Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


Tetuko Kurniawan, MSc

Department of Biosystems and Soft Matter (ZBiMM)
Division of Modelling in Biology and Medicine (PMBM)
position: Specialist
PhD student
telephone: (+48) 22 826 12 81 ext.: 225
room: 225
ORCID: 0000-0002-2227-8084

Recent publications
1.  Dumbill R., Rabcuka J., Fallon J., Knight S., Hunter J., Voyce D., Barrett Jacob T., Ellen M., Weissenbacher A., Kurniawan T., Bloński S., Korczyk P.M., Ploeg Rutger J., Coussios C., Friend P., Świętach P., Impaired O2 unloading from stored blood results in diffusion-limited O2 release at tissues: evidence from human kidneys, Blood, ISSN: 0006-4971, DOI: 10.1182/blood.2023022385, pp.1-27, 2024

The volume of oxygen drawn from systemic capillaries down a partial pressure gradient is determined by the oxygen content of red blood cells (RBCs) and their oxygen-unloading kinetics, although the latter is assumed to be rapid and, therefore, not a meaningful factor. Under this paradigm, oxygen transfer to tissues is perfusion-limited. Consequently, clinical treatments to optimize oxygen delivery aim at improving blood flow and arterial oxygen content, rather than RBC oxygen-handling. Whilst the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood is increased with transfusion, previous studies have shown that stored blood undergoes kinetic attrition of oxygen release, which may compromise overall oxygen delivery to tissues, i.e. transport became diffusion-limited. We sought evidence for diffusion-limited oxygen release in viable human kidneys normothermically perfused with stored blood. In a cohort of kidneys that went on to be transplanted, ex-vivo renal respiration correlated inversely with the time-constant of oxygen-unloading from RBCs used for perfusion. Furthermore, the renal respiratory rate did not correlate with arterial O2 delivery unless this factored the rate of oxygen-release from RBCs, as expected from diffusion-limited transport. In kidneys deemed unsuitable for transplantation, perfusion was alternated between stored and rejuvenated RBCs of the same donation to control oxygen-unloading without intervening ischemia and holding all non-RBC parameters constant. Rejuvenated oxygen-unloading kinetics reversibly improved the kidney's oxygen diffusion capacity and increased cortical oxygen partial pressure by 60%. Thus, oxygen delivery to tissues can become diffusion-limited during perfusion with stored blood, which has implications in scenarios such as ex-vivo organ perfusion, major hemorrhage, and pediatric transfusion.

Dumbill R. - other affiliation
Rabcuka J. - other affiliation
Fallon J. - other affiliation
Knight S. - other affiliation
Hunter J. - other affiliation
Voyce D. - other affiliation
Barrett Jacob T. - other affiliation
Ellen M. - other affiliation
Weissenbacher A. - other affiliation
Kurniawan T. - IPPT PAN
Bloński S. - IPPT PAN
Korczyk P.M. - IPPT PAN
Ploeg Rutger J. - other affiliation
Coussios C. - other affiliation
Friend P. - other affiliation
Świętach P. - other affiliation
2.  Kurniawan T., Sahebdivani M., Zaremba D., Błoński S., Garstecki P., van Steijn V., Korczyk P.M., Formation of droplets in microfluidic cross-junctions at small capillary numbers: Breakdown of the classical squeezing regime, Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN: 1385-8947, DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.145601, Vol.474, pp.14560-14560, 2023

Two decades of research on droplet formation in microchannels have led to the widely accepted view that droplets form through the squeezing mechanism when interfacial forces dominate over viscous forces. The initially surprising finding that the volume of the droplets is insensitive to the relative importance of these two forces is nowadays well understood from the constrained deformation of the droplet interface during formation. In this work, we show a lower limit of the squeezing mechanism for droplets produced in microfluidic cross-junctions. Below this limit, in the leaking regime, which was recently discovered for droplets produced in T-junctions, the volume of the produced droplets strongly depends on the relative importance of interfacial and viscous forces, as captured by the capillary number. We reveal a fundamental difference in the mechanisms at play in the leaking regime between T- and cross-junctions. In cross-junctions, the droplet neck elongates substantially, and unlike the case of the T-junction, the magnitude of this elongation depends strongly on the value of the capillary number. This elongation significantly affects the final droplet volume in a low capillary number regime. Generalizing the classical squeezing law by lifting the original assumptions and incorporating both identified mechanisms of leaking through gutters and neck elongation, we derive a model for droplet formation and show that it agrees with our experiments.

