dynamic loading processes, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DAMAGE MECHANICS, ISSN: 1056-7895, DOI: 10.1177/105678959700600402, Vol.6, No.4, pp.364-407, 1997

Abstract:
The main objective of the paper is the investigation of adiabatic shear band localized fracture phenomenon in inelastic solids during dynamic loading processes. This kind of fracture can occur as a result of an adiabatic shear band localization generally attributed to a plastic instability implied by micro-damage and thermal softening during dynamic plastic flow processes.

The theory of thermoviscoplasticity is developed within a framework of the rate type covariance material structure with a finite set of internal state variables. The theory takes into consideration the effects of micro-damage mechanism and thermomechanical coupling. The micro-damage mechanism has been treated as a sequence of nucleation, growth, and coalesence of microcracks. The micro-damage kinetics interacts with thermal and load changes to make failure of solids a highly rate, temperature, and history dependent, nonlinear process. The dynamic failure criterion within localized shear band region is proposed. The relaxation time is used as a regularization parameter. By assuming that the relaxation time tends to zero, the rate independent micro-damage mechanism is considered.

Rate dependency (viscosity) allows the spatial differential operator in the governing equations to retain its ellipticity, and the initial-value problem is well posed. The viscoplastic regularization procedure assures the stable integration algorithm by using the finite element method. Particular attention is focused on the well-posedness of the evolution problem (the initial-boundary value problem), as well as on its numerical solutions. Convergence, consistency, and stability of the discretised problem are discussed. The Lax equivalence theorem is formulated and conditions under which this theorem is valid are examined.

Utilizing the finite element method and ABAQUS system for regularized elastoviscoplastic model, the numerical investigation of the three-dimensional dynamic adiabatic deformation in a particular body at nominal strain rates ranging from 10-1-104 s-1 is presented. Three particular examples have been considered; namely, a dynamic adiabatic process for a thin-walled steel tube and dynamic adiabatic and quasi-static processes for a thin steel plate. In each case, a thin shear band region of finite width which undergoes significant deformations and temperature rise has been determined. Its evolution until occurrence of final fracture has been simulated. Numerical results are compared with available experimental observation data.

Affiliations:
Łodygowski T. - other affiliation
Perzyna P. - IPPT PAN
7.  Łodygowski T., Geometrycznie nieliniowa analiza sztywno-plastycznych belek i ram płaskich (Praca doktorska), Prace IPPT - IFTR Reports, ISSN: 2299-3657, No.9, pp.1-149, 1982

Conference papers
1.  Glema A., Łodygowski T., Perzyna P., Wave propagation and strain localization in dynamically loaded specimen, JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV, ISSN: 1155-4339, DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2000917, Vol.10, No.PR9, pp.99-104, 2000

Abstract:
The aim of the presentation is focused on two aspects which are the influance of the waves propagation in specimens on the choise of places of strain localization and the discussion of numerical models that serve the recognition of this phenomenon. There are some experimental tests which are under consideration (thin plate, axisymmetric bar, 3-D specimen) which are numericaly studied. The experiments are made in the Hopkinson tube with the typical velocity of deformations of order 104 s-1 so the processes could be treated as adiabatic. For ductile materials under such conditions to avoid the mathematical consequences due to thermal softening (ill-posedness) the viscoplastic constitutive description is used. In numerical simulations we have shown the well-posedness of the solution of governing equations by showing the insensitivity of the results to spatial discretization. The set of numerical examples proofs that it is possible to estimate the places of strain localization by observing the velocities of particles. Intensive plastic zones appear in the places where the local velocities are close to zero. In the formulation we have accepted the constitutive viscoplastic model, finite deformations and the evolution of porosity. The computations were performed in the environment of ABAQUS finite element program.

Affiliations:
Glema A. - other affiliation
Łodygowski T. - other affiliation
Perzyna P. - IPPT PAN

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