Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


A. Gazda

Foundry Research Institute (PL)

Recent publications
1.  Pietrzak K., Sobczak N., Chmielewski M., Homa M., Gazda A., Zybała R., Strojny-Nędza A., Effects of Carbon Allotropic Forms on Microstructure and Thermal Properties of Cu-C Composites Produced by SPS, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, ISSN: 1059-9495, DOI: 10.1007/s11665-015-1851-0, Vol.25, No.8, pp.3077-3083, 2016

Combination of extreme service conditions and complex thermomechanical loadings, e.g., in electronics or power industry, requires using advanced materials with unique properties. Dissipation of heat generated during the operation of high-power electronic elements is crucial from the point of view of their efficiency. Good cooling conditions can be guaranteed, for instance, with materials of very high thermal conductivity and low thermal expansion coefficient, and by designing the heat dissipation system in an accurate manner. Conventional materials such as silver, copper, or their alloys, often fail to meet such severe requirements. This paper discusses the results of investigations connected with Cu-C (multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), graphene nanopowder (GNP), or thermally reduced graphene oxide (RGO)) composites, produced using the spark plasma sintering technique. The obtained composites are characterized by uniform distribution of a carbon phase and high relative density. Compared with pure copper, developed materials are characterized by similar thermal conductivity and much lower values of thermal expansion coefficient. The most promising materials to use as heat dissipation elements seems to be copper-based composites reinforced by carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and GNP.

copper matrix composites, graphene, spark plasma sintering, thermal properties

Pietrzak K. - other affiliation
Sobczak N. - Foundry Research Institute (PL)
Chmielewski M. - Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Homa M. - Foundry Research Institute (PL)
Gazda A. - Foundry Research Institute (PL)
Zybała R. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Strojny-Nędza A. - Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)

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