Microfluidics,Cross-junction,Flow-focusing device,Droplet formation,Two-phase flow,Scaling law,Squeezing regime

Kurniawan T. - IPPT PAN
Sahebdivani M. - other affiliation
Zaremba D. - IPPT PAN
Błoński S. - IPPT PAN
Garstecki P. - Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
van Steijn V. - Delft University of Technology (NL)
Korczyk P.M. - IPPT PAN
3.  Kurniawan T., Tsai P.H., Chen S.S., Frakes D.H., Chen C.C., Wang A.B., Practical notes toward higher quality and more reliable experiments on drop and liquid surface interactions, Experiments in Fluids, ISSN: 0723-4864, DOI: 10.1007/s00348-021-03346-w, Vol.63, No.1, pp.8-1-27, 2022

Reliable experimental data are essential for good research. Also, the interaction of drop and liquid surface is ubiquitous and of practical importance in our lives. However, beginning researchers often face an unavoidable long learning curve due to a lack of systematic collection of failure experiences. These include somewhat trivial but also influential factors, especially in cases of low impact velocities, e.g., the feeding process into a liquid tank, the dropping into a drip chamber, and/or neglecting the initial velocity associated with the dripping drop generation in the experimental preparation processes, etc. Inconsistent experimental comparisons may arise from different methods of thin-film preparation and measurement or from nonunified parameter definition, e.g., the penetration depth of vortex rings induced by low-velocity drop impact, which makes experimental data analysis and comparison even more challenging. Here, we have accumulated some of our experience in preparing drop and liquid surface interactions including a short review of preparing thin (or very thin) target liquid film of well-defined thickness; the method to minimize the commonly neglected current underneath the target liquid; the method of generating the satellite-free drop along with the correct prediction of drop oscillation phase in the free-falling period after pinch-off, and the role of drop initial velocity, etc. These archival data are expected to shorten the learning period and facilitate benchmarking of related experiments for future users in our community.

Kurniawan T. - IPPT PAN
Tsai P.H. - National Taiwan University (TW)
Chen S.S. - National Taiwan University (TW)
Frakes D.H. - National Taiwan University (TW)
Chen C.C. - National Taiwan University (TW)
Wang A.B. - National Taiwan University (TW)
4.  Suwa T., Kurniawan T., Redesigning a commercial combined cycle in an undergraduate thermodynamics course: connecting theory to practical cycle design, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education, ISSN: 0306-4190, DOI: 10.1177/0306419020904647, pp.1-20, 2020

Due to various reasons, the concepts of thermodynamics are not easy to grasp for undergraduate students. One of the major reasons is that the students are mostly unfamiliar with the thermodynamics devices discussed in the courses. Offering courses with experiments is an effective approach to solve this issue. However, it is not practical or possible for universities to own devices that operate at high temperatures and with high pressure fluids. With the cooperation of a nearby electric company, undergraduate students of a thermodynamics course from the Department of Mechanical Engineering measured thermal performances of a commercial combined cycle and its sub-systems at the President University. After learning about the theory of thermal cycles, the students analyzed the thermal performances of actual thermodynamics cycles. Subsequently, they analyzed the thermal efficiency improvements when reheating or regeneration is applied to the simple Rankine cycle in the combined cycle. At the end of the course, the students gave presentations before the electric company’s management and engineering personnel, akin to professional engineers. This course is structured to familiarize undergraduate students with thermodynamics cycles and devices.

thermodynamics, combined cycle, Brayton cycle, gas-turbine engine, Rankine cycle

Suwa T. - President University (ID)
Kurniawan T. - IPPT PAN
5.  Tsai P., Kurniawan T., Wang A., A simple technique to achieve meniscus-free interfaces, PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, ISSN: 1070-6631, DOI: 10.1063/1.5080659, Vol.31, No.1, pp.011702-1-9, 2019

Liquid wetting on a container wall forms a meniscus that causes the reading uncertainty of interface measurement, which was considered as an “inevitable” interference in experiments. For minimizing the meniscus interference, the dynamic instead of the static contact angle should be focused on and θr ≤ 90° ± ε ≤ θa is the guideline to achieve a meniscus-free interface for a practical experiment, where θr, θa, and ε are the receding and advancing contact angles, and image measuring uncertainty, respectively. A simple and systematic technique to achieve the meniscus-free interface has been proposed and visualized.

