Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


William Kaal

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (DE)

Conference papers
1.  Rustighi E., Kaal W., Herold S., Jankowski Ł., Prediction of acoustic emission of a rigid electrodes DEAP loudspeaker, ICA 2019, 23rd International Congress on Acoustics integrating 4th EAA Euroregio 2019, 2019-09-09/09-13, Aachen (DE), pp.7345-7352, 2019

Dielectric Electro-Active Polymers (DEAP) are lighweight materials whose dimensions change significantly when subjected to electric stimulation. One form of DEAP construction consists of a thin layer of dielectric sandwiched between two perforated rigid electrodes. They can be used as an actuator or a sensor and have the potential to be an effective replacement for many conventional transducers. This paper refers to their use as loudspeakers. To date, flat DEAP loudspeakers have been portotyped and tested but no numeric prediction of their acoustic performance has been presented. In this paper an elemental model is presented. The electro-dynamic behaviour of the electrodes and dielectric layers is taken into account. The acoustic impedance is calculated assuming baffled conditions. The impedances of the individual layers are stacked together and preliminary results are shown.

loudspeaker, DEAP, sound power

Rustighi E. - University of Southampton (GB)
Kaal W. - Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (DE)
Herold S. - Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (DE)
Jankowski Ł. - IPPT PAN

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