Thermal instruments, Liquids, Fluid dynamics, Flow visualization, Capillary flows

Tsai P. - National Taiwan University (TW)
Kurniawan T. - other affiliation
Wang A. - National Taiwan University (TW)
6.  Wang A., Cheng C., Lin I., Lu F., Tsai H., Lin C., Yang C., Pan P., Kuan C., Chen Y., Lin Y., Chang C., Wu Y., Kurniawan T., Lin C., Wo Andrew M., Chen L., A novel DNA selection and direct extraction process and its application in DNA recombination, Electrophoresis, ISSN: 0173-0835, DOI: 10.1002/elps.201000449, Vol.32, pp.423-430, 2011

In the conventional bench-top approach, the DNA recombination process is time- and effort-consuming due to laborious procedures lasting from several hours to a day. A novel DNA selection and direct extraction process has been proposed, integrated and tested on chip. The integrative microfluidic chip can perform the whole procedure of DNA recombination, including DNA digestion, gel electrophoresis, DNA extraction and insert-vector ligation within 1 h. In this high-throughput design, the manual gel cutting was replaced by an automatic processing system that performed high-quality and high-recovery efficiency in DNA extraction process. With no need of gel-dissolving reagents and manipulation, the application of selection and direct extraction process could significantly eliminate the risks from UV and EtBr and also facilitate DNA recombination. Reliable output with high success rate of cloning has been achieved with a significant reduction in operational hazards, required materials, efforts and time.

Chip integration, DNA recombination, DNA selection and extraction , Microfluidics

Wang A. - National Taiwan University (TW)
Cheng C. - other affiliation
Lin I. - other affiliation
Lu F. - other affiliation
Tsai H. - other affiliation
Lin C. - other affiliation
Yang C. - other affiliation
Pan P. - other affiliation
Kuan C. - other affiliation
Chen Y. - other affiliation
Lin Y. - other affiliation
Chang C. - other affiliation
Wu Y. - other affiliation
Kurniawan T. - other affiliation
Lin C. - other affiliation
Wo Andrew M. - other affiliation
Chen L. - other affiliation

Conference abstracts
1.  Kurniawan T., Koza P., Milczarek M., Korczyk P.M., Lipniacki T., Technical notes towards an efficient experiment using droplets as incubators for the immunology study, Warsaw Soft Matter Day, 2023-10-06/10-06, Warszawa (PL), pp.1, 2023
2.  Błoński S., Kupikowska-Stobba B., Kurniawan T., Zaremba D., Korczyk P., Developing microfluidic techniques for biochemical and medical applications, 4th INTERDISCIPLINARY FNP CONFERENCE, 2022-10-06/10-07, Warsaw (PL), pp.110, 2022
3.  Kurniawan T., Korczyk P.M., A scaling law for the neck-shape in microfluidic flow-focusing device, ICTAM2021, 25th International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2021-08-22/08-27, Mediolan (virtual) (IT), pp.1167-1168, 2021
4.  Kurniawan T., Korczyk P.M., Formation of dual-size droplets in the microfluidic cross-junction device, NanoBioTech-Montreux, The 24rd Annual European Conference on Micro & Nanoscale Technologies, 2021-11-15/11-17, Montreux (CH), pp.1-2, 2021
5.  Kurniawan T., Korczyk P., Transitional regime of droplet generation in a microfluidic flow-focusing device, CNM 2019, 6th CONFERENCE ON NANO- AND MICROMECHANICS, 2019-07-03/07-05, Rzeszów (PL), pp.55, 2019

droplet, microfluidics, flow-focusing

Kurniawan T. - IPPT PAN
Korczyk P. - IPPT PAN

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